Neuroscience


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Neuroscience

DESCRIPTION

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioural and cognitive neuroscience.

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurosciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioural and cognitive neuroscience."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurogenesis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/blood-brain-barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/ion-channels-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/transporters-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-control"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/olfactory-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/auditory-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/feeding-behaviour"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-ageing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuronal-physiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/visual-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/glial-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-behaviour"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spine-regulation-and-structure"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuro-vascular-interactions"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/somatosensory-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensory-processing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-death-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurotrophic-factors"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/regeneration-and-repair-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/development-of-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gliogenesis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroimmunology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-circuit"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sexual-behaviour"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-ageing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motivation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gustatory-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/learning-and-memory"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-plasticity"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/emotion"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/oculomotor-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/peripheral-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cellular-neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/reward"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stem-cells-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/myelin-biology-and-repair"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-transmission"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics-of-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurogenesis", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neurogenesis", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurogeneses"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/organogenesis"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurogenesis is the formation of neurons from neural stem cells occurring during embryonic development and throughout adult life. During neurogenesis, neural stem cells divide and differentiate to form mature neurons. Mature neurons do not divide and carry extensions such as axons and dendrites, allowing them to send and receive electrical pulses."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/developmental-neurogenesis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/adult-neurogenesis"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurogenesis"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/blood-brain-barrier", 
    "rdfs:label": "Blood\u2013brain barrier", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Blood Brain Barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Blood-Brain Barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Brain-Blood Barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Brain-Blood Barriers"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Blood-Brain Barriers"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Hemato-Encephalic Barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Hemato-Encephalic Barriers"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Brain Blood Barrier"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Hemato Encephalic Barrier"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The blood\u2013brain barrier acts as a strict control point for what can enter the brain, and is created by tight junctions between endothelial cells lining blood vessels, astroyctic endfeet and a basement membrane.  The ability to cross the blood\u2013brain barrier must be considered for drugs administered peripherally, but whose target lies inside the brain."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Blood\u2013brain barrier"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/ion-channels-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Ion channels in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Ion channels in the nervous system refers to the study of ion channels \u2013 proteins allowing charged particles to cross membranes \u2013 found in neurons and glia, where they are involved in maintaining the electrochemical gradients that allow neurons to produce action potentials and neurons and glia to release and recycle neurotransmitters."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Ion channels in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/transporters-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Transporters in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotransmitter transporters"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane transport proteins"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Transporters in the nervous system are proteins that span the plasma membrane and are involved in movement of ions and molecules across the membrane. They include neurotransmitter transporters, which move neurotransmitters or their metabolites from the extracellular space into a neuron, and vesicular transporters, which are involved in filling synaptic vesicles. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Transporters in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-control", 
    "rdfs:label": "Motor control", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motor control refers to the process by which the nervous system coordinates the muscle and limbs to achieve a desired movement or set of actions. This includes the ability to anticipate, adjust and respond to deviations from the desired action."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-neuron"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spinal-cord"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cerebellum"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/basal-ganglia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/central-pattern-generators"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/premotor-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuromuscular-junction"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/brain-machine-interface"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motor control"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/olfactory-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Olfactory system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensory-systems"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The olfactory system is the sensory system that is responsible for the sense of smell (olfaction). It receives, processes and interprets odour information."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/olfactory-bulb"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/olfactory-receptors"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/olfactory-cortex"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Olfactory system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Stress and resilience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Emotional Stress"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Stress"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Stresses"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Psychological Resilience"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Psychological Resiliences"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Psychologic Stress"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Mental Suffering"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Psychological Stress"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Suffering"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Psychological Stresses"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Anguish"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Stress and resilience refers to the individual's ability to withstand and adapt to ongoing stressors and adverse events."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Stress and resilience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/auditory-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Auditory system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The auditory system is the sensory system for hearing. It consists of the outer ear (the auricle and auditory canal), the middle ear (the tympanic membrane, malleus, incus and stapes), the inner ear (consisting of the cochlea and vestibular organs), the auditory nerve, the auditory cortex and other brain areas involved in sound processing. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/inner-ear"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/transduction"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hair-cell"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/midbrain"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/thalamus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cochlea"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Auditory system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/feeding-behaviour", 
    "rdfs:label": "Feeding behaviour", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding Behavior"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Eating Behaviors"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding Pattern"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Eating Behavior"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding Patterns"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding Behaviors"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/metabolism"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding behaviour refers to the behaviours related to obtaining and consuming food."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hypothalamus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/obesity"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeding behaviour"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-ageing", 
    "rdfs:label": "Cognitive ageing", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cognitive ageing is the decline in cognitive processing that occurs as people get older. Age-related impairments in reasoning, memory and processing speed can arise during adulthood and progress into the elder years."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cognitive ageing"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuronal-physiology", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neuronal physiology", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurophysiology"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuronal physiology refers to the biology of neuronal function, including an understanding of the molecular and cellular processes that underlie neuronal activity."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/excitability"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/inhibition-excitation-balance"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/intrinsic-excitability"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/action-potential-generation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/inhibition"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dendritic-excitability"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-potential"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuronal physiology"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/visual-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Visual system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensory-systems"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The visual system is the part of the central nervous system that is required for visual perception \u2013 receiving, processing and interpreting visual information to build a representation of the visual environment. It consists of the eye, retina, fibres that conduct visual information to the thalamus, the superior colliculus and parts of the cerebral cortex."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/extrastriate-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/retina"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/pattern-vision"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/striate-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motion"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/thalamus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/colour-vision"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/object-vision"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Visual system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/glial-biology", 
    "rdfs:label": "Glial biology", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The study of the molecular and cellular biology of glial cells, for example, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells and microglia."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/astrocyte"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/schwann-cell"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microglia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/oligodendrocyte"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Glial biology"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-behaviour", 
    "rdfs:label": "Social behaviour", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Social behaviour"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spine-regulation-and-structure", 
