Kidney diseases


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     

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        "@value": "Kidney diseases are hereditary and nonhereditary disorders that affect the kidney. Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure are important risk factors for kidney disease."
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        "@value": "Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder whereby a large number of cysts develop primarily within the kidneys, but also in other organs. PKD can be autosomal dominant (one mutated gene required to develop the disease) or autosomal recessive (mutated genes are inherited from both parents leading to disease)."
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        "@value": "Renal cancer refers to all malignancies that occur within the kidney. Subtypes include renal cell carcinoma and Wilms tumours."
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This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

334 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      34 URIs      7 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Kidney diseases
6 skos:altLabel Kidney Disease
7 Renal disease
8 Renal diseases
9 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases
10 sg:ontologies/subjects/nephrology
11 skos:definition Kidney diseases are hereditary and nonhereditary disorders that affect the kidney. Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure are important risk factors for kidney disease.
12 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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33 skos:prefLabel Kidney diseases
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
35 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
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52 skos:definition The kidneys are responsible for maintaining the balance of acids, bases, fluids and electrolytes in the body, avoiding significant fluctuations that can lead to life-threatening conditions. Acid, base, fluid and electrolyte disorders occur in renal failure as a consequence of declining glomerular filtration rate.
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71 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
72 skos:definition Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a rapid deterioration in kidney function that occurs within 48 hours of an initiating event and is associated with an absolute increase in serum creatinine of ≥26.4 μmol/l. Main causes of AKI include sepsis, ischaemia-reperfusion injury and nephrotoxins. Symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, nausea and vomiting.
73 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
74 skos:prefLabel Acute kidney injury
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/chronic-kidney-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
76 rdf:type npg:Subject
77 skos:Concept
78 rdfs:label Chronic kidney disease
79 skos:altLabel CKD
80 Chronic Kidney Insufficiency
81 Chronic Renal Disease
82 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
83 skos:definition Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as a progressive loss of renal function that lasts for more than 3 months, and is classified according to the degree of kidney damage – measured by the level of proteinuria – and the decline in glomerular filtration rate. The most severe form is end-stage renal disease.
84 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
85 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/end-stage-renal-disease
86 skos:prefLabel Chronic kidney disease
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
88 rdf:type npg:Subject
89 skos:Concept
90 rdfs:label Diseases
91 skos:altLabel Disease
92 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
93 skos:definition Diseases are abnormal conditions that have a specific set of signs and symptoms. Diseases can have an external cause, such as an infection, or an internal cause, such as autoimmune diseases.
94 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
95 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/cardiovascular-diseases
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/dental-diseases
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/endocrine-system-and-metabolic-diseases
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/eye-diseases
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-diseases
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/haematological-diseases
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunological-disorders
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-diseases
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolic-disorders
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurological-disorders
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/nutrition-disorders
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/oral-diseases
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/psychiatric-disorders
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/reproductive-disorders
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/respiratory-tract-diseases
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/rheumatic-diseases
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/skin-diseases
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/trauma
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/urogenital-diseases
116 skos:prefLabel Diseases
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/fanconi-syndrome sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
118 rdf:type npg:Subject
119 skos:Concept
120 rdfs:label Fanconi syndrome
121 skos:altLabel De Toni Debre Fanconi Syndrome
122 De Toni-Debre-Fanconi Syndrome
123 Fanconi Renotubular Syndrome
124 Idiopathic De Toni Debre Fanconi Syndrome
125 Idiopathic De Toni-Debre-Fanconi Syndrome
126 Lignac Fanconi Syndrome
127 Lignac-Fanconi Syndrome
128 Neonatal De Toni Debre Fanconi Syndrome
129 Neonatal De Toni-Debre-Fanconi Syndrome
130 Primary Toni Debre Fanconi Syndrome
131 Primary Toni-Debre-Fanconi Syndrome
132 Proximal Renal Tubular Dysfunction
133 Renal Fanconi Syndrome
134 Toni Debre Fanconi Syndrome
135 Toni-Debre-Fanconi Syndrome
136 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
137 skos:definition Fanconi syndrome is a hereditary or acquired disease of the renal proximal tubules, without primary involvement of kidney glomeruli, and is characterized by the tubular wasting of nutrients and salts, which are released into the urine. Clinical features include hypokalaemia, acidosis, hypercalciuria and proteinuria.
