Genetics


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Genetics

DESCRIPTION

Genetics is the branch of science concerned with genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. It seeks to understand the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring, including the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behaviour in the context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), gene distribution, and variation and change in populations.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

652 TRIPLES      9 PREDICATES      53 URIs      4 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Genetics
6 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
7 skos:definition Genetics is the branch of science concerned with genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. It seeks to understand the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring, including the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behaviour in the context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), gene distribution, and variation and change in populations.
8 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
9 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/agricultural-genetics
10 sg:ontologies/subjects/animal-breeding
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/behavioural-genetics
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-genetics
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-genomics
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-genetics
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/consanguinity
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/crispr-cas-systems
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytogenetics
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/development
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenetics
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenomics
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/eukaryote
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/evolutionary-biology
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/functional-genomics
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-expression
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-regulation
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-association-study
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-hybridization
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-interaction
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-linkage-study
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-markers
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32 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-instability
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35 sg:ontologies/subjects/haplotypes
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/heritable-quantitative-trait
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38 sg:ontologies/subjects/inbreeding
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52 skos:prefLabel Genetics
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
54 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
55 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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69 rdfs:label Agricultural genetics
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72 skos:definition Agricultural genetics is the applied study of the effects of genetic variation and selection used to propagate valuable heritable trait combinations in crop plants and farm animals. The discipline includes use of genetic markers to guide traditional breeding, and introgression and introduction of traits from other species into farmed organisms.
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82 skos:definition Animal breeding is the process of selective mating of animals with desirable genetic traits, to maintain or enhance these traits in future generations. For livestock, this involves estimation of the genetic value of individuals for traits including growth rate and yield of products such as eggs, milk or meat.
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93 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
94 skos:definition Behavioural genetics is the interdisciplinary effort to establish causal links between genes and animal (including human) behavioural traits and neural mechanisms. Methods used include twin studies, quantitative trait mapping by linkage to allelic variants, transgenic animals and targeted gene disruption or silencing.
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108 skos:definition Biological sciences encompasses all the divisions of natural sciences examining various aspects of vital processes. The concept includes anatomy, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics, and covers all organisms from microorganisms, animals to plants.
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147 skos:definition Cancer genetics is the study in humans and other animals of heritable gene variants that cause or confer altered risk of tumour or hematological malignancy. Individual cancer risk varies and is influenced by familial and sporadic oncogene or tumour suppressor gene mutations as well as rare and common constitutional variants present in the population.
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158 skos:definition Cancer genomics is the study of the totality of DNA sequence and gene expression differences between tumour cells and normal host cells. It aims to understand the genetic basis of tumour cell proliferation and the evolution of the cancer genome under mutation and selection by the body environment, the immune system and therapeutic interventions.
159 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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161 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-genetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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164 rdfs:label Clinical genetics
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166 sg:ontologies/subjects/pathogenesis
167 skos:definition Clinical genetics involves the study, counselling and treatment of individuals and families with heritable disorders and disease predisposition. Diagnostic tools include standard ontologies for describing dysmorphology and traits, pedigree analysis, disease locus mapping by linkage or homozygosity, karyotyping, genome sequencing and genotyping.
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176 sg:ontologies/subjects/consanguinity sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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179 rdfs:label Consanguinity
180 skos:altLabel Consanguinities
181 Consanguinous Mating
182 Consanguinous Matings
183 Human Inbreeding
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185 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
186 skos:definition Consanguinity is the property of having a recent common ancestor with another individual. The genetic distance between two individuals can be expressed in meioses (the number of times the shared genome is halved by the generation of ova or sperm) or by the coefficient of relationship (r).
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196 skos:definition CRISPR-Cas systems are prokaryotic immune systems that confer resistance to foreign genetic elements such as plasmids and phages. CRISPR-Cas systems have been exploited for targeted genome editing.
