Plant genetics


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Plant genetics

DESCRIPTION

Plant genetics deals with heredity in plants, specifically mechanisms of hereditary transmission and variation of inherited characteristics. Plant genetics differs from animal genetics in a number of ways: somatic mutations can contribute to the germ line more easily as flowers develop at the end of branches composed of somatic cells; polyploidy is more common; and plants additionally contain chloroplastic DNA.

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46 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenomics
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/eukaryote
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/evolutionary-biology
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/functional-genomics
50 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-expression
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-regulation
52 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-association-study
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-hybridization
54 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-interaction
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-linkage-study
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-markers
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/genome
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-instability
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomics
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/genotype
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/haplotypes
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/heritable-quantitative-trait
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunogenetics
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/inbreeding
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-genetics
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbial-genetics
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/mutation
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurodevelopmental-disorders
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-breeding
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/population-genetics
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/prokaryote
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantitative-trait
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-splicing
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/rnai
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/sequencing
78 skos:prefLabel Genetics
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/genome-duplication sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
80 rdf:type npg:Subject
81 skos:Concept
82 rdfs:label Genome duplication
83 skos:altLabel Chromosomal Duplication
84 Chromosomal Duplications
85 Chromosome Duplication
86 Chromosome Duplications
87 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
88 skos:definition Genome duplication is the process by which additional copies of the entire genome are generated, due to nondisjunction during meiosis. The resulting cells and organisms are polyploid – they contain more than two homologous sets of chromosomes.
89 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
90 skos:prefLabel Genome duplication
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-hybridization sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
92 rdf:type npg:Subject
93 skos:Concept
94 rdfs:label Plant hybridization
95 skos:altLabel Crossbreeding
96 Crossbreedings
97 Genetic Hybridization
98 Genetic Hybridizations
99 Intraspecies Hybridization
100 Intraspecies Hybridizations
101 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
102 skos:definition Plant hybridization is the process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid. It frequently results in polyploid offspring.
103 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
104 skos:prefLabel Plant hybridization
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
106 rdf:type npg:Subject
107 skos:Concept
108 rdfs:label Plant sciences
109 skos:altLabel Botany
110 Plant biology
111 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
112 skos:definition Plant sciences is the study of plants in all their forms and interactions using a scientific approach.
113 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
114 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biofuels
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/light-responses
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-variation-in-plants
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-biotechnology
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-breeding
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-cell-biology
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-development
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-domestication
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-ecology
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-evolution
125 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-hormones
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-immunity
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-molecular-biology
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-physiology
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-reproduction
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-signalling
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-stress-responses
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-symbiosis
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/secondary-metabolism
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/stomata
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/tropism
137 skos:prefLabel Plant sciences
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy-in-plants sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
139 rdf:type npg:Subject
140 skos:Concept
141 rdfs:label Polyploidy in plants
142 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
143 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy
144 skos:definition Polyploidy is the presence in cells of more than a single pair of each chromosome. Polyploidy can be the result of a spontaneous multiplication of a plants genetic material or through hybridization, and is extremely common in domesticated crops.
145 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
146 skos:prefLabel Polyploidy in plants
147 sg:ontologies/subjects/transgenic-plants sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
148 rdf:type npg:Subject
149 skos:Concept
150 rdfs:label Transgenic plants
151 skos:altLabel GMO Plant
152 GMO Plants
153 Genetically Engineered Plant
154 Genetically Engineered Plants
155 Genetically Modified Plant
156 Genetically Modified Plants
157 Transgenic Plant
158 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
159 skos:definition Transgenic plants are plants into which one or more genes from another species have been introduced into the genome, using genetic engineering processes. Techniques include the biolistic method—in which a heavy metal is coated with plasmid DNA is shot into cells—and Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation.
160 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
161 skos:prefLabel Transgenic plants
162 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
163 rdf:type rdfs:Class
164 rdfs:Resource
165 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
166 skos:Concept
 




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