138 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
139 skos:prefLabel Fanconi syndrome
140 sg:ontologies/subjects/glomerular-diseases sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
141 rdf:type npg:Subject
142 skos:Concept
143 rdfs:label Glomerular diseases
144 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
145 skos:definition Glomerular diseases encompass a wide spectrum of conditions, characterized by injury to the glomeruli, resulting in the incorrect filtering of blood and excretion of waste products. Causes include environmental and genetic factors, such as drug toxicity and infection, as well as other diseases, including diabetes and lupus.
146 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
147 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/alport-syndrome
148 sg:ontologies/subjects/collapsing-glomerulopathy
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/diabetic-nephropathy
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/fabry-disease
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
152 sg:ontologies/subjects/iga-nephropathy
153 sg:ontologies/subjects/infection-related-glomerular-disease
154 sg:ontologies/subjects/membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis
155 sg:ontologies/subjects/membranous-nephropathy
156 sg:ontologies/subjects/minimal-change-disease
157 skos:prefLabel Glomerular diseases
158 sg:ontologies/subjects/interstitial-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
159 rdf:type npg:Subject
160 skos:Concept
161 rdfs:label Interstitial disease
162 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
163 skos:definition Interstitial disease is defined as a disorder that primarily affects the connective tissues of an organ.
164 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
165 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/interstitial-nephritis
166 skos:prefLabel Interstitial disease
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/lupus-nephritis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
168 rdf:type npg:Subject
169 skos:Concept
170 rdfs:label Lupus nephritis
171 skos:altLabel Lupus Glomerulonephritides
172 Lupus Glomerulonephritis
173 Lupus Nephritides
174 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
175 sg:ontologies/subjects/systemic-lupus-erythematosus
176 skos:definition Lupus nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease (glomerulonephritis) that develops in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In patients with SLE, the immune system is not properly regulated and attacks the body’s own tissues, causing damage to the kidneys and other organs.
177 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
178 skos:prefLabel Lupus nephritis
179 sg:ontologies/subjects/nephritis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
180 rdf:type npg:Subject
181 skos:Concept
182 rdfs:label Nephritis
183 skos:altLabel Nephritides
184 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
185 skos:definition Nephritis is defined as inflammation of the kidney and may involve the glomeruli, tubules or interstitium.
186 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
187 skos:prefLabel Nephritis
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/nephrology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
189 rdf:type npg:Subject
190 skos:Concept
191 rdfs:label Nephrology
192 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
193 skos:definition Nephrology is specialty of medicine concerned with kidney physiology, kidney disease, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy. Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys (e.g. diabetes and autoimmune disease) and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems (e.g. metabolic bone disease and hypertension) are also studied in nephrology.
194 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
195 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney
196 sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
197 sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-replacement-therapy
198 skos:prefLabel Nephrology
199 sg:ontologies/subjects/nephrosclerosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
200 rdf:type npg:Subject
201 skos:Concept
202 rdfs:label Nephrosclerosis
203 skos:altLabel Hypertensive nephrosclerosis
204 Nephroscleroses
205 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
206 skos:definition Nephrosclerosis is defined as hardening of the small arteries and arterioles of the kidney. This process is normally associated with hypertension and can lead to renal ischaemia.
207 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
208 skos:prefLabel Nephrosclerosis
209 sg:ontologies/subjects/obstructive-nephropathy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
210 rdf:type npg:Subject
211 skos:Concept
212 rdfs:label Obstructive nephropathy
213 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
214 skos:definition Obstructive nephropathy is defined as renal dysfunction resulting from obstruction of the urinary tract. The disease is characterized by inflammation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis.
215 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
216 skos:prefLabel Obstructive nephropathy
217 sg:ontologies/subjects/paediatric-kidney-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
218 rdf:type npg:Subject
219 skos:Concept
220 rdfs:label Paediatric kidney disease
221 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
222 skos:definition Paediatric kidney disease is any type of kidney disease that occurs in patients aged 18 years or under.
223 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
224 skos:prefLabel Paediatric kidney disease
225 sg:ontologies/subjects/phosphorus-metabolism-disorders sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
226 rdf:type npg:Subject
227 skos:Concept
228 rdfs:label Phosphorus metabolism disorders
229 skos:altLabel Phosphorus Metabolism Disorder
230 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
231 skos:definition Phosphorus metabolism disorders are the result of abnormal serum phosphate levels. These abnormal levels are caused by defects in the intake, excretion and cellular utilization of phosphate. Hypophosphataemia is a low blood level of phosphate, whereas hyperphosphataemia describes high levels of phosphate in the blood.
