The Historical Roots of Famine Relief Paradigms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1998

AUTHORS

David Hall-Matthews

ABSTRACT

The Indian Famine Codes, drafted in 1880, were the first written statements of famine policy in the modern era. They had their foundations in European philosophies regarding both the state’s role in the market and its treatment of the poor, but they were important, too, as the first formal indications of how the British were to deal with famine in the colonial context. In a sense they therefore represented the first expressions of policy ideas from a ‘developed’ nation on famine in a ‘developing’ one. These Codes have probably never been matched in their exceptional detail, and appear to have had an enduring influence. I do not wish to dwell here on the vexed question of how successful they were in application, but influential analysts such as Amartya Sen, Jean Drèze and Alex de Waal have praised — and borrowed from — their approach (Sen (1981); Drèze, (1990); de Waal (1989)). This chapter is focused less on the practical formulations of the Indian Famine Codes than on two central arguments within them that defined their basic approach, and continue to be asserted by students and practitioners of famine relief today. The first was that relief should not be so generous as to encourage dependency among its recipients. Second, the Codes were designed to provide relief without weakening the economy by intervening or participating in foodgrain markets. More... »

PAGES

107-127

Book

TITLE

A World without Famine?

ISBN

978-1-349-26231-1
978-1-349-26229-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-349-26229-8_6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-26229-8_6

DIMENSIONS

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