Pharmacology


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Pharmacology

DESCRIPTION

Pharmacology is a branch of biomedical science, encompassing clinical pharmacology, that is concerned with the effects of drugs/pharmaceuticals and other xenobiotics on living systems, as well as their development and chemical properties.

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181 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      18 URIs      5 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Pharmacology
6 skos:altLabel Pharmacologies
7 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
8 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery
9 sg:ontologies/subjects/medicinal-chemistry
10 skos:definition Pharmacology is a branch of biomedical science, encompassing clinical pharmacology, that is concerned with the effects of drugs/pharmaceuticals and other xenobiotics on living systems, as well as their development and chemical properties.
11 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
12 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-pharmacology
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacodynamics
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacogenetics
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacokinetics
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/receptor-pharmacology
17 skos:prefLabel Pharmacology
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
19 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
20 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
21 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
22 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
32 rdf:type npg:Subject
33 skos:Concept
34 rdfs:label Chemical biology
35 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
37 skos:definition Chemical biology is the study of the chemicals and chemical reactions involved in biological processes, incorporating the disciplines of bioorganic chemistry, biochemistry, cell biology and pharmacology. Chemicals – including natural small molecules, such as lipids, carbohydrates and metals, or non-natural probe or drug molecules – are used to gain insight into biological problems at a mechanistic level.
38 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
39 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biocatalysis
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry
41 sg:ontologies/subjects/biosynthesis
42 sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
43 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-ecology
44 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-genetics
45 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-libraries
46 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-modification
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-tools
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/cheminformatics
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/combinatorial-libraries
50 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-chemistry
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna
52 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-delivery
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzyme-mechanisms
54 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycomics
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipidomics
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipids
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanism-of-action
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/membranes
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolic-pathways
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/metals
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-products
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/networks-and-systems-biology
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/nucleic-acids
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptides
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/post-translational-modifications
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-design
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteins
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomics
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/screening
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/small-molecules
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthetic-biology
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-identification
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-validation
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/transporters
84 skos:prefLabel Chemical biology
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-pharmacology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
86 rdf:type npg:Subject
87 skos:Concept
88 rdfs:label Clinical pharmacology
89 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
90 skos:definition Clinical pharmacology is a branch of biomedical science. It includes drug discovery, the study of the effects of drugs on their targets in living systems and their clinical use, as well as the study of biological function related to these chemicals. Clinical pharmacology includes application of pharmacological principles, such as pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.
91 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
92 skos:prefLabel Clinical pharmacology
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
94 rdf:type npg:Subject
95 skos:Concept
96 rdfs:label Drug discovery
97 skos:altLabel Drug Prospecting
98 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
99 skos:definition Drug discovery is the process through which potential new medicines are identified. It involves a wide range of scientific disciplines, including biology, chemistry and pharmacology.
100 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
101 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biologics
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/biomarkers
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-strategy-in-drug-development
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-trials
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/diagnostics
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-delivery
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-regulation
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-safety
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-screening
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/medicinal-chemistry
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmaceutics
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-identification
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-validation
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/toxicology
116 skos:prefLabel Drug discovery
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/medicinal-chemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
118 rdf:type npg:Subject
119 skos:Concept
120 rdfs:label Medicinal chemistry
121 skos:altLabel Drug Formulation
122 Drug Formulations
123 Pharmaceutic Chemistry
124 Pharmaceutical Chemistry
125 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery
127 skos:definition Medicinal chemistry deals with the design, optimization and development of chemical compounds for use as drugs. It is inherently a multidisciplinary topic — beginning with the synthesis of potential drugs followed by studies investigating their interactions with biological targets to understand the medicinal effects of the drug, its metabolism and side-effects.
128 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
129 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-libraries
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/cheminformatics
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-chemistry
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-delivery
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery-and-development
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/lead-optimization
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/screening
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/structure-based-drug-design
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-identification
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-validation
140 skos:prefLabel Medicinal chemistry
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacodynamics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
142 rdf:type npg:Subject
143 skos:Concept
144 rdfs:label Pharmacodynamics
145 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
146 skos:definition Pharmacodynamics (PD) is an area of pharmacology concerned with the relationship between a drug’s concentration at the site of action and the resulting effect, and to measurement of that relationship within an individual or group. Factors influencing a drug’s pharmacodynamics include the concentration of drug target and the signalling pathways downstream.
147 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
148 skos:prefLabel Pharmacodynamics
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacogenetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
150 rdf:type npg:Subject
151 skos:Concept
152 rdfs:label Pharmacogenetics
153 skos:altLabel Pharmacogenomics
154 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-therapy
155 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
156 skos:definition Pharmacogenetics, related to pharmacology, is the study of the genetic variation between individuals that affects their response to drugs/pharmaceuticals and other xenobiotics, both therapeutically and in terms of adverse effects (side effects). Personalized medicine is the use of pharmacogenetics to understand how an individual can benefit from specific drugs.
157 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
158 skos:prefLabel Pharmacogenetics
159 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacokinetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
160 rdf:type npg:Subject
161 skos:Concept
162 rdfs:label Pharmacokinetics
163 skos:altLabel Drug Kinetics
164 Toxicokinetics
165 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
166 skos:definition Pharmacokinetics is an area of pharmacology concerned with the time course of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (collectively ADME) of drugs from biological systems in order to understand the effect of the drug, or of the organism, on the drug's impact. Pharmacokinetic parameters can also include toxicology and a drug’s liberation from its medicinal formulation.
167 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
168 skos:prefLabel Pharmacokinetics
169 sg:ontologies/subjects/receptor-pharmacology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
170 rdf:type npg:Subject
171 skos:Concept
172 rdfs:label Receptor pharmacology
173 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
174 skos:definition Receptor pharmacology is the study of the interactions of receptors with drugs/pharmaceuticals and other xenobiotics. A basic tenet of receptor pharmacology is that a drug’s effect is directly proportional to the number of occupied receptors. Also, the duration of the drug effect is related to the association and dissociation rates of the drug–receptor complex.
175 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
176 skos:prefLabel Receptor pharmacology
177 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
178 rdf:type rdfs:Class
179 rdfs:Resource
180 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
181 skos:Concept
 




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