232 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
233 skos:prefLabel Phosphorus metabolism disorders
234 sg:ontologies/subjects/polycystic-kidney-disease sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
235 rdf:type npg:Subject
236 skos:Concept
237 rdfs:label Polycystic kidney disease
238 skos:altLabel PKD
239 Polycystic Kidney
240 Polycystic Kidney Diseases
241 Polycystic Kidneys
242 Polycystic Renal Disease
243 Polycystic Renal Diseases
244 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
245 skos:definition Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder whereby a large number of cysts develop primarily within the kidneys, but also in other organs. PKD can be autosomal dominant (one mutated gene required to develop the disease) or autosomal recessive (mutated genes are inherited from both parents leading to disease).
246 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
247 skos:prefLabel Polycystic kidney disease
248 sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-artery-stenosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
249 rdf:type npg:Subject
250 skos:Concept
251 rdfs:label Renal artery stenosis
252 skos:altLabel Renal Artery Obstruction
253 Renal Artery Obstructions
254 Renal Artery Stenoses
255 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
256 skos:definition Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing or blockage of the renal artery to one or both kidneys. It is most often associated with atherosclerosis and can lead to hypertension.
257 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
258 skos:prefLabel Renal artery stenosis
259 sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-calculi sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
260 rdf:type npg:Subject
261 skos:Concept
262 rdfs:label Renal calculi
263 skos:altLabel Kidney Calculi
264 Kidney Calculus
265 Kidney Stone
266 Kidney Stones
267 Renal Calculus
268 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
269 skos:definition Renal culculi are commonly known as kidney stones and consist of usually crystalline deposits that accumulate in the kidney. These deposits vary in size, and most contain calcium oxalate.
270 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
271 skos:prefLabel Renal calculi
272 sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-cancer sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
273 rdf:type npg:Subject
274 skos:Concept
275 rdfs:label Renal cancer
276 skos:altLabel Cancer of Kidney
277 Cancer of the Kidney
278 Kidney Cancer
279 Kidney Cancers
280 Kidney Neoplasm
281 Kidney Neoplasms
282 Renal Cancers
283 Renal Neoplasm
284 Renal Neoplasms
285 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
286 sg:ontologies/subjects/urogenital-diseases
287 sg:ontologies/subjects/urological-cancer
288 skos:definition Renal cancer refers to all malignancies that occur within the kidney. Subtypes include renal cell carcinoma and Wilms tumours.
289 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
290 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-cell-carcinoma
291 sg:ontologies/subjects/wilms-tumour
292 skos:prefLabel Renal cancer
293 sg:ontologies/subjects/renal-fibrosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
294 rdf:type npg:Subject
295 skos:Concept
296 rdfs:label Renal fibrosis
297 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
298 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
299 skos:prefLabel Renal fibrosis
300 sg:ontologies/subjects/thrombotic-microangiopathies sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
301 rdf:type npg:Subject
302 skos:Concept
303 rdfs:label Thrombotic microangiopathies
304 skos:altLabel Thrombotic Microangiopathy
305 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
306 skos:definition Thrombotic microangiopathies are a group of diseases caused by thrombosis in the microvasculature, they most frequently affect the brain and kidneys. Two prominent causes are thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and haemolytic uremic syndrome.
307 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
308 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/haemolytic-uremic-syndrome
309 sg:ontologies/subjects/idiopathic-thrombocytopaenic-purpura
310 sg:ontologies/subjects/thrombotic-thrombocytopaenic-purpura
311 skos:prefLabel Thrombotic microangiopathies
312 sg:ontologies/subjects/toxin-induced-nephropathy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
313 rdf:type npg:Subject
314 skos:Concept
315 rdfs:label Toxin-induced nephropathy
316 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
317 skos:definition Toxin-induced nephropathy is used to describe any kidney damage that is known to be caused by exposure to a nephrotoxin, usually through ingestion. A nephrotoxin can be defined as any chemical that induces damage to the kidney, and includes some antibiotics and chemotherapies.
318 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
319 skos:prefLabel Toxin-induced nephropathy
320 sg:ontologies/subjects/urinary-tract-infection sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
321 rdf:type npg:Subject
322 skos:Concept
323 rdfs:label Urinary tract infection
324 skos:altLabel Urinary Tract Infections
325 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/kidney-diseases
326 sg:ontologies/subjects/urogenital-diseases
327 skos:definition A urinary tract infection is any microbial invasion that results in an inflammatory response in the epithelium of the urinary tract.
328 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
329 skos:prefLabel Urinary tract infection
330 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
331 rdf:type rdfs:Class
332 rdfs:Resource
333 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
334 skos:Concept
 




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