Solid Earth sciences


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Solid Earth sciences

DESCRIPTION

Solid Earth sciences encompass the study of the crust, mantle and core of the Earth and other rocky planetary bodies. Earth sciences include petrology, mineralogy, seismology, core studies, mantle dynamics, tectonics, volcanology, metamorphism, sedimentology, geomagnetism, palaeomagnetism, hydrogeology, and geomorphology. Sedimentary rocks are also used to study palaeontology and palaeoclimate.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

209 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      29 URIs      7 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Solid Earth sciences
6 skos:altLabel Earth Science
7 Geoscience
8 Geosciences
9 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
10 skos:definition Solid Earth sciences encompass the study of the crust, mantle and core of the Earth and other rocky planetary bodies. Earth sciences include petrology, mineralogy, seismology, core studies, mantle dynamics, tectonics, volcanology, metamorphism, sedimentology, geomagnetism, palaeomagnetism, hydrogeology, and geomorphology. Sedimentary rocks are also used to study palaeontology and palaeoclimate.
11 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
12 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/core-processes
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/geochemistry
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/geodynamics
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/geology
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/geomagnetism
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/geomorphology
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/geophysics
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrogeology
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/mineralogy
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeomagnetism
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeontology
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/petrology
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/sedimentology
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/seismology
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/tectonics
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/volcanology
28 skos:prefLabel Solid Earth sciences
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
30 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
31 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
32 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
33 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
41 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
42 sg:ontologies/subjects/core-processes sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
43 rdf:type npg:Subject
44 skos:Concept
45 rdfs:label Core processes
46 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
48 skos:definition Core processes describe the transfer of heat and material between the Earth’s solid inner core and molten outer core and the exchange of heat across the core-mantle boundary, as well as the convection in the outer core that generates the geomagnetic field.
49 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
50 skos:prefLabel Core processes
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
52 rdf:type npg:Subject
53 skos:Concept
54 rdfs:label Earth and environmental sciences
55 skos:definition Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.
56 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
57 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/ecology
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-sciences
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-social-sciences
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrology
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/limnology
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-hazards
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/ocean-sciences
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/space-physics
69 skos:prefLabel Earth and environmental sciences
70 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/geochemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
72 rdf:type npg:Subject
73 skos:Concept
74 rdfs:label Geochemistry
75 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-chemistry
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
78 skos:definition Geochemistry is the study of the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets, and the chemical processes that affect them.
79 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
80 skos:prefLabel Geochemistry
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/geodynamics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
82 rdf:type npg:Subject
83 skos:Concept
84 rdfs:label Geodynamics
85 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
87 skos:definition Geodynamics refers to the processes by which mantle convection shapes and reshapes the Earth and other rocky planets. Its study includes plate tectonics, volcanism, the chemistry of lava and volcanic rocks, gravity and geomagnetic anomalies as well as seismic investigations into the structure of the mantle.
88 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
89 skos:prefLabel Geodynamics
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/geology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
91 rdf:type npg:Subject
92 skos:Concept
93 rdfs:label Geology
94 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
95 skos:definition Geology is broadly the study of the Earth and other planets, moons, and smaller planetary bodies. Fields of geology range from the initial formation and differentiation of the Earth to modern surface processes, such as erosion and soil formation, and include Earth system history and the evolution of life.
96 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
97 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/economic-geology
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/precambrian-geology
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/stratigraphy
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-geology
101 skos:prefLabel Geology
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/geomagnetism sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
103 rdf:type npg:Subject
104 skos:Concept
105 rdfs:label Geomagnetism
106 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
107 skos:definition Geomagnetism is the study of the dynamics of the Earth’s magnetic field, which is produced in the inner core. The Earth’s magnetic field is predominantly a geo-axial dipole, with north and south magnetic poles located near the geographic poles that undergo periodic reversals and excursions.
108 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
109 skos:prefLabel Geomagnetism
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/geomorphology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
111 rdf:type npg:Subject
112 skos:Concept
113 rdfs:label Geomorphology
114 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
