Stone Composition and Morphology: A Window on Etiology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2012

AUTHORS

Michel Daudon , Paul Jungers

ABSTRACT

Physical methods, namely, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) reliably identify specific forms of nephrolithiasis involving a single component such as cystine, 2,8-dihydroxyadenine, xanthine, uric acid, struvite, and drugs as well as common-type stones made of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and/or calcium phosphate. However, for the latter, these methods do not provide etiologic information in clinical practice because a same-stone composition may be the result of very different lithogenic processes. A comprehensive stone analysis method combining morphological examination followed by XRD or FTIR analysis of the core, middle layers, and surface of calculi provides a more complete contribution to etiologic diagnosis than compositional analysis alone. Using this method, stones may be classified into 7 types subdivided in 22 subtypes. Among CaOx stones, type Ic COM calculi are pathognomonic of primary hyperoxaluria. Among calcium phosphate stones, a peculiar morphology of carbapatite stones (type IVa2) is closely associated with distal tubular acidosis, whereas in primary hyperparathyroidism calculi are predominantly made of carbapatite mixed with weddellite or of brushite (type IVd). Ammonium urate calculi of type IIId are found in patients with low phosphate intake and chronic diarrhea due to laxative abuse or in children with endemic urolithiasis. Uric acid calculi are mainly suggestive of low urine pH related to insulin resistance as observed in metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes or in case of colon resection. Among common, idiopathic CaOx stones, predominance of whewellite (type I morphology) is mainly associated with high urinary oxalate concentration, whereas predominance of weddellite (type II morphology) is associated with hypercalciuric states. This method is of decisive interest for early diagnosis—and therefore proper treatment—of severe diseases such as primary hyperoxaluria and 2,8-dihydroxyadeninuria. More... »

PAGES

113-140

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-11. Urolithiasis in Tunisian children: a study of 120 cases based on stone composition in PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY
  • 2007-04. Renal histopathology of stone-forming patients with distal renal tubular acidosis in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 1984-02. Epidemiology and socioeconomic aspects of urolithiasis in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2010-12-02. Randall’s Plaques in URINARY TRACT STONE DISEASE
  • 2010-04. Analysis of urinary calculi composition by infrared spectroscopy: a prospective study of 625 patients in eastern China in UROLITHIASIS
  • 1996-02. Risk factors of calcium stone formation in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2008-07. Histopathology and surgical anatomy of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and calcium phosphate stones in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 1983-06. Infrared spectrometry and Raman microprobe in the analysis of urinary calculi in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 1986-12. Ammonium urate urinary stones in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2001-09. Pediatric urolithiasis in Armenia: a study of 198 patients observed from 1991 to 1999 in PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY
  • 2004-02. Drug-Induced Renal Calculi in DRUGS
  • 1999-11. National trend of the incidence of urolithiasis in Japan from 1965 to 1995 in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 2004-06. Changes in stone composition according to age and gender of patients: a multivariate epidemiological approach in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2005-06. Calcium stone disease: a multiform reality in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2003-05. Time trends in reported prevalence of kidney stones in the United States: 1976–19941 in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 2006-02. Renal stone epidemiology in Rochester, Minnesota: An update in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 2006-04. Epidemiological trends in urolithiasis: impact on our health care systems in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2003-12. Urine calcium and volume predict coverage of renal papilla by Randall's plaque in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 2010-12. Composition and morphology of phosphate stones and their relation with etiology in UROLITHIASIS
  • 1995-11. Sex- and age-related composition of 10 617 calculi analyzed by infrared spectroscopy in UROLITHIASIS
  • 1982. Epidemiologische Aussagen zum Harnsteinleiden auf der Grundlage von 100.000 Harnsteinanalysen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rezidive in PATHOGENESE UND KLINIK DER HARNSTEINE VIII
  • 2006-06. Influence of body size on urinary stone composition in men and women in UROLITHIASIS
  • 2010-12. Analysis of mixed stones is prone to error: a study with US laboratories using micro CT for verification of sample content in UROLITHIASIS
  • Book

