Medical research


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Medical research

DESCRIPTION

Medical research involves research in a wide range of fields, such as biology, chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology with the goal of developing new medicines or medical procedures or improving the application of those already available. It can be viewed as encompassing preclinical research (for example, in cellular systems and animal models) and clinical research (for example, clinical trials).

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    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Health sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:topConceptOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
      }
    ], 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:hasTopConcept": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
    ]
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/medical-research'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/medical-research'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/medical-research'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/medical-research'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

206 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      22 URIs      5 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Medical research
6 skos:altLabel Clinical Research
7 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
8 skos:definition Medical research involves research in a wide range of fields, such as biology, chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology with the goal of developing new medicines or medical procedures or improving the application of those already available. It can be viewed as encompassing preclinical research (for example, in cellular systems and animal models) and clinical research (for example, clinical trials).
9 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
10 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biomarkers
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-development
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/epidemiology
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/experimental-models-of-disease
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics-research
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/outcomes-research
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/paediatric-research
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/pre-clinical-studies
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cell-research
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/study-design
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/translational-research
21 skos:prefLabel Medical research
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
23 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
24 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
25 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
26 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/biomarkers sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
36 rdf:type npg:Subject
37 skos:Concept
38 rdfs:label Biomarkers
39 skos:altLabel Biochemical Marker
40 Biochemical Markers
41 Biologic Marker
42 Biologic Markers
43 Biological Marker
44 Biological Markers
45 Clinical Marker
46 Clinical Markers
47 Immune Marker
48 Immune Markers
49 Immunologic Marker
50 Immunologic Markers
51 Laboratory Marker
52 Laboratory Markers
53 Serum Marker
54 Serum Markers
55 Surrogate End Point
56 Surrogate End Points
57 Surrogate Endpoint
58 Surrogate Endpoints
59 Surrogate Marker
60 Surrogate Markers
61 Viral Marker
62 Viral Markers
63 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
66 skos:definition A biomarker is a biological characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological or pathological processes, or a response to a therapeutic intervention. Examples include patterns of gene expression, levels of a particular protein in body fluids, or changes in electrical activity in the brain.
67 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
68 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/diagnostic-markers
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/predictive-markers
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/prognostic-markers
71 skos:prefLabel Biomarkers
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-development sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
73 rdf:type npg:Subject
74 skos:Concept
75 rdfs:label Drug development
76 skos:altLabel Drug pipeline
77 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
79 skos:definition Drug development describes the process of developing a new drug that effectively targets a specific weakness in a cell. This process involves specific pre-clinical development and testing, followed by trials in humans to determine the efficacy of the drug.
80 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
81 skos:prefLabel Drug development
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/epidemiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
83 rdf:type npg:Subject
84 skos:Concept
85 rdfs:label Epidemiology
86 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/public-health
88 skos:definition Epidemiology is a field of medicine that studies the incidence, causes and effects of diseases in populations, and patterns within these. It has a key role in protecting public health and can provide valuable information for developing new medicines, such as revealing risk factors for a particular disease.
89 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
90 skos:prefLabel Epidemiology
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/experimental-models-of-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
92 rdf:type npg:Subject
93 skos:Concept
94 rdfs:label Experimental models of disease
95 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
96 skos:definition Experimental models of disease are used to investigate processes thought to be involved in human diseases, and to evaluate and select drug candidates that affect these processes to support their progression into clinical trials. They typically involve animals in which processes that are considered to be sufficiently similar to those in human disease are either induced or naturally occur.
97 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
98 skos:prefLabel Experimental models of disease
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics-research sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
100 rdf:type npg:Subject
101 skos:Concept
102 rdfs:label Genetics research
103 skos:altLabel Genetic Research
104 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
