Mechanisms of an Intensified Hadley Circulation in Response to Solar Forcing in the Twentieth Century View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2004

AUTHORS

Gerald A. Meehl , Warren M. Washington , T. M. L. Wigley , Julie M. Arblaster , Aiguo Dai

ABSTRACT

Ensemble experiments with a global coupled climate model for the twentieth century with time-evolving solar, greenhouse gas (GHG), sulfate aerosol (direct effect), and ozone (tropospheric and stratospheric) forcing are analyzed to show that solar forcing produces coupled dynamical interactions in the tropics that strengthen regional Hadley and Walker circulation regimes over the first half of the century. Solar forcing produces feedbacks involving temperature gradient-driven atmospheric circulations that can alter clouds. Over relatively cloud-free oceanic regions in the subtropics, greater solar forcing in mid-century compared to the early century produces greater evaporation, more moisture transport into the precipitation convergence zones, intensified regional Hadley and Walker circulations, less clouds over the subtropical ocean regions, and even more solar input. Coupled dynamical interactions produce upper-ocean heat content anomalies in concert with positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies that intensify precipitation over the South Indian, South Pacific, and South Atlantic Convergence Zones, as well as the South Asian and West African monsoons. Coupled regional responses are most evident when the solar forcing occurs in concert with increased greenhouse gas forcing of about the same magnitude over the first half of the century. The latter is also altered by interaction with solar forcing, and the base-state tropical SSTs are increased in the relatively cloud-free subtropical regions of low-level moisture divergence to fuel the regional feedbacks induced by the spatially differentiated solar forcing. Consequently, the greater solar forcing acting in concert with increased greenhouse gases during the early twentieth century produces larger increases of tropical precipitation, calculated as a residual for the solar forcing, than for early-century solar-only forcing, even though the size of the solar forcing is the same. More... »

PAGES

489-511

Book

TITLE

The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future

ISBN

978-90-481-6752-4
978-1-4020-2944-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039969227


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0401", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atmospheric Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
          "name": [
            "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Meehl", 
        "givenName": "Gerald A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0667652200.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667652200.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
          "name": [
            "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Washington", 
        "givenName": "Warren M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01344613450.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344613450.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
          "name": [
            "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wigley", 
        "givenName": "T. M. L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016171504677.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016171504677.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
          "name": [
            "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Arblaster", 
        "givenName": "Julie M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011452203137.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011452203137.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
          "name": [
            "National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dai", 
        "givenName": "Aiguo", 
        "id": "sg:person.0601456034.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0601456034.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2004", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2004-01-01", 
    "description": "Ensemble experiments with a global coupled climate model for the twentieth century with time-evolving solar, greenhouse gas (GHG), sulfate aerosol (direct effect), and ozone (tropospheric and stratospheric) forcing are analyzed to show that solar forcing produces coupled dynamical interactions in the tropics that strengthen regional Hadley and Walker circulation regimes over the first half of the century. Solar forcing produces feedbacks involving temperature gradient-driven atmospheric circulations that can alter clouds. Over relatively cloud-free oceanic regions in the subtropics, greater solar forcing in mid-century compared to the early century produces greater evaporation, more moisture transport into the precipitation convergence zones, intensified regional Hadley and Walker circulations, less clouds over the subtropical ocean regions, and even more solar input. Coupled dynamical interactions produce upper-ocean heat content anomalies in concert with positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies that intensify precipitation over the South Indian, South Pacific, and South Atlantic Convergence Zones, as well as the South Asian and West African monsoons. Coupled regional responses are most evident when the solar forcing occurs in concert with increased greenhouse gas forcing of about the same magnitude over the first half of the century. The latter is also altered by interaction with solar forcing, and the base-state tropical SSTs are increased in the relatively cloud-free subtropical regions of low-level moisture divergence to fuel the regional feedbacks induced by the spatially differentiated solar forcing. Consequently, the greater solar forcing acting in concert with increased greenhouse gases during the early twentieth century produces larger increases of tropical precipitation, calculated as a residual for the solar forcing, than for early-century solar-only forcing, even though the size of the solar forcing is the same.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Diaz", 
        "givenName": "Henry F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Bradley", 
        "givenName": "Raymond S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-90-481-6752-4", 
        "978-1-4020-2944-8"
      ], 
      "name": "The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "solar forcing", 
      "regional Hadley", 
      "convergence zone", 
      "upper ocean heat content anomalies", 
      "positive sea surface temperature anomalies", 
      "low-level moisture divergence", 
      "sea surface temperature anomalies", 
      "South Atlantic Convergence Zone", 
      "greenhouse gas", 
      "more moisture transport", 
      "heat content anomalies", 
      "West African monsoon", 
      "greenhouse gas forcing", 
      "surface temperature anomalies", 
      "Walker circulation", 
      "African monsoon", 
      "gas forcing", 
      "tropical SST", 
      "moisture divergence", 
      "tropical precipitation", 
      "atmospheric circulation", 
      "climate models", 
      "less cloud", 
      "regional feedbacks", 
      "Hadley circulation", 
      "circulation regimes", 
      "oceanic regions", 
      "temperature anomalies", 
      "sulfate aerosols", 
      "ensemble experiments", 
      "ocean regions", 
      "moisture transport", 
      "greater evaporation", 
      "forcing", 
      "South Pacific", 
      "regional responses", 
      "greenhouse gases", 
      "solar input", 
      "subtropical regions", 
      "Hadley", 
      "dynamical interactions", 
      "circulation", 
      "precipitation", 
      "South Indians", 
      "zone", 
      "anomalies", 
      "first half", 
      "twentieth century", 
      "same magnitude", 
      "cloud", 
      "monsoon", 
      "SST", 
      "Pacific", 
      "region", 
      "century", 
      "subtropics", 
      "aerosols", 
      "earlier centuries", 
      "large increase", 
      "tropics", 
      "ozone", 
      "evaporation", 
      "gases", 
      "transport", 
      "feedback", 
      "magnitude", 
      "residuals", 
      "regime", 
      "input", 
      "concert", 
      "occurs", 
      "gas", 
      "early twentieth century", 
      "half", 
      "divergence", 
      "latter", 
      "Indians", 
      "model", 
      "interaction", 
      "increase", 
      "response", 
      "experiments", 
      "size", 
      "mechanism", 
      "South Asians", 
      "Asians", 
      "acting"
    ], 
    "name": "Mechanisms of an Intensified Hadley Circulation in Response to Solar Forcing in the Twentieth Century", 
    "pagination": "489-511", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1039969227"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039969227"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:56", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_86.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