    TITLE

    Urolithiasis

    ISBN

    978-1-4471-4383-3
    978-1-4471-4387-1

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040043529


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Service des Explorations Fonctionnelles, Tenon Hospital, APHP, 4 Rue de la Chine, Paris, 75020, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Daudon", 
            "givenName": "Michel", 
            "id": "sg:person.01100527004.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01100527004.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412134.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Nephrology, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, APHP, 149 Rue de S\u00e8vres, Paris, 75015, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jungers", 
            "givenName": "Paul", 
            "id": "sg:person.0737565551.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737565551.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(03)00228-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000119742"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(03)00228-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000119742"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00296732", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000315200", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00296732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00296732", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000315200", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00296732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1976.tb06668.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000415561"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.12.016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000534399"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004670050728", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000831864", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004670050728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1520-6343(1997)3:5<347::aid-bspy3>3.0.co;2-#", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000889126"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(76)90033-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001450737"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(76)90033-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001450737"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(91)90313-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001603721"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(91)90313-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001603721"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000080261", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001780215"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00316.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002044437", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00316.x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20580", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004047927"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-72353-7_5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004342910", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-72353-7_5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005792-199111000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005507077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005792-199111000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005507077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000104439", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007503724"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000184940", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009398943"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5000150", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009613105", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5000150"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5000150", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009613105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2042.2006.01348.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009794386"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5002113", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011142533", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002113"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002113", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011142533"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)63979-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011713107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012290479", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00300021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012290479", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00300021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012714094", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012714094", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)64509-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012725873"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/00365599009180859", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013165777"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.2005.051", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013442950"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(01)63696-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013951025"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0302-2838(03)00415-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014979988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0302-2838(03)00415-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014979988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq433", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015594901"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016831526", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016831526", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017492564", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017492564", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017991499", 
              "https://doi.org/10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017991499", 
              "https://doi.org/10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)67345-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018121181"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000030312", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018225920"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019027945", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019027945", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000020109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021741985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmc0800990", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022810961"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023910128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023910128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anuro.2005.09.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024026442"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anuro.2005.09.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024026442"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/003655999750017365", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024126570"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00201-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024731873"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00201-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024731873"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh594", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025182013"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1607-551x(09)70376-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025404867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00256301", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025917542", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00256301"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00256301", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025917542", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00256301"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2008.12.049", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027483039"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027554128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027554128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1569-9056(11)61155-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028130312"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028565539", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028565539", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1989.tb05308.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029957418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/521930", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032028146"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(86)90129-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034325867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(86)90129-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034325867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0090-4295(02)02421-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034453504"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0090-4295(02)02421-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034453504"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.048", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035944237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2009.02.