Liver diseases


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Liver diseases

DESCRIPTION

Liver diseases are any diseases that affect the functioning of the liver. Liver diseases can be inherited (such as Wilson disease and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency) or acquired (for example hepatitis and liver cancer).

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

225 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      26 URIs      7 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Liver diseases
6 skos:altLabel Liver Disease
7 Liver Dysfunction
8 Liver Dysfunctions
9 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-diseases
10 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatology
11 skos:definition Liver diseases are any diseases that affect the functioning of the liver. Liver diseases can be inherited (such as Wilson disease and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency) or acquired (for example hepatitis and liver cancer).
12 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
13 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/alcoholic-liver-disease
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatotoxicity
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-cancer
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-cirrhosis
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-fibrosis
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/parasitic-liver-diseases
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/portal-hypertension
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/primary-biliary-cirrhosis
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
25 skos:prefLabel Liver diseases
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
27 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
28 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
29 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
30 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/alcoholic-liver-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
40 rdf:type npg:Subject
41 skos:Concept
42 rdfs:label Alcoholic liver disease
43 skos:altLabel Alcoholic Liver Diseases
44 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
45 skos:definition Alcoholic liver disease is liver damage that results from alcohol misuse. The least severe stage of alcoholic liver disease is alcoholic fatty liver disease, followed by alcoholic hepatitis and then alcoholic cirrhosis; some overlap exists between these stages. Symptoms generally occur only once the liver has been severely damaged.
46 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
47 skos:prefLabel Alcoholic liver disease
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-diseases sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
49 rdf:type npg:Subject
50 skos:Concept
51 rdfs:label Gastrointestinal diseases
52 skos:altLabel Cholera Infantum
53 Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder
54 Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
55 Gastrointestinal Disease
56 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastroenterology
58 skos:definition Gastrointestinal diseases are those that affect any section of the gastrointestinal tract, from the oesophagus to the rectum, and the accessory digestive organs – liver, gall bladder and pancreas. The term encompasses acute, chronic, recurrent or functional disorders and covers a wide range of diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and functional dyspepsia.
59 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
60 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/anal-diseases
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/biliary-tract-disease
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/dysbiosis
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/enteric-neuropathies
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastroenteritis
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-bleeding
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-cancer
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/inflammatory-bowel-disease
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/intestinal-diseases
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/motility-disorders
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/nutrition-disorders
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/oesophageal-diseases
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/pancreatic-disease
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/stomach-diseases
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/ulcers
78 skos:prefLabel Gastrointestinal diseases
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
80 rdf:type npg:Subject
81 skos:Concept
82 rdfs:label Hepatitis
83 skos:altLabel Hepatitides
84 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-diseases
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatology
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-diseases
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
88 skos:definition Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by infection of the liver by hepatitis viruses (hepatitis B, hepatitis C and viral hepatitis) or is of unknown aetiology (autoimmune hepatitis).
89 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
90 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/autoimmune-hepatitis
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93 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
94 rdf:type npg:Subject
95 skos:Concept
96 rdfs:label Hepatology
97 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gastroenterology
98 skos:definition Hepatology is a medical specialty focusing on the structure, function, pathology and disorders of the liver, gall bladder and bile ducts.
99 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
100 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biliary-tract
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/biliary-tract-disease
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatitis
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
105 skos:prefLabel Hepatology
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatotoxicity sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
107 rdf:type npg:Subject
108 skos:Concept
109 rdfs:label Hepatotoxicity
110 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
111 skos:definition Hepatotoxicity is damage or injury to the liver as a result of damaging or destructive agents – such as drugs or industrial chemicals – which are termed hepatotoxins.
112 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
113 skos:prefLabel Hepatotoxicity
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-cancer sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
115 rdf:type npg:Subject
116 skos:Concept
