Biophysics


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Biophysics

DESCRIPTION

Biophysics is the study of physical phenomena and physical processes in living things, on scales spanning molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Biophysicists use the principles and methods of physics to understand biological systems. It is an interdisciplinary science, closely related to quantitative and systems biology.

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physics of biology"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological physics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biophysics is the study of physical phenomena and physical processes in living things, on scales spanning molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Biophysicists use the principles and methods of physics to understand biological systems. It is an interdisciplinary science, closely related to quantitative and systems biology."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bioenergetics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/permeation-and-transport"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/single-molecule-biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motility"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-fluorescence"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/intrinsically-disordered-proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/exocytosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/endocytosis"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biopolymers-in-vivo"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-structure-and-assembly"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Membrane biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physics of biological membranes"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biological membranes, including lipid-raft formation and protein\u2013lipid coupling, as well as their mechanical characteristics, and the effect they have on paracellular transport and phenomena relating to cell shape."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/ion-transport"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bioenergetics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Bioenergetics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Energy Expenditures"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Bioenergetic"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Energy Expenditure"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Energy Metabolisms"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Energy Metabolism"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/systems-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Bioenergetics is the branch of biochemistry that focuses on how cells transform energy, often by producing, storing or consuming adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Bioenergetic processes, such as cellular respiration or photosynthesis, are essential to most aspects of cellular metabolism, therefore to life itself."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Bioenergetics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/permeation-and-transport", 
    "rdfs:label": "Permeation and transport", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane transport"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane permeation"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane transport is the means by which small molecules and biopolymers permeate a cell membrane. Membranes are lipid bilayers exhibiting selective permeability, meaning that they are permeable to some substances and not to others. Membrane transport is mediated by membrane-transport proteins."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Permeation and transport"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Computational biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Computational biological physics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Computational biophysics uses numerical algorithms to study the physical principles underlying biological phenomena and processes. It provides a means of approximating solutions for theoretical biophysical problems lacking closed-form solutions, and simulating systems for which experiments are deemed infeasible."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Computational biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Molecular biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Physics of biomolecules"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Molecular biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biomolecular systems. It seeks to explain biological function in terms of molecular structure, dynamics and organization, from single molecules to supramolecular structures."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/deformation-dynamics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/kinetics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-conformation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/thermodynamics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/supramolecular-assembly"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/perturbations"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Molecular biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/single-molecule-biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Single-molecule biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Single-molecule biophysics is the study of the dynamics and interactions of individual biomolecules to understand how they carry out their functions in living cells. For example, monitoring the folding properties of single protein or RNA molecules helps reveal how they are transported across cellular membranes."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Single-molecule biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motility", 
    "rdfs:label": "Motility", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motility is the ability to move spontaneously from one location to another by consuming energy. In biology, the term usually refers to single-celled and simple multicellular organisms, and encompasses swimming, crawling, gliding and swarming motion."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-function"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cellular-motility"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/intracellular-movement"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/muscle-contraction"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-regulation"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-structure"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-tracks"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Motility"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-fluorescence", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biological fluorescence", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence imaging"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Fluorescence is used in biology as a non-destructive way of analysing biological molecules, even at low concentrations, by means of the molecule\u2019s intrinsic fluorescence, or by attaching it with a fluorophore. Fluorescence is also employed in F\u00f6rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to detect biopolymer interactions and conformational changes."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological fluorescence"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/intrinsically-disordered-proteins", 
    "rdfs:label": "Intrinsically disordered proteins", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Naturally disordered proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Intrinsically unfolded proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Naturally unstructured proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Intrinsically unstructured proteins"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Naturally unfolded proteins"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Intrinsically disordered proteins are isolated polypeptide chains with no stable tertiary structure under physiological conditions in vitro. They remain functional despite the lack of a well-defined structure, contradicting the notion that structure defines the function of a protein."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Intrinsically disordered proteins"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/exocytosis", 
    "rdfs:label": "Exocytosis", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Exocytosis is the process by which cytoplasmic secretory vesicles fuse with the cellular membrane, releasing contents to the extracellular space. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Exocytosis"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-biophysics", 
    "rdfs:label": "Nanoscale biophysics", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nanoscale biological physics"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nanobiophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nanoscale biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biological processes occurring on a nanometre scale, typically on an atomic or molecular level. It also encompasses the development of nanotechnologies designed specifically for biophysical investigations."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nanoscale biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/endocytosis", 
    "rdfs:label": "Endocytosis", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Endocytoses"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Endocytosis is the internalisation of extracellular material. Endocytic pathways include clathrin-dependent endocytosis, caveolae-dependent endocytosis, macropinocytosis and phagocytosis. Endosomes that are generated by endocytosis can be recycled back to the plasma membrane, targeted to another subcellular location, or sent to multivesicular bodies for degradation. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Endocytosis"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biopolymers-in-vivo", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biopolymers in vivo", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biopolymers are covalently bonded linear structures produced by living organisms, including polynucleotides, like RNA and DNA; polypeptides, from which proteins are formed; and polysaccharides, comprising carbohydrates. Biopolymers in vivo refers to these polymers when they are studied in the cells of whole living organisms."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biopolymers in vivo"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/membrane-structure-and-assembly", 
    "rdfs:label": "Membrane structure and assembly", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:broader": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane structure and assembly describes the composition and formation of membranes, which are lipid bilayers embedded with proteins."