    "rdfs:label": "Spine regulation and structure", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spine morphology"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spine regulation is the biological process by which the structure or function of a dendritic spine is modulated by factors such as neuronal excitation. The structure of dendritic spines is highly variable; however, a typical spine consists of a spine head that may be mushroom- or cup-shaped and a thinner neck region.  "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spine-plasticity"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spine-motility"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spine-structure"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Spine regulation and structure"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuro-vascular-interactions", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neuro\u2013vascular interactions", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuro\u2013vascular interactions are the interactions between blood vessels in the brain and their adjacent neurons, and are regulated by complex interactions between endothelial cells, pericytes, fibroblasts, neurons and glia. They regulate blood flow and provide vital support for brain development and neuronal function. Defective neuro\u2013vascular function is associated with a variety of neurological disorders."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuro\u2013vascular interactions"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/somatosensory-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Somatosensory system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The somatosensory system consists of the peripheral receptors and neural pathways through which the nervous system detects and processes information about touch (mechanoception), pain (nociception), temperature (thermoception) and the position and movement of parts of the body (proprioception)."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/insula"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/touch-receptors"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/pain"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/barrel-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/thalamus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/whisker-system"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Somatosensory system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensory-processing", 
    "rdfs:label": "Sensory processing", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sensory processing"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-death-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Cell death in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cell death in the nervous system refers to the death of living neurons.  Cell death can occur by mechanisms such as apoptosis or programmed cell death, in which death occurs by a characteristic sequence of events.  Premature or inappropriate cell death in the nervous system is associated with numerous neurodegenerative diseases and following ischemic events such as stroke."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cell death in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep", 
    "rdfs:label": "Circadian rhythms and sleep", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Twenty-Four Hour Rhythm"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Twenty Four Hour Rhythm"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circadian Rhythm"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Twenty-Four Hour Rhythms"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nyctohemeral Rhythm"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circadian Rhythms"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nyctohemeral Rhythms"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Diurnal Rhythm"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Diurnal Rhythms"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Slow-Wave Sleep"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circadian rhythms are the regular, daily cycles of biological processes or activities, including the regular and predictable variation in the levels of many circulating hormones, ions and the control of sleep and wakefulness. Circadian rhythms are controlled centrally by the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and are most strongly infuenced by light."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/non-rem-sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/orexin"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/slow-wave-sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sleep-deprivation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/replay"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hypocretin"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/locus-coeruleus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/rem-sleep"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circadian-mechanisms"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/wakefulness"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/circadian-regulation"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Circadian rhythms and sleep"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurotrophic-factors", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neurotrophic factors", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotrophic Protein"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotrophic Proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuronal Growth Associated Proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuronal Growth-Associated Proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurite Outgrowth Factors"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nerve Growth Factors"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuronotrophic Factors"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotrophins"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotrophic factors are molecules that enhance the growth and survival potential of neurons. They play important roles in both development, where they can act as guidance cues for developing neurons, and in the mature nervous system, where they are involved in neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity and the formation of long-lasting memories."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotrophic factors"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Social neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Social neuroscience is a research discipline that examines how the brain mediates social processes and behaviour. A wide range of research topics are examined within this discipline, including social interactions, agency, empathy, morality, and social prejudice and affiliations."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cooperation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/empathy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/morality"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/agency"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Social neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/regeneration-and-repair-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Regeneration and repair in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nerve Regenerations"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nerve Regeneration"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Regeneration and repair in the nervous system is a process by which damaged tissue undergoes regrowth or renewal, leading to eventual restoration of nervous system function. This process happens more readily with axons, synapses, neurons and glia in the peripheral nervous system."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spinal-cord-injury"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Regeneration and repair in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/development-of-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Development of the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural development"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The development of the nervous system is the ongoing biological process through which nervous tissue is generated and shaped in an embryo and in postnatal and adult organisms. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie neural development may also provide insight into the causes of neurodevelopmental disorders."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-progenitors"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/signalling-gradients"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/lamination"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuronal-development"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-development"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/glial-development"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-patterning"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/glial-progenitors"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/axon-and-dendritic-guidance"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-type-diversity"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-fate-and-cell-lineage"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Development of the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gliogenesis", 
    "rdfs:label": "Gliogenesis", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Gliogenesis is the developmental process by which glial cells \u2013 astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells, microglia \u2013 are generated. It includes the production of glial progenitor cells and their differentiation into mature glia."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Gliogenesis"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing", 
    "rdfs:label": "Sensorimotor processing", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sensorimotor processing refers to a process by which sensory information or input is coupled or integrated to a related motor response in the central nervous system. This process underlies both involuntary or reflexive actions and voluntary acts."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/navigation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/reflexes"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/reward"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/decision"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/birdsong"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sensorimotor processing"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroimmunology", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neuroimmunology", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/immunology"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuroimmunology is a field that studies the interaction of the immune and nervous systems."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuroimmunology"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-circuit", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neural circuits", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural circuit"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural circuits"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sexual-behaviour", 
    "rdfs:label": "Sexual behaviour", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sex Behavior"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual Activity"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Anal Sex"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Premarital Sex Behavior"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual Activities"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Oral Sex"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual Behavior"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual Orientation"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sex Orientation"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual behaviour is a process by which humans and other animals demonstrate and/or express sexuality."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/oxytocin"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sexual-dimorphism"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vasopressin"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/pheromone"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Sexual behaviour"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-ageing", 
    "rdfs:label": "Neural ageing", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural ageing is the process by which neural cells in the brain and peripheral nervous system deteriorate structurally and functionally over time. It is associated with a decline in sensory, motor and cognitive functions of the brain."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural ageing"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Epigenetics in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Epigenetics in the nervous system is the study of the interaction between epigenetic process, which regulate gene expression without changing the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence, and the development, physiology and functions of the nervous system. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-and-plasticity"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-and-behaviour"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Epigenetics in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motivation", 
    "rdfs:label": "Motivation", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Disincentive"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Incentive"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Incentives"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Disincentives"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motivation is the driving force that elicits a certain behaviour from an organism in order to satisfy the drive or seek a particular goal. Motivation can be induced by physiological drives such as hunger, thirst or pain, as well as by events in the external environment."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motivation"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Diseases of the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurological Disorder"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nervous System Disorder"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nervous System Disorders"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nervous System Diseases"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nervous System Disease"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurologic Disorders"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurologic Disorder"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Diseases of the nervous system refer to disorders that affect any part of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord or cranial nerves) or peripheral nervous system."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/multiple-sclerosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stroke"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dementia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bipolar-disorder"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/chronic-pain"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/developmental-disorders"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/psychosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/obsessive-compulsive-disorder"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/autism-spectrum-disorders"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/post-traumatic-stress-disorder"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/addiction"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/parkinsons-disease"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spinocerebellar-ataxia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cancer-in-the-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/anxiety"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurodegeneration"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/channelopathies"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/schizophrenia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/depression"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/encephalopathy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/huntingtons-disease"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/epilepsy"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/lipid-storage-diseases"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/macular-degeneration"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dystonia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/alzheimers-disease"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Diseases of the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gustatory-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Gustatory system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The gustatory system is the sensory system responsible for the perception of taste and flavour. In humans, the gustatory system is comprised of taste cells in the mouth (which sense the five taste modalities: salty, sweet, bitter, sour and umami), several cranial nerves, and the gustatory cortex."