Hormones


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Hormones

DESCRIPTION

Hormones are small molecules or peptides that act in signalling between one cell or cell set and another. They are generally involved in high-level processes of an organism such as growth, reproduction, and digestion; examples include adrenal complex hormones, gonadal hormones and gastrointestinal hormones, respectively. Hormones can be paracrine, endocrine or autocrine factors.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hormones'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hormones'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hormones'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/hormones'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

209 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      24 URIs      5 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Hormones
6 skos:altLabel Hormone
7 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
8 skos:definition Hormones are small molecules or peptides that act in signalling between one cell or cell set and another. They are generally involved in high-level processes of an organism such as growth, reproduction, and digestion; examples include adrenal complex hormones, gonadal hormones and gastrointestinal hormones, respectively. Hormones can be paracrine, endocrine or autocrine factors.
9 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
10 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/adrenal-cortex-hormones
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/aldosterone
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/calcitonin
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/ectopic-hormones
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-hormones
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/gonadal-hormones
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/insect-hormones
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/melatonin
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/parathyroid-hormone
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptide-hormones
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/steroid-hormones
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/thymus-hormones
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/thyroid-hormones
23 skos:prefLabel Hormones
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
25 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
26 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
27 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
28 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/adrenal-cortex-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
38 rdf:type npg:Subject
39 skos:Concept
40 rdfs:label Adrenal cortex hormones
41 skos:altLabel Corticoids
42 Corticosteroids
43 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
44 skos:definition Adrenal complex hormones are lipid hormones, derived from the small molecule cholesterol and generated by enzymes of the cytochrome P450 family in the adrenal gland that sits atop the kidneys. Example adrenal complex hormones are corticosteroids such as immune system hormone glucocorticoid, and androgens such as testosterone.
45 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
46 skos:prefLabel Adrenal cortex hormones
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/aldosterone sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
48 rdf:type npg:Subject
49 skos:Concept
50 rdfs:label Aldosterone
51 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
52 skos:definition Aldosterone is a hormone produced in the adrenal gland. This steroid molecule, derived from cholesterol, promotes retention of sodium and water and lowers the levels of potassium in the blood through many mechanisms, including action on the mineralocorticoid receptors in the kidneys. It plays a central role in the regulation of blood pressure.
53 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
54 skos:prefLabel Aldosterone
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
56 rdf:type npg:Subject
57 skos:Concept
58 rdfs:label Biochemistry
59 skos:altLabel Biological Chemistry
60 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
62 skos:definition Biochemistry is the study of the structure and function of biological molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Biochemistry is also used to describe techniques suited to understanding the interactions and functions of biological molecules, including traditional techniques such as Western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation, and chromatography methods.
63 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
64 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biocatalysis
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/bioinorganic-chemistry
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-modification
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytokines
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzyme-mechanisms
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycomics
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/histocytochemistry
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunochemistry
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/isoenzymes
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipidomics
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipids
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/metals
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurochemistry
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptides
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/prions
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteins
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteolysis
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomics
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-biology
96 skos:prefLabel Biochemistry
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/calcitonin sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
98 rdf:type npg:Subject
99 skos:Concept
100 rdfs:label Calcitonin
101 skos:altLabel Calcitonin(1-32)
102 Calcitrin
103 Ciba 47175 BA
104 Ciba 47175-BA
105 Ciba 47175BA
106 Eel Calcitonin
107 Thyrocalcitonin
108 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
109 skos:definition Calcitonin is a peptide hormone that in humans is produced by thyroid cells. This hormone is involved in the metabolism of calcium and phosphate and acts to reduce blood levels of calcium and inhibit osteoclast activity in bone.
110 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
111 skos:prefLabel Calcitonin
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/ectopic-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
113 rdf:type npg:Subject
114 skos:Concept
115 rdfs:label Ectopic hormones
116 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
117 skos:definition Ectopic hormones are hormones produced by tumours derived from tissues that are not normally engaged in the production of that hormone. Ectopic hormone production is generally considered inappropriate and detrimental as the hormones can dysregulate various metabolic functions that are reliant on the hormone.