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Membrane structure and assembly"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept", 
    "rdfs:subClassOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"
      }
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "for_codes", 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences", 
    "rdfs:label": "Biological sciences", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:altLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biologic Sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biologic Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science Discipline"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Life Science"
      }, 
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological Science Disciplines"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:definition": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological sciences encompasses all the divisions of natural sciences examining various aspects of vital processes. The concept includes anatomy, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics, and covers all organisms from microorganisms, animals to plants. "
      }
    ], 
    "skos:inScheme": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:narrower": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cell-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biotechnology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/zoology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/evolution"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biochemistry"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/neuroscience"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/cancer"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/ecology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/microbiology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/genetics"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/stem-cells"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/psychology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/immunology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/systems-biology"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/structural-biology"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:prefLabel": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Biological sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "skos:topConceptOf": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://ns.nature.com/terms/Subject", 
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#Concept"
    ]
  }, 
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "dcterms:description": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature."
      }
    ], 
    "dcterms:title": [
      {
        "@language": "en", 
        "@value": "Nature Subjects Taxonomy"
      }
    ], 
    "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/", 
    "sdDataset": "onto_subjects", 
    "skos:hasTopConcept": [
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/humanities"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/social-science"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/health-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences"
      }
    ], 
    "type": [
      "http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#ConceptScheme"
    ]
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/biophysics'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

231 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      26 URIs      6 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Biophysics
6 skos:altLabel Biological physics
7 Physics of biology
8 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
9 skos:definition Biophysics is the study of physical phenomena and physical processes in living things, on scales spanning molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Biophysicists use the principles and methods of physics to understand biological systems. It is an interdisciplinary science, closely related to quantitative and systems biology.
10 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
11 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/bioenergetics
12 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-fluorescence
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/biopolymers-in-vivo
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-biophysics
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/endocytosis
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/exocytosis
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/intrinsically-disordered-proteins
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-biophysics
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-structure-and-assembly
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biophysics
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/motility
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-biophysics
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/permeation-and-transport
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/single-molecule-biophysics
25 skos:prefLabel Biophysics
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
27 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
28 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
29 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
30 skos:hasTopConcept sg:ontologies/subjects/DEPRECATED
31 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/business-and-commerce
33 sg:ontologies/subjects/earth-and-environmental-sciences
34 sg:ontologies/subjects/health-sciences
35 sg:ontologies/subjects/humanities
36 sg:ontologies/subjects/physical-sciences
37 sg:ontologies/subjects/scientific-community-and-society
38 sg:ontologies/subjects/social-science
39 sg:ontologies/subjects/bioenergetics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
40 rdf:type npg:Subject
41 skos:Concept
42 rdfs:label Bioenergetics
43 skos:altLabel Bioenergetic
44 Energy Expenditure
45 Energy Expenditures
46 Energy Metabolism
47 Energy Metabolisms
48 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
49 sg:ontologies/subjects/systems-biology
50 skos:definition Bioenergetics is the branch of biochemistry that focuses on how cells transform energy, often by producing, storing or consuming adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Bioenergetic processes, such as cellular respiration or photosynthesis, are essential to most aspects of cellular metabolism, therefore to life itself.
