Cell division


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Cell division

DESCRIPTION

Cell division is the process by which a parental cell gives rise to two daughter cells. The process involves both nuclear division and cytokinesis and can either produce two equal cells (symmetric cell division) or two cells with different cellular fates (asymmetric cell division).

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-division'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-division'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-division'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-division'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

248 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      27 URIs      8 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Cell division
6 skos:altLabel Cell Division Phase
7 Cell Divisions
8 M Phase
9 M Phases
10 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology
11 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
12 skos:definition Cell division is the process by which a parental cell gives rise to two daughter cells. The process involves both nuclear division and cytokinesis and can either produce two equal cells (symmetric cell division) or two cells with different cellular fates (asymmetric cell division).
13 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
14 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-cycle-exit
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-growth
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/checkpoints
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/chromosome-condensation
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/chromosome-segregation
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/cohesion
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytokinesis
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-replication
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinetochores
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/meiosis
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitosis
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitotic-spindle
26 skos:prefLabel Cell division
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
28 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
29 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
30 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
31 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
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33 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
40 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
41 rdf:type npg:Subject
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44 skos:altLabel Cell Biologies
45 Cellular Biologies
46 Cellular Biology
47 Cytology
48 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
49 skos:definition Cell biology is the discipline of biological sciences that studies the structure, physiology, growth, reproduction and death of cells. Research in cell biology uses microscopic and molecular tools and examines all cell types, from unicellular organisms such as protozoa to the specialised cells that consitutute multicellular organisms.
50 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
51 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/autophagy
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54 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-growth
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-migration
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-polarity
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-signalling
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-imaging
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/chromosomes
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/circadian-rhythms
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytoskeleton
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanisms-of-disease
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-organization
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/nuclear-transport
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/organelles
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70 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-transport
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteolysis
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74 skos:prefLabel Cell biology
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76 rdf:type npg:Subject
77 skos:Concept
78 rdfs:label Cell-cycle exit
79 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
80 skos:definition Cell cycle exit is when cells stop dividing and enter a quiescent state, also named G0. Cells exit the cell cycle in response to nutrient- or growth factor deprivation or in response to signals that induce differentiation. In the case of nutrient-and growth factor starvation, cell cycle exit is reversible.
81 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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83 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-growth sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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88 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology
91 skos:definition Cell growth usually refers to cell proliferation, the increase in cell numbers that occurs through repeated cell division. Cell growth can also refer to the enlargement of cell volume, which can take place in the absence of cell division.
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102 Cell Cycle Checkpoint
103 Cell Cycle Control
104 Cell Cycle Controls
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106 Cell Cycle-Transition Point
107 Cell Cycle-Transition Points
108 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
109 skos:definition Checkpoints are transition points in the cell cycle that can be negatively regulated. Checkpoints ensure that the cell only divides if conditions are favourable, and that the events take place in the correct order, for example that mitosis does not happen until DNA replication is complete.
110 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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113 rdf:type npg:Subject
114 skos:Concept
115 rdfs:label Chromosome condensation
116 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
117 skos:definition Chromosome condensation is the dramatic reorganisation of the long thin chromatin strands into compact short chromosomes that occurs in mitosis and meiosis. Chromosome condensation is mediated by the condensin complex, among other proteins, and is necessary to prevent chromosomes from being entangled during chromosome segregation.
118 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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121 rdf:type npg:Subject
122 skos:Concept
123 rdfs:label Chromosome segregation
124 skos:altLabel Chromosome Segregations
125 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
126 skos:definition Chromosome segregation occurs in mitosis and is the process by which the mitotic spindle separates the duplicated chromosomes into daughter cells.
127 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
128 skos:prefLabel Chromosome segregation
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/cohesion sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
130 rdf:type npg:Subject
131 skos:Concept
132 rdfs:label Cohesion
133 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
134 skos:definition Cohesion between the duplicated DNA molecules keep them 'glued' together until they are separated in mitosis. Cohesion is mediated by the cohesin protein complex, and is destroyed in a highly regulated manner when chromosomes are correctly aligned to allow chromosome segregation into daughter cells.
135 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
136 skos:prefLabel Cohesion
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytokinesis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
138 rdf:type npg:Subject
139 skos:Concept
140 rdfs:label Cytokinesis
141 skos:altLabel Cytokineses
142 Cytoplasmic Division
143 Cytoplasmic Divisions
144 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
145 skos:definition Cytokinesis occurs after nuclear division and is the process that divides the cytoplasm to give rise to two new cells, each with one set of chromosomes. Cytokinesis begins with the contraction of the cell equator and ends with severing the remaining connection between the daughter cells.
146 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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148 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-replication sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
149 rdf:type npg:Subject
150 skos:Concept
151 rdfs:label DNA replication
152 skos:altLabel Autonomous Replication
153 Autonomous Replications
154 DNA Replications
155 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
156 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
157 skos:definition DNA replication is the biological process by which an exact copy of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule is created and it is the basis for biological inheritance. Each of the two strands of the DNA molecule acts as a template for the synthesis of a complementary strand.
158 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
159 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/dna-synthesis
160 sg:ontologies/subjects/fragile-sites
161 sg:ontologies/subjects/origin-firing
162 sg:ontologies/subjects/origin-selection
163 sg:ontologies/subjects/replisome
164 sg:ontologies/subjects/stalled-forks
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166 skos:prefLabel DNA replication
167 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinetochores sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
168 rdf:type npg:Subject
169 skos:Concept
170 rdfs:label Kinetochores
171 skos:altLabel Kinetochore
172 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
173 sg:ontologies/subjects/chromosomes
174 skos:definition Kinetochores are large protein complexes that assemble at the centromere of a chromosome, and function to connect the chromosome to microtubules in the mitotic spindle.
175 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
176 skos:prefLabel Kinetochores
177 sg:ontologies/subjects/meiosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
178 rdf:type npg:Subject
179 skos:Concept
180 rdfs:label Meiosis
181 skos:altLabel Meioses
182 Meiotic M Phase
183 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
184 skos:definition Meiosis is the generation of germ cells (eggs and sperm). In meiosis, DNA replication is followed by two division cycles: meiosis I, which segregates homologous chromosomes and meiosis II, which segregates sister chromatids. Thus, four daughter cells are generated that each contains one homologue of each chromosome.
185 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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187 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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194 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
195 skos:definition Mitosis is the complex process in which duplicated chromosomes are condensed, segregated with the help of the mitotic spindle, and packaged in to daughter cell nuclei. Mitosis occurs in five stages: prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.
196 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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198 sg:ontologies/subjects/mitotic-spindle sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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202 skos:altLabel Mitotic Apparatus
203 Mitotic Spindle Apparatus
204 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-division
205 skos:definition The mitotic spindle is the microtubule-based bipolar structure that segregates the chromosomes in mitosis. The poles of the mitotic spindle are made up of centrosomes and the chromosomes are lined up at the spindle equator to ensure their correct bi-orientation and segregation.
206 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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217 skos:definition Molecular Biology is the field of biology that studies the composition, structure and interactions of cellular molecules – such as nucleic acids and proteins – that carry out the biological processes essential for the cell’s functions and maintenance.
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