179 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      112 URIs      105 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0401
3 schema:author N8819e94b94ca47aa9868dd6d82f52115
4 schema:datePublished 2004
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2004-01-01
6 schema:description Ensemble experiments with a global coupled climate model for the twentieth century with time-evolving solar, greenhouse gas (GHG), sulfate aerosol (direct effect), and ozone (tropospheric and stratospheric) forcing are analyzed to show that solar forcing produces coupled dynamical interactions in the tropics that strengthen regional Hadley and Walker circulation regimes over the first half of the century. Solar forcing produces feedbacks involving temperature gradient-driven atmospheric circulations that can alter clouds. Over relatively cloud-free oceanic regions in the subtropics, greater solar forcing in mid-century compared to the early century produces greater evaporation, more moisture transport into the precipitation convergence zones, intensified regional Hadley and Walker circulations, less clouds over the subtropical ocean regions, and even more solar input. Coupled dynamical interactions produce upper-ocean heat content anomalies in concert with positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies that intensify precipitation over the South Indian, South Pacific, and South Atlantic Convergence Zones, as well as the South Asian and West African monsoons. Coupled regional responses are most evident when the solar forcing occurs in concert with increased greenhouse gas forcing of about the same magnitude over the first half of the century. The latter is also altered by interaction with solar forcing, and the base-state tropical SSTs are increased in the relatively cloud-free subtropical regions of low-level moisture divergence to fuel the regional feedbacks induced by the spatially differentiated solar forcing. Consequently, the greater solar forcing acting in concert with increased greenhouse gases during the early twentieth century produces larger increases of tropical precipitation, calculated as a residual for the solar forcing, than for early-century solar-only forcing, even though the size of the solar forcing is the same.
7 schema:editor N85eb9a4c5e1648b3b57f976305a6f590
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf Nf907d6d4f7f644a6b7fb0c522cbc37e4
11 schema:keywords African monsoon
12 Asians
13 Hadley
14 Hadley circulation
15 Indians
16 Pacific
17 SST
18 South Asians
19 South Atlantic Convergence Zone
20 South Indians
21 South Pacific
22 Walker circulation
23 West African monsoon
24 acting
25 aerosols
26 anomalies
27 atmospheric circulation
28 century
29 circulation
30 circulation regimes
31 climate models
32 cloud
33 concert
34 convergence zone
35 divergence
36 dynamical interactions
37 earlier centuries
38 early twentieth century
39 ensemble experiments
40 evaporation
41 experiments
42 feedback
43 first half
44 forcing
45 gas
46 gas forcing
47 gases
48 greater evaporation
49 greenhouse gas
50 greenhouse gas forcing
51 greenhouse gases
52 half
53 heat content anomalies
54 increase
55 input
56 interaction
57 large increase
58 latter
59 less cloud
60 low-level moisture divergence
61 magnitude
62 mechanism
63 model
64 moisture divergence
65 moisture transport
66 monsoon
67 more moisture transport
68 occurs
69 ocean regions
70 oceanic regions
71 ozone
72 positive sea surface temperature anomalies
73 precipitation
74 regime
75 region
76 regional Hadley
77 regional feedbacks
78 regional responses
79 residuals
80 response
81 same magnitude
82 sea surface temperature anomalies
83 size
84 solar forcing
85 solar input
86 subtropical regions
87 subtropics
88 sulfate aerosols
89 surface temperature anomalies
90 temperature anomalies
91 transport
92 tropical SST
93 tropical precipitation
94 tropics
95 twentieth century
96 upper ocean heat content anomalies
97 zone
98 schema:name Mechanisms of an Intensified Hadley Circulation in Response to Solar Forcing in the Twentieth Century
99 schema:pagination 489-511
100 schema:productId N693645917eb248b999396afbaa7a3078
101 N92303fb1edd344218c6722915e058124
