Carbohydrates


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Carbohydrates

DESCRIPTION

Carbohydrates (also known as sugars) are molecules consisting of a basic unit, usually a six-membered ring, containing carbon and oxygen, either alone (monosaccharides) or joined together (disaccharides, oligosaccharides, or polysaccharides). They have various biological functions, including energy storage, protein modification and regulation, and act as structural components of cell membranes.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

213 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      22 URIs      6 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Carbohydrates
6 skos:altLabel Saccharides
7 Sugars
8 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
9 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
10 skos:definition Carbohydrates (also known as sugars) are molecules consisting of a basic unit, usually a six-membered ring, containing carbon and oxygen, either alone (monosaccharides) or joined together (disaccharides, oligosaccharides, or polysaccharides). They have various biological functions, including energy storage, protein modification and regulation, and act as structural components of cell membranes.
11 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
12 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/amino-sugars
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/deoxy-sugars
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/dietary-carbohydrates
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycoconjugates
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycosides
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/monosaccharides
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/polysaccharides
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/sugar-alcohols
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/sugar-phosphates
21 skos:prefLabel Carbohydrates
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
23 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
24 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
25 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
26 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/amino-sugars sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
36 rdf:type npg:Subject
37 skos:Concept
38 rdfs:label Amino sugars
39 skos:altLabel Amine sugars
40 Aminosugars
41 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
42 skos:definition Amino sugars are chemical compounds that have a sugar backbone, in which one of the hydroxyl groups is replaced by an amine group. Derivatives of amine-containing sugars, such as N-acetylglucosamine, are also considered amine sugars. Incorporated into protein-linked sugar chains, amino sugars regulate protein function and, combined with other compounds, form antibiotics.
43 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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45 sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
46 rdf:type npg:Subject
47 skos:Concept
48 rdfs:label Biochemistry
49 skos:altLabel Biological Chemistry
50 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
52 skos:definition Biochemistry is the study of the structure and function of biological molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Biochemistry is also used to describe techniques suited to understanding the interactions and functions of biological molecules, including traditional techniques such as Western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation, and chromatography methods.
53 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
54 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biocatalysis
55 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/bioinorganic-chemistry
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-modification
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/cytokines
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzyme-mechanisms
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycomics
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/histocytochemistry
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/hormones
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunochemistry
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/isoenzymes
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipidomics
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipids
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/metals
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/neurochemistry
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptides
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/prions
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteins
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteolysis
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomics
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-biology
86 skos:prefLabel Biochemistry
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
88 rdf:type npg:Subject
89 skos:Concept
90 rdfs:label Chemical biology
91 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemistry
93 skos:definition Chemical biology is the study of the chemicals and chemical reactions involved in biological processes, incorporating the disciplines of bioorganic chemistry, biochemistry, cell biology and pharmacology. Chemicals – including natural small molecules, such as lipids, carbohydrates and metals, or non-natural probe or drug molecules – are used to gain insight into biological problems at a mechanistic level.
94 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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96 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysical-chemistry
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/biosynthesis
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
99 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-ecology
100 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-genetics
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-libraries
102 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-modification
103 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-tools
104 sg:ontologies/subjects/cheminformatics
105 sg:ontologies/subjects/combinatorial-libraries
106 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-chemistry
107 sg:ontologies/subjects/dna
108 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-delivery
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzyme-mechanisms
110 sg:ontologies/subjects/enzymes
111 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycobiology
112 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycomics
113 sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-channels
114 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinases
115 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipidomics