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036120336"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ki.2008.161", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036467987", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.161"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.161", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036467987"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)62506-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036720591"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm193602062140603", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037780034"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ki.1983.104", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039639995", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.1983.104"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.10.069", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039802808"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039990823", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039990823"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb02152.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041301537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000281680", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042350630"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042399846", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042399846"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(02)00063-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043474083"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)01017-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044806931"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004670100647", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045494779", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004670100647"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00262382", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045643204", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00262382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00262382", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045643204", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00262382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1172/jci17038", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046751470"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.1999.153", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048285598"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(92)90569-o", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048510455"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(92)90569-o", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048510455"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0421-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049000674", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-004-0421-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-193706000-00014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049185567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-193706000-00014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049185567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049639773"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2006030262", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051069027"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2006030262", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051069027"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.08.088", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052510163"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000065592.55499.4e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052673108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000065592.55499.4e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052673108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.2008.08064.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053649885"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-993039", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057519542"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1059737", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057551313"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074747503", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)65267-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076119912"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)64842-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076145037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)67449-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076462467"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076862581", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076911736", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076987407", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077017815", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077067353", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077524515", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077803655", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078040884", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)69732-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078067131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078374031", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)39923-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078624123"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079546033", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079674029", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)44352-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079829005"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079891946", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)49039-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080061079"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081800568", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)51713-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081877203"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082098927", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000473528", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082147294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)53268-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082196323"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082385936", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082555099", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082636860", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082672801", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2012", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2012-01-01", 
        "description": "Physical methods, namely, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) reliably identify specific forms of nephrolithiasis involving a single component such as cystine, 2,8-dihydroxyadenine, xanthine, uric acid, struvite, and drugs as well as common-type stones made of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and/or calcium phosphate. However, for the latter, these methods do not provide etiologic information in clinical practice because a same-stone composition may be the result of very different lithogenic processes. A comprehensive stone analysis method combining morphological examination followed by XRD or FTIR analysis of the core, middle layers, and surface of calculi provides a more complete contribution to etiologic diagnosis than compositional analysis alone. Using this method, stones may be classified into 7 types subdivided in 22 subtypes. Among CaOx stones, type Ic COM calculi are pathognomonic of primary hyperoxaluria. Among calcium phosphate stones, a peculiar morphology of carbapatite stones (type IVa2) is closely associated with distal tubular acidosis, whereas in primary hyperparathyroidism calculi are predominantly made of carbapatite mixed with weddellite or of brushite (type IVd). Ammonium urate calculi of type IIId are found in patients with low phosphate intake and chronic diarrhea due to laxative abuse or in children with endemic urolithiasis. Uric acid calculi are mainly suggestive of low urine pH related to insulin resistance as observed in metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes or in case of colon resection. Among common, idiopathic CaOx stones, predominance of whewellite (type I morphology) is mainly associated with high urinary oxalate concentration, whereas predominance of weddellite (type II morphology) is associated with hypercalciuric states. This method is of decisive interest for early diagnosis\u2014and therefore proper treatment\u2014of severe diseases such as primary hyperoxaluria and 2,8-dihydroxyadeninuria.", 
        "editor": [
          {
            "familyName": "Talati", 
            "givenName": "Jamsheer J.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Tiselius", 
            "givenName": "Hans-Goran", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Albala", 
            "givenName": "David M.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "YE", 
            "givenName": "ZHANGQUN", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "genre": "chapter", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": {
          "isbn": [
            "978-1-4471-4383-3", 
            "978-1-4471-4387-1"
          ], 
          "name": "Urolithiasis", 
          "type": "Book"
        }, 
        "name": "Stone Composition and Morphology: A Window on Etiology", 
        "pagination": "113-140", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "bec0c5bbae72df545fb58b8e3a4d93ef53c3e48d42f909ab7af4629ed465464a"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1040043529"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "publisher": {
          "location": "London", 