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gustatory-cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/taste-receptors"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Gustatory system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Computational neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neuroinformatics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Computational neuroscience is the field of study in which mathematical tools and theories are used to investigate brain function. It can also incorporate diverse approaches from electrical engineering, computer science and physics in order to understand how the nervous system processes information."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-decoding"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/learning-algorithms"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysical-models"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-encoding"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dynamical-systems"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/network-models"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Computational neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/learning-and-memory", 
    "rdfs:label": "Learning and memory", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Memory"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Phenomenography"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Learning"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Learning and memory refers to the processes of acquiring, retaining and retrieving information in the central nervous system. It consists of forming stable long-term memories that include declarative (recall of events and facts) and nondeclarative (conditioning, skill learning) forms."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/operant-learning"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/working-memory"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hippocampus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/extinction"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/forgetting"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/long-term-memory"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spatial-memory"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/consolidation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/fear-conditioning"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/classical-conditioning"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/short-term-memory"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/habituation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cortex"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Learning and memory"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-plasticity", 
    "rdfs:label": "Synaptic plasticity", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Synaptic plasticity is the biological process by which specific patterns of synaptic activity result in changes in synaptic strength and is thought to contribute to learning and memory. Both pre-synaptic and post-synaptic mechanisms can contribute to the expression of synaptic plasticity."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/long-term-potentiation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/spike-timing-dependent-plasticity"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/short-term-potentiation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/long-term-depression"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Synaptic plasticity"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/emotion", 
    "rdfs:label": "Emotion", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Regrets"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Emotions"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feelings"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Feeling"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Regret"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "An emotion is an affective state triggered by perceived or recalled external stimuli. Emotions can serve to arouse or motivate behaviours. Examples include sadness, joy, fear, anger and disgust. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/limbic-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/amygdala"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/insula"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/striatum"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/aggression"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/prefrontal-cortex"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Emotion"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/oculomotor-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Oculomotor system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The oculomotor system consists of interconnected regions throughout the central nervous system that interact to control various eye movements. It includes different brainstem nuclei, the superior colliculus of the midbrain, and various regions throughout the cerebral cortex."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cerebellum"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/saccades"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/superior-colliculus"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cortex"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/smooth-pursuit"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/brainstem"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vestibuloocular-reflex"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Oculomotor system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/peripheral-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Peripheral nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Peripheral Nervous Systems"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nervous-system"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The peripheral nervous system is the part of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It consists of nerves that carry information between the central nervous system and the extremities of the body."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/autonomic-nervous-system"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/somatic-system"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Peripheral nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cellular-neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Cellular neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cellular neuroscience is the study of neurons at the cellular level. It includes cell morphology and physiological properties such as membrane trafficking, synthesis and transport of proteins, and synaptic plasticity."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cellular neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/reward", 
    "rdfs:label": "Reward", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Rewards"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Reward is an appealing or appetitive concept that can be applied to an object or a situation, which positively reinforces a response, satisfies a motive or intent, or signals pleasure."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Reward"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stem-cells-in-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Stem cells in the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural Stem Cell"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural Stem Cells"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Stem cells in the nervous system are self-renewing cells that have the capacity to produce all, or a restricted set of, the neural cell types (neurons and glia) in the nervous system. Stem cells can be found in the developing and adult nervous system."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/glial-stem-cells"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neural-stem-cells"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Stem cells in the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/myelin-biology-and-repair", 
    "rdfs:label": "Myelin biology and repair", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Myelin biology and repair refers to the science of myelin physiology, manufacture, and how myelin damage in either the peripheral or central nervous systems can be repaired. Myelin \u2013 produced by Schwann cells in the periphery and oligodendrocytes in the CNS \u2013 is defective in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and many myelin repair strategies aim to mitigate this damage."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/multiple-sclerosis"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Myelin biology and repair"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Cognitive neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cognitive neuroscience is the field of study focusing on the neural substrates of mental processes. It is at the intersection of psychology and neuroscience, but also overlaps with physiological psychology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology. It combines the theories of cognitive psychology and computational modelling with experimental data about the brain."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cognitive-control"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/language"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/dyslexia"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/personality"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/reading"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/decision"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/intelligence"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motivation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/consciousness"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/attention"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/perception"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/problem-solving"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Cognitive neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-transmission", 
    "rdfs:label": "Synaptic transmission", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neural Transmission"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Neurotransmission"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Synaptic transmission is the biological process by which a neuron communicates with a target cell across a synapse. Chemical synaptic transmission involves the release of a neurotransmitter from the pre-synaptic neuron, and neurotransmitter binding to specific post-synaptic receptors. Electrical synapse transmission involves the transfer of electrical signals through gap junctions.  "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-vesicle-endocytosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/vesicle-trafficking"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neurotransmitters"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/synaptic-vesicle-exocytosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/gap-junctions"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Synaptic transmission"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics-of-the-nervous-system", 
    "rdfs:label": "Genetics of the nervous system", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Genetics of the nervous system refers to the study of genetics affecting the development, physiology and functions of the nervous system and diseases thereof."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Genetics of the nervous system"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-neuroscience", 
    "rdfs:label": "Molecular neuroscience", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Molecular neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that examines the biology of the nervous system with molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry and related methodologies."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Molecular neuroscience"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
    "rdfs:subClassOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"
      }
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "for_codes", 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biological sciences", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biologic Sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biologic Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science Discipline"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science Disciplines"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological sciences encompasses all the divisions of natural sciences examining various aspects of vital processes. The concept includes anatomy, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics, and covers all organisms from microorganisms, animals to plants. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/zoology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/evolution"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biochemistry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cancer"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/ecology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microbiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stem-cells"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/psychology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/immunology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/systems-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/structural-biology"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:topConceptOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
      }
    ], 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:hasTopConcept": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
    ]
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

775 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      59 URIs      5 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Neuroscience
6 skos:altLabel Neurosciences
7 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
8 skos:definition Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioural and cognitive neuroscience.