116 sg:ontologies/subjects/lipids
117 sg:ontologies/subjects/mechanism-of-action
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/membranes
119 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolic-pathways
120 sg:ontologies/subjects/metabolomics
121 sg:ontologies/subjects/metals
122 sg:ontologies/subjects/natural-products
123 sg:ontologies/subjects/networks-and-systems-biology
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/nucleic-acids
125 sg:ontologies/subjects/peptides
126 sg:ontologies/subjects/pharmacology
127 sg:ontologies/subjects/post-translational-modifications
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteases
129 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-design
130 sg:ontologies/subjects/protein-folding
131 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteins
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/proteomics
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/rna
134 sg:ontologies/subjects/screening
135 sg:ontologies/subjects/small-molecules
136 sg:ontologies/subjects/synthetic-biology
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-identification
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/target-validation
139 sg:ontologies/subjects/transporters
140 skos:prefLabel Chemical biology
141 sg:ontologies/subjects/deoxy-sugars sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
142 rdf:type npg:Subject
143 skos:Concept
144 rdfs:label Deoxy sugars
145 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
146 skos:definition Deoxy sugars are sugars in which one of the hydroxyl (OH) constituents on the carbon cyclic backbone is replaced with hydrogen (H). Deoxyribose (formula C5H10O4) is a deoxy sugar that makes up the sugar–phosphate backbone of DNA.
147 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
148 skos:prefLabel Deoxy sugars
149 sg:ontologies/subjects/dietary-carbohydrates sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
150 rdf:type npg:Subject
151 skos:Concept
152 rdfs:label Dietary carbohydrates
153 skos:altLabel Dietary Carbohydrate
154 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
155 skos:definition Dietary carbohydrates are carbohydrates present in food, including sugars, starches, celluloses and gums. Carbohydrates serve as a major energy source of animal diets. Dietary sugars come from various natural and non-natural sources, including fruits, honey and corn syrup. Starches contain polymers of polysaccharide, and come from various sources such as grains and legumes.
156 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
157 skos:prefLabel Dietary carbohydrates
158 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycoconjugates sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
159 rdf:type npg:Subject
160 skos:Concept
161 rdfs:label Glycoconjugates
162 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
163 skos:definition Glycoconjugates are carbohydrates that are covalently linked to other biological molecules, such as amino acids (to generate peptidoglycans), proteins (glycopeptides and glycoproteins), lipids (glycolipids and lipopolysaccharides), and other small molecules (glycosides).
164 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
165 skos:prefLabel Glycoconjugates
166 sg:ontologies/subjects/glycosides sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
167 rdf:type npg:Subject
168 skos:Concept
169 rdfs:label Glycosides
170 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
171 skos:definition Glycosides are glycoconjugates of small molecules, such as alcohols, which generate a glycosidic bond between the hemiacetal group of a carbohydrate and the hydroxyl group of the small organic molecule. Glycosides have been found to have various uses in treating disease, for instance the cardiac glycosides for heart disease.
172 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
173 skos:prefLabel Glycosides
174 sg:ontologies/subjects/monosaccharides sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
175 rdf:type npg:Subject
176 skos:Concept
177 rdfs:label Monosaccharides
178 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
179 skos:definition Monosaccharides are small molecule carbohydrates that contain only a single six-membered ring of carbon and oxygen, but often exist in equilibrium with a five-membered ring and straight chain form. Ring monosaccharides such as galactose and glucose can serve as fuel for cellular metabolism. They also form the repeat units of polysaccharides.
180 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
181 skos:prefLabel Monosaccharides
182 sg:ontologies/subjects/polysaccharides sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
183 rdf:type npg:Subject
184 skos:Concept
185 rdfs:label Polysaccharides
186 skos:altLabel Glycans
187 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
188 skos:definition Polysaccharides are carbohydrate polymers in which monosaccharide ((CH2O)n) units are covalently joined by an O-glycosidic bond in either a branched or linear configuration. Polysaccharides serve as stores of energy, as in glycogen (branched polysaccharide of glucose), and as a structural component of bacterial cell walls, as in cellulose (linear polysaccharide of glucose).
189 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
190 skos:prefLabel Polysaccharides
191 sg:ontologies/subjects/sugar-alcohols sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
192 rdf:type npg:Subject
193 skos:Concept
194 rdfs:label Sugar alcohols
195 skos:altLabel Alditols
196 Sugar alcohol
197 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
198 skos:definition Sugar alcohols are derivatives of monosaccharides (and polysaccharides incorporating these) formed by reduction of the carbonyl group in the straight chain form. They generally do not exist as rings but as five- or six carbon chains and have one or fewer hydroxyl groups attached to each carbon. Sugar alcohols are useful as dietary sweeteners.
199 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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201 sg:ontologies/subjects/sugar-phosphates sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
202 rdf:type npg:Subject
203 skos:Concept
204 rdfs:label Sugar phosphates
205 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/carbohydrates
206 skos:definition Sugar phosphates are high-energy sugars (monosaccharides or polysaccharides) that are functionalized with at least one phosphate group (PO43−). The backbone of nucleic acids consists of polymers of sugar phosphates.
207 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
208 skos:prefLabel Sugar phosphates
209 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
210 rdf:type rdfs:Class
211 rdfs:Resource
212 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
213 skos:Concept
 




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