Genome


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Genome

DESCRIPTION

The genome is the full genetic complement of an organism, encoded in either DNA or, in many viruses, RNA. It includes both the genes and non-coding sequences.

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This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

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8 skos:definition The genome is the full genetic complement of an organism, encoded in either DNA or, in many viruses, RNA. It includes both the genes and non-coding sequences.
9 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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14 sg:ontologies/subjects/transcriptional-regulatory-elements
15 skos:prefLabel Genome
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
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82 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-breeding
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/population-genetics
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/prokaryote
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantitative-trait
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-splicing
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/rnai
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/sequencing
91 skos:prefLabel Genetics
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/interspersed-repetitive-sequences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
93 rdf:type npg:Subject
94 skos:Concept
95 rdfs:label Interspersed repetitive sequences
96 skos:altLabel Dispersed Repetitive Sequence
97 Dispersed Repetitive Sequences
98 Interspersed Repetitive Element
99 Interspersed Repetitive Elements
100 Interspersed Repetitive Sequence
101 Jumping Gene
102 Jumping Genes
103 Mobile Genetic Element
104 Mobile Genetic Elements
105 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genome
106 skos:definition Interspersed repetitive sequences are identical or nearly identical DNA sequences that are scattered throughout the genome, as a result of transposition or retrotransposition events. One example is the Alu element, a sequence 300 bp that belongs to the short interspersed elements (SINE) family and is found in the genome of primates, with >1 million copies in the human genome.
107 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
108 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-transposable-elements
109 skos:prefLabel Interspersed repetitive sequences
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitochondrial-genome sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
111 rdf:type npg:Subject
112 skos:Concept
113 rdfs:label Mitochondrial genome
114 skos:altLabel Mitochondrial Genomes
115 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genome
116 skos:definition The mitochondrial genome is the full genetic complement of a mitochondrion. Mitochondrial DNA is only a small portion of the total DNA of a eukaryotic cell and in most species is solely inherited from the mother. In humans mitochondrial DNA contains approximately 16,600 base pairs encoding 37 genes.
117 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
118 skos:prefLabel Mitochondrial genome
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/open-reading-frames sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
120 rdf:type npg:Subject
121 skos:Concept
122 rdfs:label Open reading frames
123 skos:altLabel ORF
124 ORFs
125 Open Reading Frame
126 Protein Coding Region
127 Protein Coding Regions
128 Unassigned Reading Frame
129 Unassigned Reading Frames
130 Unidentified Reading Frame
131 Unidentified Reading Frames
132 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genome
133 skos:definition Open reading frames (ORFs) are parts of a reading frame that contain no stop codons. A reading frame is a sequence of nucleotide triplets that are read as codons specifying amino acids; a single strand of DNA sequence has three possible reading frames. Long ORFs may indicate candidate protein coding regions in a DNA sequence.
134 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
135 skos:prefLabel Open reading frames
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/transcriptional-regulatory-elements sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
137 rdf:type npg:Subject
138 skos:Concept
139 rdfs:label Transcriptional regulatory elements
140 skos:altLabel Transcriptional Regulatory Element
141 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genome
142 sg:ontologies/subjects/transcription
143 skos:definition Transcriptional regulatory elements are nucleotide sequences of a gene that are involved in regulation of genetic transcription. These include the promoter, plus response elements, activator and enhancer sequences for binding of transcription factors to aid RNA polymerase binding and promote expression, and operator or silencer sequences to which repressor proteins bind to block RNA polymerase attachment and prevent expression.
144 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
145 skos:prefLabel Transcriptional regulatory elements
146 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
147 rdf:type rdfs:Class
148 rdfs:Resource
149 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
150 skos:Concept
 




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