Photosynthesis


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Photosynthesis

DESCRIPTION

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae and certain types of bacteria synthesise carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and typically water, using light as an energy source. The process can be broken down into two stages - the light and dark reactions. NADPH and ATP generated during the light reactions fuel the formation of carbohydrates in the dark reactions.

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This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

171 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      27 URIs      14 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
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3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Photosynthesis
6 skos:altLabel Calvin Benson Bassham Cycle
7 Calvin Benson Cycle
8 Calvin Cycle
9 Calvin-Benson Cycle
10 Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle
11 Dark Reactions of Photosynthesis
12 Photosynthesis Dark Reaction
13 Photosynthesis Dark Reactions
14 Photosynthetic Carbon Fixation
15 Reductive Pentose Phosphate Cycle
16 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences
17 skos:definition Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae and certain types of bacteria synthesise carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and typically water, using light as an energy source. The process can be broken down into two stages - the light and dark reactions. NADPH and ATP generated during the light reactions fuel the formation of carbohydrates in the dark reactions.
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25 sg:ontologies/subjects/rubisco
26 skos:prefLabel Photosynthesis
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
28 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
29 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
30 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
31 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/antenna-complex sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
41 rdf:type npg:Subject
42 skos:Concept
43 rdfs:label Antenna complex
44 skos:altLabel Bacterial Antenna Polypeptide
45 Chlorophyll Binding Proteins
46 Chlorophyll Protein Complexes
47 Chlorophyll a Proteins
48 Chlorophyll a-Proteins
49 Chlorophyll ab Proteins
50 Chlorophyll ab-Proteins
51 Chlorophyll ac Proteins
52 Chlorophyll ac-Proteins
53 Light Harvesting Bacteriochlorophyll Protein Complexes
54 Light Harvesting Chlorophyll Protein
55 Light Harvesting Protein Complexes
56 Light-Harvesting Bacteriochlorophyll Protein Complexes
57 Light-Harvesting Chlorophyll Protein
58 Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes
59 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
60 skos:definition The antenna complex is a light-harvesting membrane-associated aggregate of proteins and photosensitive pigments such as chlorophyll and carotenoids. They are situated inside the chloroplasts of photosynthetic organisms, capture the energy from light, and transfer it to the reaction centre where chemical reactions take place.
61 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
62 skos:prefLabel Antenna complex
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/c3-photosynthesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
64 rdf:type npg:Subject
65 skos:Concept
66 rdfs:label C3 photosynthesis
67 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
68 skos:definition C3 photosynthesis is the major of the three metabolic pathways for carbon fixation by plants. This process uses the enzyme RuBisCO in relatively inefficient conditions, to fix CO2 from the air and obtain the 3-carbon organic intermediate molecule 3-phosphoglycerate. C3 photosynthetic plants possess a specific leaf structure, and are not adapted to non-optimal conditions.
69 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
70 skos:prefLabel C3 photosynthesis
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/c4-photosynthesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
72 rdf:type npg:Subject
73 skos:Concept
74 rdfs:label C4 photosynthesis
75 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
76 skos:definition C4 photosynthesis is an evolved metabolic mechanism for plant carbon fixation, in which atmospheric CO2 is first incorporated into a 4-carbon intermediate, which is then shuttled to specialized internal cells. This biochemical and anatomical adaptation allows for a more efficient photosynthetic process compared to C3 photosynthesis, especially in non-optimal conditions.
77 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
78 skos:prefLabel C4 photosynthesis
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-photochemical-quenching sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
80 rdf:type npg:Subject
81 skos:Concept
82 rdfs:label Non-photochemical quenching
83 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
84 skos:definition Non-photochemical quenching is a protective mechanism that plants employ to dissipate excess light energy. Plants often absorb more light energy than they can process in photosynthesis, and the quenching of singlet excited chlorophylls - non-photochemical quenching - leads to the harmless dissipation of this excess energy as heat.
85 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
86 skos:prefLabel Non-photochemical quenching
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/photosystem-i sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
88 rdf:type npg:Subject
89 skos:Concept
90 rdfs:label Photosystem I
91 skos:altLabel Photosystem I Protein Complex
92 Photosystem I Reaction Center
93 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
94 skos:definition Photosystem I is a multi-subunit protein complex embedded within the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts, and the second protein complex involved in the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. The protein complex uses light energy to drive the transfer of electrons across the thylakoid membrane, and the reduction of NADP to NADPH.
95 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
96 skos:prefLabel Photosystem I
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/photosystem-ii sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
98 rdf:type npg:Subject
99 skos:Concept
100 rdfs:label Photosystem II
101 skos:altLabel Chloroplast Reaction Center Protein D1
102 Oxygen Evolving Enzyme
103 PRCP II D2 Protein
104 Photosynthesis Water-Splitting Enzyme
105 Photosystem II Protein Complex
106 Photosystem II Reaction Center
107 Photosystem II Reaction Center Complex D1 Protein
108 Photosystem II Reaction Center Complex D2 Protein
109 RCII-D1 Protein
110 Water Oxidase
111 Water Splitting Enzyme of Photosynthesis
112 Water-Splitting Enzyme of Photosynthesis
113 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
114 skos:definition Photosystem II is a multi-subunit protein embedded within the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts, and the first protein complex involved in the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. The protein complex uses light energy to oxidise two molecules of water to molecular oxygen, liberating four electrons and four hydrogen ions in the process.
115 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
116 skos:prefLabel Photosystem II
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
118 rdf:type npg:Subject
119 skos:Concept
120 rdfs:label Plant sciences
121 skos:altLabel Botany
122 Plant biology
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
124 skos:definition Plant sciences is the study of plants in all their forms and interactions using a scientific approach.
125 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
126 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biofuels
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/light-responses
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-variation-in-plants
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-biotechnology
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-breeding
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-cell-biology
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-development
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-domestication
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-ecology
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-evolution
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-hormones
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-immunity
140 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-molecular-biology
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-physiology
142 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-reproduction
143 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-signalling
144 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-stress-responses
145 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-symbiosis
146 sg:ontologies/subjects/secondary-metabolism
147 sg:ontologies/subjects/stomata
148 sg:ontologies/subjects/tropism
149 skos:prefLabel Plant sciences
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/rubisco sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
151 rdf:type npg:Subject
152 skos:Concept
153 rdfs:label Rubisco
154 skos:altLabel Carboxydismutase
155 Fraction 1 Protein
156 Ribulose Biphosphate Carboxylase
157 Ribulose Biphosphate Carboxylase Oxygenase
158 Ribulose Biphosphate Carboxylase-Oxygenase
159 Ribulose Bisphosphate Carboxylase
160 Ribulose Diphosphate Carboxylase
161 Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase
162 Ribulosebiphosphate Carboxylase
163 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/photosynthesis
164 skos:definition Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) is a copper-containing enzyme involved in the first major step of carbon fixation. It is the central enzyme of photosynthesis and probably the most abundant protein on Earth.
165 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
166 skos:prefLabel Rubisco
167 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
168 rdf:type rdfs:Class
169 rdfs:Resource
170 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
171 skos:Concept
 




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