Climate sciences


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Climate sciences

DESCRIPTION

Climate science is the study of relatively long-term weather conditions, typically spanning decades to centuries but extending to geological timescales. The discipline is primarily concerned with atmospheric properties – for example temperature and humidity – and patterns of circulation, as well as interactions with the ocean, the biosphere, and, over longer timescales, the geosphere.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

151 TRIPLES      9 PREDICATES      19 URIs      4 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
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18 skos:prefLabel Climate sciences
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
20 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
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41 skos:prefLabel Atmospheric science
42 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
43 rdf:type npg:Subject
44 skos:Concept
45 rdfs:label Biogeochemistry
46 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
47 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
48 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/ecology
50 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
51 skos:definition Biogeochemistry is the study of how chemical elements flow through living systems and their physical environments. It investigates the factors that influence cycles of key elements such as carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous.
52 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
53 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/carbon-cycle
54 sg:ontologies/subjects/element-cycles
55 skos:prefLabel Biogeochemistry
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-change sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
57 rdf:type npg:Subject
58 skos:Concept
59 rdfs:label Climate change
60 skos:altLabel Climate Changes
61 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-sciences
63 skos:definition Climate change refers to a statistically defined change in the average and/or variability of the climate system, this includes the atmosphere, the water cycle, the land surface, ice and the living components of Earth. The definition does not usually require the causes of change to be attributed, for example to human activity, but there are exceptions.
64 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
65 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/attribution
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-and-earth-system-modelling
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-change-impacts
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-change-mitigation
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/projection-and-prediction
70 skos:prefLabel Climate change
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/cryospheric-science sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
72 rdf:type npg:Subject
73 skos:Concept
74 rdfs:label Cryospheric science
75 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
77 skos:definition Cryospheric science is the interdisciplinary study of permafrost, snow and ice, primarily on the surface of the Earth, but also on other planets and moons. The cryosphere is an integral part of the climate system, and is investigated with techniques from geophysics, meteorology and hydrology.
78 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
79 skos:prefLabel Cryospheric science
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
81 rdf:type npg:Subject
82 skos:Concept
83 rdfs:label Earth and environmental sciences
84 skos:definition Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.
85 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
86 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/ecology
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-sciences
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-social-sciences
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrology
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/limnology
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-hazards
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/ocean-sciences
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/solid-earth-sciences
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/space-physics
98 skos:prefLabel Earth and environmental sciences
99 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/hydrology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
101 rdf:type npg:Subject
102 skos:Concept
103 rdfs:label Hydrology
104 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/planetary-science
107 skos:definition Hydrology is the study of the cycling of water through different reservoirs on Earth. It also refers to the cycling of liquids such as hydrocarbons on other planets. Hydrology focuses on the distribution of water in the subsurface, surface and atmosphere, the chemistry of that water, and the effects of climate on the water cycle.
108 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
109 skos:prefLabel Hydrology
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/limnology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
111 rdf:type npg:Subject
112 skos:Concept
113 rdfs:label Limnology
114 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
116 skos:definition Limnology is the study of inland freshwaters, both standing bodies, such as lakes, and running waters, like rivers. It encompasses the biology, geology, physics, chemistry and climatology of these water systems, and may also cover wetland conservation and ecosystem services.
117 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
118 skos:prefLabel Limnology
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/ocean-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
120 rdf:type npg:Subject
121 skos:Concept
122 rdfs:label Ocean sciences
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
125 skos:definition Ocean sciences span the physics, chemistry, and biology of marine systems. The field encompasses ocean circulation, energy dissipation, marine biology, ecology, biogeochemical cycles, water mass formation and movement, ocean temperature and salinity, and marine carbon and carbonate chemistry.
126 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
127 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/marine-biology
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/marine-chemistry
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-oceanography
130 skos:prefLabel Ocean sciences
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeoceanography sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
132 rdf:type npg:Subject
133 skos:Concept
134 rdfs:label Palaeoceanography
135 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
136 skos:definition Palaeoceanography is the study of past changes in ocean conditions including temperature, salinity, redox state, productivity, circulation, and ecology. These variables are typically reconstructed through analyses of the geochemistry, microfossil composition, and organic contents of ancient marine sediments that have either been exposed on land or collected through seafloor drilling.
137 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
138 skos:prefLabel Palaeoceanography
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/palaeoclimate sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
140 rdf:type npg:Subject
141 skos:Concept
142 rdfs:label Palaeoclimate
143 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/climate-sciences
144 skos:definition Palaeoclimate is the reconstruction and study of past climate states on Earth and other planets. Climate parameters such as precipitation, temperature, wind strength, and patterns of interannual climate variability are frequently estimated from proxies in ice and sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits and historical records. These are assessed in numerical models.
145 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
146 skos:prefLabel Palaeoclimate
147 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
148 rdf:type rdfs:Class
149 rdfs:Resource
150 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
151 skos:Concept
 




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