Vaccines


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Vaccines

DESCRIPTION

Vaccines are a clinical product that is composed of live or dead material from an infectious agent – bacterium, virus, fungus or parasite – that elicit protective immunity against the pathogen when administered. These substances are used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vaccines'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vaccines'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vaccines'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vaccines'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

223 TRIPLES      9 PREDICATES      21 URIs      4 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Vaccines
6 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-immunology
7 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
8 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
9 skos:definition Vaccines are a clinical product that is composed of live or dead material from an infectious agent – bacterium, virus, fungus or parasite – that elicit protective immunity against the pathogen when administered. These substances are used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
10 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
11 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/adjuvants
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-vaccines
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/conjugate-vaccines
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-vaccines
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/inactivated-vaccines
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/live-attenuated-vaccines
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptide-vaccines
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-vaccines
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-vaccines
20 skos:prefLabel Vaccines
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
22 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
23 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
24 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
25 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/adjuvants sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
35 rdf:type npg:Subject
36 skos:Concept
37 rdfs:label Adjuvants
38 skos:altLabel Adjuvant
39 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
40 skos:definition An adjuvant is a substance that is added to a vaccine to enhance the vaccine's efficacy. Adjuvants can, for example, stimulate the immune response to the antigen in the vaccine or stabilize the vaccine formulation.
41 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
42 skos:prefLabel Adjuvants
43 sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-immunology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
44 rdf:type npg:Subject
45 skos:Concept
46 rdfs:label Applied immunology
47 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
49 skos:definition Applied immunology provides services to support the development of biological therapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies, vaccines and diagnostics. Applied immunology is a subdiscipline of immunology.
50 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
51 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
52 skos:prefLabel Applied immunology
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
54 rdf:type npg:Subject
55 skos:Concept
56 rdfs:label Cell vaccines
57 skos:altLabel Cell vaccine
58 Cellular vaccine
59 Cellular vaccines
60 Whole-cell vaccine
61 Whole-cell vaccines
62 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
63 skos:definition Cell vaccines are dead or living cells that are used to induce an immune response in the recipient, with the aim of protecting them from future disease or infection.
64 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
65 skos:prefLabel Cell vaccines
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/conjugate-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
67 rdf:type npg:Subject
68 skos:Concept
69 rdfs:label Conjugate vaccines
70 skos:altLabel Conjugate Vaccine
71 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
72 skos:definition A conjugate vaccine is a substance that is composed of a polysaccharide antigen fused (conjugated) to a carrier molecule. This enhances the stability and the effectiveness of the vaccine.
73 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
74 skos:prefLabel Conjugate vaccines
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
76 rdf:type npg:Subject
77 skos:Concept
78 rdfs:label DNA vaccines
79 skos:altLabel DNA Vaccine
80 Naked DNA Vaccine
81 Naked DNA Vaccines
82 Nucleic Acid Vaccine
83 Nucleic Acid Vaccines
84 Polynucleotide Vaccine
85 Polynucleotide Vaccines
86 Recombinant DNA Vaccine
87 Recombinant DNA Vaccines
88 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biologics
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
90 skos:definition A DNA vaccine is a substance that is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and encodes antigens. After administration of the DNA, antigens are produced and stimulate an immune response.
91 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
92 skos:prefLabel DNA vaccines
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
94 rdf:type npg:Subject
95 skos:Concept
96 rdfs:label Immunology
97 skos:altLabel Allergies (Specialty)
98 Allergy (Specialty)
99 Allergy and Immunology
100 Immunology and Allergy
101 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
102 skos:definition Immunology is the branch of biomedical sciences concerned with all aspects of the immune system in all multicellular organisms.
103 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
104 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/adaptive-immunity
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/antigen-processing-and-presentation
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/antimicrobial-responses
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-immunology
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/autoimmunity
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/bone-marrow-transplantation
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-death-and-immune-response
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemokines
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/coagulation-system
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/complement-cascade
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytokines
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-regulation-in-immune-cells
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/haematopoiesis
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/imaging-the-immune-system
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/immune-cell-death
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/immune-evasion
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunogenetics
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunological-disorders
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunotherapy
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/infection
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-diseases
125 sg:ontologies/subjects/inflammation
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/innate-immune-cells
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/innate-immunity
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/lymphatic-system
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/lymphocytes
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/lymphoid-tissues
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/mucosal-immunology
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroimmunology
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/osteoimmunology
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-immunology
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/signal-transduction
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/translational-immunology
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/transplant-immunology
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-immunology
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
140 skos:prefLabel Immunology
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/inactivated-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
142 rdf:type npg:Subject
143 skos:Concept
144 rdfs:label Inactivated vaccines
145 skos:altLabel Killed Vaccines
146 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
147 skos:definition Inactivated vaccines are antigenic substances composed of inactivated material from a pathogen, such as a virus or bacterium. When administered, inactivated vaccines elicit protective immunity against the pathogen.
148 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
149 skos:prefLabel Inactivated vaccines
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/live-attenuated-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
151 rdf:type npg:Subject
152 skos:Concept
153 rdfs:label Live attenuated vaccines
154 skos:altLabel Attenuated Vaccines
155 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
156 skos:definition Live attenuated vaccines are antigenic substances composed of a viable (living) pathogen, such as a virus or bacterium. The pathogen is altered so that it is less virulent or avirulent (attenuated). When administered, they elicit protective immunity against the pathogen.
157 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
158 skos:prefLabel Live attenuated vaccines
159 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
160 rdf:type npg:Subject
161 skos:Concept
162 rdfs:label Microbiology
163 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
164 skos:definition Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.
165 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
166 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/antimicrobials
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-microbiology
168 sg:ontologies/subjects/archaea
169 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
170 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriology
171 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriophages
172 sg:ontologies/subjects/biofilms
173 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
174 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-microbiology
175 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-microbiology
176 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
177 sg:ontologies/subjects/crispr-cas-systems
178 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-microbiology
179 sg:ontologies/subjects/fungi
180 sg:ontologies/subjects/industrial-microbiology
181 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-disease-diagnostics
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbial-genetics
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/parasitology
184 sg:ontologies/subjects/pathogens
185 sg:ontologies/subjects/phage-biology
186 sg:ontologies/subjects/policy-and-public-health-in-microbiology
187 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
189 skos:prefLabel Microbiology
190 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptide-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
191 rdf:type npg:Subject
192 skos:Concept
193 rdfs:label Peptide vaccines
194 skos:altLabel Subunit Vaccines
195 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
196 skos:definition Peptide vaccines are composed of one or more microbial proteinaceous antigens that, when administered, elicit protective immunity against the microbial pathogen.
197 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
198 skos:prefLabel Peptide vaccines
199 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
200 rdf:type npg:Subject
201 skos:Concept
202 rdfs:label Protein vaccines
203 skos:altLabel Purified protein vaccines
204 Recombinant protein vaccines
205 purified protein vaccines
206 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
207 skos:definition Protein vaccines are composed of purified or recombinant proteinaceous antigens from a pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus. When administered, a protective immune response is elicited against the pathogen.
208 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
209 skos:prefLabel Protein vaccines
210 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
211 rdf:type npg:Subject
212 skos:Concept
213 rdfs:label RNA vaccines
214 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biologics
215 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
216 skos:definition RNA vaccines are composed of the nucleic acid RNA, which encode antigen genes of an infectious agent. When administered to host cells, the RNA is translated into protein antigens that elicit protective immunity against the infectious agent.
217 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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219 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
220 rdf:type rdfs:Class
221 rdfs:Resource
222 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
223 skos:Concept
 




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