102 schema:publisher N3758b12501c54526a80bee9a572a06e6
103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039969227
104 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18
105 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:56
106 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
107 schema:sdPublisher N501591dd606c469a959e146f76d5a62f
108 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18
109 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
110 sgo:sdDataset chapters
111 rdf:type schema:Chapter
112 N2df49c6c22744936bc7986f779d5dec4 schema:familyName Bradley
113 schema:givenName Raymond S.
114 rdf:type schema:Person
115 N3758b12501c54526a80bee9a572a06e6 schema:name Springer Nature
116 rdf:type schema:Organisation
117 N4ec0d9d1705a418ba2049ed5c89de371 rdf:first N2df49c6c22744936bc7986f779d5dec4
118 rdf:rest rdf:nil
119 N501591dd606c469a959e146f76d5a62f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
120 rdf:type schema:Organization
121 N693645917eb248b999396afbaa7a3078 schema:name doi
122 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4020-2944-8_18
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 N85eb9a4c5e1648b3b57f976305a6f590 rdf:first Nbbc7450b88de42ac8a3f1cfd2728eab2
125 rdf:rest N4ec0d9d1705a418ba2049ed5c89de371
126 N8819e94b94ca47aa9868dd6d82f52115 rdf:first sg:person.0667652200.29
127 rdf:rest Nb7fb21fe6525487a8f73a6d3e37eea97
128 N8b6561ba22444d3f94bfac0f9c559403 rdf:first sg:person.016171504677.21
129 rdf:rest Nf03f8bfb6c844e2cb354c11581afb0a9
130 N92303fb1edd344218c6722915e058124 schema:name dimensions_id
131 schema:value pub.1039969227
132 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
133 Nb7fb21fe6525487a8f73a6d3e37eea97 rdf:first sg:person.01344613450.27
134 rdf:rest N8b6561ba22444d3f94bfac0f9c559403
135 Nbbc7450b88de42ac8a3f1cfd2728eab2 schema:familyName Diaz
136 schema:givenName Henry F.
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 Nc976d156dfa94ef98b5ee428cb5ac76c rdf:first sg:person.0601456034.82
139 rdf:rest rdf:nil
140 Nf03f8bfb6c844e2cb354c11581afb0a9 rdf:first sg:person.011452203137.38
141 rdf:rest Nc976d156dfa94ef98b5ee428cb5ac76c
142 Nf907d6d4f7f644a6b7fb0c522cbc37e4 schema:isbn 978-1-4020-2944-8
143 978-90-481-6752-4
144 schema:name The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future
145 rdf:type schema:Book
146 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 schema:name Earth Sciences
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 anzsrc-for:0401 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
150 schema:name Atmospheric Sciences
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 sg:person.011452203137.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57828.30
153 schema:familyName Arblaster
154 schema:givenName Julie M.
155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011452203137.38
156 rdf:type schema:Person
157 sg:person.01344613450.27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57828.30
158 schema:familyName Washington
159 schema:givenName Warren M.
160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344613450.27
161 rdf:type schema:Person
162 sg:person.016171504677.21 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57828.30
163 schema:familyName Wigley
164 schema:givenName T. M. L.
165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016171504677.21
166 rdf:type schema:Person
167 sg:person.0601456034.82 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57828.30
168 schema:familyName Dai
169 schema:givenName Aiguo
170 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0601456034.82
171 rdf:type schema:Person
172 sg:person.0667652200.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57828.30
173 schema:familyName Meehl
174 schema:givenName Gerald A.
175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667652200.29
176 rdf:type schema:Person
177 grid-institutes:grid.57828.30 schema:alternateName National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA
178 schema:name National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, 80307-3000, Boulder, Colorado, USA
179 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...