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207 skos:definition Cytogenetics is the study of chromosomal structure, location and function in cells. It includes the study of chromosome number and appearance (karyotyping), the physical location of genes on chromosomes, and chromosomal behaviour in processes such as cell division.
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215 skos:definition Development is the process of growth of the individual from zygote to adult. It includes the coordinated processes of cell proliferation, motility and differentiation, the patterning of organs, regeneration and gametogenesis. Central concepts are the progressive commitment and restriction of cell fate by expression of a genetic program, and the subsequent patterned signalling of future fates to uncommitted cells.
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227 skos:definition Epigenetics is the study of molecular processes that influence the flow of information between a constant DNA sequence and variable gene expression patterns. This includes investigation of nuclear organization, DNA methylation, histone modification and RNA transcription. Epigenetic processes can result in intergenerational (heritable) effects as well as clonal propagation of cell identity without any mutational change in DNA sequence.
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242 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomics
243 skos:definition Epigenomics is the systematic analysis of the global state of gene expression not attributable to mutational changes in the underlying DNA genome. An organism has multiple, cell type-specific, epigenomes comprising epigenetic marks such as DNA methylation, histone modification and specifically positioned nucleosomes.
244 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
245 skos:prefLabel Epigenomics
246 sg:ontologies/subjects/eukaryote sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
247 rdf:type npg:Subject
248 skos:Concept
249 rdfs:label Eukaryote
250 skos:altLabel Eucarya
251 Eukarya
252 Eukaryota
253 Eukaryotas
254 Eukaryotes
255 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
256 skos:definition Eukaryote is the term describing one of the domains of living organisms, those with a nucleus and organelles bounded by internal phospholipid membrane systems. In contrast to bacteria and archaea, eukaryotes may be multicellular. Animals, plants, fungi and many unicellular organisms previously classified as protista are eukaryotes.
257 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
258 skos:prefLabel Eukaryote
259 sg:ontologies/subjects/evolutionary-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
260 rdf:type npg:Subject
261 skos:Concept
262 rdfs:label Evolutionary biology
263 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
264 skos:definition Evolutionary biology is a subdiscipline of the biological sciences concerned with the origin of life and the diversification and adaptation of life forms over time.
265 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
266 skos:prefLabel Evolutionary biology
267 sg:ontologies/subjects/functional-genomics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
268 rdf:type npg:Subject
269 skos:Concept
270 rdfs:label Functional genomics
271 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
272 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
273 skos:definition Functional genomics uses genomic data to study gene and protein expression and function on a global scale (genome-wide or system-wide), focusing on gene transcription, translation and protein-protein interactions, and often involving high-throughput methods.
274 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
275 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/epistasis
276 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-expression-profiling
277 sg:ontologies/subjects/mutagenesis
278 sg:ontologies/subjects/rnai
279 skos:prefLabel Functional genomics
280 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-expression sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
281 rdf:type npg:Subject
282 skos:Concept
283 rdfs:label Gene expression
284 skos:altLabel Gene Expressions
285 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
286 skos:definition Gene expression is the generation of a functional gene product from the information encoded by a gene, through the processes of transcription and translation. Gene products are often proteins, however non-protein coding genes can encode functional RNA, including ribosomal RNA (rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA) or small nuclear RNA (snRNA).
287 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
288 skos:prefLabel Gene expression
289 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-regulation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
290 rdf:type npg:Subject
291 skos:Concept
292 rdfs:label Gene regulation
293 skos:altLabel Gene Action Regulation
294 Gene Expression Regulation
295 Regulation of Gene Expression
296 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
297 skos:definition Gene regulation refers to the mechanisms that act to induce or repress the expression of a gene. These include structural and chemical changes to the genetic material, binding of proteins to specific DNA elements to regulate transcription, or mechanisms that modulate translation of mRNA.
