Optical spectroscopy


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Optical spectroscopy

DESCRIPTION

Optical spectroscopy encompasses a wide variety of techniques used to study how matter interacts with light. Optical spectroscopy techniques are used in physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and associated research fields.

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy", 
    "rdfs:label": "Optical spectroscopy", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectrometry"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectrum Analysis"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/optical-techniques"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Optical spectroscopy encompasses a wide variety of techniques used to study how matter interacts with light. Optical spectroscopy techniques are used in physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and associated research fields. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectrophotometry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/near-infrared-spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circular-dichroism"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/infrared-spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/raman-spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-spectrometry"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Optical spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectrophotometry", 
    "rdfs:label": "Spectrophotometry", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectrophotometry is a method that measures the amount of light that a sample or object absorbs or reflects as a functional of wavelength using an instrument known as a spectrophotometer."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectrophotometry"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/near-infrared-spectroscopy", 
    "rdfs:label": "Near-infrared spectroscopy", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Near-Infrared Spectrometry"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "NIR Spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Near-Infrared Spectrometries"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "NIR Spectroscopies"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Near-Infrared Spectroscopies"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Near-infrared spectroscopy is a form of non-invasive imaging that applies near-infrared radiation (wavelengths 780 nm to 3,000 nm) to chemicals or biological subjects to measure differential absorption. It can measure tissue oxygenation in blood including blood flow changes in the brain cortex for cognitive psychology research."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Near-infrared spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer", 
    "rdfs:label": "Fluorescence resonance energy transfer", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "F\u00f6rster resonance energy transfer"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Forster Resonance Energy Transfer"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "FRET"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Single-molecule FRET"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "smFRET"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) is the transfer of energy between two fluorophores, and is used to detect the interaction of two labelled molecules in close proximity. Single-molecule FRET methods are also used for molecular conformational studies."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence resonance energy transfer"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circular-dichroism", 
    "rdfs:label": "Circular dichroism", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circular dichroism spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Vibrational Circular Dichroism"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/analytical-chemistry"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circular dichroism is the difference in the absorption of left- and right-handed circularly polarized light that occurs when a molecule contains one or more chiral, light-absorbing groups. It is used as a spectroscopic technique to study chiral molecules, particularly for analyzing the secondary structure of macromolecules such as proteins."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circular dichroism"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/infrared-spectroscopy", 
    "rdfs:label": "Infrared spectroscopy", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "IR spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Infrared spectrophotometer"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/analytical-chemistry"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy) is an optical technique that detects molecular bond vibrations and rotations upon absorption of infrared light. Because different chemical functional groups absorb IR light at different frequencies, IR spectroscopy can be used for chemical structure analysis, chemical fingerprinting and chemical imaging."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Infrared spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/raman-spectroscopy", 
    "rdfs:label": "Raman spectroscopy", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Raman Scattering"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Raman Optical Activity Spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Raman Spectrum Analysis"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Raman spectroscopy is an optical technique that detects intrinsic vibrational, rotational and other low-frequency modes in molecules upon inelastic scattering of monochromatic light. Because different chemical functional groups scatter light at different frequencies, Raman spectroscopy can be used as a tool for chemical structure analysis, chemical fingerprinting and chemical imaging."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Raman spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-spectrometry", 
    "rdfs:label": "Fluorescence spectroscopy", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spectrofluorometry"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence Spectrometry"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence Spectrophotometry"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence spectrometry"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence spectroscopy is the measurement of the fluorescence response of an excited sample. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence spectroscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
    "rdfs:subClassOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"
      }
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "for_codes", 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation", 
    "rdfs:label": "Techniques and instrumentation", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/materials-science"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Techniques and instrumentation refers to the development of methods and tools to be used in applied physics, materials science or nanotechnology for design, synthesis, manufacturing, imaging or analytics."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/design-synthesis-and-processing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nmr-spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/mass-spectrometry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/imaging-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/surface-patterning"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/characterization-and-analytical-techniques"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Techniques and instrumentation"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry", 
    "rdfs:label": "Physical chemistry", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physical Chemistries"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/chemistry"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physical chemistry is one of the traditional sub-disciplines of chemistry and is concerned with the application of the concepts and theories of physics to the analysis of the chemical properties and reactive behaviour of matter. While also at the interface between physics and chemistry, it is distinct from chemical physics. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/electron-transfer"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/kinetics-and-dynamics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/chemical-physics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/thermodynamics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/energy-transfer"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/excited-states"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physical chemistry"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biological techniques", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Methods"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Methodological Studies"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Procedures"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Methodological Study"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Procedure"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological techniques are methods or procedures that are used to study living things. They include experimental and computational methods, approaches, protocols and tools for biological research."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cytological-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/metabolomics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetic-engineering"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genomic-analysis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-models"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/immunological-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sequencing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gene-delivery"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/imaging"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysical-methods"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/high-throughput-screening"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gene-expression-analysis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/electrophysiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-engineering"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/optogenetics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanobiotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/behavioural-methods"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/proteomic-analysis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/isolation-separation-purification"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensors-and-probes"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/structure-determination"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/analytical-biochemistry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/mass-spectrometry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microbiology-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/software"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bioinformatics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-analysis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/experimental-organisms"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/lab-on-a-chip"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetic-techniques"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological techniques"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/optical-techniques", 
    "rdfs:label": "Optical techniques", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fiber Optic Technologies"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Optical techniques are methods that use light to probe or control matter. One prominent example is optical spectroscopy, which includes such methods as pump\u2013probe spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoemission spectroscopy. Other examples of optical techniques are microscopy, interferometry, ellipsometry, optical tweezers, and imaging and sensing."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/lithography"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/optical-manipulation-and-tweezers"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/imaging-and-sensing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microscopy"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Optical techniques"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
      }
    ], 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:hasTopConcept": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
    ]
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