          "name": "Springer London", 
          "type": "Organisation"
        }, 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040043529"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "chapters", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T20:38", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8687_00000554.jsonl", 
        "type": "Chapter", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    426 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      138 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1103
    3 schema:author N979a0e2293f040afb6c6a1f1f79c8d98
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-72353-7_5
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00256301
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00262382
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00296732
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300021
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0421-y
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s004670050728
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s004670100647
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/ki.1983.104
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/ki.2008.161
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5000150
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5002113
    23 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x
    24 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00316.x
    25 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x
    26 sg:pub.10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003
    27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074747503
    28 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076862581
    29 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076911736
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076987407
    31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077017815
    32 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077067353
    33 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077524515
    34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077803655
    35 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078040884
    36 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078374031
    37 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079546033
    38 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079674029
    39 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079891946
    40 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081800568
    41 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082098927
    42 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082385936
    43 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082555099
    44 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082636860
    45 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082672801
    46 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1520-6343(1997)3:5<347::aid-bspy3>3.0.co;2-#
    47 https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20580
    48 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(76)90033-4
    49 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(86)90129-4
    50 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(91)90313-2
    51 https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(92)90569-o
    52 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anuro.2005.09.007
    53 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.08.088
    54 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.10.069
    55 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.12.016
    56 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.029
    57 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.048
    58 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2009.02.002
    59 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2008.12.049
    60 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00201-8
    61 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(02)00063-3
    62 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(03)00228-6
    63 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(01)63696-6
    64 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)01017-7
    65 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)63979-1
    66 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)64509-0
    67 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)67345-4
    68 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)39923-8
    69 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)44352-7
    70 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)49039-2
    71 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)51713-9
    72 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)53268-1
    73 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)64842-0
    74 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)65267-4
    75 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)67449-4
    76 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)69732-5
    77 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0090-4295(02)02421-4
    78 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)62506-8
    79 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0302-2838(03)00415-9
    80 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1569-9056(11)61155-x
    81 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1607-551x(09)70376-6
    82 https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.161
    83 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5000150
    84 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002113
    85 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x
    86 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x
    87 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-993039
    88 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1059737
    89 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm193602062140603
    90 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmc0800990
    91 https://doi.org/10.1080/003655999750017365
    92 https://doi.org/10.1086/521930
    93 https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh594
    94 https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq433
    95 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-193706000-00014
    96 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005792-199111000-00001
    97 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000065592.55499.4e
    98 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2042.2006.01348.x
    99 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb02152.x
    100 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1976.tb06668.x
    101 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1989.tb05308.x
    102 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.2008.08064.x
    103 https://doi.org/10.1159/000020109
    104 https://doi.org/10.1159/000030312
    105 https://doi.org/10.1159/000080261
    106 https://doi.org/10.1159/000104439
    107 https://doi.org/10.1159/000184940
    108 https://doi.org/10.1159/000281680
    109 https://doi.org/10.1159/000473528
    110 https://doi.org/10.1172/jci17038
    111 https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.1999.153
    112 https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.2005.051
    113 https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2006030262
    114 https://doi.org/10.3109/00365599009180859
    115 schema:datePublished 2012
    116 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-01-01
    117 schema:description Physical methods, namely, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) reliably identify specific forms of nephrolithiasis involving a single component such as cystine, 2,8-dihydroxyadenine, xanthine, uric acid, struvite, and drugs as well as common-type stones made of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and/or calcium phosphate. However, for the latter, these methods do not provide etiologic information in clinical practice because a same-stone composition may be the result of very different lithogenic processes. A comprehensive stone analysis method combining morphological examination followed by XRD or FTIR analysis of the core, middle layers, and surface of calculi provides a more complete contribution to etiologic diagnosis than compositional analysis alone. Using this method, stones may be classified into 7 types subdivided in 22 subtypes. Among CaOx stones, type Ic COM calculi are pathognomonic of primary hyperoxaluria. Among calcium phosphate stones, a peculiar morphology of carbapatite stones (type IVa2) is closely associated with distal tubular acidosis, whereas in primary hyperparathyroidism calculi are predominantly made of carbapatite mixed with weddellite or of brushite (type IVd). Ammonium urate calculi of type IIId are found in patients with low phosphate intake and chronic diarrhea due to laxative abuse or in children with endemic urolithiasis. Uric acid calculi are mainly suggestive of low urine pH related to insulin resistance as observed in metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes or in case of colon resection. Among common, idiopathic CaOx stones, predominance of whewellite (type I morphology) is mainly associated with high urinary oxalate concentration, whereas predominance of weddellite (type II morphology) is associated with hypercalciuric states. This method is of decisive interest for early diagnosis—and therefore proper treatment—of severe diseases such as primary hyperoxaluria and 2,8-dihydroxyadeninuria.
    118 schema:editor N68274144ea784a33a1eb0b5693fd1940
    119 schema:genre chapter
    120 schema:inLanguage en
    121 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    122 schema:isPartOf Nd19dd6ed743547ab9d1888f1d80c4e41
