Virology


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Virology

DESCRIPTION

Virology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the biology of viruses and viral diseases, including the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of viruses.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/virology'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/virology'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/virology'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/virology'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

509 TRIPLES      9 PREDICATES      44 URIs      4 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
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6 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
7 skos:definition Virology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the biology of viruses and viral diseases, including the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of viruses.
8 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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14 sg:ontologies/subjects/ebola-virus
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis-b-virus
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis-c-virus
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/herpes-virus
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/htlv
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/human-papilloma-virus
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150 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
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166 Herpes simplex viruses
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175 Thymic Group Viruses
176 VZV
177 Varicella-zoster virus
178 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
179 skos:definition Herpesvirus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Herpesviridae that causes latent and lytic infections in a wide range of animals and humans. There are 8 herpesvirus types currently known to infect humans, including Herpes simplex viruses, varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and human cytomegalovirus.
180 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
181 skos:prefLabel Herpes virus
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/htlv sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
183 rdf:type npg:Subject
184 skos:Concept
185 rdfs:label HTLV
186 skos:altLabel HTLV-1
187 Retroviridae
188 Retroviruses
189 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
190 skos:definition HTLV (human T-cell lymphotropic virus) is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Retroviridae that is spread through contact with bodily fluids and causes a persistent infection in humans. It is associated with a number of pathologies, including adult T-cell leukaemia.
191 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
192 skos:prefLabel HTLV
193 sg:ontologies/subjects/human-papilloma-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
194 rdf:type npg:Subject
195 skos:Concept
196 rdfs:label Human papilloma virus
197 skos:altLabel HPV
198 HPV-16
199 HPV-18
200 Papillomaviridae
201 Papillomaviruses
202 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
203 skos:definition Human papilloma virus (HPV) is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Papillomaviridae, members of which have tropism for cutaneous epithelium and mucosal epithelium. There are more than 120 different HPV types, with HPV-16 and HPV-18 having a strong association with cervical cancer.
204 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
205 skos:prefLabel Human papilloma virus
206 sg:ontologies/subjects/influenza-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
207 rdf:type npg:Subject
208 skos:Concept
209 rdfs:label Influenza virus
210 skos:altLabel Flu
211 Grippe
212 Human Flu
213 Human Influenza
214 Human Influenzas
215 Influenza
216 Influenza in Human
217 Influenza in Humans
218 Influenzas
219 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-diseases
220 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
221 skos:definition Influenza virus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Orthomyxoviridae that causes a respiratory tract infection (influenza or 'flu') in vertebrates. There are three main species, and of these, influenza A viruses cause the most virulent infections in humans and are also a common cause of zoonotic infections.
222 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
223 skos:prefLabel Influenza virus
224 sg:ontologies/subjects/marburg-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
225 rdf:type npg:Subject
226 skos:Concept
227 rdfs:label Marburg virus
228 skos:altLabel Frankfurt Marburg Syndrome Virus
229 Frankfurt-Marburg Syndrome Virus
230 Lake Victoria marburgvirus
231 Marburg Viruses
232 Marburg like Viruses
233 Marburg-like Virus
234 Marburg-like Viruses
235 Marburgvirus
236 Marburgviruses
237 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
238 skos:definition Marburg virus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Filoviridae, which also includes the Ebolavirus genus, and causes a rare and severe type of haemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates. Owing to their high morbidity and mortality, filoviruses are classified as category A priority pathogens.
239 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
240 skos:prefLabel Marburg virus
241 sg:ontologies/subjects/measles-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
242 rdf:type npg:Subject
243 skos:Concept
244 rdfs:label Measles virus
245 skos:altLabel Edmonston strain
246 Edmonston virus
247 MV
248 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
249 skos:definition An infectious agent belonging to the virus family Paramyxoviridae that causes an infection of the respiratory system that is characterized by a maculopapular rash on the skin. The infection mostly occurs in children but is preventable by vaccination.
250 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
251 skos:prefLabel Measles virus
252 sg:ontologies/subjects/metagenomics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
253 rdf:type npg:Subject
254 skos:Concept
255 rdfs:label Metagenomics
256 skos:altLabel Metabolomic
257 Metabolomics
258 Metabonomic
259 Metabonomics
260 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/archaea
261 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
262 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
263 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomics
264 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
265 skos:definition Metagenomics is the study of the metagenome—the collective genome of microorganisms from an environmental sample—to provide information on the microbial diversity and ecology of a specific environment. Shotgun metagenomics refers to the approach of shearing DNA extracted from the environmental sample and sequencing the small fragments.
266 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
267 skos:prefLabel Metagenomics
268 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