51 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
52 skos:prefLabel Bioenergetics
53 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-fluorescence sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
54 rdf:type npg:Subject
55 skos:Concept
56 rdfs:label Biological fluorescence
57 skos:altLabel Fluorescence imaging
58 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
59 skos:definition Fluorescence is used in biology as a non-destructive way of analysing biological molecules, even at low concentrations, by means of the molecule’s intrinsic fluorescence, or by attaching it with a fluorophore. Fluorescence is also employed in Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to detect biopolymer interactions and conformational changes.
60 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
61 skos:prefLabel Biological fluorescence
62 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
63 rdf:type npg:Subject
64 skos:Concept
65 rdfs:label Biological sciences
66 skos:altLabel Biologic Science
67 Biologic Sciences
68 Biological Science
69 Biological Science Discipline
70 Biological Science Disciplines
71 Life Science
72 Life Sciences
73 skos:definition Biological sciences encompasses all the divisions of natural sciences examining various aspects of vital processes. The concept includes anatomy, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics, and covers all organisms from microorganisms, animals to plants.
74 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
75 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/biochemistry
76 sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-techniques
77 sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
78 sg:ontologies/subjects/biotechnology
79 sg:ontologies/subjects/cancer
80 sg:ontologies/subjects/cell-biology
81 sg:ontologies/subjects/chemical-biology
82 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-biology-and-bioinformatics
83 sg:ontologies/subjects/developmental-biology
84 sg:ontologies/subjects/drug-discovery
85 sg:ontologies/subjects/ecology
86 sg:ontologies/subjects/evolution
87 sg:ontologies/subjects/genetics
88 sg:ontologies/subjects/immunology
89 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
90 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
91 sg:ontologies/subjects/neuroscience
92 sg:ontologies/subjects/physiology
93 sg:ontologies/subjects/plant-sciences
94 sg:ontologies/subjects/psychology
95 sg:ontologies/subjects/stem-cells
96 sg:ontologies/subjects/structural-biology
97 sg:ontologies/subjects/systems-biology
98 sg:ontologies/subjects/zoology
99 skos:prefLabel Biological sciences
100 skos:topConceptOf sg:ontologies/subjects/
101 sg:ontologies/subjects/biopolymers-in-vivo sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
102 rdf:type npg:Subject
103 skos:Concept
104 rdfs:label Biopolymers in vivo
105 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
106 skos:definition Biopolymers are covalently bonded linear structures produced by living organisms, including polynucleotides, like RNA and DNA; polypeptides, from which proteins are formed; and polysaccharides, comprising carbohydrates. Biopolymers in vivo refers to these polymers when they are studied in the cells of whole living organisms.
107 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
108 skos:prefLabel Biopolymers in vivo
109 sg:ontologies/subjects/computational-biophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
110 rdf:type npg:Subject
111 skos:Concept
112 rdfs:label Computational biophysics
113 skos:altLabel Computational biological physics
114 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
115 skos:definition Computational biophysics uses numerical algorithms to study the physical principles underlying biological phenomena and processes. It provides a means of approximating solutions for theoretical biophysical problems lacking closed-form solutions, and simulating systems for which experiments are deemed infeasible.
116 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
117 skos:prefLabel Computational biophysics
118 sg:ontologies/subjects/endocytosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
119 rdf:type npg:Subject
120 skos:Concept
121 rdfs:label Endocytosis
122 skos:altLabel Endocytoses
123 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
124 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking
125 skos:definition Endocytosis is the internalisation of extracellular material. Endocytic pathways include clathrin-dependent endocytosis, caveolae-dependent endocytosis, macropinocytosis and phagocytosis. Endosomes that are generated by endocytosis can be recycled back to the plasma membrane, targeted to another subcellular location, or sent to multivesicular bodies for degradation.
126 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
127 skos:prefLabel Endocytosis
128 sg:ontologies/subjects/exocytosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
129 rdf:type npg:Subject
130 skos:Concept
131 rdfs:label Exocytosis
132 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
133 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-trafficking
134 skos:definition Exocytosis is the process by which cytoplasmic secretory vesicles fuse with the cellular membrane, releasing contents to the extracellular space.