    123 schema:name Stone Composition and Morphology: A Window on Etiology
    124 schema:pagination 113-140
    125 schema:productId Nbb789330182c4681b66740495e34a00a
    126 Ne5f2299cd7194d139e88f11363de2018
    127 Nf47ae4152e2740b6a330a3cd351f02c5
    128 schema:publisher N0ec785a6d3d54430a3389e83de6e2b01
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040043529
    130 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15
    131 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T20:38
    132 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    133 schema:sdPublisher N4631c71b2b05423e832f73e9a635f879
    134 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15
    135 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    136 sgo:sdDataset chapters
    137 rdf:type schema:Chapter
    138 N081807400a1744bb9577a737056ec748 rdf:first N49ab2e5e381c47f2b8c682eb106c47af
    139 rdf:rest Ned0abcb94ed44eba892ccd2c1c5edd04
    140 N0ec785a6d3d54430a3389e83de6e2b01 schema:location London
    141 schema:name Springer London
    142 rdf:type schema:Organisation
    143 N0ecfbfb774ae40d48bdac5e28749cb67 rdf:first Nead54e39661a4a60a6b280562753971d
    144 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    145 N257f03ebdfc3418e8235292d513bf28c schema:name Service des Explorations Fonctionnelles, Tenon Hospital, APHP, 4 Rue de la Chine, Paris, 75020, France
    146 rdf:type schema:Organization
    147 N4631c71b2b05423e832f73e9a635f879 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    148 rdf:type schema:Organization
    149 N49ab2e5e381c47f2b8c682eb106c47af schema:familyName Tiselius
    150 schema:givenName Hans-Goran
    151 rdf:type schema:Person
    152 N68274144ea784a33a1eb0b5693fd1940 rdf:first Nea5a18ab4961459a89470318f3a550e3
    153 rdf:rest N081807400a1744bb9577a737056ec748
    154 N979a0e2293f040afb6c6a1f1f79c8d98 rdf:first sg:person.01100527004.07
    155 rdf:rest Nabd0f88f1fad4ab08ec9d14f91bf8e81
    156 Nabd0f88f1fad4ab08ec9d14f91bf8e81 rdf:first sg:person.0737565551.75
    157 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    158 Nbb789330182c4681b66740495e34a00a schema:name doi
    159 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_15
    160 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    161 Nd19dd6ed743547ab9d1888f1d80c4e41 schema:isbn 978-1-4471-4383-3
    162 978-1-4471-4387-1
    163 schema:name Urolithiasis
    164 rdf:type schema:Book
    165 Ne0257229ae7c4850a7f39a80721a3f3b schema:familyName Albala
    166 schema:givenName David M.
    167 rdf:type schema:Person
    168 Ne5f2299cd7194d139e88f11363de2018 schema:name readcube_id
    169 schema:value bec0c5bbae72df545fb58b8e3a4d93ef53c3e48d42f909ab7af4629ed465464a
    170 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    171 Nea5a18ab4961459a89470318f3a550e3 schema:familyName Talati
    172 schema:givenName Jamsheer J.
    173 rdf:type schema:Person
    174 Nead54e39661a4a60a6b280562753971d schema:familyName YE
    175 schema:givenName ZHANGQUN
    176 rdf:type schema:Person
    177 Ned0abcb94ed44eba892ccd2c1c5edd04 rdf:first Ne0257229ae7c4850a7f39a80721a3f3b
    178 rdf:rest N0ecfbfb774ae40d48bdac5e28749cb67
    179 Nf47ae4152e2740b6a330a3cd351f02c5 schema:name dimensions_id
    180 schema:value pub.1040043529
    181 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    182 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    183 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    185 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    186 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    188 sg:person.01100527004.07 schema:affiliation N257f03ebdfc3418e8235292d513bf28c
    189 schema:familyName Daudon
    190 schema:givenName Michel
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01100527004.07
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.0737565551.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412134.1
    194 schema:familyName Jungers
    195 schema:givenName Paul
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737565551.75
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016831526
    199 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-362-0_7
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-72353-7_5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004342910
    202 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-72353-7_5
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00256301 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025917542
    205 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00256301
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00262382 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045643204
    208 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00262382
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00296732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000315200
    211 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00296732
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012290479
    214 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00300021
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0421-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049000674
    217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-004-0421-y
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019027945
    220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-004-0459-x
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012714094
    223 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-005-0029-x
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027554128
    226 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-006-0042-8
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028565539
    229 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0253-x
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017492564
    232 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0317-y
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 sg:pub.10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023910128
    235 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00240-010-0320-3
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 sg:pub.10.1007/s004670050728 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000831864
    238 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004670050728
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 sg:pub.10.1007/s004670100647 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045494779
    241 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004670100647
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1038/ki.1983.104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039639995
    244 https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.1983.104
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 sg:pub.10.1038/ki.2008.161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036467987
    247 https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.161
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5000150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009613105
    250 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5000150
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ki.5002113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011142533
    253 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002113
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042399846
    256 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00316.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002044437
    259 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00316.x
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 sg:pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039990823
    262 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 sg:pub.10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017991499
    265 https://doi.org/10.2165/00003495-200464030-00003
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074747503 schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076862581 schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076911736 schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076987407 schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077017815 schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077067353 schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077524515 schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077803655 schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078040884 schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078374031 schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079546033 schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079674029 schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079891946 schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081800568 schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082098927 schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082385936 schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082555099 schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082636860 schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082672801 schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1520-6343(1997)3:5<347::aid-bspy3>3.0.co;2-# schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000889126
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.20580 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004047927
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(76)90033-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001450737
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(86)90129-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034325867
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(91)90313-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001603721
