Soft materials


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Soft materials

DESCRIPTION

Soft materials are materials that can be easily deformed by thermal stresses or thermal fluctuations at about room temperature. Soft materials include liquids, polymers, foams, gels, colloids, granular materials, as well as most soft biological materials.

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19 sg:ontologies/subjects/wetting
20 skos:prefLabel Soft materials
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
22 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
23 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
24 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
25 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/colloids sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
35 rdf:type npg:Subject
36 skos:Concept
37 rdfs:label Colloids
38 skos:altLabel Colloid
39 Hydrocolloid
40 Hydrocolloids
41 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
42 skos:definition Colloids are particles that have a diameter of between approximately 1 and 1,000 nanometres and that are evenly dispersed in fluids. Colloids are also known as colloidal dispersions because the particles remain dispersed and don't settle to the bottom.
43 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
44 skos:prefLabel Colloids
45 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluids sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
46 rdf:type npg:Subject
47 skos:Concept
48 rdfs:label Fluids
49 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
50 skos:definition Fluids are amorphous substances, mostly liquids or gases, that flow under an applied shear stress and have the tendency to assume the shape of their container.
51 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
52 skos:prefLabel Fluids
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/gels-and-hydrogels sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
54 rdf:type npg:Subject
55 skos:Concept
56 rdfs:label Gels and hydrogels
57 skos:altLabel aquagel
58 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
59 skos:definition Gels are materials composed of a three-dimensional crosslinked polymer or colloidal network immersed in a fluid. They are usually soft and weak, but can be made hard and tough. Hydrogels are gels that contain more than 99.9% of water.
60 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
61 skos:prefLabel Gels and hydrogels
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/glasses sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
63 rdf:type npg:Subject
64 skos:Concept
65 rdfs:label Glasses
66 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-materials
68 skos:definition Glasses are hard, brittle materials, produced by high-temperature mixing followed by rapid cooling. Glasses have an amorphous atomic structure, and are usually made from a fused mixture of oxides, such as lime or silicon dioxide.
69 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
70 skos:prefLabel Glasses
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/liquid-crystals sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
72 rdf:type npg:Subject
73 skos:Concept
74 rdfs:label Liquid crystals
75 skos:altLabel Liquid Crystal
76 Liquid Crystalline Materials
77 Mesomorphous Phase Material
78 Mesomorphous Phase Materials
79 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-chemistry
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-materials-and-structures
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
82 skos:definition Liquid crystals are substances that flow like a liquid but maintain some of the ordered structure of crystals. Liquid-crystal molecules tend to be elongated and to orient in specific directions.
83 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
84 skos:prefLabel Liquid crystals
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-chemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
86 rdf:type npg:Subject
87 skos:Concept
88 rdfs:label Materials chemistry
89 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
90 skos:definition Materials chemistry involves the use of chemistry for the design and synthesis of materials with interesting or potentially useful physical characteristics, such as magnetic, optical, structural or catalytic properties. It also involves the characterization, processing and molecular-level understanding of these substances.
91 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
92 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biomaterials
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/electronic-materials
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/graphene
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/liquid-crystals
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/magnetic-materials
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanical-properties
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/metal-organic-frameworks
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-materials
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/superconductors
102 skos:prefLabel Materials chemistry
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
104 rdf:type npg:Subject
105 skos:Concept
106 rdfs:label Materials science
107 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
108 skos:definition Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter. Materials scientists study the connections between the underlying structure of a material, its properties, its processing methods and its performance in applications.
109 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
110 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biomaterials
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/condensed-matter-physics
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-devices
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-energy-and-catalysis
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-optics
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-materials
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-materials
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/theory-and-computation
120 skos:prefLabel Materials science
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-molecules-in-materials-science sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
122 rdf:type npg:Subject
123 skos:Concept
124 rdfs:label Organic molecules in materials science
125 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
126 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
127 skos:prefLabel Organic molecules in materials science
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/polymers sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
129 rdf:type npg:Subject
130 skos:Concept
131 rdfs:label Polymers
132 skos:altLabel Polymer
133 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-materials-and-structures
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
135 skos:definition Polymers are either natural or synthetic macromolecules composed of many repeating units (monomers) usually arranged in the form of a chain. Examples of polymers are silk, rubber, silicone, DNA and proteins.
136 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
137 skos:prefLabel Polymers
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/rheology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
139 rdf:type npg:Subject
140 skos:Concept
141 rdfs:label Rheology
142 skos:altLabel Flowmetry
143 Velocimetries
144 Velocimetry
145 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
146 skos:definition Rheology is a branch of physics concerned with the study of the flow and change of shape of soft materials, which when deformed usually exhibit a combination of elastic, viscous and plastic behaviour.
147 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
148 skos:prefLabel Rheology
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/self-assembly sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
150 rdf:type npg:Subject
151 skos:Concept
152 rdfs:label Self-assembly
153 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
154 sg:ontologies/subjects/supramolecular-chemistry
155 skos:definition Self-assembly is the process by which an organized structure spontaneously forms from individual components, as a result of specific, local interactions among the components. When the constitutive components are molecules, the process is termed molecular self-assembly.
156 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
157 skos:prefLabel Self-assembly
158 sg:ontologies/subjects/wetting sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
159 rdf:type npg:Subject
160 skos:Concept
161 rdfs:label Wetting
162 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
163 skos:definition Wetting is the ability of a liquid to spread over a solid surface. The degree of wetting is called wettability, and is determined by a force balance between the cohesive forces of the liquid and the adhesive forces between the surface and the liquid.
164 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
165 skos:prefLabel Wetting
166 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
167 rdf:type rdfs:Class
168 rdfs:Resource
169 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
170 skos:Concept
 




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