Organic chemistry


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Organic chemistry

DESCRIPTION

Organic chemistry is the study of the synthesis, structure, reactivity and properties of the diverse group of chemical compounds primarily constructed of carbon. All life on earth is carbon-based, thus organic chemistry is also the basis of biochemistry. The ability to form compounds containing long chains of carbon atoms is the basis of polymer chemistry.

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64 sg:ontologies/subjects/materials-chemistry
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/medicinal-chemistry
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-chemistry
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/origin-of-life
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/photochemistry
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-chemistry
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/polymer-chemistry
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/process-chemistry
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/supramolecular-chemistry
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/surface-chemistry
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthesis
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-chemistry
77 skos:prefLabel Chemistry
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/combinatorial-libraries sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
79 rdf:type npg:Subject
80 skos:Concept
81 rdfs:label Combinatorial libraries
82 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-libraries
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
85 skos:definition Combinatorial libraries are collections of chemical compounds, small molecules or macromolecules such as proteins, synthesized by combinatorial chemistry, in which multiple different combinations of related chemical species are reacted together in similar chemical reactions. Chemical synthesis methods are used to generate large groups of compounds that can themselves be elaborated in a similar combinatorial fashion.
86 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
87 skos:prefLabel Combinatorial libraries
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/methodology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
89 rdf:type npg:Subject
90 skos:Concept
91 rdfs:label Synthetic chemistry methodology
92 skos:altLabel procedures
93 techniques
94 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthesis
96 skos:definition Synthetic chemistry methodology refers to the methods used for the synthesis of chemical compounds.
97 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
98 skos:prefLabel Synthetic chemistry methodology
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/microwave-chemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
100 rdf:type npg:Subject
101 skos:Concept
102 rdfs:label Microwave chemistry
103 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/green-chemistry
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthesis
106 skos:definition Microwave chemistry involves the use of microwave irradiation in carrying out chemical reactions. The approach can be used to efficiently heat a chemical reaction, which can accelerate reaction rates and improve chemical yields. The technique can also be used to selectively heat substances.
107 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
108 skos:prefLabel Microwave chemistry
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-product-synthesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
110 rdf:type npg:Subject
111 skos:Concept
112 rdfs:label Natural product synthesis
113 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-products
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthesis
116 skos:definition Natural product synthesis aims to prepare a complex target molecule such that the product is analytically identical to the naturally occurring compound, termed a natural product. It is used for structure confirmation, but also as a test for new synthetic methodology and sometimes to assist in identifying how the compound is made naturally.
117 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
118 skos:prefLabel Natural product synthesis
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/reaction-mechanisms sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
120 rdf:type npg:Subject
121 skos:Concept
122 rdfs:label Reaction mechanisms
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/theoretical-chemistry
125 skos:definition A reaction mechanism is a sequence of elementary reactions that can explain how an overall chemical reaction proceeds.
126 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
127 skos:prefLabel Reaction mechanisms
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/stereochemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
129 rdf:type npg:Subject
130 skos:Concept
131 rdfs:label Stereochemistry
132 skos:altLabel Molecular Stereochemistry
133 Stereoisomer
134 Stereoisomerism
135 Stereoisomers
136 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
137 skos:definition Stereochemistry is the scientific concept that describes the relationship between chemical compounds which have the same molecular formula and identical functional groups but with different three dimensional arrangements of atoms. These molecules are known as stereoisomers and can have very different properties from one another, particularly when interacting with biological systems.
138 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
139 skos:prefLabel Stereochemistry
140 sg:ontologies/subjects/structure-elucidation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
141 rdf:type npg:Subject
142 skos:Concept
143 rdfs:label Structure elucidation
144 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/organic-chemistry
145 skos:definition Structure elucidation is the process of determining the chemical structure of a compound. For organic compounds, it will often involve the use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR spectroscopy). Other characterization techniques include mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography.
146 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
147 skos:prefLabel Structure elucidation
148 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
149 rdf:type rdfs:Class
150 rdfs:Resource
151 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
152 skos:Concept
 




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