9 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
10 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/auditory-system
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/blood-brain-barrier
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-death-in-the-nervous-system
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-neuroscience
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-ageing
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-neuroscience
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/development-of-the-nervous-system
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/emotion
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-in-the-nervous-system
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/feeding-behaviour
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics-of-the-nervous-system
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/glial-biology
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/gliogenesis
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/gustatory-system
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels-in-the-nervous-system
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/learning-and-memory
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-neuroscience
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/motivation
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-control
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/myelin-biology-and-repair
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-ageing
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-circuit
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuro-vascular-interactions
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurogenesis
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroimmunology
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuronal-physiology
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurotrophic-factors
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/oculomotor-system
41 sg:ontologies/subjects/olfactory-system
42 sg:ontologies/subjects/peripheral-nervous-system
43 sg:ontologies/subjects/regeneration-and-repair-in-the-nervous-system
44 sg:ontologies/subjects/reward
45 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing
46 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensory-processing
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/sexual-behaviour
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-behaviour
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-neuroscience
50 sg:ontologies/subjects/somatosensory-system
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/spine-regulation-and-structure
52 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cells-in-the-nervous-system
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience
54 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-plasticity
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-transmission
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/transporters-in-the-nervous-system
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/visual-system
58 skos:prefLabel Neuroscience
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
60 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
61 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
62 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
63 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/auditory-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
73 rdf:type npg:Subject
74 skos:Concept
75 rdfs:label Auditory system
76 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
77 skos:definition The auditory system is the sensory system for hearing. It consists of the outer ear (the auricle and auditory canal), the middle ear (the tympanic membrane, malleus, incus and stapes), the inner ear (consisting of the cochlea and vestibular organs), the auditory nerve, the auditory cortex and other brain areas involved in sound processing.
78 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
79 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/cochlea
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/cortex
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/hair-cell
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/inner-ear
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/midbrain
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/thalamus
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/transduction
86 skos:prefLabel Auditory system
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
88 rdf:type npg:Subject
89 skos:Concept
90 rdfs:label Biological sciences
91 skos:altLabel Biologic Science
92 Biologic Sciences
93 Biological Science
94 Biological Science Discipline
95 Biological Science Disciplines
96 Life Science
97 Life Sciences
98 skos:definition Biological sciences encompasses all the divisions of natural sciences examining various aspects of vital processes. The concept includes anatomy, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics, and covers all organisms from microorganisms, animals to plants.
99 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
100 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/ecology
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/evolution
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/physiology
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/psychology
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cells
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-biology
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/systems-biology
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/zoology
124 skos:prefLabel Biological sciences
125 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/blood-brain-barrier sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
127 rdf:type npg:Subject
128 skos:Concept
129 rdfs:label Blood–brain barrier
130 skos:altLabel Blood Brain Barrier
131 Blood-Brain Barrier
132 Blood-Brain Barriers
133 Brain Blood Barrier
134 Brain-Blood Barrier
135 Brain-Blood Barriers
136 Hemato Encephalic Barrier
137 Hemato-Encephalic Barrier
138 Hemato-Encephalic Barriers
139 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
140 skos:definition The blood–brain barrier acts as a strict control point for what can enter the brain, and is created by tight junctions between endothelial cells lining blood vessels, astroyctic endfeet and a basement membrane. The ability to cross the blood–brain barrier must be considered for drugs administered peripherally, but whose target lies inside the brain.
141 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
142 skos:prefLabel Blood–brain barrier
143 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-death-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
144 rdf:type npg:Subject
145 skos:Concept
146 rdfs:label Cell death in the nervous system
147 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
148 skos:definition Cell death in the nervous system refers to the death of living neurons. Cell death can occur by mechanisms such as apoptosis or programmed cell death, in which death occurs by a characteristic sequence of events. Premature or inappropriate cell death in the nervous system is associated with numerous neurodegenerative diseases and following ischemic events such as stroke.
149 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
150 skos:prefLabel Cell death in the nervous system
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-neuroscience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
152 rdf:type npg:Subject
153 skos:Concept
154 rdfs:label Cellular neuroscience
155 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
156 skos:definition Cellular neuroscience is the study of neurons at the cellular level. It includes cell morphology and physiological properties such as membrane trafficking, synthesis and transport of proteins, and synaptic plasticity.
157 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
158 skos:prefLabel Cellular neuroscience
159 sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms-and-sleep sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
160 rdf:type npg:Subject
161 skos:Concept
162 rdfs:label Circadian rhythms and sleep
163 skos:altLabel Circadian Rhythm
164 Circadian Rhythms
165 Diurnal Rhythm
166 Diurnal Rhythms
167 Nyctohemeral Rhythm
168 Nyctohemeral Rhythms
169 Sleep
170 Slow-Wave Sleep
171 Twenty Four Hour Rhythm
172 Twenty-Four Hour Rhythm
173 Twenty-Four Hour Rhythms
174 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
175 skos:definition Circadian rhythms are the regular, daily cycles of biological processes or activities, including the regular and predictable variation in the levels of many circulating hormones, ions and the control of sleep and wakefulness. Circadian rhythms are controlled centrally by the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and are most strongly infuenced by light.
176 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
177 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-mechanisms
178 sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-regulation
179 sg:ontologies/subjects/hypocretin
180 sg:ontologies/subjects/locus-coeruleus
181 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-rem-sleep
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/orexin
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/rem-sleep
184 sg:ontologies/subjects/replay
185 sg:ontologies/subjects/sleep
186 sg:ontologies/subjects/sleep-deprivation
187 sg:ontologies/subjects/slow-wave-sleep
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/wakefulness
189 skos:prefLabel Circadian rhythms and sleep
190 sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-ageing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
191 rdf:type npg:Subject
192 skos:Concept
193 rdfs:label Cognitive ageing
194 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
195 skos:definition Cognitive ageing is the decline in cognitive processing that occurs as people get older. Age-related impairments in reasoning, memory and processing speed can arise during adulthood and progress into the elder years.
196 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
197 skos:prefLabel Cognitive ageing
198 sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
199 rdf:type npg:Subject
200 skos:Concept
201 rdfs:label Cognitive neuroscience
202 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
203 skos:definition Cognitive neuroscience is the field of study focusing on the neural substrates of mental processes. It is at the intersection of psychology and neuroscience, but also overlaps with physiological psychology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology. It combines the theories of cognitive psychology and computational modelling with experimental data about the brain.
