Environment, Migration and Food Security in the Upper West Region of Ghana View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2009-06-15

AUTHORS

Isaac Luginaah , Tony Weis , Sylvester Galaa , Mathew K. Nkrumah , Rachel Benzer-Kerr , Daniel Bagah

ABSTRACT

Ghana has achieved dramatic improvements in national food security in recent years, but concealed in this overall progress is a considerable measure of regional unevenness, with the population living in the dry savannah regions in the north faring the worst. The Upper West Region (UWR) is the poorest region of Ghana and has long served as a reservoir of migratory labour for the southern parts of the country, but in recent years migration patterns have been both escalating and changing. Increasingly, permanent UWR migration is focusing on the more fertile lands of the Brong-Ahafo Region (BAR), where migrants are able to access farmland in different leasehold relationships. A rapid research appraisal conducted in Techiman (BAR) suggests that UWR migrants view their growing settlement in the BAR to be a long-term phenomenon. It also highlighted how land tenancy issues are central to the challenges migrant farmers face, and are largely perceived as being immutable by the farmers themselves. Nearly all new UWR migrants must begin working in sharecropping relationships for BA landlords, paying out one-third of their harvest as rent, and over time they hope to save sufficient market earnings in order to lease the land outright. Despite these rents and the high cost of transportation, this chapter suggests that evolving migration patterns from the Upper West Region (UWR) of Ghana are connected to an intensifying system of domestic “food aid” (i.e. non-market transfers) back to the region, providing a crucial means of coping with its precarious food insecurity. With environmental conditions in dry regions of Sahelian Africa projected to worsen with climate change, the agricultural capacity of the UWR is likely to deteriorate further in coming years, with migratory pressures therefore continuing to rise. In light of this, this study points towards both future research objectives in the UWR and the BAR, as well as to the implications such research could have for policy interventions and locally grounded regional initiatives. More... »

PAGES

25-38

Book

TITLE

Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis

ISBN

978-1-4020-9381-4
978-1-4020-9382-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025080520


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1603", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Demography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/16", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Studies in Human Society", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Western University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Luginaah", 
        "givenName": "Isaac", 
        "id": "sg:person.0753762041.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753762041.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Western University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Weis", 
        "givenName": "Tony", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University for Development Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Integrated Studies, Wa Campus, University of Development Studies, Wa, UWR, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Galaa", 
        "givenName": "Sylvester", 
        "id": "sg:person.0627674767.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0627674767.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University for Development Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Integrated Studies, Wa Campus, University of Development Studies, Wa, UWR, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nkrumah", 
        "givenName": "Mathew K.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Western University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Benzer-Kerr", 
        "givenName": "Rachel", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Western University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2", 
            "Faculty of Integrated Studies, Wa Campus, University of Development Studies, Wa, UWR, Ghana", 
            "Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bagah", 
        "givenName": "Daniel", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1353/at.2005.0006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009767702"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1996.tb01475.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010226242"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230600963445", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014550192"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-3780(00)00042-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019376922"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118453", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021774999"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118453", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021774999"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.12.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034669763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/0033-0124.00239", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038900811"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/0004-5608.00235", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048606183"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1083", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053385486"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adl023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059366196"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7000.299", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062772788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7000.299", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062772788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2009-06-15", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2009-06-15", 
    "description": "Ghana has achieved dramatic improvements in national food security in recent years, but concealed in this overall progress is a considerable measure of regional unevenness, with the population living in the dry savannah regions in the north faring the worst. The Upper West Region (UWR) is the poorest region of Ghana and has long served as a reservoir of migratory labour for the southern parts of the country, but in recent years migration patterns have been both escalating and changing. Increasingly, permanent UWR migration is focusing on the more fertile lands of the Brong-Ahafo Region (BAR), where migrants are able to access farmland in different leasehold relationships. A rapid research appraisal conducted in Techiman (BAR) suggests that UWR migrants view their growing settlement in the BAR to be a long-term phenomenon. It also highlighted how land tenancy issues are central to the challenges migrant farmers face, and are largely perceived as being immutable by the farmers themselves. Nearly all new UWR migrants must begin working in sharecropping relationships for BA landlords, paying out one-third of their harvest as rent, and over time they hope to save sufficient market earnings in order to lease the land outright. Despite these rents and the high cost of transportation, this chapter suggests that evolving migration patterns from the Upper West Region (UWR) of Ghana are connected to an intensifying system of domestic \u201cfood aid\u201d (i.e. non-market transfers) back to the region, providing a crucial means of coping with its precarious food insecurity. With environmental conditions in dry regions of Sahelian Africa projected to worsen with climate change, the agricultural capacity of the UWR is likely to deteriorate further in coming years, with migratory pressures therefore continuing to rise. In light of this, this study points towards both future research objectives in the UWR and the BAR, as well as to the implications such research could have for policy interventions and locally grounded regional initiatives.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Luginaah", 
        "givenName": "Isaac N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Yanful", 
        "givenName": "Ernest K.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4020-9381-4", 
        "978-1-4020-9382-1"
      ], 
      "name": "Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Environment, Migration and Food Security in the Upper West Region of Ghana", 
    "pagination": "25-38", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1025080520"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "777be1bda08c9ccb8affd24b8bf3c72812dd69e18d1b42b18f0cd8f89705fb7d"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Dordrecht", 
      "name": "Springer Netherlands", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025080520"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-16T07:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000356_0000000356/records_57868_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-9382-1_2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

