Production of Fumaric Acid by Immobilized Rhizopus Using Rotary Biofilm Contactor View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1997

AUTHORS

Ningjun Cao , Jianxin Du , Cheeshan Chen , Cheng S. Gong , George T. Tsao

ABSTRACT

Rotary biofilm contactor (RBC) is a reactor consisting of plastic discs that act as supports for micro-organisms. The discs are mounted on a horizontal shaft and placed in a medium-containing vessel. During nitrogen-rich growth phase, mycelia of Rhizopus oryzae ATCC 20344 grew on and around the discs and formed the “biofilm” of self-immobilized cells on the surface of the plastic discs. During the fermentation phase, the discs are slowly rotated, and the biofilms are exposed to the medium and the air space, alternately. With RBC, in the presence of CaCO3, Rhizopus biofilm consumes glucose and produces fumaric acid with a volumetric productivity of 3.78 g/L/h within 24 h. The volumetric productivity is about threefolds higher with RBC than with a stirred-tank fermenter with CaCO3. Furthermore, the duration of fermentation is one-third of the stirred-tank system. The immobilized biofilm is active for over a 2-wk period with repetitive use without loss of activity. More... »

PAGES

387-394

Book

TITLE

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

ISBN

978-1-4612-7497-1
978-1-4612-2312-2

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-2312-2_34

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2312-2_34

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033379445


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