204 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
205 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/attention
206 sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-control
207 sg:ontologies/subjects/consciousness
208 sg:ontologies/subjects/decision
209 sg:ontologies/subjects/dyslexia
210 sg:ontologies/subjects/intelligence
211 sg:ontologies/subjects/language
212 sg:ontologies/subjects/motivation
213 sg:ontologies/subjects/perception
214 sg:ontologies/subjects/personality
215 sg:ontologies/subjects/problem-solving
216 sg:ontologies/subjects/reading
217 skos:prefLabel Cognitive neuroscience
218 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-neuroscience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
219 rdf:type npg:Subject
220 skos:Concept
221 rdfs:label Computational neuroscience
222 skos:altLabel Neuroinformatics
223 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics
224 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
225 skos:definition Computational neuroscience is the field of study in which mathematical tools and theories are used to investigate brain function. It can also incorporate diverse approaches from electrical engineering, computer science and physics in order to understand how the nervous system processes information.
226 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
227 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-models
228 sg:ontologies/subjects/dynamical-systems
229 sg:ontologies/subjects/learning-algorithms
230 sg:ontologies/subjects/network-models
231 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-decoding
232 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-encoding
233 skos:prefLabel Computational neuroscience
234 sg:ontologies/subjects/development-of-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
235 rdf:type npg:Subject
236 skos:Concept
237 rdfs:label Development of the nervous system
238 skos:altLabel Neural development
239 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
240 skos:definition The development of the nervous system is the ongoing biological process through which nervous tissue is generated and shaped in an embryo and in postnatal and adult organisms. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie neural development may also provide insight into the causes of neurodevelopmental disorders.
241 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
242 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/axon-and-dendritic-guidance
243 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-fate-and-cell-lineage
244 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-type-diversity
245 sg:ontologies/subjects/glial-development
246 sg:ontologies/subjects/glial-progenitors
247 sg:ontologies/subjects/lamination
248 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-patterning
249 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-progenitors
250 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuronal-development
251 sg:ontologies/subjects/signalling-gradients
252 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-development
253 skos:prefLabel Development of the nervous system
254 sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
255 rdf:type npg:Subject
256 skos:Concept
257 rdfs:label Diseases of the nervous system
258 skos:altLabel Nervous System Disease
259 Nervous System Diseases
260 Nervous System Disorder
261 Nervous System Disorders
262 Neurologic Disorder
263 Neurologic Disorders
264 Neurological Disorder
265 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
266 skos:definition Diseases of the nervous system refer to disorders that affect any part of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord or cranial nerves) or peripheral nervous system.
267 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
268 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/addiction
269 sg:ontologies/subjects/alzheimers-disease
270 sg:ontologies/subjects/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
271 sg:ontologies/subjects/anxiety
272 sg:ontologies/subjects/autism-spectrum-disorders
273 sg:ontologies/subjects/bipolar-disorder
274 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-in-the-nervous-system
275 sg:ontologies/subjects/channelopathies
276 sg:ontologies/subjects/chronic-pain
277 sg:ontologies/subjects/dementia
278 sg:ontologies/subjects/depression
279 sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-disorders
280 sg:ontologies/subjects/dystonia
281 sg:ontologies/subjects/encephalopathy
282 sg:ontologies/subjects/epilepsy
283 sg:ontologies/subjects/huntingtons-disease
284 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipid-storage-diseases
285 sg:ontologies/subjects/macular-degeneration
286 sg:ontologies/subjects/multiple-sclerosis
287 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurodegeneration
288 sg:ontologies/subjects/obsessive-compulsive-disorder
289 sg:ontologies/subjects/parkinsons-disease
290 sg:ontologies/subjects/post-traumatic-stress-disorder
291 sg:ontologies/subjects/psychosis
292 sg:ontologies/subjects/schizophrenia
293 sg:ontologies/subjects/spinocerebellar-ataxia
294 sg:ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience
295 sg:ontologies/subjects/stroke
296 skos:prefLabel Diseases of the nervous system
297 sg:ontologies/subjects/emotion sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
298 rdf:type npg:Subject
299 skos:Concept
300 rdfs:label Emotion
301 skos:altLabel Emotions
302 Feeling
303 Feelings
304 Regret
305 Regrets
306 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
307 skos:definition An emotion is an affective state triggered by perceived or recalled external stimuli. Emotions can serve to arouse or motivate behaviours. Examples include sadness, joy, fear, anger and disgust.
308 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
309 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/aggression
310 sg:ontologies/subjects/amygdala
311 sg:ontologies/subjects/insula
312 sg:ontologies/subjects/limbic-system
313 sg:ontologies/subjects/prefrontal-cortex
314 sg:ontologies/subjects/striatum
315 skos:prefLabel Emotion
316 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
317 rdf:type npg:Subject
318 skos:Concept
319 rdfs:label Epigenetics in the nervous system
320 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
321 skos:definition Epigenetics in the nervous system is the study of the interaction between epigenetic process, which regulate gene expression without changing the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence, and the development, physiology and functions of the nervous system.
322 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
323 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-and-behaviour
324 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics-and-plasticity
325 skos:prefLabel Epigenetics in the nervous system
326 sg:ontologies/subjects/feeding-behaviour sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
327 rdf:type npg:Subject
328 skos:Concept
329 rdfs:label Feeding behaviour
330 skos:altLabel Eating Behavior
331 Eating Behaviors
332 Feeding Behavior
333 Feeding Behaviors
334 Feeding Pattern
335 Feeding Patterns
336 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolism
337 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
338 skos:definition Feeding behaviour refers to the behaviours related to obtaining and consuming food.
339 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
340 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/hypothalamus
341 sg:ontologies/subjects/obesity
342 skos:prefLabel Feeding behaviour
343 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics-of-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
344 rdf:type npg:Subject
345 skos:Concept
346 rdfs:label Genetics of the nervous system
347 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
348 skos:definition Genetics of the nervous system refers to the study of genetics affecting the development, physiology and functions of the nervous system and diseases thereof.
349 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
350 skos:prefLabel Genetics of the nervous system
351 sg:ontologies/subjects/glial-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
352 rdf:type npg:Subject
353 skos:Concept
354 rdfs:label Glial biology
355 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
356 skos:definition The study of the molecular and cellular biology of glial cells, for example, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells and microglia.