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(92)90569-o schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048510455
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anuro.2005.09.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024026442
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.08.088 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052510163
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2006.10.069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039802808
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.12.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000534399
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049639773
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2008.09.048 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035944237
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.purol.2009.02.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036120336
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2008.12.049 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027483039
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00201-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024731873
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(02)00063-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043474083
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-8981(03)00228-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000119742
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(01)63696-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013951025
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)01017-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044806931
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)63979-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011713107
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)64509-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012725873
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(05)67345-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018121181
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)39923-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078624123
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)44352-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079829005
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)49039-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080061079
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)51713-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081877203
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)53268-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082196323
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)64842-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076145037
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)65267-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076119912
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)67449-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076462467
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5347(17)69732-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078067131
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0090-4295(02)02421-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034453504
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)62506-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036720591
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0302-2838(03)00415-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014979988
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1569-9056(11)61155-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028130312
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1607-551x(09)70376-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025404867
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036467987
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5000150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009613105
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ki.5002113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011142533
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.1999.00754.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042399846
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00917.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039990823
    367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    368 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-993039 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057519542
    369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    370 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1059737 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057551313
    371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    372 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm193602062140603 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037780034
    373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    374 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmc0800990 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022810961
    375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    376 https://doi.org/10.1080/003655999750017365 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024126570
    377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    378 https://doi.org/10.1086/521930 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032028146
    379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    380 https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh594 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025182013
    381 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    382 https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq433 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015594901
    383 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    384 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-193706000-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049185567
    385 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    386 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005792-199111000-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005507077
    387 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    388 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000065592.55499.4e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052673108
    389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    390 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2042.2006.01348.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009794386
    391 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    392 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb02152.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041301537
    393 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    394 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1976.tb06668.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000415561
    395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    396 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.1989.tb05308.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029957418
    397 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    398 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.2008.08064.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053649885
    399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    400 https://doi.org/10.1159/000020109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021741985
    401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    402 https://doi.org/10.1159/000030312 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018225920
    403 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    404 https://doi.org/10.1159/000080261 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001780215
    405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    406 https://doi.org/10.1159/000104439 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007503724
    407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    408 https://doi.org/10.1159/000184940 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009398943
    409 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    410 https://doi.org/10.1159/000281680 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042350630
    411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    412 https://doi.org/10.1159/000473528 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082147294
    413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    414 https://doi.org/10.1172/jci17038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046751470
    415 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    416 https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.1999.153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048285598
    417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    418 https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm.2005.051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013442950
    419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    420 https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2006030262 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051069027
    421 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    422 https://doi.org/10.3109/00365599009180859 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013165777
    423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    424 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412134.1 schema:alternateName Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital
    425 schema:name Department of Nephrology, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, APHP, 149 Rue de Sèvres, Paris, 75015, France
    426 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...