Low resistance high-TMR magnetic tunnel junction and process for fabrication thereof


Ontology type: sgo:Patent     


Patent Info

DATE

N/A

AUTHORS

Rajiv Yadav Ranjan , Parviz Keshtbod , Roger Klas Malmhall

ABSTRACT

A non-volatile magnetic memory element includes a fixed layer, a barrier layer formed on top of the fixed layer, and a free layer formed on top of the barrier layer, wherein the electrical resistivity of the barrier layer is reduced by placing said barrier layer under compressive stress. Compressive stress is induced by either using a compressive stress inducing layer, or by using inert gases at low pressure during the sputtering process as the barrier layer is deposited, or by introducing compressive stress inducing molecules into the molecular lattice of the barrier layer. More... »

Related SciGraph Publications

  • 2005-10. Dynamics of field-driven domain-wall propagation in ferromagnetic nanowires in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2004-06. Substantial reduction of critical current for magnetization switching in an exchange-biased spin valve in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2004-12. Giant room-temperature magnetoresistance in single-crystal Fe/MgO/Fe magnetic tunnel junctions in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2004-12. Giant tunnelling magnetoresistance at room temperature with MgO (100) tunnel barriers in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 1997-11. Electron cyclotron resonance plasma etching of materials for magneto-resistive random access memory applications in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2002-10. Control of chlorine inductively coupled plasma using optical-emission spectroscopy in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2005-09. Phase-locking in double-point-contact spin-transfer devices in NATURE
  • 2007-07. Shaped angular dependence of the spin-transfer torque and microwave generation without magnetic field in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2007-06. Spintronics: A nanomagnet oscillator in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2006-03. Current-induced magnetization reversal in nanopillars with perpendicular anisotropy in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2007-07. Magnetic vortex oscillator driven by d.c. spin-polarized current in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2007-06. Spin-torque oscillator using a perpendicular polarizer and a planar free layer in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2006-09. Oscillatory dependence of current-driven magnetic domain wall motion on current pulse length in NATURE
  • 2005-09. Mutual phase-locking of microwave spin torque nano-oscillators in NATURE
  • 2004-11. Current-induced resonance and mass determination of a single magnetic domain wall in NATURE
  • JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2921", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "name": "Rajiv Yadav Ranjan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "name": "Parviz Keshtbod", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "name": "Roger Klas Malmhall", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001456059"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1781769", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001566860"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001882959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.3149", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002331710"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1389522", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004873237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.76.323", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007326605"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-002-0033-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008827522", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-002-0033-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1905", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010406824", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1905"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/13/012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011326133"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1917", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013488732", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1917"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1757638", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014262225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.12317", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014278815"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/031", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014889797"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-997-0076-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016839367", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-997-0076-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020105724"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1209/epl/i2004-10452-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021678993"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04035", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022805974", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04035"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2006.01.091", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023293958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.60.6137", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023870634"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0304-8853(02)00898-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024214014"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.507", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024750224"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026652974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys618", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027549338", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys618"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028432339", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03009"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/61/1/022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029375830"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029461898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04036", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032484610", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04036"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2005.04.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033377077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.07.021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039661187"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1120", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039970430", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1120"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786430500380142", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040630496"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040896349"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/6/062", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041941330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1595", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042288684", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1595"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05093", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044280391", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05093"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys619", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045332202", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys619"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1257", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047761572", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1257"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1477", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051918806", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1477"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1507820", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052777383"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2007.03.164", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052965812"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1256", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053403072", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1330562", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057695558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1374230", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057700290"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447498", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707208"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447533", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707242"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1453328", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057708108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1476706", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057710427"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1555771", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719217"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556168", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719364"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556982", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719553"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1563049", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057720467"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1578165", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057722276"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586478", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723057"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586479", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723058"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629150", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057727578"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629155", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057727583"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1667413", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057744989"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1688535", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057763066"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1769605", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057818317"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1829140", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057825282"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.39.6995", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060549900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.9353", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060582968"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.66.1918", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060802304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.80.4281", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060817457"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.82.616", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060819713"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/16.661228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061095878"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800991", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061118199"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800992", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061118200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2003.810048", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061328493"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2005.859315", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061329319"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2007.914328", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061329927"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2008.917502", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061330145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894365", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592453"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894366", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894370", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592455"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894371", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592456"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894373", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894374", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592459"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894375", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592460"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894376", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592461"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894617", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592474"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894938", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592477"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.1017774", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061674823"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.802434", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061675037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2003.815718", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061675900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.838075", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677127"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.840847", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677253"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.854666", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677629"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855295", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678094"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855348", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861742", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861782", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678241"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861786", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678244"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861788", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678245"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.877743", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678600"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878637", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678665"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878658", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678686"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878659", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878817", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878853", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678739"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878855", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678741"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878858", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678744"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878859", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678745"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878861", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678747"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878862", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878865", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879572", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678839"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879721", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678883"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879732", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678894"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879733", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678895"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879736", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879737", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678899"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879739", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678901"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.880081", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678972"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.884833", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.888507", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679299"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892329", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679484"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892330", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679485"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892587", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892589", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679566"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.899146", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679924"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5429.867", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062566192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.45.5542", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063077192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0041", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182882"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0055", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182883"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0069", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182884"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0081", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182885"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182886"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0111", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182887"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.62", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.63", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969360"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "description": "

