Photosynthesis research: advances through molecular biology — the beginnings, 1975–1980s and on. . . View Full Text


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Chapter Info

DATE

2005

AUTHORS

Lawrence Bogorad

ABSTRACT

Restriction endonuclease recognition sites and genes for rRNAs were first mapped on chloroplast chromosomes in 1975–1976. This marked the beginning of the application of molecular biology tools to photosynthesis research. In the first phase, knowledge about proteins involved in photosynthesis was used to identify plastid and nuclear genes encoding these proteins on cloned segments of DNA. Soon afterwards the DNA sequences of the cloned genes revealed the full primary sequences of the proteins. Knowledge of the primary amino acid sequences provided deeper understanding of the functioning of the protein and interactions among proteins of the photosynthetic apparatus. Later, as chloroplast DNA sequencing proceeded, genes were discovered that encoded proteins that had not been known to be part of the photosynthetic apparatus. This more complete knowledge of the composition of reaction centers and of the primary amino acid sequences of individual proteins comprising the reaction centers opened the way to determining the three-dimensional structures of reaction centers. At present, the availability of cloned genes, knowledge of the gene sequences and systems developed to genetically manipulate photosynthetic organisms is permitting experimental inquiries to be made into crucial details of the photosynthetic process. More... »

PAGES

1027-1045

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  • Book

    TITLE

    Discoveries in Photosynthesis

    ISBN

    1-4020-3323-0

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/1-4020-3324-9_91

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3324-9_91

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016109155


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