357 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
358 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/astrocyte
359 sg:ontologies/subjects/microglia
360 sg:ontologies/subjects/oligodendrocyte
361 sg:ontologies/subjects/schwann-cell
362 skos:prefLabel Glial biology
363 sg:ontologies/subjects/gliogenesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
364 rdf:type npg:Subject
365 skos:Concept
366 rdfs:label Gliogenesis
367 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
368 skos:definition Gliogenesis is the developmental process by which glial cells – astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells, microglia – are generated. It includes the production of glial progenitor cells and their differentiation into mature glia.
369 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
370 skos:prefLabel Gliogenesis
371 sg:ontologies/subjects/gustatory-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
372 rdf:type npg:Subject
373 skos:Concept
374 rdfs:label Gustatory system
375 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
376 skos:definition The gustatory system is the sensory system responsible for the perception of taste and flavour. In humans, the gustatory system is comprised of taste cells in the mouth (which sense the five taste modalities: salty, sweet, bitter, sour and umami), several cranial nerves, and the gustatory cortex.
377 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
378 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/gustatory-cortex
379 sg:ontologies/subjects/taste-receptors
380 skos:prefLabel Gustatory system
381 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
382 rdf:type npg:Subject
383 skos:Concept
384 rdfs:label Ion channels in the nervous system
385 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
386 skos:definition Ion channels in the nervous system refers to the study of ion channels – proteins allowing charged particles to cross membranes – found in neurons and glia, where they are involved in maintaining the electrochemical gradients that allow neurons to produce action potentials and neurons and glia to release and recycle neurotransmitters.
387 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
388 skos:prefLabel Ion channels in the nervous system
389 sg:ontologies/subjects/learning-and-memory sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
390 rdf:type npg:Subject
391 skos:Concept
392 rdfs:label Learning and memory
393 skos:altLabel Learning
394 Memory
395 Phenomenography
396 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
397 skos:definition Learning and memory refers to the processes of acquiring, retaining and retrieving information in the central nervous system. It consists of forming stable long-term memories that include declarative (recall of events and facts) and nondeclarative (conditioning, skill learning) forms.
398 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
399 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/classical-conditioning
400 sg:ontologies/subjects/consolidation
401 sg:ontologies/subjects/cortex
402 sg:ontologies/subjects/extinction
403 sg:ontologies/subjects/fear-conditioning
404 sg:ontologies/subjects/forgetting
405 sg:ontologies/subjects/habituation
406 sg:ontologies/subjects/hippocampus
407 sg:ontologies/subjects/long-term-memory
408 sg:ontologies/subjects/operant-learning
409 sg:ontologies/subjects/short-term-memory
410 sg:ontologies/subjects/spatial-memory
411 sg:ontologies/subjects/working-memory
412 skos:prefLabel Learning and memory
413 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-neuroscience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
414 rdf:type npg:Subject
415 skos:Concept
416 rdfs:label Molecular neuroscience
417 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
418 skos:definition Molecular neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that examines the biology of the nervous system with molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry and related methodologies.
419 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
420 skos:prefLabel Molecular neuroscience
421 sg:ontologies/subjects/motivation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
422 rdf:type npg:Subject
423 skos:Concept
424 rdfs:label Motivation
425 skos:altLabel Disincentive
426 Disincentives
427 Incentive
428 Incentives
429 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cognitive-neuroscience
430 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
431 skos:definition Motivation is the driving force that elicits a certain behaviour from an organism in order to satisfy the drive or seek a particular goal. Motivation can be induced by physiological drives such as hunger, thirst or pain, as well as by events in the external environment.
432 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
433 skos:prefLabel Motivation
434 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-control sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
435 rdf:type npg:Subject
436 skos:Concept
437 rdfs:label Motor control
438 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
439 skos:definition Motor control refers to the process by which the nervous system coordinates the muscle and limbs to achieve a desired movement or set of actions. This includes the ability to anticipate, adjust and respond to deviations from the desired action.
440 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
441 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/basal-ganglia
442 sg:ontologies/subjects/brain-machine-interface
443 sg:ontologies/subjects/central-pattern-generators
444 sg:ontologies/subjects/cerebellum
445 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-cortex
446 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-neuron
447 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuromuscular-junction
448 sg:ontologies/subjects/premotor-cortex
449 sg:ontologies/subjects/spinal-cord
450 skos:prefLabel Motor control
451 sg:ontologies/subjects/myelin-biology-and-repair sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
452 rdf:type npg:Subject
453 skos:Concept
454 rdfs:label Myelin biology and repair
455 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
456 skos:definition Myelin biology and repair refers to the science of myelin physiology, manufacture, and how myelin damage in either the peripheral or central nervous systems can be repaired. Myelin – produced by Schwann cells in the periphery and oligodendrocytes in the CNS – is defective in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and many myelin repair strategies aim to mitigate this damage.
457 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
458 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/multiple-sclerosis
459 skos:prefLabel Myelin biology and repair
460 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-ageing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
461 rdf:type npg:Subject
462 skos:Concept
463 rdfs:label Neural ageing
464 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
465 skos:definition Neural ageing is the process by which neural cells in the brain and peripheral nervous system deteriorate structurally and functionally over time. It is associated with a decline in sensory, motor and cognitive functions of the brain.
466 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
467 skos:prefLabel Neural ageing
468 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-circuit sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
469 rdf:type npg:Subject
470 skos:Concept
471 rdfs:label Neural circuits
472 skos:altLabel Neural circuit
473 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
474 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
475 skos:prefLabel Neural circuits
476 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuro-vascular-interactions sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
477 rdf:type npg:Subject
478 skos:Concept
479 rdfs:label Neuro–vascular interactions
480 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
481 skos:definition Neuro–vascular interactions are the interactions between blood vessels in the brain and their adjacent neurons, and are regulated by complex interactions between endothelial cells, pericytes, fibroblasts, neurons and glia. They regulate blood flow and provide vital support for brain development and neuronal function. Defective neuro–vascular function is associated with a variety of neurological disorders.
482 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
483 skos:prefLabel Neuro–vascular interactions
484 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurogenesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
485 rdf:type npg:Subject
486 skos:Concept
487 rdfs:label Neurogenesis
488 skos:altLabel Neurogeneses
489 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology
490 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
491 sg:ontologies/subjects/organogenesis
492 skos:definition Neurogenesis is the formation of neurons from neural stem cells occurring during embryonic development and throughout adult life. During neurogenesis, neural stem cells divide and differentiate to form mature neurons. Mature neurons do not divide and carry extensions such as axons and dendrites, allowing them to send and receive electrical pulses.