    A non-volatile magnetic memory element includes a fixed layer, a barrier layer formed on top of the fixed layer, and a free layer formed on top of the barrier layer, wherein the electrical resistivity of the barrier layer is reduced by placing said barrier layer under compressive stress. Compressive stress is induced by either using a compressive stress inducing layer, or by using inert gases at low pressure during the sputtering process as the barrier layer is deposited, or by introducing compressive stress inducing molecules into the molecular lattice of the barrier layer.

    ", "id": "sg:patent.US-8508984-B2", "keywords": [ "low resistance", "magnetic tunnel junction", "fabrication", "magnetic memory", "layer", "barrier layer", "wherein", "electrical resistivity", "compressive stress", "inert gas", "low pressure", "sputtering", "molecule", "lattice" ], "name": "Low resistance high-TMR magnetic tunnel junction and process for fabrication thereof", "sameAs": [ "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/patent/US-8508984-B2" ], "sdDataset": "patents", "sdDatePublished": "2019-03-07T15:33", "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", "sdPublisher": { "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", "type": "Organization" }, "sdSource": "s3://com.uberresearch.data.dev.patents-pipeline/full_run_10/sn-export/5eb3e5a348d7f117b22cc85fb0b02730/0000100128-0000348334/json_export_820f844a.jsonl", "type": "Patent" } ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/patent.US-8508984-B2'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/patent.US-8508984-B2'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/patent.US-8508984-B2'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/patent.US-8508984-B2'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    452 TRIPLES      13 PREDICATES      158 URIs      21 LITERALS      2 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:patent.US-8508984-B2 schema:about anzsrc-for:2921
    2 schema:author N90a3f7d0f1a943f98f474ecb9f2177aa
    3 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-002-0033-7
    4 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-997-0076-x
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03009
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04035
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04036
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05093
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1120
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1256
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1257
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1477
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1595
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1905
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1917
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys618
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys619
    18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.07.021
    19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2005.04.005
    20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.507
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2007.03.164
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2006.01.091
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0304-8853(02)00898-3
    24 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1330562
    25 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1374230
    26 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1389522
    27 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447498
    28 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447533
    29 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1453328
    30 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1476706
    31 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1507820
    32 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1555771
    33 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556168
    34 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556982
    35 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1563049
    36 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1578165
    37 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586478
    38 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586479
    39 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629150
    40 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629155
    41 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1667413
    42 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1688535
    43 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707228
    44 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1757638
    45 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1769605
    46 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1781769
    47 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1829140
    48 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786430500380142
    49 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/021
    50 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/031
    51 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s02
    52 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s03
    53 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/13/012
    54 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s03
    55 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s06
    56 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/6/062
    57 https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/61/1/022
    58 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.39.6995
    59 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.9353
    60 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.60.6137
    61 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.12317
    62 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.66.1918
    63 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.80.4281
    64 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.82.616
    65 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.3149
    66 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.76.323
    67 https://doi.org/10.1109/16.661228
    68 https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800991
    69 https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800992
    70 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2003.810048
    71 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2005.859315
    72 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2007.914328
    73 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2008.917502
    74 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894365
    75 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894366
    76 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894370
    77 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894371
    78 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894373
    79 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894374
    80 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894375
    81 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894376
    82 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894617
    83 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894938
    84 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.1017774
    85 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.802434
    86 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2003.815718
    87 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.838075
    88 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.840847
    89 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.854666
    90 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855295
    91 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855348
    92 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861742
    93 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861782
    94 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861786
    95 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861788
    96 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.877743
    97 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878637
    98 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878658
    99 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878659
    100 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878817
    101 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878853
    102 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878855
    103 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878858
    104 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878859
    105 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878861
    106 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878862
    107 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878865
    108 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879572
    109 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879721
    110 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879732
    111 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879733
    112 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879736
    113 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879737
    114 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879739
    115 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.880081
    116 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.884833
    117 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.888507
    118 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892329
    119 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892330
    120 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892587
    121 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892589
    122 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.899146
    123 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5429.867
