Degradation and Preservation of Organic Matter in Marine Sediments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2006

AUTHORS

Stuart G. Wakeham , Elizabeth A. Canuel

ABSTRACT

Organic matter that is deposited in aquatic sediments is subject to an intense diagenetic reactor that determines how much organic carbon is eventually preserved in sediments. The balance between organic matter degradation and preservation has immense consequences for the global carbon and oxygen cycles. A diverse set of hypotheses regarding the controls on organic matter degradation/preservation have received considerable attention over the past decade, most often revolving around the relative roles of bottom water and pore water oxygen and the rate of organic matter delivery to the sediments. These overriding hypotheses have in turn spawned numerous other hypotheses on specific topics. In this review, we discuss four important controls that impact on the degradation and subsequent preservation of organic matter in aquatic sediments. Our focus areas are: (1) the chemical nature of the organic substrate; (2) the potential influence of matrix on preservation; (3) the role of redox effects in degradation; and (4) the effects of physical mixing of sediments. Although we have divided our discussion under these headings, it will immediately become apparent that these subsections are at best arbitrary and that the four factors are indeed intimately related. More... »

PAGES

295-321

Book

TITLE

Marine Organic Matter: Biomarkers, Isotopes and DNA

ISBN

3-540-28401-X

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/698_2_009

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/698_2_009

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028743026


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Geochemistry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Skidaway Institute of Oceanography", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263708.8", 
          "name": [
            "Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, 10 Ocean Science Circle, 31411\u00a0Savannah, GA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wakeham", 
        "givenName": "Stuart G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0740666254.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740666254.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "College of William & Mary", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9", 
          "name": [
            "Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, P.O. Box 1346, 23062\u00a0Gloucester Point, VA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Canuel", 
        "givenName": "Elizabeth A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01044070244.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01044070244.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/pa003i005p00621", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006529695"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014417330", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014417330", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014656160", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0163-7827(82)90012-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029248118"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035247778", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035247778", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1986.31.4.0765", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035357558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/01490450303894", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037317822"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047567268", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047567268", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2475/ajs.291.5.507", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070842045"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/5428", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1096971820"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2006", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2006-01-01", 
    "description": "Organic matter that is deposited in aquatic sediments is subject to an intense diagenetic reactor that determines how much organic carbon is eventually preserved in sediments. The balance between organic matter degradation and preservation has immense consequences for the global carbon and oxygen cycles. A\u00a0diverse set of hypotheses regarding the controls on organic matter degradation/preservation have received considerable attention over the past decade, most often revolving around the relative roles of bottom water and pore water oxygen and the rate of organic matter delivery to the sediments. These overriding hypotheses have in turn spawned numerous other hypotheses on specific topics. In this review, we discuss four important controls that impact on the degradation and subsequent preservation of organic matter in aquatic sediments. Our focus areas are: (1)\u00a0the chemical nature of the organic substrate; (2)\u00a0the potential influence of matrix on preservation; (3)\u00a0the role of redox effects in degradation; and (4)\u00a0the effects of physical mixing of sediments. Although we have divided our discussion under these headings, it will immediately become apparent that these subsections are at best arbitrary and that the four factors are indeed intimately related.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Volkman", 
        "givenName": "John K.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/698_2_009", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3030922", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2990786", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3030913", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "3-540-28401-X"
      ], 
      "name": "Marine Organic Matter: Biomarkers, Isotopes and DNA", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Degradation and Preservation of Organic Matter in Marine Sediments", 
    "pagination": "295-321", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/698_2_009"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "88ec6ad8f21819ccca2ebe1b6a1484de459a5e11dbb7527fbea7d92c7276ea19"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1028743026"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Berlin/Heidelberg", 
      "name": "Springer-Verlag", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2_009", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028743026"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T16:17", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8675_00000261.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/698_2_009"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/698_2_009'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/698_2_009'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/698_2_009'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/698_2_009'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