298 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
299 skos:prefLabel Gene regulation
300 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-association-study sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
301 rdf:type npg:Subject
302 skos:Concept
303 rdfs:label Genetic association study
304 skos:altLabel Candidate Gene Analyses
305 Candidate Gene Analysis
306 Candidate Gene Association Studies
307 Candidate Gene Association Study
308 Candidate Gene Identification
309 Gene Discovery
310 Genetic Association Studies
311 Genotype Phenotype Association
312 Genotype Phenotype Associations
313 Genotype Phenotype Correlation
314 Genotype Phenotype Correlations
315 Genotype-Phenotype Association
316 Genotype-Phenotype Associations
317 Genotype-Phenotype Correlation
318 Genotype-Phenotype Correlations
319 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
320 skos:definition A genetic association study aims to test whether a given sequence, such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele, has involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease. This usually involves comparing genotypes from two groups of individuals (often diseased subjects and healthy controls).
321 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
322 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genome-wide-association-studies
323 skos:prefLabel Genetic association study
324 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-hybridization sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
325 rdf:type npg:Subject
326 skos:Concept
327 rdfs:label Genetic hybridization
328 skos:altLabel Crossbreeding
329 Crossbreedings
330 Genetic Hybridizations
331 Intraspecies Hybridization
332 Intraspecies Hybridizations
333 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
334 skos:definition Genetic hybridization is the process of interbreeding individuals from genetically distinct populations to produce a hybrid. A genetic hybrid would therefore carry two different alleles of the same gene.
335 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
336 skos:prefLabel Genetic hybridization
337 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-interaction sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
338 rdf:type npg:Subject
339 skos:Concept
340 rdfs:label Genetic interaction
341 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
342 sg:ontologies/subjects/systems-biology
343 skos:definition Genetic interaction is the phenomenon where the effects of one gene are modified by one or several other genes.
344 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
345 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/epistasis
346 skos:prefLabel Genetic interaction
347 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-linkage-study sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
348 rdf:type npg:Subject
349 skos:Concept
350 rdfs:label Genetic linkage study
351 skos:altLabel Genetic Linkage
352 Genetic Linkage Analyses
353 Genetic Linkage Analysis
354 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
355 skos:definition A genetic linkage study is a family-based method used to map a trait to a genomic location by demonstrating co-segregation of the disease with genetic markers of known chromosomal location; locations identified are more likely to contain a causal genetic variant. This technique is particularly useful for the identification of genes that are inherited in a Mendelian fashion.
356 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
357 skos:prefLabel Genetic linkage study
358 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-markers sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
359 rdf:type npg:Subject
360 skos:Concept
361 rdfs:label Genetic markers
362 skos:altLabel Chromosome Marker
363 Chromosome Markers
364 DNA Marker
365 DNA Markers
366 Genetic Marker
367 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
368 skos:definition Genetic markers are DNA sequences with known physical locations on chromosomes. They are points of variation that can be used to identify individuals or species, or may be used to associate an inherited disease with a gene through genetic linkage with nearby but possibly unidentified or uncharacterised genes. Examples include single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and minisatellites.
369 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
370 skos:prefLabel Genetic markers
371 sg:ontologies/subjects/genome sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
372 rdf:type npg:Subject
373 skos:Concept
374 rdfs:label Genome
375 skos:altLabel Genomes
376 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
377 skos:definition The genome is the full genetic complement of an organism, encoded in either DNA or, in many viruses, RNA. It includes both the genes and non-coding sequences.
378 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
379 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-variation
380 sg:ontologies/subjects/interspersed-repetitive-sequences
381 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitochondrial-genome
382 sg:ontologies/subjects/open-reading-frames
383 sg:ontologies/subjects/transcriptional-regulatory-elements
384 skos:prefLabel Genome
385 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-instability sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
386 rdf:type npg:Subject
387 skos:Concept
388 rdfs:label Genomic instability
389 skos:altLabel Genome Instabilities
390 Genome Instability
391 Genome Stabilities
392 Genome Stability
393 Genomic Instabilities
394 Genomic Stabilities
395 Genomic Stability
396 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
397 sg:ontologies/subjects/mutation
398 skos:definition Chromosome instability describes the increased probability of acquiring chromosomal aberrations due to defects in processes such as DNA repair, replication or chromosome segregation.