    124 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.45.5542
    125 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0025
    126 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0041
    127 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0055
    128 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0069
    129 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0081
    130 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0101
    131 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0111
    132 https://doi.org/10.1209/epl/i2004-10452-6
    133 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.62
    134 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.63
    135 schema:description <p num="p-0001">A non-volatile magnetic memory element includes a fixed layer, a barrier layer formed on top of the fixed layer, and a free layer formed on top of the barrier layer, wherein the electrical resistivity of the barrier layer is reduced by placing said barrier layer under compressive stress. Compressive stress is induced by either using a compressive stress inducing layer, or by using inert gases at low pressure during the sputtering process as the barrier layer is deposited, or by introducing compressive stress inducing molecules into the molecular lattice of the barrier layer.</p>
    136 schema:keywords barrier layer
    137 compressive stress
    138 electrical resistivity
    139 fabrication
    140 inert gas
    141 lattice
    142 layer
    143 low pressure
    144 low resistance
    145 magnetic memory
    146 magnetic tunnel junction
    147 molecule
    148 sputtering
    149 wherein
    150 schema:name Low resistance high-TMR magnetic tunnel junction and process for fabrication thereof
    151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/patent/US-8508984-B2
    152 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-03-07T15:33
    153 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    154 schema:sdPublisher Ne83c7133ef794026a963a46c9f88f88a
    155 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    156 sgo:sdDataset patents
    157 rdf:type sgo:Patent
    158 N4ae43836172b4036a8c139e64876a6fc schema:name Parviz Keshtbod
    159 rdf:type schema:Person
    160 N5086f008a683487f953f32593383b5c6 rdf:first N4ae43836172b4036a8c139e64876a6fc
    161 rdf:rest N8c75b04a6ce74c2491cad0f9626360f2
    162 N7c3d19246575408ab0be6d6c554100f9 schema:name Rajiv Yadav Ranjan
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 N8817b960b2d34d4a9625fc6b4eb3cdd3 schema:name Roger Klas Malmhall
    165 rdf:type schema:Person
    166 N8c75b04a6ce74c2491cad0f9626360f2 rdf:first N8817b960b2d34d4a9625fc6b4eb3cdd3
    167 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    168 N90a3f7d0f1a943f98f474ecb9f2177aa rdf:first N7c3d19246575408ab0be6d6c554100f9
    169 rdf:rest N5086f008a683487f953f32593383b5c6
    170 Ne83c7133ef794026a963a46c9f88f88a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    171 rdf:type schema:Organization
    172 anzsrc-for:2921 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    174 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-002-0033-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008827522
    175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-002-0033-7
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-997-0076-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016839367
    178 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-997-0076-x
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028432339
    181 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03009
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022805974
    184 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04035
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032484610
    187 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04036
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05093 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044280391
    190 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05093
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039970430
    193 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1120
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053403072
    196 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1256
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1257 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047761572
    199 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1257
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1477 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051918806
    202 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1477
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1595 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042288684
    205 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1595
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010406824
    208 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1905
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1917 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013488732
    211 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1917
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys618 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027549338
    214 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys618
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys619 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045332202
    217 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys619
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.07.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039661187
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2005.04.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033377077
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.507 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024750224
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2007.03.164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052965812
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2006.01.091 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023293958
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0304-8853(02)00898-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024214014
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1330562 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057695558
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1374230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057700290
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1389522 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004873237
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447498 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707208
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447533 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707242
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1453328 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057708108
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1476706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057710427
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1507820 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052777383
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1555771 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719217
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719364
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1556982 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057719553
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1563049 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057720467
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1578165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057722276
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586478 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723057
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1586479 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723058
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057727578
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1629155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057727583
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1667413 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057744989
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1688535 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057763066
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026652974
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1757638 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014262225
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1769605 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057818317
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1781769 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001566860
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1829140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057825282
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786430500380142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040630496
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029461898
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014889797
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s02 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040896349
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/10/s03 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020105724
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/13/012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011326133
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s03 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001882959
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/40/5/s06 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001456059
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/6/062 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041941330
