Marine Organic Photochemistry: From the Sea Surface to Marine Aerosols View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2000

AUTHORS

Catherine D. Clark , Rod G. Zika

ABSTRACT

Photochemistry in the sunlit surface waters of the ocean is dominated by colored dissolved organic material (CDOM) which lies at the center of a photochemical cycle that critically impacts the marine environment. Sunlight-irradiated CDOM undergoes a complex series of reactions to produce biologically available photodegraded DOM, volatile organic carbon compounds, and reactive species (e.g., excited triplet states, OH, superoxide). These react with each other, trace metals (e.g., iron), and other substances in the ocean in a complex series of reactions that affect marine biota and influence the composition of the surface ocean and marine atmosphere. Although DOM has been the focus of several decades of active research in marine chemistry, fundamental questions about its sources, composition, and reactivity remain. Sea salt aerosols produced at the ocean surface will incorporate some of the photochemically-active organic materials concentrated in the sea surface microlayer, including CDOM. There have been very limited studies on photochemistry in aerosol particles, but likely reactions and yields can be conjectured. The photochemistry of the sea surface micro-layer and marine aerosol particles constitutes an important new area of research for marine photochemists. More... »

PAGES

1-33

Book

TITLE

Marine Chemistry

ISBN

3-540-66020-8

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/10683826_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/10683826_1

DIMENSIONS

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