399 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
400 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/microsatellite-instability
401 skos:prefLabel Genomic instability
402 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
403 rdf:type npg:Subject
404 skos:Concept
405 rdfs:label Genomics
406 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
407 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
408 skos:definition Genomics is the study of the full genetic complement of an organism (the genome). It employs recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing methods, and bioinformatics to sequence, assemble, and analyse the structure and function of genomes.
409 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
410 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/comparative-genomics
411 sg:ontologies/subjects/conservation-genomics
412 sg:ontologies/subjects/epigenomics
413 sg:ontologies/subjects/genome-assembly-algorithms
414 sg:ontologies/subjects/genome-evolution
415 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-genomics
416 sg:ontologies/subjects/metagenomics
417 sg:ontologies/subjects/mobile-elements
418 sg:ontologies/subjects/nutrigenomics
419 sg:ontologies/subjects/personalized-medicine
420 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacogenomics
421 sg:ontologies/subjects/phylogenomics
422 sg:ontologies/subjects/transcriptomics
423 skos:prefLabel Genomics
424 sg:ontologies/subjects/genotype sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
425 rdf:type npg:Subject
426 skos:Concept
427 rdfs:label Genotype
428 skos:altLabel Genotypes
429 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
430 skos:definition The genotype is the genetic makeup of a cell, organism or individual with reference to a particular characteristic. In diploid or polyploid individuals, it refers to what combination of alleles the individual carries.
431 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
432 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-predisposition-to-disease
433 sg:ontologies/subjects/haplotypes
434 skos:prefLabel Genotype
435 sg:ontologies/subjects/haplotypes sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
436 rdf:type npg:Subject
437 skos:Concept
438 rdfs:label Haplotypes
439 skos:altLabel Haplotype
440 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
441 sg:ontologies/subjects/genotype
442 skos:definition A haplotype is the genetic makeup of an individual with respect to combinations of alleles that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together. This may be one locus, several loci, or an entire chromosome.
443 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
444 skos:prefLabel Haplotypes
445 sg:ontologies/subjects/heritable-quantitative-trait sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
446 rdf:type npg:Subject
447 skos:Concept
448 rdfs:label Heritable quantitative trait
449 skos:altLabel Heritable Quantitative Traits
450 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
451 skos:definition An heritable quantitative trait is a measurable phenotype that depends on the cumulative actions of many genes, and the environment. These traits can vary among individuals, over a range, to produce a continuous distribution of phenotypes. Examples include height, weight and blood pressure.
452 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
453 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/quantitative-trait-loci
454 skos:prefLabel Heritable quantitative trait
455 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunogenetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
456 rdf:type npg:Subject
457 skos:Concept
458 rdfs:label Immunogenetics
459 skos:altLabel Immunogenetic
460 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-regulation-in-immune-cells
461 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
462 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
463 skos:definition Immunogenetics is the study of the genetic basis of the immune response. It includes the study of normal immunological pathways and the identification of genetic variations that result in immune defects, which may result in the identification of new therapeutic targets for immune diseases.
464 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
465 skos:prefLabel Immunogenetics
466 sg:ontologies/subjects/inbreeding sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
467 rdf:type npg:Subject
468 skos:Concept
469 rdfs:label Inbreeding
470 skos:altLabel Backcrossing
471 Backcrossings
472 Half Sib Mating
473 Half-Sib Mating
474 Half-Sib Matings
475 Sib Mating
476 Sib Matings
477 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
478 skos:definition Inbreeding is the mating of individuals or organisms that are genetically closely related, resulting in increased homozygosity and consequently an increase in the occurrence of recessive traits. This can lead to inbreeding depression: reduced biological fitness of the population. Inbreeding is also used as a technique in selective breeding to identify and establish new and desirable traits.
