Cancer therapy


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Cancer therapy

DESCRIPTION

Cancer therapy describes the treatment of cancer in a patient, often with surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Targeted therapies are also available for some cancer types. A cancer patient might receive many different types of therapy, including those aimed at relieving the symptoms of cancer, such as pain.

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5 rdfs:label Cancer therapy
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7 Treatment regimen
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15 sg:ontologies/subjects/radiotherapy
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/targeted-therapies
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-vaccines
18 skos:prefLabel Cancer therapy
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
20 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
21 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
22 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
23 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
33 rdf:type npg:Subject
34 skos:Concept
35 rdfs:label Cancer
36 skos:altLabel Benign Neoplasm
37 Benign Neoplasms
38 Benign Tumor
39 Benign Tumors
40 Benign Tumour
41 Benign Tumours
42 Cancers
43 Neoplasia
44 Neoplasm
45 Neoplasms
46 Tumor
47 Tumors
48 Tumour
49 Tumours
50 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
51 sg:ontologies/subjects/diseases
52 sg:ontologies/subjects/oncology
53 skos:definition Cancer is a complex disease in which cells in a specific tissue are no longer fully responsive to the signals within the tissue that regulate cellular differentiation, survival, proliferation and death. As a result, these cells accumulate within the tissue, causing local damage and inflammation. There are over 200 different types of cancer.
54 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
55 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/bone-cancer
56 sg:ontologies/subjects/breast-cancer
57 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-epidemiology
58 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-genetics
59 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-genomics
60 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-imaging
61 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-metabolism
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-microenvironment
63 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-models
64 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-of-unknown-primary
65 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-prevention
66 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-screening
67 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-stem-cells
68 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
69 sg:ontologies/subjects/cns-cancer
70 sg:ontologies/subjects/cysts
71 sg:ontologies/subjects/embryonal-neoplasms
72 sg:ontologies/subjects/endocrine-cancer
73 sg:ontologies/subjects/eye-cancer
74 sg:ontologies/subjects/gastrointestinal-cancer
75 sg:ontologies/subjects/germ-cell-tumours
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/gynaecological-cancer
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/haematological-cancer
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/hamartoma
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/head-and-neck-cancer
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/lung-cancer
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/mesothelioma
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/metastases
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/oncogenes
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/oral-cancer
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/paediatric-cancer
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/sarcoma
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/skin-cancer
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/testicular-cancer
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-angiogenesis
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-biomarkers
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-heterogeneity
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-immunology
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-suppressor-proteins
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-virus-infections
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/urological-cancer
96 skos:prefLabel Cancer
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-immunotherapy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
98 rdf:type npg:Subject
99 skos:Concept
100 rdfs:label Cancer immunotherapy
101 skos:altLabel Antibody therapy
102 Immune blockade
103 Adoptive transfer
104 Cancer vaccines
105 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
106 skos:definition Cancer immunotherapy is a therapy used to treat cancer patients that involves or uses components of the immune system. Some cancer immunotherapies consist of antibodies that bind to, and inhibit the function of, proteins expressed by cancer cells. Other cancer immunotherapies include vaccines and T cell infusions.
107 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
108 skos:prefLabel Cancer immunotherapy
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapeutic-resistance sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
110 rdf:type npg:Subject
111 skos:Concept
112 rdfs:label Cancer therapeutic resistance
113 skos:altLabel Treatment failure
114 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
115 skos:definition Cancer therapeutic resistance occurs as cancers develop resistance to treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapies, through many different mechanisms. These include specific genetic and epigenetic changes in the cancer cell and/or the microenvironment in which the cancer cell resides.
116 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
117 skos:prefLabel Cancer therapeutic resistance
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemotherapy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
119 rdf:type npg:Subject
120 skos:Concept
121 rdfs:label Chemotherapy
122 skos:altLabel Chemotherapies
123 Drug Therapies
124 Drug Therapy
125 Pharmacotherapies
126 Pharmacotherapy
127 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-therapy
129 skos:definition Chemotherapy is a treatment used to kill cancer cells. It involves taking one or more of a type of drug that interferes with the DNA of fast-growing cells. These drugs are subdivided into specific classes such as alkylating agents, antimetabolites, anthracyclines and topoisomerase inhibitors.
130 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
131 skos:prefLabel Chemotherapy
132 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-development sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
133 rdf:type npg:Subject
134 skos:Concept
135 rdfs:label Drug development
136 skos:altLabel Drug pipeline
137 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/medical-research
139 skos:definition Drug development describes the process of developing a new drug that effectively targets a specific weakness in a cell. This process involves specific pre-clinical development and testing, followed by trials in humans to determine the efficacy of the drug.
140 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
141 skos:prefLabel Drug development
142 sg:ontologies/subjects/radiotherapy sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
143 rdf:type npg:Subject
144 skos:Concept
145 rdfs:label Radiotherapy
146 skos:altLabel Radiotherapies
147 Targeted Radiotherapies
148 Targeted Radiotherapy
149 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/therapeutics
151 skos:definition Radiotherapy, or radiation therapy, is the clinical use of high energy rays (ionizing radiation) to induce DNA damage in all exposed cells to ultimately kill cancer cells or prevent cancer growth. Radiotherapy may be used to eradicate some cancers, to reduce recurrence or as palliative treatment.
152 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
153 skos:prefLabel Radiotherapy
154 sg:ontologies/subjects/targeted-therapies sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
155 rdf:type npg:Subject
156 skos:Concept
157 rdfs:label Targeted therapies
158 skos:altLabel Molecular Targeted Therapies
159 Targeted Molecular Therapies
160 Targeted Molecular Therapy
161 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
162 skos:definition A targeted therapy is one that has been developed to affect a specific target, such as an enzyme or receptor. Targeted therapies can either block or increase the function of their target in order to treat a given disease; in this case, cancer.
163 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
164 skos:prefLabel Targeted therapies
165 sg:ontologies/subjects/tumour-vaccines sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
166 rdf:type npg:Subject
167 skos:Concept
168 rdfs:label Tumour vaccines
169 skos:altLabel Cancer vaccines
170 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer-therapy
171 skos:definition A tumour vaccine is an agent used for cancer therapy or cancer prevention that elicits an immune response and induces protective immunity against specific molecules (antigens) expressed on tumour cells. There are currently no vaccines that can prevent cancer from developing, but some therapeutic tumour vaccines have shown promise in patients with selected cancers.
172 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
173 skos:prefLabel Tumour vaccines
174 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
175 rdf:type rdfs:Class
176 rdfs:Resource
177 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
178 skos:Concept
 




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