269 rdf:type npg:Subject
270 skos:Concept
271 rdfs:label Microbiology
272 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
273 skos:definition Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.
274 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
275 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/antimicrobials
276 sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-microbiology
277 sg:ontologies/subjects/archaea
278 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
279 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriology
280 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriophages
281 sg:ontologies/subjects/biofilms
282 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
283 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-microbiology
284 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-microbiology
285 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
286 sg:ontologies/subjects/crispr-cas-systems
287 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-microbiology
288 sg:ontologies/subjects/fungi
289 sg:ontologies/subjects/industrial-microbiology
290 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-disease-diagnostics
291 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbial-genetics
292 sg:ontologies/subjects/parasitology
293 sg:ontologies/subjects/pathogens
294 sg:ontologies/subjects/phage-biology
295 sg:ontologies/subjects/policy-and-public-health-in-microbiology
296 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
297 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
298 skos:prefLabel Microbiology
299 sg:ontologies/subjects/phage-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
300 rdf:type npg:Subject
301 skos:Concept
302 rdfs:label Phage biology
303 skos:altLabel Bacteriophage biology
304 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
305 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
306 skos:definition Phage biology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of all biological aspects of bacteriophages (phages), which are viruses that infect bacteria. This includes the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and applications of phages.
307 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
308 skos:prefLabel Phage biology
309 sg:ontologies/subjects/pox-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
310 rdf:type npg:Subject
311 skos:Concept
312 rdfs:label Pox virus
313 skos:altLabel Poxviridae
314 Poxviruses
315 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
316 skos:definition Pox virus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Poxviridae that can infect humans and animals. The most well-known human disease caused by these viruses, smallpox, has been eradicated.
317 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
318 skos:prefLabel Pox virus
319 sg:ontologies/subjects/restriction-factors sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
320 rdf:type npg:Subject
321 skos:Concept
322 rdfs:label Restriction factors
323 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
324 skos:definition Restriction factors are anti-viral proteins that are produced in the host and counteract or 'restrict' viral replication. These proteins are considered a first line of defence against viruses.
325 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
326 skos:prefLabel Restriction factors
327 sg:ontologies/subjects/retrovirus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
328 rdf:type npg:Subject
329 skos:Concept
330 rdfs:label Retrovirus
331 skos:altLabel Leukemogenic Virus
332 Leukemogenic Viruses
333 Leukovirus
334 Leukoviruses
335 Oncornavirus
336 Oncornaviruses
337 Oncovirinae
338 Oncovirus
339 Oncoviruses
340 RNA Tumor Virus
341 RNA Tumor Viruses
342 RNA virus
343 Retroviridae
344 Retroviruses
345 Type C Oncovirus
346 Type C Oncoviruses
347 endogenous retrovirus
348 exogenous retrovirus
349 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
350 skos:definition A retrovirus is an infectious agent belonging to the RNA virus family Retroviridae. These viruses encode a reverse transcriptase enzyme that converts the RNA genome into DNA during the retroviral life cycle, which then becomes integrated into the host genome.
351 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
352 skos:prefLabel Retrovirus
353 sg:ontologies/subjects/rotavirus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
354 rdf:type npg:Subject
355 skos:Concept
356 rdfs:label Rotavirus
357 skos:altLabel Neonatal Calf Diarrhea Virus
358 Reoviridae
359 Rotaviruses
360 mammalian orthoreovirus
361 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
362 skos:definition Rotavirus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Reoviridae, which are important human and veterinary gastrointestinal pathogens. These viruses, particularly rotavirus A, are a leading cause of severe dehydrating diarrhoea (commonly known as 'stomach flu') in infants and young children.
363 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
364 skos:prefLabel Rotavirus
365 sg:ontologies/subjects/sars-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
366 rdf:type npg:Subject
367 skos:Concept
368 rdfs:label SARS virus
369 skos:altLabel Coronaviridae
370 SARS Associated Coronavirus
371 SARS Coronavirus
372 SARS Related Coronavirus
373 SARS-Associated Coronavirus
374 SARS-CoV
375 SARS-Related Coronavirus
376 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Virus
377 Urbani SARS Associated Coronavirus
378 Urbani SARS-Associated Coronavirus
379 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
380 skos:definition SARS virus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Coronaviridae, which causes severe respiratory illnesses in humans and animals. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) coronavirus (CoV) is a novel member of this family that causes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with high mortality rates.
381 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
382 skos:prefLabel SARS virus
383 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-epidemiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
384 rdf:type npg:Subject
385 skos:Concept
386 rdfs:label Viral epidemiology
387 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
388 skos:definition Viral epidemiology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the incidence and spread of viruses in populations over time. Host, virus and environmental factors are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections, the ultimate goal of which is to devise intervention strategies.
389 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
390 skos:prefLabel Viral epidemiology
391 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-evolution sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
392 rdf:type npg:Subject
393 skos:Concept
394 rdfs:label Viral evolution
395 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
396 skos:definition Viral evolution refers to the heritable genetic changes that a virus accumulates during its life time, which can arise from adaptations in response to environmental changes or the immune response of the host. Because of their short generation times and large population sizes, viruses can evolve rapidly.