479 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
480 skos:prefLabel Inbreeding
481 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-genetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
482 rdf:type npg:Subject
483 skos:Concept
484 rdfs:label Medical genetics
485 skos:altLabel Human Genetics
486 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
487 skos:definition Medical genetics involves the application of genetics to medical care, including research on the causes and inheritance of genetic disorders, and their diagnosis and management.
488 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
489 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-counselling
490 skos:prefLabel Medical genetics
491 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbial-genetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
492 rdf:type npg:Subject
493 skos:Concept
494 rdfs:label Microbial genetics
495 skos:altLabel Microbial Genetic
496 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
497 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
498 skos:definition Microbial genetics is the study of the mechanisms of heritable information in microorganisms, including bacteria, archaea, viruses and some protozoa and fungi.
499 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
500 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/archaeal-genes
501 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-gene
502 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-genetics
503 sg:ontologies/subjects/fungal-gene
504 sg:ontologies/subjects/fungal-genetics
505 sg:ontologies/subjects/viral-genetics
506 skos:prefLabel Microbial genetics
507 sg:ontologies/subjects/mutation sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
508 rdf:type npg:Subject
509 skos:Concept
510 rdfs:label Mutation
511 skos:altLabel Mutations
512 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
513 skos:definition A mutation is any detectable and heritable change in nucleotide sequence that causes a change in genotype and is transmitted to daughter cells and succeeding generations.
514 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
515 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-amplification
516 sg:ontologies/subjects/gene-duplication
517 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-instability
518 skos:prefLabel Mutation
519 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurodevelopmental-disorders sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
520 rdf:type npg:Subject
521 skos:Concept
522 rdfs:label Neurodevelopmental disorders
523 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
524 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurological-disorders
525 skos:definition Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of disorders in which the development of the central nervous system is disturbed. This can include developmental brain dysfunction, which can manifest as neuropsychiatric problems or impaired motor function, learning, language or non-verbal communication.
526 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
527 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/adhd
528 sg:ontologies/subjects/autism-spectrum-disorders
529 sg:ontologies/subjects/neural-tube-defects
530 skos:prefLabel Neurodevelopmental disorders
531 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-breeding sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
532 rdf:type npg:Subject
533 skos:Concept
534 rdfs:label Plant breeding
535 skos:altLabel Breeding
536 Breedings
537 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
538 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences
539 skos:definition Plant breeding is the production of plants by selective mating or hybridization. It is the traditional mechanism for producing new varieties of plants for horticulture and agriculture.
540 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
541 skos:prefLabel Plant breeding
542 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-genetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
543 rdf:type npg:Subject
544 skos:Concept
545 rdfs:label Plant genetics
546 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
547 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences
548 skos:definition Plant genetics deals with heredity in plants, specifically mechanisms of hereditary transmission and variation of inherited characteristics. Plant genetics differs from animal genetics in a number of ways: somatic mutations can contribute to the germ line more easily as flowers develop at the end of branches composed of somatic cells; polyploidy is more common; and plants additionally contain chloroplastic DNA.
549 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
550 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genome-duplication
551 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-hybridization
552 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy-in-plants
553 sg:ontologies/subjects/transgenic-plants
554 skos:prefLabel Plant genetics
555 sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
556 rdf:type npg:Subject
557 skos:Concept
558 rdfs:label Polyploidy
559 skos:altLabel Polyploid
560 Polyploid Cell
561 Polyploid Cells
562 Polyploidies
563 Polyploids
564 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
565 skos:definition Polyploidy is the presence of more than two homologous sets of chromosomes in a cell or organism. It occurs as a result of genome duplication due to nondisjunction during meiosis.
