The role of international financial institutions in post-conflict reconstruction in Mozambique View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2000-

FUNDING AMOUNT

N/A

ABSTRACT

The end of the Cold War resulted with the unravelling of many nation-states, particularly in the developing world. By mid-1990s the international community was inundated with a plethora of intra-state wars. These wars, coupled with the deteriorating socio-economic conditions in these countries, injected a sense of urgency on international community to take action. The international response came from international NGOs, and multilateral and bilateral donors. However, forces unleashed to attend to these situations were mostly ill informed, if not ignorant of the pressing post-war societies' needs. Aid remains the potent weapon and if misconstrued can serve the opposite of the intended goals. Aid came from both multilateral and bilateral donors and only its economic connotation was central at the expense of the political one. The latter has had far reaching implications that today renders the international community's efforts in post-conflict reconstruction mediocre.

Mozambique, a case study examined in this research, provides a conspicuous portrait of a mediocre post-war country that has undergone reconstruction process. Post-war rebuilding in Mozambique has endeavoured to address pressing and diverse needs. Nonetheless less success has been accomplished. The international community championed the entire process and it did less to address 'peace conditionalities'. Instead what seemed at first to be 'good intentions' of the international community turned out to be driven egocentrism. Today Mozambican society is characterised by chronic poverty levels. As poverty contributed in igniting conflict initially, it has the potential to spark it again. The biased nature of the international community against political factors and the sidelining of Renamo controlled areas make the country more volatile and susceptible to destroying the tranquillity of the Mozambican society.

Thus far it is evident that the international community depends on ad hoc committees when attending to post-war rebuilding. Therefore, this thesis highlights the need to restructure the existing tools of intervention in post-war reconstruction. The ability of the international community to effectively deal with myriad challenges and dangers present in post-war situations stand to benefit both the recipients and donors involved. Therefore, let it not be a matter of choice but an obligation to ensure successful and smooth transition after wars.
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URL

http://nrfnexus.nrf.ac.za/handle/20.500.11892/120502?show=full

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