Physics


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Physics

DESCRIPTION

Physics is the search for and application of rules that can help us understand and predict the world around us. Central to physics are ideas such as energy, mass, particles and waves. Physics attempts to both answer philosophical questions about the nature of the universe and provide solutions to technological problems.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physics'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physics'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physics'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physics'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

311 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      28 URIs      5 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Physics
6 skos:altLabel Physic
7 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
8 skos:definition Physics is the search for and application of rules that can help us understand and predict the world around us. Central to physics are ideas such as energy, mass, particles and waves. Physics attempts to both answer philosophical questions about the nature of the universe and provide solutions to technological problems.
9 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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26 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
27 skos:prefLabel Physics
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
29 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
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42 rdf:type npg:Subject
43 skos:Concept
44 rdfs:label Applied physics
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46 skos:definition Applied physics is the study of physics for a practical purpose, as opposed to physics motived solely for an improved fundamental understanding. This includes technological advances such as the development of electronics, photonics and device physics, or improving practical investigations, such as experimental nuclear physics and experimental particle physics.
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73 skos:definition Atomic and molecular physics it the study of the properties, dynamics and interactions of the basic (but not fundamental) building blocks of matter. A crucial component of this is understanding the behaviour of the electrons that surround the atomic nucleus; these dynamics dominate the way atoms and molecules interact with their environment.
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107 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
108 skos:definition Condensed-matter physics is the study of substances in their solid state. This includes the investigation of both crystalline solids in which the atoms are positioned on a repeating three-dimensional lattice, such as diamond, and amorphous materials in which atomic position is more irregular, like in glass.
109 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
110 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/bose-einstein-condensates
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/electronic-properties-and-materials
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/ferroelectrics-and-multiferroics
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/ferromagnetism
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/magnetic-properties-and-materials
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-electronics
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/phase-transitions-and-critical-phenomena
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-fluids-and-solids
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-hall
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/semiconductors
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/spintronics
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/structure-of-solids-and-liquids
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/superconducting-properties-and-materials
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/surfaces-interfaces-and-thin-films
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/topological-insulators
125 skos:prefLabel Condensed-matter physics
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/electronics-photonics-and-device-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
127 rdf:type npg:Subject
128 skos:Concept
129 rdfs:label Electronics, photonics and device physics
130 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
131 skos:definition Electronics, photonics and device physics is the study and development of components for processing information or for system control. Electronics operates using electrons, whereas photonics uses light. An important focus is on miniaturization; reducing the size of individual components so that they can be integrated together in compact modules.
132 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
133 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/electronic-and-spintronic-devices
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/optomechanics
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/photonic-devices
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/superconducting-devices
137 skos:prefLabel Electronics, photonics and device physics
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluid-dynamics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
139 rdf:type npg:Subject
140 skos:Concept
141 rdfs:label Fluid dynamics
142 skos:altLabel Fluid Dynamic
143 Hydrodynamic
144 Hydrodynamics
145 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
146 skos:definition Fluid dynamics is the study of the motion of liquids, gases and plasmas. Flow is dependent on the intrinsic properties of the matter itself, such as compressibility, viscosity and density. Example systems are a liquid flowing through a pipe or capillary, air moving across an aeroplane wing, and plasma motion in a stars magnetic field.
147 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
148 skos:prefLabel Fluid dynamics
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/information-theory-and-computation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
150 rdf:type npg:Subject
151 skos:Concept
152 rdfs:label Information theory and computation
153 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
154 skos:definition Information theory and computation is the study and development of protocols and algorithms for solving problems and analysing information. This discipline usually breaks information down into individual bits, and then determines the optimum logical operation required to efficiently process this data in any required way.
155 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
156 skos:prefLabel Information theory and computation
157 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
158 rdf:type npg:Subject
159 skos:Concept
160 rdfs:label Nuclear physics
161 skos:altLabel Nuclear Physic
162 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
163 skos:definition Nuclear physics is the study of the protons and neutrons at the centre of an atom and the interactions that hold them together in a space just a few femtometres (10-15 metres) across. Example nuclear reactions include radioactive decay, fission, the break-up of a nucleus, and fusion, the merging of nuclei.
164 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
165 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/experimental-nuclear-physics
166 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-astrophysics
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/superheavy-elements
168 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-nuclear-physics
169 skos:prefLabel Nuclear physics
170 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
171 rdf:type npg:Subject
172 skos:Concept
173 rdfs:label Optical physics
174 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics
175 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
176 skos:definition Optical physics is the study of the fundamental properties of light and its interaction with matter. This includes classical optical phenomena such as reflection, refraction, diffraction and interference, and also studying the quantum mechanical properties of individual packets of lights known as photons.
177 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
178 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/atom-optics
179 sg:ontologies/subjects/high-harmonic-generation
