Cell wall Biosynthetic Genes of Maize and their Potential for Bioenergy Production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2009-01-01

AUTHORS

Wilfred Vermerris

ABSTRACT

The maize cell wall is a complex composite of cellulose, hemicellulosic polysaccharides pectin, proteins, and lignin, and representative of the unique Type II cell wall architecture common among the Poales. The genetic control of cell wall biosynthesis in maize is being actively pursued, using a combination of comparative genomics, forward and reverse genetics, and expression profiling. This has revealed the existence of many multi-gene families with individual members that are differentially expressed. While the precise function of most of the individual genes is yet to be established, it is clear that the existence of multi-gene families enables the synthesis of cell walls that are tailored to the specific needs of individual tissues throughout the life of the plant. A better understanding of cell wall biosynthesis will be of great value for the development of dedicated bioenergy crops used for the production of cellulosic ethanol, especially if cell wall traits are combined with morphological variants with increased biomass production. More... »

PAGES

741-767

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-0-387-77863-1_38

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77863-1_38

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031841575


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