Bacteria


Ontology type: npg:Subject  | skos:Concept     


Concept Info

NAME

Bacteria

DESCRIPTION

Bacteria are organisms that consist of a single cell without a nucleus and with distinct structural, physiological and evolutionary characteristics. Bacteria form one of the three domains of life; the others are archaea and eukaryotes. Bacterial species and their habitats exhibit great diversity.

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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bacteria'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bacteria'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bacteria'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/ontologies/subjects/bacteria'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

285 TRIPLES      10 PREDICATES      32 URIs      6 LITERALS

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
2 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
3 rdf:type npg:Subject
4 skos:Concept
5 rdfs:label Bacteria
6 skos:altLabel Bacterium
7 Eubacteria
8 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology
9 skos:definition Bacteria are organisms that consist of a single cell without a nucleus and with distinct structural, physiological and evolutionary characteristics. Bacteria form one of the three domains of life; the others are archaea and eukaryotes. Bacterial species and their habitats exhibit great diversity.
10 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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12 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-evolution
13 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-genetics
14 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-genomics
15 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-host-response
16 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-immune-evasion
17 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-pathogenesis
18 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-physiology
19 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-secretion
20 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-structural-biology
21 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-synthetic-biology
22 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-systems-biology
23 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-techniques-and-applications
24 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-toxins
25 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-transcription
26 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-microbiology
27 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-disease-epidemiology
28 sg:ontologies/subjects/marine-microbiology
29 sg:ontologies/subjects/metagenomics
30 sg:ontologies/subjects/symbiosis
31 skos:prefLabel Bacteria
32 sg:ontologies/subjects/ dcterms:description The Nature Subjects Taxonomy is a polyhierarchical categorization of scholarly subject areas which are used for the indexing of content by Springer Nature.
33 dcterms:title Nature Subjects Taxonomy
34 sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
35 rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme
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46 rdf:type npg:Subject
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49 skos:altLabel Bacteria development
50 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
51 skos:definition Bacterial development is a process that allows bacteria to develop into different cellular states; for example, the formation of spores or the establishment of competence.
52 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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55 rdf:type npg:Subject
56 skos:Concept
57 rdfs:label Bacterial evolution
58 skos:altLabel Bacteria evolution
59 Evolution of bacteria
60 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
61 skos:definition Bacterial evolution refers to the heritable genetic changes that a bacterium accumulates during its life time, which can arise from adaptations in response to environmental changes or the immune response of the host. Because of their short generation times and large population sizes, bacteria can evolve rapidly.
62 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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65 rdf:type npg:Subject
66 skos:Concept
67 rdfs:label Bacterial genetics
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70 skos:definition Bacterial genetics is the study of the mechanisms of heritable information in bacteria, their chromosomes, plasmids, transposons and phages. Techniques that have enabled this discipline are culture in defined media, replica plating, mutagenesis, transformation, conjugation and transduction.
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76 rdfs:label Bacterial genomics
77 skos:altLabel Bacteria genomics
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79 Genomics of bacteria
80 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
81 skos:definition Bacterial genomics is a scientific discipline that concerns the genome, encompassing the entire hereditary information, of bacteria. Bacterial genomics can, for example, be used to study bacterial evolution or outbreaks of bacterial infections.
82 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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91 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
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119 Bacterial Physiological Concepts
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121 Physiology of baceria
122 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
123 skos:definition Bacterial physiology is a scientific discipline that concerns the life-supporting functions and processes of bacteria, which allow bacterial cells to grow and reproduce.
124 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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128 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-transformation
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130 skos:prefLabel Bacterial physiology
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132 rdf:type npg:Subject
133 skos:Concept
134 rdfs:label Bacterial secretion
135 skos:altLabel Bacterial Secretion System
136 Bacterial Secretion Systems
137 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
138 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-physiology
139 skos:definition Bacterial secretion is the process by which bacteria release substances to their surroundings, including other cells. Bacteria achieve this using dedicated secretion systems that transport molecules – such as factors involved in bacterial pathogenesism, so called effectors – across the cell wall.
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147 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
148 skos:definition Bacterial structural biology is a scientific discipline that concerns the structure of bacterial macromolecules, especially proteins and nucleic acids. Such studies are used to understand the function and properties of components of the bacterial cell.
149 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
150 skos:prefLabel Bacterial structural biology
151 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-synthetic-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