213 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      23 URIs      7 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Optical spectroscopy
6 skos:altLabel Spectrometry
7 Spectroscopy
8 Spectrum Analysis
9 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques
10 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-techniques
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
13 skos:definition Optical spectroscopy encompasses a wide variety of techniques used to study how matter interacts with light. Optical spectroscopy techniques are used in physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and associated research fields.
14 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
15 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/circular-dichroism
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-spectrometry
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/infrared-spectroscopy
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/near-infrared-spectroscopy
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/raman-spectroscopy
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectrophotometry
22 skos:prefLabel Optical spectroscopy
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
24 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
25 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
26 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
27 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
37 rdf:type npg:Subject
38 skos:Concept
39 rdfs:label Biological techniques
40 skos:altLabel Methodological Studies
41 Methodological Study
42 Methods
43 Procedure
44 Procedures
45 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
46 skos:definition Biological techniques are methods or procedures that are used to study living things. They include experimental and computational methods, approaches, protocols and tools for biological research.
47 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
48 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/analytical-biochemistry
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/behavioural-methods
50 sg:ontologies/subjects/bioinformatics
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-models
52 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-methods
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytological-techniques
54 sg:ontologies/subjects/electrophysiology
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-analysis
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/experimental-organisms
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-delivery
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-expression-analysis
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-engineering
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-techniques
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-analysis
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/high-throughput-screening
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/imaging
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunological-techniques
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/isolation-separation-purification
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/lab-on-a-chip
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/mass-spectrometry
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology-techniques
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/microscopy
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-engineering
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanobiotechnology
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/optogenetics
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomic-analysis
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensors-and-probes
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/sequencing
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/software
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/structure-determination
80 skos:prefLabel Biological techniques
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/circular-dichroism sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
82 rdf:type npg:Subject
83 skos:Concept
84 rdfs:label Circular dichroism
85 skos:altLabel Circular dichroism spectroscopy
86 Vibrational Circular Dichroism
87 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/analytical-chemistry
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
89 skos:definition Circular dichroism is the difference in the absorption of left- and right-handed circularly polarized light that occurs when a molecule contains one or more chiral, light-absorbing groups. It is used as a spectroscopic technique to study chiral molecules, particularly for analyzing the secondary structure of macromolecules such as proteins.
90 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
91 skos:prefLabel Circular dichroism
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
93 rdf:type npg:Subject
94 skos:Concept
95 rdfs:label Fluorescence resonance energy transfer
96 skos:altLabel FRET
97 Forster Resonance Energy Transfer
98 Förster resonance energy transfer
99 Single-molecule FRET
100 smFRET
101 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
102 skos:definition Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) is the transfer of energy between two fluorophores, and is used to detect the interaction of two labelled molecules in close proximity. Single-molecule FRET methods are also used for molecular conformational studies.
103 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
104 skos:prefLabel Fluorescence resonance energy transfer
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluorescence-spectrometry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
106 rdf:type npg:Subject
107 skos:Concept
108 rdfs:label Fluorescence spectroscopy
109 skos:altLabel Fluorescence Spectrometry
110 Fluorescence Spectrophotometry
111 Fluorescence spectrometry
112 Spectrofluorometry
113 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
114 skos:definition Fluorescence spectroscopy is the measurement of the fluorescence response of an excited sample.
115 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
116 skos:prefLabel Fluorescence spectroscopy
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/infrared-spectroscopy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
118 rdf:type npg:Subject
119 skos:Concept
120 rdfs:label Infrared spectroscopy
121 skos:altLabel IR spectroscopy
