Physical sciences


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Physical sciences

DESCRIPTION

Physical sciences are those academic disciplines that aim to uncover the underlying laws of nature - often written in the language of mathematics. It is a collective term for areas of study including astronomy, chemistry, materials science and physics.

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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanotoxicology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanobiotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-devices"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dna-nanotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/other-nanotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-materials"
      }, 
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/graphene"
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    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nanoscience and technology"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
    "rdfs:subClassOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"
      }
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "for_codes", 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
      }
    ], 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:hasTopConcept": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
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  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
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        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
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    ], 
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    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
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      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
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]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

218 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      23 URIs      9 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Physical sciences
6 skos:altLabel Natural Science
7 Natural Science Discipline
8 Natural Science Disciplines
9 Natural Sciences
10 Physical Science
11 skos:definition Physical sciences are those academic disciplines that aim to uncover the underlying laws of nature - often written in the language of mathematics. It is a collective term for areas of study including astronomy, chemistry, materials science and physics.
12 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
13 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-planetary-science
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-science-and-technology
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/engineering
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/mathematics-and-computing
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics
22 skos:prefLabel Physical sciences
23 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
25 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
26 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
27 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
28 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-planetary-science sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
38 rdf:type npg:Subject
39 skos:Concept
40 rdfs:label Astronomy and planetary science
41 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
42 skos:definition Astronomy and planetary science are the study of objects and phenomena that occur beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. This includes investigating stars and their interaction with each other and the planetary systems that orbit them.
43 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
44 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-astrophysics
45 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
46 sg:ontologies/subjects/space-physics
47 skos:prefLabel Astronomy and planetary science
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
49 rdf:type npg:Subject
50 skos:Concept
51 rdfs:label Chemistry
52 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
53 skos:definition Chemistry is a branch of science that involves the study of the composition, structure and properties of matter. Often known as the central science, it is a creative discipline chiefly concerned with atomic and molecular structure and its change, for instance through chemical reactions.
54 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
55 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/analytical-chemistry
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/biosynthesis
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/catalysis
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-education
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-engineering
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-safety
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/cheminformatics
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry-publishing
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/communicating-chemistry
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/coordination-chemistry
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/electrochemistry
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-chemistry
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/green-chemistry
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/history-of-chemistry
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/inorganic-chemistry
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-chemistry
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/medicinal-chemistry
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-chemistry
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/origin-of-life
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/photochemistry
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/polymer-chemistry
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/process-chemistry
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/supramolecular-chemistry
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/surface-chemistry
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthesis
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-chemistry
86 skos:prefLabel Chemistry
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-science-and-technology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
88 rdf:type npg:Subject
89 skos:Concept
90 rdfs:label Energy science and technology
91 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
92 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
93 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/carbon-capture-and-storage
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-harvesting
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-infrastructure
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-modelling
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-storage
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/fossil-fuels
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/fuel-cells
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-energy
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/renewable-energy
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/thermoelectric-devices-and-materials
103 skos:prefLabel Energy science and technology
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/engineering sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
105 rdf:type npg:Subject
106 skos:Concept
107 rdfs:label Engineering
108 skos:altLabel Engineerings
109 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-industry
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
111 skos:definition Engineering is the design and construction of systems and structures for influencing the world around us and enhancing our experience within it. Engineers use the fundamental principles of mathematics, physics and chemistry to create machines that enable us to travel faster, provide improved medical care, and process more complicated information.
112 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
113 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/aerospace-engineering
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/biomedical-engineering
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-engineering
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/civil-engineering
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/electrical-and-electronic-engineering
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/energy-infrastructure
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanical-engineering
120 skos:prefLabel Engineering
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-science sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
122 rdf:type npg:Subject
123 skos:Concept
124 rdfs:label Materials science
125 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
126 skos:definition Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter. Materials scientists study the connections between the underlying structure of a material, its properties, its processing methods and its performance in applications.
127 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
128 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biomaterials
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/condensed-matter-physics
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-devices
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-energy-and-catalysis
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-for-optics
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-materials
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/soft-materials
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-materials
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/theory-and-computation
138 skos:prefLabel Materials science
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/mathematics-and-computing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
140 rdf:type npg:Subject
141 skos:Concept
142 rdfs:label Mathematics and computing
143 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
144 skos:definition Mathematics and computing is the study and analysis of abstract concepts, such as numbers and patterns. Mathematics is the language of choice for scientifically describing and modelling the universe and everything that happens within it. Computing enables these mathematical problems to be solved in an efficient and automated way.
145 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
146 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-mathematics
147 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-science
148 sg:ontologies/subjects/computer-science
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/information-technology
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/pure-mathematics
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-data
152 sg:ontologies/subjects/software
153 sg:ontologies/subjects/statistics
154 skos:prefLabel Mathematics and computing
155 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscience-and-technology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
156 rdf:type npg:Subject
157 skos:Concept
158 rdfs:label Nanoscience and technology
159 skos:altLabel Nanotechnologies
160 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
161 skos:definition Nanoscience and technology is the branch of science that studies systems and manipulates matter on atomic, molecular and supramolecular scales (the nanometre scale). On such a length scale, quantum mechanical and surface boundary effects become relevant, conferring properties on materials that are not observable on larger, macroscopic length scales.
162 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
163 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-nanotechnology
164 sg:ontologies/subjects/graphene
165 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanobiotechnology
166 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanomedicine
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-devices
168 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-materials
169 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanotoxicology
170 sg:ontologies/subjects/other-nanotechnology
171 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
172 skos:prefLabel Nanoscience and technology
173 sg:ontologies/subjects/optics-and-photonics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
174 rdf:type npg:Subject
175 skos:Concept
176 rdfs:label Optics and photonics
177 skos:altLabel Photonics and Optics
178 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
179 skos:definition Optics and photonics is the study of the fundamental properties of light and harnessing them in practical applications. Optics and photonics covers the entire electromagnetic spectrum from high-energy gamma rays and X-rays, through the optical regime of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light, to long-wavelength microwave and radio waves.
180 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
181 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-optics
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/lasers-leds-and-light-sources
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-materials-and-structures
184 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-physics
185 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-techniques
186 sg:ontologies/subjects/other-photonics
187 skos:prefLabel Optics and photonics
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/physics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
189 rdf:type npg:Subject
190 skos:Concept
191 rdfs:label Physics
192 skos:altLabel Physic
193 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
194 skos:definition Physics is the search for and application of rules that can help us understand and predict the world around us. Central to physics are ideas such as energy, mass, particles and waves. Physics attempts to both answer philosophical questions about the nature of the universe and provide solutions to technological problems.
195 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
196 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-physics
197 sg:ontologies/subjects/astronomy-and-astrophysics
198 sg:ontologies/subjects/atomic-and-molecular-physics
199 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-physics
200 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-physics
201 sg:ontologies/subjects/condensed-matter-physics
202 sg:ontologies/subjects/electronics-photonics-and-device-physics
203 sg:ontologies/subjects/fluid-dynamics
204 sg:ontologies/subjects/information-theory-and-computation
205 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-physics
206 sg:ontologies/subjects/optical-physics
207 sg:ontologies/subjects/particle-physics
208 sg:ontologies/subjects/plasma-physics
209 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantum-physics
210 sg:ontologies/subjects/space-physics
211 sg:ontologies/subjects/statistical-physics-thermodynamics-and-nonlinear-dynamics
212 sg:ontologies/subjects/techniques-and-instrumentation
213 skos:prefLabel Physics
214 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
215 rdf:type rdfs:Class
216 rdfs:Resource
217 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
218 skos:Concept
 




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