152 rdf:type npg:Subject
153 skos:Concept
154 rdfs:label Bacterial synthetic biology
155 skos:altLabel Bacteria synthetic biology
156 Synthetic Biologies
157 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
158 skos:definition Bacterial synthetic biology is a scientific discipline that deals with the synthesis of part, or the whole, of bacteria that do not exist in nature in this form. It uses engineering and molecular biology tools.
159 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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161 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-systems-biology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
162 rdf:type npg:Subject
163 skos:Concept
164 rdfs:label Bacterial systems biology
165 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
166 skos:definition Bacterial systems biology is the scientific study of the functions and properties of bacteria in an integrative, systematic way, based on the analysis and modelling of large data sets. Systems biology is, for example, used to build networks of bacterial metabolism.
167 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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169 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-techniques-and-applications sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
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174 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
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176 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacterial-toxins sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
177 rdf:type npg:Subject
178 skos:Concept
179 rdfs:label Bacterial toxins
180 skos:altLabel Toxin-antitoxin
181 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
182 skos:definition Bacterial toxins are toxic substances that are produced and released by bacteria to target other bacterial or host cells. Bacteria often have antitoxins to avoid the deleterious effects of toxins.
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188 rdfs:label Bacterial transcription
189 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
190 skos:definition Bacterial transcription is the process by which bacteria transcribe genetic information encoded in their genome into messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) molecules. mRNA is then used as a template for the production of bacterial proteins.
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202 skos:prefLabel Cellular microbiology
203 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-disease-epidemiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
204 rdf:type npg:Subject
205 skos:Concept
206 rdfs:label Infectious-disease epidemiology
207 skos:altLabel Pathogen genomics
208 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
209 skos:definition The study of the incidence and spread of infectious diseases in populations over time. Host, pathogen and environmental factors are monitored to determine the dynamics of infection, the ultimate goal of which is to devise intervention strategies. Molecular methods, such as phylogenomics, can be used to accurately track pathogens.
210 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
211 skos:prefLabel Infectious-disease epidemiology
212 sg:ontologies/subjects/marine-microbiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
213 rdf:type npg:Subject
214 skos:Concept
215 rdfs:label Marine microbiology
216 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
217 skos:definition Marine microbiology is the study of the microorganisms (bacteria, archaea, viruses and microbial eukaryotes) in the marine environment, including their biodiversity, ecology and biogeochemistry. The use of metagenomics has been fundamental in revealing the abundance and composition of marine microbial ecosystems.
218 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
219 skos:prefLabel Marine microbiology
220 sg:ontologies/subjects/metagenomics sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
221 rdf:type npg:Subject
222 skos:Concept
223 rdfs:label Metagenomics
224 skos:altLabel Metabolomic
225 Metabolomics
226 Metabonomic
227 Metabonomics
228 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/archaea
229 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
230 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
231 sg:ontologies/subjects/genomics
232 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
233 skos:definition Metagenomics is the study of the metagenome—the collective genome of microorganisms from an environmental sample—to provide information on the microbial diversity and ecology of a specific environment. Shotgun metagenomics refers to the approach of shearing DNA extracted from the environmental sample and sequencing the small fragments.
234 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
235 skos:prefLabel Metagenomics
236 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbiology sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
237 rdf:type npg:Subject
238 skos:Concept
239 rdfs:label Microbiology
240 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/biological-sciences
241 skos:definition Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.
242 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
243 skos:narrower sg:ontologies/subjects/antimicrobials
244 sg:ontologies/subjects/applied-microbiology
245 sg:ontologies/subjects/archaea
246 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
247 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriology
248 sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteriophages
249 sg:ontologies/subjects/biofilms
250 sg:ontologies/subjects/biogeochemistry
251 sg:ontologies/subjects/cellular-microbiology
252 sg:ontologies/subjects/clinical-microbiology
253 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
254 sg:ontologies/subjects/crispr-cas-systems
255 sg:ontologies/subjects/environmental-microbiology
256 sg:ontologies/subjects/fungi
257 sg:ontologies/subjects/industrial-microbiology
258 sg:ontologies/subjects/infectious-disease-diagnostics
259 sg:ontologies/subjects/microbial-genetics
260 sg:ontologies/subjects/parasitology
261 sg:ontologies/subjects/pathogens
262 sg:ontologies/subjects/phage-biology
263 sg:ontologies/subjects/policy-and-public-health-in-microbiology
264 sg:ontologies/subjects/vaccines
265 sg:ontologies/subjects/virology
266 skos:prefLabel Microbiology
267 sg:ontologies/subjects/symbiosis sgo:sdDataset onto_subjects
268 rdf:type npg:Subject
269 skos:Concept
270 rdfs:label Symbiosis
271 skos:altLabel Ectosymbioses Symbioses
272 Ectosymbiosis
273 Endosymbioses
274 Endosymbiosis
275 Symbioses
276 skos:broader sg:ontologies/subjects/bacteria
277 sg:ontologies/subjects/communities
278 skos:definition Symbiosis refers to the partnership (usually long-term) that is established between two or more organisms. In microbiology, symbiotic relationships are often established between a microorganism and its host, and the partnership can be mutualistic or parasitic.
279 skos:inScheme sg:ontologies/subjects/
280 skos:prefLabel Symbiosis
281 skos:Concept sgo:sdDataset for_codes
282 rdf:type rdfs:Class
283 rdfs:Resource
284 rdfs:subClassOf rdfs:Resource
285 skos:Concept
 




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