The Consequences of Deafness for Spoken Language Development View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013-06-29

AUTHORS

Peter J. Blamey , Julia Z. Sarant

ABSTRACT

Untreated prelinguistic deafness has a major effect on the development of spoken language, slowing development to less than half the normal rate on average, and often resulting in permanent spoken language deficits. When treated with cochlear implants at a reasonably early age, profoundly deaf children can learn spoken language, following patterns and stages of development that are similar to the patterns and stages for children with normal hearing and children with moderate and severe hearing loss who wear hearing aids. For example, receptive language and expressive language progress at similar rates, and vocabulary expands in step with other aspects of language such as phonology, morphology, syntax, and pragmatics. There appears to be a critical level of pure tone average hearing loss at about 90 dB HL that separates groups of children who are qualitatively different in the way they use their hearing and language skills. Cochlear implants are capable of moving children from the “deaf” to the “hard-of-hearing” group. Early intervention with cochlear implants or hearing aids and structured language learning has a very positive effect on the early rate of spoken language development, but there is a very wide range of spoken language outcomes in children when they reach the age of nine or ten years and it is not clearly established whether the outcomes are primarily related to age at intervention, environmental factors, cognitive abilities of the child, or the time devoted to language learning. More... »

PAGES

265-299

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/2506_2013_10

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/2506_2013_10

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040300731


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