118 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
119 skos:prefLabel Ectopic hormones
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
121 rdf:type npg:Subject
122 skos:Concept
123 rdfs:label Gastrointestinal hormones
124 skos:altLabel Enteric Hormones
125 Gut hormone
126 Intestinal Hormones
127 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gastroenterology
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
129 skos:definition Gastrointestinal hormones are hormones produced from specialized endocrine cells of the stomach, pancreas and small intestine, which are secreted directly into the bloodstream. Here, they promote the physical process of food digestion, detect harmful substances and generate responses that protect against harmful substances. Examples of gastrointestinal hormones are ghrelin, amylin and glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2.
130 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
131 skos:prefLabel Gastrointestinal hormones
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/gonadal-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
133 rdf:type npg:Subject
134 skos:Concept
135 rdfs:label Gonadal hormones
136 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
137 skos:definition Gonadal hormones – nearly always synonymous with gonadal steroids – are hormones produced by the gonads, and include both steroid and peptide hormones. The major steroid hormones include estradiol and progesterone from the ovaries, and testosterone from the testes. Gonadal hormones generally exert their effects via nuclear receptors, but can also work via membrane receptors such as GPCRs.
138 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
139 skos:prefLabel Gonadal hormones
140 sg:ontologies/subjects/insect-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
141 rdf:type npg:Subject
142 skos:Concept
143 rdfs:label Insect hormones
144 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
145 skos:definition Insect hormones are generated and used by insects to regulate physiological, developmental and behavioural events. Insect hormones can be produced by epithelial glands – for example, juvenile hormones or the steroid hormones ecdysteroids – or by neurosecretory cells, as for the neuropeptide hormones such as prothoracicotropic hormone. Insect hormones have been used commercially to control insect populations.
146 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
147 skos:prefLabel Insect hormones
148 sg:ontologies/subjects/melatonin sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
149 rdf:type npg:Subject
150 skos:Concept
151 rdfs:label Melatonin
152 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
153 skos:definition Melatonin is an endocrine hormone with a monoamine alkaloid structure, produced from the amino acid tryptophan. Melatonin is generated by the pineal gland in mammals. Melatonin is involved in entrainment of plant and animal circadian clocks via its action on melatonin receptors, expressed abundantly in the central nervous system, and through its direct antioxidant activity.
154 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
155 skos:prefLabel Melatonin
156 sg:ontologies/subjects/parathyroid-hormone sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
157 rdf:type npg:Subject
158 skos:Concept
159 rdfs:label Parathyroid hormone
160 skos:altLabel PTH (1-84)
161 PTH(1-34)
162 Parathormone
163 Parathyrin
164 Parathyroid Hormone (1-34)
165 Parathyroid Hormone (1-84)
166 Parathyroid Hormone Peptide (1-34)
167 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
168 skos:definition Parathyroid hormone is a hormone synthesized and released into the blood stream by the parathyroid glands. It regulates phosphorous and calcium metabolism in the body and functions in neuromuscular excitation and blood clotting.
169 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
170 skos:prefLabel Parathyroid hormone
171 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptide-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
172 rdf:type npg:Subject
173 skos:Concept
174 rdfs:label Peptide hormones
175 skos:altLabel Polypeptide Hormones
176 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
177 skos:definition Peptide hormones are hormones that consist of amino acids. Peptide hormones can be among the intracellular signalling peptides and proteins, and can include insect hormones, gastrointestinal hormones and thyroid hormones, but their actions are not limited to individual cells and they can act systemically.
178 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
179 skos:prefLabel Peptide hormones
180 sg:ontologies/subjects/steroid-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
181 rdf:type npg:Subject
182 skos:Concept
183 rdfs:label Steroid hormones
184 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
185 skos:definition Steroid hormones are a group of hormones, derived from cholesterol, from the class of compounds known as steroids. They are secreted by the adrenal cortex, testes and ovaries, and by the placenta during pregnancy. On the basis of their receptors, steroid hormones have been classified into five groups: glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens, oestrogens and progestogens.
186 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
187 skos:prefLabel Steroid hormones
188 sg:ontologies/subjects/thymus-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
189 rdf:type npg:Subject
190 skos:Concept
191 rdfs:label Thymus hormones
192 skos:altLabel Thymic Hormones
193 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
194 skos:definition Thymus hormones are hormones produced by the thymus. They are generally small proteins, which regulate the development and selection of an immune-competent repertoire of T cells, and stimulate antibody production by B cells. They are important for immune system development and function and also the development of other tissues.
195 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
196 skos:prefLabel Thymus hormones
197 sg:ontologies/subjects/thyroid-hormones sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
198 rdf:type npg:Subject
199 skos:Concept
200 rdfs:label Thyroid hormones
201 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
202 skos:definition Thyroid hormones are hormones produced by the thyroid gland that have roles in metabolism. They are small molecules based on the amino acid tyrosine. The major thyroid hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which can be processed by decarboxylation and deiodination by deiodinases, which are selenium-containing enzymes.
203 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
204 skos:prefLabel Thyroid hormones
205 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
206 rdf:type rdfs:Class
207 rdfs:Resource
208 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
209 skos:Concept
 




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