493 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
494 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/adult-neurogenesis
495 sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-neurogenesis
496 skos:prefLabel Neurogenesis
497 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroimmunology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
498 rdf:type npg:Subject
499 skos:Concept
500 rdfs:label Neuroimmunology
501 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
502 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
503 skos:definition Neuroimmunology is a field that studies the interaction of the immune and nervous systems.
504 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
505 skos:prefLabel Neuroimmunology
506 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuronal-physiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
507 rdf:type npg:Subject
508 skos:Concept
509 rdfs:label Neuronal physiology
510 skos:altLabel Neurophysiology
511 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
512 skos:definition Neuronal physiology refers to the biology of neuronal function, including an understanding of the molecular and cellular processes that underlie neuronal activity.
513 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
514 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/action-potential-generation
515 sg:ontologies/subjects/dendritic-excitability
516 sg:ontologies/subjects/excitability
517 sg:ontologies/subjects/inhibition
518 sg:ontologies/subjects/inhibition-excitation-balance
519 sg:ontologies/subjects/intrinsic-excitability
520 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-potential
521 skos:prefLabel Neuronal physiology
522 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurotrophic-factors sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
523 rdf:type npg:Subject
524 skos:Concept
525 rdfs:label Neurotrophic factors
526 skos:altLabel Nerve Growth Factors
527 Neurite Outgrowth Factors
528 Neuronal Growth Associated Proteins
529 Neuronal Growth-Associated Proteins
530 Neuronotrophic Factors
531 Neurotrophic Protein
532 Neurotrophic Proteins
533 Neurotrophins
534 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
535 skos:definition Neurotrophic factors are molecules that enhance the growth and survival potential of neurons. They play important roles in both development, where they can act as guidance cues for developing neurons, and in the mature nervous system, where they are involved in neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity and the formation of long-lasting memories.
536 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
537 skos:prefLabel Neurotrophic factors
538 sg:ontologies/subjects/oculomotor-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
539 rdf:type npg:Subject
540 skos:Concept
541 rdfs:label Oculomotor system
542 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
543 skos:definition The oculomotor system consists of interconnected regions throughout the central nervous system that interact to control various eye movements. It includes different brainstem nuclei, the superior colliculus of the midbrain, and various regions throughout the cerebral cortex.
544 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
545 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/brainstem
546 sg:ontologies/subjects/cerebellum
547 sg:ontologies/subjects/cortex
548 sg:ontologies/subjects/saccades
549 sg:ontologies/subjects/smooth-pursuit
550 sg:ontologies/subjects/superior-colliculus
551 sg:ontologies/subjects/vestibuloocular-reflex
552 skos:prefLabel Oculomotor system
553 sg:ontologies/subjects/olfactory-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
554 rdf:type npg:Subject
555 skos:Concept
556 rdfs:label Olfactory system
557 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
558 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensory-systems
559 skos:definition The olfactory system is the sensory system that is responsible for the sense of smell (olfaction). It receives, processes and interprets odour information.
560 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
561 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/olfactory-bulb
562 sg:ontologies/subjects/olfactory-cortex
563 sg:ontologies/subjects/olfactory-receptors
564 skos:prefLabel Olfactory system
565 sg:ontologies/subjects/peripheral-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
566 rdf:type npg:Subject
567 skos:Concept
568 rdfs:label Peripheral nervous system
569 skos:altLabel Peripheral Nervous Systems
570 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/nervous-system
571 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
572 skos:definition The peripheral nervous system is the part of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It consists of nerves that carry information between the central nervous system and the extremities of the body.
573 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
574 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/autonomic-nervous-system
575 sg:ontologies/subjects/somatic-system
576 skos:prefLabel Peripheral nervous system
577 sg:ontologies/subjects/regeneration-and-repair-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
578 rdf:type npg:Subject
579 skos:Concept
580 rdfs:label Regeneration and repair in the nervous system
581 skos:altLabel Nerve Regeneration
582 Nerve Regenerations
583 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
584 skos:definition Regeneration and repair in the nervous system is a process by which damaged tissue undergoes regrowth or renewal, leading to eventual restoration of nervous system function. This process happens more readily with axons, synapses, neurons and glia in the peripheral nervous system.
585 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
586 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/spinal-cord-injury
587 skos:prefLabel Regeneration and repair in the nervous system
588 sg:ontologies/subjects/reward sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
589 rdf:type npg:Subject
590 skos:Concept
591 rdfs:label Reward
592 skos:altLabel Rewards
593 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
594 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing
595 skos:definition Reward is an appealing or appetitive concept that can be applied to an object or a situation, which positively reinforces a response, satisfies a motive or intent, or signals pleasure.
596 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
597 skos:prefLabel Reward
598 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensorimotor-processing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
599 rdf:type npg:Subject
600 skos:Concept
601 rdfs:label Sensorimotor processing
602 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
603 skos:definition Sensorimotor processing refers to a process by which sensory information or input is coupled or integrated to a related motor response in the central nervous system. This process underlies both involuntary or reflexive actions and voluntary acts.
604 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
605 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/birdsong
606 sg:ontologies/subjects/decision
607 sg:ontologies/subjects/navigation
608 sg:ontologies/subjects/reflexes
609 sg:ontologies/subjects/reward
610 skos:prefLabel Sensorimotor processing
611 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensory-processing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
612 rdf:type npg:Subject
613 skos:Concept
614 rdfs:label Sensory processing
615 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
616 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
617 skos:prefLabel Sensory processing
618 sg:ontologies/subjects/sexual-behaviour sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
619 rdf:type npg:Subject
620 skos:Concept
621 rdfs:label Sexual behaviour
622 skos:altLabel Anal Sex
623 Oral Sex
624 Premarital Sex Behavior
625 Sex Behavior
626 Sex Orientation
627 Sexual Activities
628 Sexual Activity
629 Sexual Behavior
630 Sexual Orientation
631 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
632 skos:definition Sexual behaviour is a process by which humans and other animals demonstrate and/or express sexuality.