105 skos:definition Genetics research is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the role of genes in traits such as the development of disease. It has a key role in identifying potential targets for therapeutic intervention and also in understanding genetically based variations in response to therapeutic interventions.
106 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
107 skos:prefLabel Genetics research
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
109 rdf:type npg:Subject
110 skos:Concept
111 rdfs:label Health sciences
112 skos:definition The health sciences study all aspects of health, disease and healthcare. This field of study aims to develop knowledge, interventions and technology for use in healthcare to improve the treatment of patients.
113 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
114 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/anatomy
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/biomarkers
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/cardiology
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/endocrinology
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastroenterology
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-care
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-occupations
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-medicine
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/nephrology
125 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurology
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/oncology
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/pathogenesis
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/rheumatology
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/risk-factors
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/signs-and-symptoms
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/urology
132 skos:prefLabel Health sciences
133 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/outcomes-research sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
135 rdf:type npg:Subject
136 skos:Concept
137 rdfs:label Outcomes research
138 skos:altLabel Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
139 Outcome Assessments (Health Care)
140 Outcome Measure
141 Outcome Measures
142 Outcome Studies
143 Outcome Study
144 Outcomes Assessment
145 Outcomes Assessments
146 Patient Outcome Assessment
147 Patient Outcome Assessments
148 Patient Outcomes Assessment
149 Patient Outcomes Assessments
150 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
151 skos:definition Outcomes research evaluates the quality and effectiveness of health care by measuring parameters such as mortality or quality of life. For example, it can provide evidence on the benefits and risks of particular drugs or other medical interventions in a real-world environment that can be used to improve overall treatment strategies.
152 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
153 skos:prefLabel Outcomes research
154 sg:ontologies/subjects/paediatric-research sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
155 rdf:type npg:Subject
156 skos:Concept
157 rdfs:label Paediatric research
158 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
159 sg:ontologies/subjects/paediatrics
160 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
161 skos:prefLabel Paediatric research
162 sg:ontologies/subjects/pre-clinical-studies sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
163 rdf:type npg:Subject
164 skos:Concept
165 rdfs:label Preclinical research
166 skos:altLabel Pre-clinical studies
167 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
168 skos:definition Preclinical research involves the evaluation of potential therapeutic interventions in cells and animals. Candidates for entry into clinical trials can then be selected based on their effectiveness and safety in disease models. All drugs require data from various toxicological preclinical studies to support their potential safety in humans before clinical trials can begin.
169 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
170 skos:prefLabel Preclinical research
171 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cell-research sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
172 rdf:type npg:Subject
173 skos:Concept
174 rdfs:label Stem-cell research
175 skos:altLabel Adult Stem Cell Research
176 Embryonic Stem Cell Research
177 Stem Cell Research
178 Stem Cell Researchs
179 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
180 skos:definition Stem-cell research is the area of research that studies the properties of stem cells and their potential use in medicine. As stem cells are the source of all tissues, understanding their properties helps in our understanding of the healthy and diseased body's development and homeostasis.
181 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
182 skos:prefLabel Stem-cell research
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/study-design sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
184 rdf:type npg:Subject
185 skos:Concept
186 rdfs:label Clinical trial design
187 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
188 skos:definition Clinical trial design is a key aspect of the successful conduct of clinical trials. It involves deciding parameters such as the number of patients, the length of the trial, the comparator arm (in the case of randomized controlled trials) using information on current treatments, the anticipated effect of the therapeutic intervention being studied and applying biostatistics methods.
189 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
190 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-trials
191 sg:ontologies/subjects/randomized-controlled-trials
192 skos:prefLabel Clinical trial design
193 sg:ontologies/subjects/translational-research sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
194 rdf:type npg:Subject
195 skos:Concept
196 rdfs:label Translational research
197 skos:altLabel Translational Researchs
198 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
199 skos:definition Translational research involves the application of knowledge gained through basic research to studies that could support the development of new products. For example, translational research in the field of medicine may involve using knowledge of the biology of a disease to identify and evaluate chemical compounds in disease models, with a view to selecting potential candidate drugs to advance into clinical trials.
200 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
201 skos:prefLabel Translational research
202 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
203 rdf:type rdfs:Class
204 rdfs:Resource
205 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
206 skos:Concept
 




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