Research on Double Processing Mechanism of Inductive Reasoning in Human Brain Category View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2015-2018

FUNDING AMOUNT

860000.0 CNY

ABSTRACT

Category-based induction is one of the most important higher-level cognitive functions of human brain, however, its cognitive neural mechanism is still unclear. Inclusion fallacy is an important psychological effect in category-based induction, which refers to that subjects always make judgments violate the rational norms during inductive strength judgment.Prior studies indicated that many more inclusion fallacies will be made if subjects perform the inference based on similarity, while relatively less inclusion fallacies will be made if subjects perform the inference based on logic.Accordingly, the dual-process mechanism hypothesis of category-based induction is proposed, which involves two distinct cognitive systems. System 1 involves the rapid, automatic, heuristic processing, while system 2 involves slow, controlled, analytic processing. System 1 may associate with the activations of left frontotemporal areas, while system 2 may relate to the recruitment of bilateral frontoparietal cortices. In combination of behavioral, functional MRI and ACT-R based computational cognitive methodolgies, we will perform a series of studies on the inclusion fallacy to test the dual-process mechanism hypothesis of category-based induction, and build its computational cognitive model. The significances of this proposal lies in: the important constitute of exploring the nature of human thinking, helpful to build new reference marker for the early diagnosis of cognitive impairment patients,and offering new ideas for realizing the human-level intelligent systems. More... »

URL

https://kd.nsfc.gov.cn/finalDetails?id=901e1b443c33fbc7649a4786fcba81fe

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