Cytoskeleton


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Cytoskeleton

DESCRIPTION

The cytoskeleton is a network of filamentous and tubular protein structures that support cell shape, intracellular compartmentalisation and trafficking, cell migration and cell division. The key constituents of the cytoskeleton are actin filaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments.

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        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
    ]
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

201 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      27 URIs      11 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Cytoskeleton
6 skos:altLabel Cytoplasmic Filament
7 Cytoplasmic Filaments
8 Cytoskeletal Filament
9 Cytoskeletal Filaments
10 Cytoskeletons
11 Microtrabecular Lattice
12 Microtrabecular Lattices
13 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology
14 skos:definition The cytoskeleton is a network of filamentous and tubular protein structures that support cell shape, intracellular compartmentalisation and trafficking, cell migration and cell division. The key constituents of the cytoskeleton are actin filaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments.
15 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
16 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/actin
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/centrosome
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/cilia
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/dynein
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/intermediate-filaments
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinesin
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/microtubules
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-proteins
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/myosin
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/stress-fibres
26 skos:prefLabel Cytoskeleton
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
28 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
29 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
30 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
31 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/actin sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
41 rdf:type npg:Subject
42 skos:Concept
43 rdfs:label Actin
44 skos:altLabel Actins
45 F Actin
46 F-Actin
47 G Actin
48 G-Actin
49 Isoactin
50 N Actin
51 N-Actin
52 alpha Actin
53 alpha Isoactin
54 alpha-Actin
55 alpha-Isoactin
56 beta Actin
57 beta-Actin
58 gamma Actin
59 gamma-Actin
60 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
61 skos:definition Actin is a globular protein that is a major constituent of the cellular cytoskeleton. Actin can exist in monomeric form as G-actin (globular actin) or can form filaments (F-actin, filamentous actin) and mediates multiple cellular functions, including cell migration, contractility and cytokinesis.
62 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
63 skos:prefLabel Actin
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
65 rdf:type npg:Subject
66 skos:Concept
67 rdfs:label Cell biology
68 skos:altLabel Cell Biologies
69 Cellular Biologies
70 Cellular Biology
71 Cytology
72 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
73 skos:definition Cell biology is the discipline of biological sciences that studies the structure, physiology, growth, reproduction and death of cells. Research in cell biology uses microscopic and molecular tools and examines all cell types, from unicellular organisms such as protozoa to the specialised cells that consitutute multicellular organisms.
74 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
75 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/autophagy
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-adhesion
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-death
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-growth
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-migration
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-polarity
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-signalling
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-imaging
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/chromosomes
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanisms-of-disease
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-organization
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-transport
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/organelles
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/post-translational-modifications
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-transport
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteolysis
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/senescence
98 skos:prefLabel Cell biology
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/centrosome sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
100 rdf:type npg:Subject
101 skos:Concept
102 rdfs:label Centrosome
103 skos:altLabel Centrosomes
104 Pericentriolar Region
105 Pericentriolar Regions
106 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
107 skos:definition The centrosome is the major microtubule-organising centre of the cell and consists of two centrioles surrounded by pericentriolar material. The centrosome is duplicated during the cell cycle and in mitosis the two centrosomes form the poles of the mitotic spindle, which segregates the chromosomes into two daughter cells.
108 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
109 skos:prefLabel Centrosome
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/cilia sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
111 rdf:type npg:Subject
112 skos:Concept
113 rdfs:label Cilia
114 skos:altLabel Cilium
115 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
116 skos:definition Cilia are outgrowths of the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells that contain a specialised cytoskeleton. Motile cilia are present on multiciliated cells and use this cytoskeleton to move fluid, whereas non-motile, or primary, cilia have a different cytoskeleton and participate in signalling between cells.
117 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
118 skos:prefLabel Cilia
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/dynein sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
120 rdf:type npg:Subject
121 skos:Concept
122 rdfs:label Dynein
123 skos:altLabel Dynein ATPase
124 Dynein Adenosine Triphosphatase
125 Dynein Adenosinetriphosphatase
126 Dynein Heavy Chains
127 Dynein Intermediate Chains
128 Dynein Light Chains
129 Dynein Light Intermediate Chains
130 Dyneins
131 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
132 skos:definition Dynein is a minus-end-directed microtubule motor protein, which transports a variety of intracellular cargo by hydrolysing ATP to power its movement along microtubule tracks. Axonemal dyneins are found cilia and flagella, whereas cytoplasmic dynein is found in all animal cells.
133 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
134 skos:prefLabel Dynein
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/intermediate-filaments sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
136 rdf:type npg:Subject
137 skos:Concept
138 rdfs:label Intermediate filaments
139 skos:altLabel Intermediate Filament
140 Tonofilament
141 Tonofilaments
142 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
143 skos:definition Intermediate filaments are a type of cytoskeletal filaments characterised by their intermediate diameter compared to actin filaments and microtubules. Different types of intermediate filaments are composed by a variety of proteins, including keratins, lamins and vimentin, and may be involved in cell adhesion and maintenance of cellular and nuclear shape.
144 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
145 skos:prefLabel Intermediate filaments
146 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinesin sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
147 rdf:type npg:Subject
148 skos:Concept
149 rdfs:label Kinesin
150 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
151 skos:definition Kinesins are a large superfamily of cytoskeletal motor protein that hydrolyse ATP to move along microtubules and perform diverse functions in intracellular trafficking and cell division.
152 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
153 skos:prefLabel Kinesin
154 sg:ontologies/subjects/microtubules sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
155 rdf:type npg:Subject
156 skos:Concept
157 rdfs:label Microtubules
158 skos:altLabel Microtubule
159 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
160 skos:definition Microtubules are cylindrical polymers composed of alpha and beta tubulin. They are a major component of the cytoskeleton and mediate crucial cellular functions including formation of the mitotic spindle that segregates chromosomes during cell division and intracellular trafficking.
161 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
162 skos:prefLabel Microtubules
163 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-proteins sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
164 rdf:type npg:Subject
165 skos:Concept
166 rdfs:label Motor proteins
167 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
168 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
169 skos:prefLabel Motor proteins
170 sg:ontologies/subjects/myosin sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
171 rdf:type npg:Subject
172 skos:Concept
173 rdfs:label Myosin
174 skos:altLabel Actin Activated ATPase
175 Actin-Activated ATPase
176 Actomyosin ATPase
177 Actomyosin Adenosinetriphosphatase
178 Myosin ATPase
179 Myosin Adenosine Triphosphatase
180 Myosin Adenosinetriphosphatase
181 Myosins
182 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
183 skos:definition Myosins are a large family of cytoskeletal motor proteins that bind actin and use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to perform diverse functions such as cell motility and contractility, cytokinesis, intracellular trafficking and muscle contraction.
184 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
185 skos:prefLabel Myosin
186 sg:ontologies/subjects/stress-fibres sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
187 rdf:type npg:Subject
188 skos:Concept
189 rdfs:label Stress fibres
190 skos:altLabel Stress Fiber
191 Stress Fibers
192 Stress Fibre
193 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
194 skos:definition Stress fibres are contractile bundles of actin filaments and myosin, which can attach to focal adhesions and function in cell adhesion, migration and mechanotransduction. Different types of stress fibres include ventral and dorsal stress fibres, transverse arcs and the perinuclear actin cap.
195 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
196 skos:prefLabel Stress fibres
197 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
198 rdf:type rdfs:Class
199 rdfs:Resource
200 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
201 skos:Concept
 




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