135 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
136 skos:prefLabel Exocytosis
137 sg:ontologies/subjects/intrinsically-disordered-proteins sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
138 rdf:type npg:Subject
139 skos:Concept
140 rdfs:label Intrinsically disordered proteins
141 skos:altLabel Intrinsically unfolded proteins
142 Intrinsically unstructured proteins
143 Naturally disordered proteins
144 Naturally unfolded proteins
145 Naturally unstructured proteins
146 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
147 skos:definition Intrinsically disordered proteins are isolated polypeptide chains with no stable tertiary structure under physiological conditions in vitro. They remain functional despite the lack of a well-defined structure, contradicting the notion that structure defines the function of a protein.
148 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
149 skos:prefLabel Intrinsically disordered proteins
150 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-biophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
151 rdf:type npg:Subject
152 skos:Concept
153 rdfs:label Membrane biophysics
154 skos:altLabel Physics of biological membranes
155 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
156 skos:definition Membrane biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biological membranes, including lipid-raft formation and protein–lipid coupling, as well as their mechanical characteristics, and the effect they have on paracellular transport and phenomena relating to cell shape.
157 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
158 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/ion-transport
159 skos:prefLabel Membrane biophysics
160 sg:ontologies/subjects/membrane-structure-and-assembly sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
161 rdf:type npg:Subject
162 skos:Concept
163 rdfs:label Membrane structure and assembly
164 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
165 skos:definition Membrane structure and assembly describes the composition and formation of membranes, which are lipid bilayers embedded with proteins.
166 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
167 skos:prefLabel Membrane structure and assembly
168 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
169 rdf:type npg:Subject
170 skos:Concept
171 rdfs:label Molecular biophysics
172 skos:altLabel Physics of biomolecules
173 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
174 skos:definition Molecular biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biomolecular systems. It seeks to explain biological function in terms of molecular structure, dynamics and organization, from single molecules to supramolecular structures.
175 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
176 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/deformation-dynamics
177 sg:ontologies/subjects/kinetics
178 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-conformation
179 sg:ontologies/subjects/perturbations
180 sg:ontologies/subjects/supramolecular-assembly
181 sg:ontologies/subjects/thermodynamics
182 skos:prefLabel Molecular biophysics
183 sg:ontologies/subjects/motility sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
184 rdf:type npg:Subject
185 skos:Concept
186 rdfs:label Motility
187 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
188 skos:definition Motility is the ability to move spontaneously from one location to another by consuming energy. In biology, the term usually refers to single-celled and simple multicellular organisms, and encompasses swimming, crawling, gliding and swarming motion.
189 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
190 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-motility
191 sg:ontologies/subjects/intracellular-movement
192 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-function
193 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-regulation
194 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-structure
195 sg:ontologies/subjects/motor-protein-tracks
196 sg:ontologies/subjects/muscle-contraction
197 skos:prefLabel Motility
198 sg:ontologies/subjects/nanoscale-biophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
199 rdf:type npg:Subject
200 skos:Concept
201 rdfs:label Nanoscale biophysics
202 skos:altLabel Nanobiophysics
203 Nanoscale biological physics
204 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
205 skos:definition Nanoscale biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing biological processes occurring on a nanometre scale, typically on an atomic or molecular level. It also encompasses the development of nanotechnologies designed specifically for biophysical investigations.
206 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
207 skos:prefLabel Nanoscale biophysics
208 sg:ontologies/subjects/permeation-and-transport sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
209 rdf:type npg:Subject
210 skos:Concept
211 rdfs:label Permeation and transport
212 skos:altLabel Membrane permeation
213 Membrane transport
214 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
215 skos:definition Membrane transport is the means by which small molecules and biopolymers permeate a cell membrane. Membranes are lipid bilayers exhibiting selective permeability, meaning that they are permeable to some substances and not to others. Membrane transport is mediated by membrane-transport proteins.
216 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
217 skos:prefLabel Permeation and transport
218 sg:ontologies/subjects/single-molecule-biophysics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
219 rdf:type npg:Subject
220 skos:Concept
221 rdfs:label Single-molecule biophysics
222 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biophysics
223 sg:ontologies/subjects/molecular-biology
224 skos:definition Single-molecule biophysics is the study of the dynamics and interactions of individual biomolecules to understand how they carry out their functions in living cells. For example, monitoring the folding properties of single protein or RNA molecules helps reveal how they are transported across cellular membranes.
225 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
226 skos:prefLabel Single-molecule biophysics
227 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
228 rdf:type rdfs:Class
229 rdfs:Resource
230 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
231 skos:Concept
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...