138 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      37 URIs      19 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2 schema:about anzsrc-for:16
2 anzsrc-for:1603
3 schema:author N6a1f80afad374fb8b17011731207d247
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1083
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.12.007
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-3780(00)00042-x
7 https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230600963445
8 https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adl023
9 https://doi.org/10.1111/0004-5608.00235
10 https://doi.org/10.1111/0033-0124.00239
11 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1996.tb01475.x
12 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7000.299
13 https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118453
14 https://doi.org/10.1353/at.2005.0006
15 schema:datePublished 2009-06-15
16 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-06-15
17 schema:description Ghana has achieved dramatic improvements in national food security in recent years, but concealed in this overall progress is a considerable measure of regional unevenness, with the population living in the dry savannah regions in the north faring the worst. The Upper West Region (UWR) is the poorest region of Ghana and has long served as a reservoir of migratory labour for the southern parts of the country, but in recent years migration patterns have been both escalating and changing. Increasingly, permanent UWR migration is focusing on the more fertile lands of the Brong-Ahafo Region (BAR), where migrants are able to access farmland in different leasehold relationships. A rapid research appraisal conducted in Techiman (BAR) suggests that UWR migrants view their growing settlement in the BAR to be a long-term phenomenon. It also highlighted how land tenancy issues are central to the challenges migrant farmers face, and are largely perceived as being immutable by the farmers themselves. Nearly all new UWR migrants must begin working in sharecropping relationships for BA landlords, paying out one-third of their harvest as rent, and over time they hope to save sufficient market earnings in order to lease the land outright. Despite these rents and the high cost of transportation, this chapter suggests that evolving migration patterns from the Upper West Region (UWR) of Ghana are connected to an intensifying system of domestic “food aid” (i.e. non-market transfers) back to the region, providing a crucial means of coping with its precarious food insecurity. With environmental conditions in dry regions of Sahelian Africa projected to worsen with climate change, the agricultural capacity of the UWR is likely to deteriorate further in coming years, with migratory pressures therefore continuing to rise. In light of this, this study points towards both future research objectives in the UWR and the BAR, as well as to the implications such research could have for policy interventions and locally grounded regional initiatives.
18 schema:editor N02088fa4d94040e49e7178bbdafd90e1
19 schema:genre chapter
20 schema:inLanguage en
21 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
22 schema:isPartOf N48ad456e872d43d8822ce39c21db4271
23 schema:name Environment, Migration and Food Security in the Upper West Region of Ghana
24 schema:pagination 25-38
25 schema:productId N77b0cb16ec9145e7b58228de981f8a8d
26 Nb7aa9086739e4af58fa3e53324313695
27 Nee673a57daeb4cbab8aff05c8f4e7bef
28 schema:publisher Nba61e5dac62d4a5fa0ce5e49f6ce7d49
29 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025080520
30 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2
31 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-16T07:29
32 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
33 schema:sdPublisher N51af57741b3f4b8ea3c1e9684134c4af
34 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-9382-1_2
35 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
36 sgo:sdDataset chapters
37 rdf:type schema:Chapter
38 N02088fa4d94040e49e7178bbdafd90e1 rdf:first Nc08e3abb67d048aa9bba8f7f12a9c775
39 rdf:rest N66a71610f3d641c0845de3cf8f07833e
40 N466ed24942784f7392e9faa16c7bcc5c rdf:first N8fd47371e07244abb97f63721dd50abf
41 rdf:rest N7f7daef516c8491d9b62d1b8ad2bddda
42 N48ad456e872d43d8822ce39c21db4271 schema:isbn 978-1-4020-9381-4
43 978-1-4020-9382-1
44 schema:name Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis
45 rdf:type schema:Book
46 N51af57741b3f4b8ea3c1e9684134c4af schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
47 rdf:type schema:Organization
48 N66a71610f3d641c0845de3cf8f07833e rdf:first Nef2f35ed1725457a96367da591ac9643
49 rdf:rest rdf:nil
50 N6a1f80afad374fb8b17011731207d247 rdf:first sg:person.0753762041.82
51 rdf:rest Nc24b9ff1d09848628ce4895ee19a87a8
