Proteases


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Proteases

DESCRIPTION

Proteases are enzymes that catalyse hydrolysis of the peptide and isopeptide bonds that join amino acids within proteins (known as proteolysis). Proteases can also remove protein post-translational modifications. Exopeptidases remove the terminal amino acids from the protein chain and endopeptidases attack an internal peptide bond, as in trypsin, chymotrypsin, pepsin, elastase and papain.

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84 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-ecology
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-genetics
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-libraries
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-modification
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-tools
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/cheminformatics
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/combinatorial-libraries
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-chemistry
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-delivery
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzyme-mechanisms
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycomics
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipidomics
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipids
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanism-of-action
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/membranes
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolic-pathways
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/metals
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-products
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/networks-and-systems-biology
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/nucleic-acids
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptides
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/post-translational-modifications
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-design
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteins
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomics
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/screening
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/small-molecules
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthetic-biology
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-identification
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-validation
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/transporters
125 skos:prefLabel Chemical biology
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
127 rdf:type npg:Subject
128 skos:Concept
129 rdfs:label Enzymes
130 skos:altLabel Biocatalysts
131 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
133 skos:definition Enzymes catalyze nearly all of the chemical reactions that occur in biological systems. Enzymes are generally proteins but also include catalytic DNA and catalytic RNA. As effective biological catalysts, enzymes work by lowering a reaction’s activation energy barrier, thereby increasing the rate of the reaction. They also improve the specificity of the reactions.
134 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
135 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/catalytic-dna
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/catalytic-rna
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-repair-enzymes
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-restriction-modification-enzymes
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/holoenzymes
140 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrolases
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/immobilized-enzymes
142 sg:ontologies/subjects/isoenzymes
143 sg:ontologies/subjects/isomerases
144 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
145 sg:ontologies/subjects/ligases
146 sg:ontologies/subjects/multienzyme-complexes
147 sg:ontologies/subjects/oxidoreductases
148 sg:ontologies/subjects/penicillin-binding-proteins
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/recombinases
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/transferases
152 skos:prefLabel Enzymes
153 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
154 rdf:type rdfs:Class
155 rdfs:Resource
156 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
157 skos:Concept
 




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