Polyphenylene-type Emissive Materials: Poly(para-phenylene)s,Polyfluorenes, and Ladder Polymers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2006

AUTHORS

Andrew C. Grimsdale , Klaus Müllen

ABSTRACT

This ‘chapter’ reviews the synthesis of the various classes of polyphenylene-based materials that have been investigated as active materials in light-emitting applications. In particular, it is shown how the electronic properties may be controlled by synthetic design. Insoluble poly(para-phenylene) can be made by a variety of precursor routes. Attachment of solubilising side chains gives soluble polyphenylenes in which a high degree of torsion between adjacent benzene rings produced by steric interactions between the substituents strongly reduces their electronic interaction. The phenylene units can be made coplanar by bridging them with methine or other bridges to produce ladder-type polymers, which show excellent photophysical properties, but strong intermolecular interactions lead to problems in obtaining blue emission. Similar problems are seen for ‘stepladder’ polymers such as polyfluorenes with only partial bridging of the phenylene rings. These interactions may be controlled by introduction of bulky substituents. The electroluminescence efficiency of these materials can also be enhanced by use of charge-transporting substituents. Copolymerisation with lower-band-gap units enables tuning of the emission colour across the entire visible range. More... »

PAGES

1-82

Book

TITLE

Emissive Materials Nanomaterials

ISBN

978-3-540-31250-5
978-3-540-34713-2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/12_076

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/12_076

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011661711


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0303", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419547.a", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg\u00a010, 55128\u00a0Mainz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Grimsdale", 
        "givenName": "Andrew C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01346066752.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346066752.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419547.a", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg\u00a010, 55128\u00a0Mainz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "M\u00fcllen", 
        "givenName": "Klaus", 
        "id": "sg:person.01305567747.71", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305567747.71"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2006", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2006-01-01", 
    "description": "This \u2018chapter\u2019 reviews the synthesis of the various classes of polyphenylene-based materials that have been investigated as active materials in light-emitting applications. In particular, it is shown how the electronic properties may be controlled by synthetic design. Insoluble poly(para-phenylene) can be made by a\u00a0variety of precursor routes. Attachment of solubilising side chains gives soluble polyphenylenes in which a\u00a0high degree of torsion between adjacent benzene rings produced by steric interactions between the substituents strongly reduces their electronic interaction. The phenylene units can be made coplanar by bridging them with methine or other bridges to produce ladder-type polymers, which show excellent photophysical properties, but strong intermolecular interactions lead to problems in obtaining blue emission. Similar problems are seen for \u2018stepladder\u2019 polymers such as polyfluorenes with only partial bridging of the phenylene rings. These interactions may be controlled by introduction of bulky substituents. The electroluminescence efficiency of these materials can also be enhanced by use of charge-transporting substituents. Copolymerisation with lower-band-gap units enables tuning of the emission colour across the entire visible range.", 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/12_076", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-540-31250-5", 
        "978-3-540-34713-2"
      ], 
      "name": "Emissive Materials Nanomaterials", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Polyphenylene-type Emissive Materials: Poly(para-phenylene)s,Polyfluorenes, and Ladder Polymers", 
    "pagination": "1-82", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/12_076"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "378fe998eb03090f39667b61c026aae0d1afa8ca319965c8197d0dda7fe9aeea"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1011661711"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Berlin, Heidelberg", 
      "name": "Springer Berlin Heidelberg", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/12_076", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011661711"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T20:47", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000020.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/12_076"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/12_076'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/12_076'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/12_076'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/12_076'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

66 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      26 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/12_076 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0303
3 schema:author Ne6f862c01a2e4ba6b3a50d30fa50ce01
4 schema:datePublished 2006
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2006-01-01
6 schema:description This ‘chapter’ reviews the synthesis of the various classes of polyphenylene-based materials that have been investigated as active materials in light-emitting applications. In particular, it is shown how the electronic properties may be controlled by synthetic design. Insoluble poly(para-phenylene) can be made by a variety of precursor routes. Attachment of solubilising side chains gives soluble polyphenylenes in which a high degree of torsion between adjacent benzene rings produced by steric interactions between the substituents strongly reduces their electronic interaction. The phenylene units can be made coplanar by bridging them with methine or other bridges to produce ladder-type polymers, which show excellent photophysical properties, but strong intermolecular interactions lead to problems in obtaining blue emission. Similar problems are seen for ‘stepladder’ polymers such as polyfluorenes with only partial bridging of the phenylene rings. These interactions may be controlled by introduction of bulky substituents. The electroluminescence efficiency of these materials can also be enhanced by use of charge-transporting substituents. Copolymerisation with lower-band-gap units enables tuning of the emission colour across the entire visible range.
7 schema:genre chapter
8 schema:inLanguage en
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf Na9f8df65869e4f56a09e9de6eb6aa227
11 schema:name Polyphenylene-type Emissive Materials: Poly(para-phenylene)s,Polyfluorenes, and Ladder Polymers
12 schema:pagination 1-82
13 schema:productId Ncbb9ba48c95447089cd6601318f58647
14 Ndcb7d27aa6a349fe92fc112e4e170741
15 Nedbe77b46ad04f4e9e39fdd3cf1065f2
16 schema:publisher N8609b5cfb11d4828a9bb2d44d7cf3fbe
17 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011661711
18 https://doi.org/10.1007/12_076
19 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T20:47
20 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
21 schema:sdPublisher N6a54315251624662a4eec9755eebd43a
22 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/12_076
23 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
24 sgo:sdDataset chapters
25 rdf:type schema:Chapter
26 N14009d6a54614947ad7d3c710fe91f4f rdf:first sg:person.01305567747.71
27 rdf:rest rdf:nil
28 N6a54315251624662a4eec9755eebd43a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
29 rdf:type schema:Organization
30 N8609b5cfb11d4828a9bb2d44d7cf3fbe schema:location Berlin, Heidelberg
31 schema:name Springer Berlin Heidelberg
32 rdf:type schema:Organisation
33 Na9f8df65869e4f56a09e9de6eb6aa227 schema:isbn 978-3-540-31250-5
34 978-3-540-34713-2
35 schema:name Emissive Materials Nanomaterials
36 rdf:type schema:Book
37 Ncbb9ba48c95447089cd6601318f58647 schema:name dimensions_id
38 schema:value pub.1011661711
39 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
40 Ndcb7d27aa6a349fe92fc112e4e170741 schema:name readcube_id
41 schema:value 378fe998eb03090f39667b61c026aae0d1afa8ca319965c8197d0dda7fe9aeea
42 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
43 Ne6f862c01a2e4ba6b3a50d30fa50ce01 rdf:first sg:person.01346066752.38
44 rdf:rest N14009d6a54614947ad7d3c710fe91f4f
45 Nedbe77b46ad04f4e9e39fdd3cf1065f2 schema:name doi
46 schema:value 10.1007/12_076
47 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
48 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
49 schema:name Chemical Sciences
50 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
51 anzsrc-for:0303 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
52 schema:name Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry
53 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
54 sg:person.01305567747.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419547.a
55 schema:familyName Müllen
56 schema:givenName Klaus
57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305567747.71
58 rdf:type schema:Person
59 sg:person.01346066752.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419547.a
60 schema:familyName Grimsdale
61 schema:givenName Andrew C.
62 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346066752.38
63 rdf:type schema:Person
64 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419547.a schema:alternateName Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
65 schema:name Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg 10, 55128 Mainz, Germany
66 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...