114 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      37 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/698_2_009 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0402
3 schema:author N1028023310784c5cb5c70c1465f1009a
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5
6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2
7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0163-7827(82)90012-1
9 https://doi.org/10.1029/pa003i005p00621
10 https://doi.org/10.1080/01490450303894
11 https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/5428
12 https://doi.org/10.2475/ajs.291.5.507
13 https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1986.31.4.0765
14 schema:datePublished 2006
15 schema:datePublishedReg 2006-01-01
16 schema:description Organic matter that is deposited in aquatic sediments is subject to an intense diagenetic reactor that determines how much organic carbon is eventually preserved in sediments. The balance between organic matter degradation and preservation has immense consequences for the global carbon and oxygen cycles. A diverse set of hypotheses regarding the controls on organic matter degradation/preservation have received considerable attention over the past decade, most often revolving around the relative roles of bottom water and pore water oxygen and the rate of organic matter delivery to the sediments. These overriding hypotheses have in turn spawned numerous other hypotheses on specific topics. In this review, we discuss four important controls that impact on the degradation and subsequent preservation of organic matter in aquatic sediments. Our focus areas are: (1) the chemical nature of the organic substrate; (2) the potential influence of matrix on preservation; (3) the role of redox effects in degradation; and (4) the effects of physical mixing of sediments. Although we have divided our discussion under these headings, it will immediately become apparent that these subsections are at best arbitrary and that the four factors are indeed intimately related.
17 schema:editor N0b6736d4c77d4ab298ad29f6d5b9b046
18 schema:genre chapter
19 schema:inLanguage en
20 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
21 schema:isPartOf Nd3d3044f67e345c7824e5c1858f471e9
22 schema:name Degradation and Preservation of Organic Matter in Marine Sediments
23 schema:pagination 295-321
24 schema:productId N7e915be7d01b4a55be39f6cd3e3d8811
25 N9f0fad5aa36748cbadf10ebeefb4d41f
26 Nc63c9dcb43404f1096991e5b4b74f7cf
27 schema:publisher N0e2c0f164a81431ba872ee259c8d0f59
28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028743026
29 https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2_009
30 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T16:17
31 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
32 schema:sdPublisher N882b04206cde472c8f9d3c22de0b87cc
33 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/698_2_009
34 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
35 sgo:sdDataset chapters
36 rdf:type schema:Chapter
37 N0b6736d4c77d4ab298ad29f6d5b9b046 rdf:first N4d7299c40b34479495296d001ff0b6c7
38 rdf:rest rdf:nil
39 N0e2c0f164a81431ba872ee259c8d0f59 schema:location Berlin/Heidelberg
40 schema:name Springer-Verlag
41 rdf:type schema:Organisation
42 N1028023310784c5cb5c70c1465f1009a rdf:first sg:person.0740666254.73
43 rdf:rest N9312b5eb47d94963903e50ad142e74e2
44 N4d7299c40b34479495296d001ff0b6c7 schema:familyName Volkman
45 schema:givenName John K.
46 rdf:type schema:Person
47 N7e915be7d01b4a55be39f6cd3e3d8811 schema:name doi
48 schema:value 10.1007/698_2_009
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 N882b04206cde472c8f9d3c22de0b87cc schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
51 rdf:type schema:Organization
52 N9312b5eb47d94963903e50ad142e74e2 rdf:first sg:person.01044070244.29
53 rdf:rest rdf:nil
54 N9f0fad5aa36748cbadf10ebeefb4d41f schema:name dimensions_id
55 schema:value pub.1028743026
56 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
57 Nc63c9dcb43404f1096991e5b4b74f7cf schema:name readcube_id
58 schema:value 88ec6ad8f21819ccca2ebe1b6a1484de459a5e11dbb7527fbea7d92c7276ea19
59 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
60 Nd3d3044f67e345c7824e5c1858f471e9 schema:isbn 3-540-28401-X
61 schema:name Marine Organic Matter: Biomarkers, Isotopes and DNA
62 rdf:type schema:Book
63 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
64 schema:name Earth Sciences
65 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
66 anzsrc-for:0402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
67 schema:name Geochemistry
68 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
69 sg:grant.2990786 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/698_2_009
70 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
71 sg:grant.3030913 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/698_2_009
72 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
73 sg:grant.3030922 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/698_2_009
74 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
75 sg:person.01044070244.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9
76 schema:familyName Canuel
77 schema:givenName Elizabeth A.
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01044070244.29
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 sg:person.0740666254.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263708.8
81 schema:familyName Wakeham
82 schema:givenName Stuart G.
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740666254.73
84 rdf:type schema:Person
85 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047567268
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_4
87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
88 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035247778
89 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_5
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014656160
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014417330
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2452-2_24
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 https://doi.org/10.1016/0163-7827(82)90012-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029248118
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 https://doi.org/10.1029/pa003i005p00621 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006529695
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 https://doi.org/10.1080/01490450303894 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037317822
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/5428 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1096971820
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.2475/ajs.291.5.507 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070842045
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1986.31.4.0765 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035357558
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263708.8 schema:alternateName Skidaway Institute of Oceanography
110 schema:name Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, 10 Ocean Science Circle, 31411 Savannah, GA, USA
111 rdf:type schema:Organization
112 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9 schema:alternateName College of William & Mary
113 schema:name Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, P.O. Box 1346, 23062 Gloucester Point, VA, USA
114 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...