117 rdfs:label Liver cancer
118 skos:altLabel Cancer of Liver
119 Cancer of the Liver
120 Hepatic Cancer
121 Hepatic Cancers
122 Hepatic Neoplasm
123 Hepatic Neoplasms
124 Liver Cancers
125 Liver Neoplasm
126 Liver Neoplasms
127 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-cancer
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
129 skos:definition Liver cancer, or hepatic cancer, is a malignant tumour that grows on the surface or inside the liver. The leading cause is a viral infection with hepatitis B or C virus. The most frequent liver cancers are hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatoblastoma (formed by immature liver cells).
130 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
131 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/hepatocellular-carcinoma
132 skos:prefLabel Liver cancer
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-cirrhosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
134 rdf:type npg:Subject
135 skos:Concept
136 rdfs:label Liver cirrhosis
137 skos:altLabel Hepatic Cirrhoses
138 Hepatic Cirrhosis
139 Liver Cirrhoses
140 Liver Fibroses
141 Liver Fibrosis
142 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
143 skos:definition Liver cirrhosis is irreversible damage or scarring to the liver as a result of advanced liver disease (such as hepatitis) that stops the liver functioning, potentially leading to liver failure. Healthy tissue is replaced by areas of liver fibrosis and regenerative nodules, which alters the normal structure of the liver.
144 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
145 skos:prefLabel Liver cirrhosis
146 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-fibrosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
147 rdf:type npg:Subject
148 skos:Concept
149 rdfs:label Liver fibrosis
150 skos:altLabel Hepatic Cirrhoses
151 Hepatic Cirrhosis
152 Liver Cirrhoses
153 Liver Cirrhosis
154 Liver Fibroses
155 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
156 skos:definition Liver fibrosis is the liver's response to injury, in which excess extracellular matrix is deposited. In most cases, liver fibrosis is the result of chronic liver disease, such as hepatitis. Liver fibrosis can progress to liver cirrhosis over time, but the two conditions are distinct.
157 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
158 skos:prefLabel Liver fibrosis
159 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
160 rdf:type npg:Subject
161 skos:Concept
162 rdfs:label Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
163 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
164 skos:definition Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs when excess fat accumulates in liver cells in people who consume little or no alcohol. NAFLD is associated with various metabolic risk factors, such as obesity and diabetes. NAFLD can remain harmless, but in some patients it progresses to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
165 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
166 skos:prefLabel Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
168 rdf:type npg:Subject
169 skos:Concept
170 rdfs:label Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
171 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
172 skos:definition Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a condition characterized by accumulation of fat, inflammation and injury in liver cells in people who consume little or no alcohol. It is the progressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NASH can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
173 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
174 skos:prefLabel Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
175 sg:ontologies/subjects/parasitic-liver-diseases sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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177 skos:Concept
178 rdfs:label Parasitic liver diseases
179 skos:altLabel Parasitic Liver Disease
180 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
181 skos:definition Parasitic liver diseases are caused by infection with parasites, such as liver flukes (trematoda) and tapeworms (cestoda). These infections commonly lead to abdominal pain, jaundice and weight loss, but can also lead to bloody stools, muscle pains and fever.
182 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
183 skos:prefLabel Parasitic liver diseases
184 sg:ontologies/subjects/portal-hypertension sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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186 skos:Concept
187 rdfs:label Portal hypertension
188 skos:altLabel Cruveilhier Baumgarten Syndrome
189 Cruveilhier-Baumgarten Syndrome
190 Portal Hypertensions
191 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
192 skos:definition Portal hypertension is an abnormal increase in blood pressure – defined clinically as hepatic venous pressure gradient 5 mmHg – in the hepatic portal vein system. Causes of portal hypertension can be prehepatic (such as portal vein thrombosis), hepatic (commonly liver cirrhosis and hepatic fibrosis) or posthepatic (such as hepatic vein obstruction).
193 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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203 rdfs:label Primary biliary cirrhosis
204 skos:altLabel Biliary Cirrhosis
205 Obstructive Liver Cirrhosis
206 Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis
207 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bile-duct-disease
208 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
209 skos:definition Primary biliary cirrhosis is an autoimmune disease of the liver characterized by slow, progressive destruction of bile ducts in the liver. The early destruction of small interlobular bile ducts leads to build up of bile in the liver – cholestasis – tissue damage and, in some patients, cirrhosis. Common symptoms are fatigue and pruritus.
210 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
211 skos:prefLabel Primary biliary cirrhosis
212 sg:ontologies/subjects/primary-sclerosing-cholangitis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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215 rdfs:label Primary sclerosing cholangitis
216 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bile-duct-disease
217 sg:ontologies/subjects/liver-diseases
218 skos:definition Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic liver disease caused by progressive inflammation and scarring of the bile ducts of the liver. The inflammation impedes the flow of bile to the duodenum, which can ultimately lead to liver cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer. The underlying cause of the inflammation is believed to be autoimmunity.
219 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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