633 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
634 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/oxytocin
635 sg:ontologies/subjects/pheromone
636 sg:ontologies/subjects/sexual-dimorphism
637 sg:ontologies/subjects/vasopressin
638 skos:prefLabel Sexual behaviour
639 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-behaviour sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
640 rdf:type npg:Subject
641 skos:Concept
642 rdfs:label Social behaviour
643 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
644 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
645 skos:prefLabel Social behaviour
646 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-neuroscience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
647 rdf:type npg:Subject
648 skos:Concept
649 rdfs:label Social neuroscience
650 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
651 skos:definition Social neuroscience is a research discipline that examines how the brain mediates social processes and behaviour. A wide range of research topics are examined within this discipline, including social interactions, agency, empathy, morality, and social prejudice and affiliations.
652 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
653 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/agency
654 sg:ontologies/subjects/cooperation
655 sg:ontologies/subjects/empathy
656 sg:ontologies/subjects/morality
657 skos:prefLabel Social neuroscience
658 sg:ontologies/subjects/somatosensory-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
659 rdf:type npg:Subject
660 skos:Concept
661 rdfs:label Somatosensory system
662 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
663 skos:definition The somatosensory system consists of the peripheral receptors and neural pathways through which the nervous system detects and processes information about touch (mechanoception), pain (nociception), temperature (thermoception) and the position and movement of parts of the body (proprioception).
664 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
665 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/barrel-cortex
666 sg:ontologies/subjects/cortex
667 sg:ontologies/subjects/insula
668 sg:ontologies/subjects/pain
669 sg:ontologies/subjects/thalamus
670 sg:ontologies/subjects/touch-receptors
671 sg:ontologies/subjects/whisker-system
672 skos:prefLabel Somatosensory system
673 sg:ontologies/subjects/spine-regulation-and-structure sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
674 rdf:type npg:Subject
675 skos:Concept
676 rdfs:label Spine regulation and structure
677 skos:altLabel Spine morphology
678 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
679 skos:definition Spine regulation is the biological process by which the structure or function of a dendritic spine is modulated by factors such as neuronal excitation. The structure of dendritic spines is highly variable; however, a typical spine consists of a spine head that may be mushroom- or cup-shaped and a thinner neck region.
680 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
681 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/spine-motility
682 sg:ontologies/subjects/spine-plasticity
683 sg:ontologies/subjects/spine-structure
684 skos:prefLabel Spine regulation and structure
685 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cells-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
686 rdf:type npg:Subject
687 skos:Concept
688 rdfs:label Stem cells in the nervous system
689 skos:altLabel Neural Stem Cell
690 Neural Stem Cells
691 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
692 skos:definition Stem cells in the nervous system are self-renewing cells that have the capacity to produce all, or a restricted set of, the neural cell types (neurons and glia) in the nervous system. Stem cells can be found in the developing and adult nervous system.
693 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
694 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/glial-stem-cells
695 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-stem-cells
696 skos:prefLabel Stem cells in the nervous system
697 sg:ontologies/subjects/stress-and-resilience sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
698 rdf:type npg:Subject
699 skos:Concept
700 rdfs:label Stress and resilience
701 skos:altLabel Anguish
702 Emotional Stress
703 Life Stress
704 Life Stresses
705 Mental Suffering
706 Psychologic Stress
707 Psychological Resilience
708 Psychological Resiliences
709 Psychological Stress
710 Psychological Stresses
711 Suffering
712 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases-of-the-nervous-system
713 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
714 skos:definition Stress and resilience refers to the individual's ability to withstand and adapt to ongoing stressors and adverse events.
715 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
716 skos:prefLabel Stress and resilience
717 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-plasticity sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
718 rdf:type npg:Subject
719 skos:Concept
720 rdfs:label Synaptic plasticity
721 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
722 skos:definition Synaptic plasticity is the biological process by which specific patterns of synaptic activity result in changes in synaptic strength and is thought to contribute to learning and memory. Both pre-synaptic and post-synaptic mechanisms can contribute to the expression of synaptic plasticity.
723 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
724 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/long-term-depression
725 sg:ontologies/subjects/long-term-potentiation
726 sg:ontologies/subjects/short-term-potentiation
727 sg:ontologies/subjects/spike-timing-dependent-plasticity
728 skos:prefLabel Synaptic plasticity
729 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-transmission sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
730 rdf:type npg:Subject
731 skos:Concept
732 rdfs:label Synaptic transmission
733 skos:altLabel Neural Transmission
734 Neurotransmission
735 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
736 skos:definition Synaptic transmission is the biological process by which a neuron communicates with a target cell across a synapse. Chemical synaptic transmission involves the release of a neurotransmitter from the pre-synaptic neuron, and neurotransmitter binding to specific post-synaptic receptors. Electrical synapse transmission involves the transfer of electrical signals through gap junctions.
737 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
738 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/gap-junctions
739 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurotransmitters
740 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-vesicle-endocytosis
741 sg:ontologies/subjects/synaptic-vesicle-exocytosis
742 sg:ontologies/subjects/vesicle-trafficking
743 skos:prefLabel Synaptic transmission
744 sg:ontologies/subjects/transporters-in-the-nervous-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
745 rdf:type npg:Subject
746 skos:Concept
747 rdfs:label Transporters in the nervous system
748 skos:altLabel Membrane transport proteins
749 Neurotransmitter transporters
750 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
751 skos:definition Transporters in the nervous system are proteins that span the plasma membrane and are involved in movement of ions and molecules across the membrane. They include neurotransmitter transporters, which move neurotransmitters or their metabolites from the extracellular space into a neuron, and vesicular transporters, which are involved in filling synaptic vesicles.
752 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
753 skos:prefLabel Transporters in the nervous system
754 sg:ontologies/subjects/visual-system sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
755 rdf:type npg:Subject
756 skos:Concept
757 rdfs:label Visual system
758 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
759 sg:ontologies/subjects/sensory-systems
760 skos:definition The visual system is the part of the central nervous system that is required for visual perception – receiving, processing and interpreting visual information to build a representation of the visual environment. It consists of the eye, retina, fibres that conduct visual information to the thalamus, the superior colliculus and parts of the cerebral cortex.
761 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
762 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/colour-vision
763 sg:ontologies/subjects/extrastriate-cortex
764 sg:ontologies/subjects/motion
765 sg:ontologies/subjects/object-vision
766 sg:ontologies/subjects/pattern-vision
767 sg:ontologies/subjects/retina
768 sg:ontologies/subjects/striate-cortex
769 sg:ontologies/subjects/thalamus
770 skos:prefLabel Visual system
771 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
772 rdf:type rdfs:Class
773 rdfs:Resource
774 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
775 skos:Concept
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...