Ancestral-specific reference genomes and uses in determining prognosis


Ontology type: sgo:Patent     


Patent Info

DATE

N/A

AUTHORS

Joseph Vockley , John Niederhuber

ABSTRACT

Ancestry has a significant impact on the major and minor alleles found in each nucleotide position within the genome. Due to mechanisms of inheritance, ancestral-specific information contained within the genome is conserved within members of an ancestry. For this reason, individuals within a specific ancestry are more likely to share alleles in their genomes with other members of the same ancestry. Functionally, the combination of alleles at all positions within a group of individuals defines that group as having a common ancestry. Moreover, the aggregation of differences between alleles at all positions distinguishes one ancestry from another. The genomic similarities and differences between ancestries provides a mechanism to generate reference genomes that are specific for each ancestry. Reference genomes that are specific to an ancestry can be used to increase the accuracy of whole genome sequencing, DNA-based diagnostics and therapeutic marker discovery and in a variety of real-world DNA-based applications. Provided herein is a method for determining a prognosis for a genetic disease or disorder comprising the step of comparing a DNA sequence of or derived from the whole genome of a patient with any one or combination of two or more ancestral-specific reference genomes of an ancestral-specific reference genome database described herein to determine the level of severity of the genetic disease or disorder. More... »

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