Molecular Basis of Colorado Potato Beetle Adaptation to Potato Defence Mechanisms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2007

AUTHORS

N. Slapar , M. Pompe-Novak , M. Buh , M. Ravnikar , B. Štrukelj , M. A. Jongsma , K. Gruden

ABSTRACT

Pathogen infection or herbivore attack, the phenomena named plant defence mechanism. The proteins induced after herbivore or insect attack can be classified into several groups including protease inhibitors, different phytoalexins, etc. As a counteract to the natural plant defence response the adaptation of insects has evolved. So far this process was studied only on the level of digestive proteases. When larvae are fed on high levels of proteinase inhibitors, the expression of inhibitor resistant enzymes is induced and plant defence becomes ineffective. To study the mechanism of insect adaptation Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) larvae were used as a model. We have tried to assess the molecular basis of this resistance first by biochemical characterisation of different proteases from the adapted guts and later on by homology modelling of the analysed enzymes. To gain a broader knowledge about the process we have used the microarray technology and qPCR. Four hundred genes from subtractive libraries of guts prepared from larvae fed on control leaves versus larvae fed on defence induced leaves were sequenced and printed on microarrays. The expression of those genes was followed in time scale of insect adaptation. Different digestive enzymes are significantly up-regulated. Maybe the most interesting from biotechnological point of view are genes with no significant identity in the database and a gene with potential function in regulation of insect adaptation. Those might have potential for environmentally friendly plant protection agents by disturbing insect adaptation. More... »

PAGES

191-195

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-6635-1_28

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6635-1_28

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021679497


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