180 sg:ontologies/subjects/magneto-optics
181 sg:ontologies/subjects/micro-optics
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanophotonics-and-plasmonics
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/nonlinear-optics
184 sg:ontologies/subjects/polaritons
185 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-optics
186 sg:ontologies/subjects/single-photons-and-quantum-effects
187 sg:ontologies/subjects/slow-light
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/solitons
189 sg:ontologies/subjects/sub-wavelength-optics
190 sg:ontologies/subjects/supercontinuum-generation
191 sg:ontologies/subjects/terahertz-optics
192 sg:ontologies/subjects/transformation-optics
193 sg:ontologies/subjects/ultrafast-photonics
194 sg:ontologies/subjects/x-rays
195 skos:prefLabel Optical physics
196 sg:ontologies/subjects/particle-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
197 rdf:type npg:Subject
198 skos:Concept
199 rdfs:label Particle physics
200 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
201 skos:definition Particle physics is the study of the elementary building blocks of matter and radiation and their interaction. The fundamental particles are summarised by the standard model. This includes leptons (such as the electron), the quarks that make up protons and neutrons, and gauge bosons, which mediate forces between the other particles.
202 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
203 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/experimental-particle-physics
204 sg:ontologies/subjects/particle-astrophysics
205 sg:ontologies/subjects/phenomenology
206 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-particle-physics
207 skos:prefLabel Particle physics
208 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
209 rdf:type npg:Subject
210 skos:Concept
211 rdfs:label Physical sciences
212 skos:altLabel Natural Science
213 Natural Science Discipline
214 Natural Science Disciplines
215 Natural Sciences
216 Physical Science
217 skos:definition Physical sciences are those academic disciplines that aim to uncover the underlying laws of nature - often written in the language of mathematics. It is a collective term for areas of study including astronomy, chemistry, materials science and physics.
218 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
219 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-planetary-science
220 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
221 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-science-and-technology
222 sg:ontologies/subjects/engineering
223 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science
224 sg:ontologies/subjects/mathematics-and-computing
225 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology
226 sg:ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics
227 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
228 skos:prefLabel Physical sciences
229 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
230 sg:ontologies/subjects/plasma-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
231 rdf:type npg:Subject
232 skos:Concept
233 rdfs:label Plasma physics
234 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
235 skos:definition Plasma physics is the study of a state of matter comprising charged particles. Plasmas are usually created by heating a gas until the electrons become detached from their parent atom or molecule. This so-called ionization can also be achieved using high-power laser light or microwaves. Plasmas are found naturally in stars and in space.
236 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
237 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astrophysical-plasmas
238 sg:ontologies/subjects/laser-produced-plasmas
239 sg:ontologies/subjects/magnetically-confined-plasmas
240 sg:ontologies/subjects/plasma-based-accelerators
241 skos:prefLabel Plasma physics
242 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
243 rdf:type npg:Subject
244 skos:Concept
245 rdfs:label Quantum physics
246 skos:altLabel quantum theory
247 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
248 skos:definition Quantum physics is the study of matter and energy at its most fundamental level. A central tenet of quantum physics is that energy comes in indivisible packets called quanta. Quanta behave very differently to macroscopic matter: particles can behave like waves, and waves behave as though they are particles.
249 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
250 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/matter-waves-and-particle-beams
251 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-information
252 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-mechanics
253 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-metrology
254 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-simulation
255 sg:ontologies/subjects/qubits
256 sg:ontologies/subjects/single-photons-and-quantum-effects
257 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-physics
258 skos:prefLabel Quantum physics
259 sg:ontologies/subjects/space-physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
260 rdf:type npg:Subject
261 skos:Concept
262 rdfs:label Space physics
263 skos:altLabel Heliophysics
264 Space plasma physics
265 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-planetary-science
266 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
267 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
268 skos:definition Space physics is the study of the natural phenomenon that occur in our solar system. Specifically, the sun, the particles and radiation it creates and how these affect the planets. This includes the solar wind and its interaction with the Earth and near-Earth space; so-called space weather.
269 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
270 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomical-instrumentation
271 sg:ontologies/subjects/aurora
272 sg:ontologies/subjects/magnetospheric-physics
273 sg:ontologies/subjects/solar-physics
274 skos:prefLabel Space physics
275 sg:ontologies/subjects/statistical-physics-thermodynamics-and-nonlinear-dynamics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
276 rdf:type npg:Subject
277 skos:Concept
278 rdfs:label Statistical physics, thermodynamics and nonlinear dynamics
279 skos:altLabel Statistical mechanics
280 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
281 skos:definition Statistical physics and thermodynamics provide a framework for relating the behaviour of microscopic particles to the macroscopic properties of a system. Thermodynamics casts these macroscopic, or observable, properties in terms of variables that are subject to constraints imposed by the four laws of thermodynamics, which can be explained by statistical physics.
282 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
283 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/complex-networks
284 sg:ontologies/subjects/nonlinear-phenomena
285 sg:ontologies/subjects/phase-transitions-and-critical-phenomena
286 sg:ontologies/subjects/statistical-physics
287 sg:ontologies/subjects/thermodynamics
288 skos:prefLabel Statistical physics, thermodynamics and nonlinear dynamics
289 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
290 rdf:type npg:Subject
291 skos:Concept
292 rdfs:label Techniques and instrumentation
293 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science
294 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology
295 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
296 skos:definition Techniques and instrumentation refers to the development of methods and tools to be used in applied physics, materials science or nanotechnology for design, synthesis, manufacturing, imaging or analytics.
297 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
298 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/characterization-and-analytical-techniques
299 sg:ontologies/subjects/design-synthesis-and-processing
300 sg:ontologies/subjects/imaging-techniques
301 sg:ontologies/subjects/mass-spectrometry
302 sg:ontologies/subjects/microscopy
303 sg:ontologies/subjects/nmr-spectroscopy
304 sg:ontologies/subjects/spectroscopy
305 sg:ontologies/subjects/surface-patterning
306 skos:prefLabel Techniques and instrumentation
307 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
308 rdf:type rdfs:Class
309 rdfs:Resource
310 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
311 skos:Concept
 




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