566 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
567 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/polyploidy-in-plants
568 skos:prefLabel Polyploidy
569 sg:ontologies/subjects/population-genetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
570 rdf:type npg:Subject
571 skos:Concept
572 rdfs:label Population genetics
573 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/evolution
574 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
575 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomic-analysis
576 skos:definition Population genetics is the study of the genetic composition of populations, including distributions and changes in genotype and phenotype frequency in response to the processes of natural selection, genetic drift, mutation and gene flow.
577 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
578 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/genetic-variation
579 skos:prefLabel Population genetics
580 sg:ontologies/subjects/prokaryote sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
581 rdf:type npg:Subject
582 skos:Concept
583 rdfs:label Prokaryote
584 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
585 skos:definition Prokaryotes are organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria and other membrane-bound organelles; they include bacteria and archaea. All the intracellular water-soluble components (proteins, DNA and metabolites) are located together in the same volume enclosed by the cell membrane, rather than in separate cellular compartments.
586 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
587 skos:prefLabel Prokaryote
588 sg:ontologies/subjects/quantitative-trait sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
589 rdf:type npg:Subject
590 skos:Concept
591 rdfs:label Quantitative trait
592 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
593 skos:definition A quantitative trait is a measurable phenotype that depends on the cumulative actions of many genes and the environment. These traits can vary among individuals, over a range, to produce a continuous distribution of phenotypes. Examples include height, weight and blood pressure.
594 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
595 skos:prefLabel Quantitative trait
596 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-splicing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
597 rdf:type npg:Subject
598 skos:Concept
599 rdfs:label RNA splicing
600 skos:altLabel RNA Splicings
601 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
602 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-metabolism
603 skos:definition RNA splicing is a modification of the nascent pre-messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) transcript in which introns are removed and exons are joined prior to translation. For many eukaryotic introns, splicing is done in a series of reactions which are catalyzed by the spliceosome, a complex of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) and associated proteins, but there are also self-splicing introns.
604 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
605 skos:prefLabel RNA splicing
606 sg:ontologies/subjects/rnai sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
607 rdf:type npg:Subject
608 skos:Concept
609 rdfs:label RNAi
610 skos:altLabel Co Suppression
611 Co-Suppression
612 Cosuppression
613 Post Transcriptional Gene Silencing
614 Post-Transcriptional Gene Silencing
615 Post-Transcriptional Gene Silencings
616 Posttranscriptional Gene Silencing
617 RNA Interference
618 RNA Silencing
619 RNA interference
620 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytological-techniques
621 sg:ontologies/subjects/functional-genomics
622 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
623 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
624 skos:definition RNAi (RNA interference) is a biological process in which RNA molecules—microRNA (miRNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA)—inhibit gene expression, typically by binding to messenger RNA (mRNA) and triggering its degradation. The process is exploited by researchers to knock down gene expression in cell culture and in vivo in model organisms.
625 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
626 skos:prefLabel RNAi
627 sg:ontologies/subjects/sequencing sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
628 rdf:type npg:Subject
629 skos:Concept
630 rdfs:label Sequencing
631 skos:altLabel Sequence Analyses
632 Sequence Analysis
633 Sequence Determination
634 Sequence Determinations
635 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques
636 sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
637 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
638 skos:definition Sequencing refers to the techniques used to determine the primary structure of an unbranched biopolymer (DNA, RNA, protein, carbohydrate) resulting in a symbolic linear depiction of the monomeric subunits which summarizes much of the atomic-level structure of the molecule.
639 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
640 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-sequencing
641 sg:ontologies/subjects/next-generation-sequencing
642 sg:ontologies/subjects/polysaccharide-sequencing
643 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-sequencing
644 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna-sequencing
645 sg:ontologies/subjects/sequence-annotation
646 sg:ontologies/subjects/targeted-resequencing
647 skos:prefLabel Sequencing
648 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
649 rdf:type rdfs:Class
650 rdfs:Resource
651 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
652 skos:Concept
 




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