397 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
398 skos:prefLabel Viral evolution
399 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-host-response sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
400 rdf:type npg:Subject
401 skos:Concept
402 rdfs:label Viral host response
403 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
404 skos:definition The viral host response is the process by which a host interacts with and responds to viruses that it encounters. It includes various mechanisms, such as immune mechanisms that are elicited in an attempt to eliminate the virus or halt its growth.
405 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
406 skos:prefLabel Viral host response
407 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-immune-evasion sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
408 rdf:type npg:Subject
409 skos:Concept
410 rdfs:label Viral immune evasion
411 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
412 skos:definition Viral immune evasion is the process by which viruses evade the immune system of the host. Viruses use diverse mechanisms to avoid and antagonize the immune response of their hosts.
413 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
414 skos:prefLabel Viral immune evasion
415 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-membrane-fusion sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
416 rdf:type npg:Subject
417 skos:Concept
418 rdfs:label Viral membrane fusion
419 skos:altLabel Virus Entry
420 Virus Internalization
421 Virus Membrane Fusion
422 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
423 skos:definition Viral membrane fusion is the process by which enveloped viruses enter host cells. It involves the merging (fusion) of the virus membrane with the host cell membrane or at an intracellular location following virus uptake by endocytosis. Fusion is mediated by transmembrane proteins that are anchored on the virus surface.
424 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
425 skos:prefLabel Viral membrane fusion
426 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-pathogenesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
427 rdf:type npg:Subject
428 skos:Concept
429 rdfs:label Viral pathogenesis
430 skos:altLabel Viral virulence
431 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
432 skos:definition Viral pathogenesis is the process by which viruses infect and cause disease in a host.
433 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
434 skos:prefLabel Viral pathogenesis
435 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-reservoirs sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
436 rdf:type npg:Subject
437 skos:Concept
438 rdfs:label Viral reservoirs
439 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
440 skos:definition Viral reservoirs are an anatomical site in which viruses accumulate and persist.
441 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
442 skos:prefLabel Viral reservoirs
443 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-systems-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
444 rdf:type npg:Subject
445 skos:Concept
446 rdfs:label Systems virology
447 skos:altLabel Viral systems biology
448 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
449 skos:definition Systems virology is the scientific discipline that integrates high-throughput molecular techniques and computational tools to study all aspects of viruses and viral diseases, in an effort to increase our understanding of viral pathogenesis and to improve diagnostics and therapeutics of viral diseases.
450 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
451 skos:prefLabel Systems virology
452 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-transmission sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
453 rdf:type npg:Subject
454 skos:Concept
455 rdfs:label Viral transmission
456 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
457 skos:definition Viral transmission is the process by which viruses spread between hosts. It includes spread to members of the same host species or spread to different species in the case of viruses that can cross species barriers.
458 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
459 skos:prefLabel Viral transmission
460 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-vectors sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
461 rdf:type npg:Subject
462 skos:Concept
463 rdfs:label Viral vectors
464 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
465 skos:definition Viral vectors are used for the delivery of genetical material into cells. Because viruses have a natural ability to efficiently deliver their genome into host cells, they are an ideal tool for gene transfer and are often used by molecular biologists to deliver therapeutic genes.
466 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
467 skos:prefLabel Viral vectors
468 sg:ontologies/subjects/virus-host-interactions sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
469 rdf:type npg:Subject
470 skos:Concept
471 rdfs:label Virus–host interactions
472 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
473 skos:definition Virus–host interactions are the viral and host processes that occur during viral infection, which enable both partners to respond to each other.
474 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
475 skos:prefLabel Virus–host interactions
476 sg:ontologies/subjects/virus-structures sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
477 rdf:type npg:Subject
478 skos:Concept
479 rdfs:label Virus structures
480 skos:altLabel Viral Component
481 Viral Components
482 Viral Structure
483 Viral Structures
484 Virus Component
485 Virus Components
486 Virus Structure
487 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
488 skos:definition Virus structures are the physical components of a virus particle, including its genome and structural proteins.
489 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
490 skos:prefLabel Virus structures
491 sg:ontologies/subjects/west-nile-virus sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
492 rdf:type npg:Subject
493 skos:Concept
494 rdfs:label West nile virus
495 skos:altLabel Egypt 101 virus
496 Flaviviridae
497 Flavivirus
498 Flaviviruses
499 Kunjin virus
500 WNV
501 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
502 skos:definition West nile virus is an infectious agent belonging to the virus family Flaviviridae, which are transmitted by arthropod vectors. West nile virus is a neurotropic flavivirus and is a leading cause of mosquito-borne and epidemic encephalitis in humans. The virus can also infect other mammals and vertebrate species.
503 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
504 skos:prefLabel West nile virus
505 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
506 rdf:type rdfs:Class
507 rdfs:Resource
508 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
509 skos:Concept
 




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