52 N77b0cb16ec9145e7b58228de981f8a8d schema:name doi
53 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_2
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 N7c073687abb44c65a69d21502b803d5d rdf:first sg:person.0627674767.08
56 rdf:rest N82263f63a13746dfb1bc1cb2290902e2
57 N7f7daef516c8491d9b62d1b8ad2bddda rdf:first Nf5a08c28c833448bb517b1df6cdce96d
58 rdf:rest rdf:nil
59 N80a5c881efbb4cb6bafbf06bb1b7a038 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4
60 schema:familyName Nkrumah
61 schema:givenName Mathew K.
62 rdf:type schema:Person
63 N82263f63a13746dfb1bc1cb2290902e2 rdf:first N80a5c881efbb4cb6bafbf06bb1b7a038
64 rdf:rest N466ed24942784f7392e9faa16c7bcc5c
65 N8fd47371e07244abb97f63721dd50abf schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30
66 schema:familyName Benzer-Kerr
67 schema:givenName Rachel
68 rdf:type schema:Person
69 Nb7aa9086739e4af58fa3e53324313695 schema:name readcube_id
70 schema:value 777be1bda08c9ccb8affd24b8bf3c72812dd69e18d1b42b18f0cd8f89705fb7d
71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
72 Nba61e5dac62d4a5fa0ce5e49f6ce7d49 schema:location Dordrecht
73 schema:name Springer Netherlands
74 rdf:type schema:Organisation
75 Nc08e3abb67d048aa9bba8f7f12a9c775 schema:familyName Luginaah
76 schema:givenName Isaac N.
77 rdf:type schema:Person
78 Nc24b9ff1d09848628ce4895ee19a87a8 rdf:first Nffe9b0269a524c3783ee8448cbe40f8c
79 rdf:rest N7c073687abb44c65a69d21502b803d5d
80 Nee673a57daeb4cbab8aff05c8f4e7bef schema:name dimensions_id
81 schema:value pub.1025080520
82 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
83 Nef2f35ed1725457a96367da591ac9643 schema:familyName Yanful
84 schema:givenName Ernest K.
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 Nf5a08c28c833448bb517b1df6cdce96d schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30
87 schema:familyName Bagah
88 schema:givenName Daniel
89 rdf:type schema:Person
90 Nffe9b0269a524c3783ee8448cbe40f8c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30
91 schema:familyName Weis
92 schema:givenName Tony
93 rdf:type schema:Person
94 anzsrc-for:16 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
95 schema:name Studies in Human Society
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 anzsrc-for:1603 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
98 schema:name Demography
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 sg:person.0627674767.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4
101 schema:familyName Galaa
102 schema:givenName Sylvester
103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0627674767.08
104 rdf:type schema:Person
105 sg:person.0753762041.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30
106 schema:familyName Luginaah
107 schema:givenName Isaac
108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0753762041.82
109 rdf:type schema:Person
110 https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053385486
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.12.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034669763
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-3780(00)00042-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019376922
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230600963445 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014550192
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adl023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059366196
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1111/0004-5608.00235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048606183
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1111/0033-0124.00239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038900811
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1996.tb01475.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010226242
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7000.299 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062772788
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118453 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021774999
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.1353/at.2005.0006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009767702
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.39381.30 schema:alternateName Western University
133 schema:name Department of Geography, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C2
134 Faculty of Integrated Studies, Wa Campus, University of Development Studies, Wa, UWR, Ghana
135 rdf:type schema:Organization
136 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4 schema:alternateName University for Development Studies
137 schema:name Faculty of Integrated Studies, Wa Campus, University of Development Studies, Wa, UWR, Ghana
138 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...