116 skos:definition Geomorphology is the study of landforms and landscapes on Earth and other planets, and the processes that shape them. This discipline is primarily concerned with the erosion and deposition of rock and sediments by wind and water, but also includes the creation of topography through tectonics.
117 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
118 skos:prefLabel Geomorphology
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/geophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
120 rdf:type npg:Subject
121 skos:Concept
122 rdfs:label Geophysics
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
124 skos:definition Geophysics is broadly the study of the physics of planetary bodies and atmospheres, including the flow of energy through these systems. The term may also be used more narrowly to describe the investigation and characterization of the Earth’s subsurface using non-invasive techniques such as seismic imaging.
125 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
126 skos:prefLabel Geophysics
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrogeology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
128 rdf:type npg:Subject
129 skos:Concept
130 rdfs:label Hydrogeology
131 skos:altLabel Geohydrology
132 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
133 skos:definition Hydrogeology is the study of the movement and storage of water in the crust of Earth and other rocky planetary bodies. It maps and quantifies the water stored in underground aquifers and occasionally surface systems, identifies pathways of flow and recharge, and assesses the chemical composition and quality of the below-ground water.
134 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
135 skos:prefLabel Hydrogeology
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/mineralogy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
137 rdf:type npg:Subject
138 skos:Concept
139 rdfs:label Mineralogy
140 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
142 skos:definition Mineralogy is the study of minerals, the building blocks of rocks, which are naturally-occurring, crystalline solids with a set chemical make-up. This includes the study of the chemical composition and physical properties of minerals, as well as mineral formation and geographic distribution, with particular emphasis on minerals with economic value.
143 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
144 skos:prefLabel Mineralogy
145 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeomagnetism sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
146 rdf:type npg:Subject
147 skos:Concept
148 rdfs:label Palaeomagnetism
149 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
150 skos:definition Palaeomagnetism is the study of past variations in the Earth’s magnetic field as reconstructed from the rock and archaeological records. In addition to providing information about the intensity, polarity, declination and inclination of the Earth’s magnetic field, rock magnetism also reveals the movements of continents and ocean crust through time.
151 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
152 skos:prefLabel Palaeomagnetism
153 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeontology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
154 rdf:type npg:Subject
155 skos:Concept
156 rdfs:label Palaeontology
157 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/evolution
158 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
159 skos:definition Palaeontology is the study of prehistoric species, mostly ones that are extinct. It focuses primarily on fossil data, using a variety of physical, chemical and biological techniques to analyse them.
160 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
161 skos:prefLabel Palaeontology
162 sg:ontologies/subjects/petrology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
163 rdf:type npg:Subject
164 skos:Concept
165 rdfs:label Petrology
166 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
168 skos:definition Petrology is the study of the macroscopic and microscopic mineralogical and chemical composition of rocks. In addition to assessing sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks that are accessible at the surface, experimental petrology aims to create high pressure and temperature conditions to investigate what rock types may exist in the Earth’s subsurface.
169 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
170 skos:prefLabel Petrology
171 sg:ontologies/subjects/sedimentology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
172 rdf:type npg:Subject
173 skos:Concept
174 rdfs:label Sedimentology
175 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
176 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
177 skos:prefLabel Sedimentology
178 sg:ontologies/subjects/seismology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
179 rdf:type npg:Subject
180 skos:Concept
181 rdfs:label Seismology
182 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
184 skos:definition Seismology is the study of stress and changes in stress within the Earth and other planetary bodies, particularly earthquakes caused by slip and rupture along faults and by magmatic activity. The field is also concerned with earthquake risks and hazards, as well as the propagation of elastic waves through the surface of the Earth.
185 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
186 skos:prefLabel Seismology
187 sg:ontologies/subjects/tectonics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
188 rdf:type npg:Subject
189 skos:Concept
190 rdfs:label Tectonics
191 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
192 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
193 skos:definition Tectonics is the study of the structural geology of the Earth and other planetary bodies, and the local and regional processes that created that rock geometry. This includes the movements of the Earth’s tectonic plates that result in the creation, destruction and rearrangement of the Earth’s crust and lithosphere.
194 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
195 skos:prefLabel Tectonics
196 sg:ontologies/subjects/volcanology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
197 rdf:type npg:Subject
198 skos:Concept
199 rdfs:label Volcanology
200 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
201 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
202 skos:definition Volcanology is the study of the generation and movement of molten rock on Earth and other planetary bodies, primarily through volcanoes and volcanic eruptions. This encompasses the generation of magma, its geochemistry and movement through the Earth’s crust, the physics of volcanic eruptions and hazards including ash clouds and pyroclastic flows
203 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
204 skos:prefLabel Volcanology
205 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
206 rdf:type rdfs:Class
207 rdfs:Resource
208 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
209 skos:Concept
 




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