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/61/1/022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029375830
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.39.6995 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060549900
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.9353 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060582968
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.60.6137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023870634
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.12317 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014278815
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.66.1918 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060802304
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.80.4281 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060817457
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.82.616 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060819713
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.3149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002331710
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.76.323 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007326605
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1109/16.661228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061095878
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800991 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061118199
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1109/20.800992 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061118200
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2003.810048 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061328493
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2005.859315 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061329319
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2007.914328 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061329927
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1109/jssc.2008.917502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061330145
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894365 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592453
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894366 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592454
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894370 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592455
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894371 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592456
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894373 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592458
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894374 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592459
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894375 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592460
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894376 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592461
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894617 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592474
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1109/ted.2007.894938 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061592477
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.1017774 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061674823
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2002.802434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061675037
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2003.815718 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061675900
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.838075 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677127
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2004.840847 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677253
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.854666 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061677629
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855295 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678094
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.855348 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678145
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861742 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678222
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861782 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678241
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861786 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678244
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2005.861788 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678245
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.877743 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678600
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878637 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678665
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878658 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678686
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878659 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678687
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878817 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678728
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878853 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678739
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878855 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678741
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878858 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678744
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878859 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678745
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878861 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678747
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878862 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678748
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.878865 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678750
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879572 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678839
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879721 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678883
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678894
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879733 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678895
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879736 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678898
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879737 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678899
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.879739 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678901
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.880081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061678972
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.884833 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679108
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2006.888507 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679299
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892329 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679484
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892330 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679485
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892587 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679564
    424 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    425 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.892589 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679566
    426 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    427 https://doi.org/10.1109/tmag.2007.899146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061679924
    428 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    429 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5429.867 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062566192
    430 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    431 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.45.5542 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063077192
    432 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    433 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182881
    434 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    435 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182882
    436 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    437 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182883
    438 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    439 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182884
    440 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    441 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182885
    442 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    443 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182886
    444 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    445 https://doi.org/10.1147/rd.501.0111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063182887
    446 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    447 https://doi.org/10.1209/epl/i2004-10452-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021678993
    448 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    449 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.62 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969359
    450 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    451 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.63 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969360
    452 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...