122 Infrared spectrophotometer
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/analytical-chemistry
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
125 skos:definition Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy) is an optical technique that detects molecular bond vibrations and rotations upon absorption of infrared light. Because different chemical functional groups absorb IR light at different frequencies, IR spectroscopy can be used for chemical structure analysis, chemical fingerprinting and chemical imaging.
126 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
127 skos:prefLabel Infrared spectroscopy
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/near-infrared-spectroscopy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
129 rdf:type npg:Subject
130 skos:Concept
131 rdfs:label Near-infrared spectroscopy
132 skos:altLabel NIR Spectroscopies
133 NIR Spectroscopy
134 Near-Infrared Spectrometries
135 Near-Infrared Spectrometry
136 Near-Infrared Spectroscopies
137 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
138 skos:definition Near-infrared spectroscopy is a form of non-invasive imaging that applies near-infrared radiation (wavelengths 780 nm to 3,000 nm) to chemicals or biological subjects to measure differential absorption. It can measure tissue oxygenation in blood including blood flow changes in the brain cortex for cognitive psychology research.
139 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
140 skos:prefLabel Near-infrared spectroscopy
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-techniques sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
142 rdf:type npg:Subject
143 skos:Concept
144 rdfs:label Optical techniques
145 skos:altLabel Fiber Optic Technologies
146 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics
147 skos:definition Optical techniques are methods that use light to probe or control matter. One prominent example is optical spectroscopy, which includes such methods as pump–probe spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoemission spectroscopy. Other examples of optical techniques are microscopy, interferometry, ellipsometry, optical tweezers, and imaging and sensing.
148 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
149 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/imaging-and-sensing
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/lithography
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/microscopy
152 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-manipulation-and-tweezers
153 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
154 skos:prefLabel Optical techniques
155 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
156 rdf:type npg:Subject
157 skos:Concept
158 rdfs:label Physical chemistry
159 skos:altLabel Physical Chemistries
160 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
161 skos:definition Physical chemistry is one of the traditional sub-disciplines of chemistry and is concerned with the application of the concepts and theories of physics to the analysis of the chemical properties and reactive behaviour of matter. While also at the interface between physics and chemistry, it is distinct from chemical physics.
162 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
163 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry
164 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-physics
165 sg:ontologies/subjects/electron-transfer
166 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-transfer
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/excited-states
168 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinetics-and-dynamics
169 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
170 sg:ontologies/subjects/thermodynamics
171 skos:prefLabel Physical chemistry
172 sg:ontologies/subjects/raman-spectroscopy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
173 rdf:type npg:Subject
174 skos:Concept
175 rdfs:label Raman spectroscopy
176 skos:altLabel Raman Optical Activity Spectroscopy
177 Raman Scattering
178 Raman Spectrum Analysis
179 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
180 skos:definition Raman spectroscopy is an optical technique that detects intrinsic vibrational, rotational and other low-frequency modes in molecules upon inelastic scattering of monochromatic light. Because different chemical functional groups scatter light at different frequencies, Raman spectroscopy can be used as a tool for chemical structure analysis, chemical fingerprinting and chemical imaging.
181 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
182 skos:prefLabel Raman spectroscopy
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectrophotometry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
184 rdf:type npg:Subject
185 skos:Concept
186 rdfs:label Spectrophotometry
187 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
188 skos:definition Spectrophotometry is a method that measures the amount of light that a sample or object absorbs or reflects as a functional of wavelength using an instrument known as a spectrophotometer.
189 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
190 skos:prefLabel Spectrophotometry
191 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
192 rdf:type npg:Subject
193 skos:Concept
194 rdfs:label Techniques and instrumentation
195 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science
196 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology
197 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
198 skos:definition Techniques and instrumentation refers to the development of methods and tools to be used in applied physics, materials science or nanotechnology for design, synthesis, manufacturing, imaging or analytics.
199 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
200 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/characterization-and-analytical-techniques
201 sg:ontologies/subjects/design-synthesis-and-processing
202 sg:ontologies/subjects/imaging-techniques
203 sg:ontologies/subjects/mass-spectrometry
204 sg:ontologies/subjects/microscopy
205 sg:ontologies/subjects/nmr-spectroscopy
206 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
207 sg:ontologies/subjects/surface-patterning
208 skos:prefLabel Techniques and instrumentation
209 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
210 rdf:type rdfs:Class
211 rdfs:Resource
212 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
213 skos:Concept
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...