Immune Modulators For Reducing Immune-Resistance In Melanoma And Other Proliferative Diseases


Ontology type: sgo:Patent     


Patent Info

DATE

2018-05-16T00:00

AUTHORS

BECKHOVE PHILIPP , MICHELS TILLMANN , KHANDELWAL NISIT , BOUTROS MICHAEL , BREINIG MARCO , SORRENTINO ANTONIO , VOLPIN VALENTINA

ABSTRACT

The present invention pertains to novel modulators of resistance against T-cell mediated cytotoxic immune responses. The invention provides antagonists of immune escape mechanisms and therefore offers a novel approach for treating, or aiding a treatment, of various proliferative diseases such as cancerous diseases, in particular melanoma, pancreatic cancer and colorectal cancer. The invention specifically discloses the receptor Olfactory Receptor, Family 10, Subfamily H, Member 1 (OR10H1) as a checkpoint molecule in tumor resistance against cytotoxic T-cells. Provided is the inhibition of OR10H1 expression and/or function as a strategy for enhancing tumor susceptibility to a patients T-cell mediated immune response. Provided are antigen binding constructs for the detection of the OR10H1 protein, as well as inhibitory compounds, such as siRNA/shRNA molecules targeting OR10H1 and anti-OR10H1 antibodies, for impairing the immune escape mediated by OR10H1. The invention furthermore provides screening methods for the identification of novel cancer therapeutics based on the modulation OR10H1 expression/function, diagnostic methods for the detection of immune resistance of a tumor to cytotoxic T-cell responses, as well as pharmaceutical compositions and diagnostic kits for performing these methods. More... »

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