Age and features of the manifestation of strong tsunamis in the Japanese Sea region in the historical period and in ... View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2015-2015

FUNDING AMOUNT

N/A

ABSTRACT

In the course of the project, it is proposed to establish the age, scale and features of the manifestation of strong tsunamis on the continental and insular coasts of the northern part of the Sea of ​​Japan over the past several thousand years and to conduct an interregional correlation of events for Primorye, Sakhalin and the Japanese islands. The coast of Primorye and Western Sakhalin is unique from the point of view of the possibility of reconstructing the manifestation of strong tsunamis in the region over the last several thousand years. There are many swamped coastal lowlands where peat was continuously accumulating or the formation of lagoon and lake silt was underway, which is important for constructing a detailed geological record of events. On the Japanese islands, low-lying areas tend to be highly urbanized and unsuitable for such studies. The relevance of research is determined by the fact that the entire coast of the Sea of ​​Japan falls into a zone of high tsunami hazard. Major tsunamis in the region are related to earthquakes, the epicenters of which are concentrated by a narrow strip stretching along the Japanese islands and Fr. Moneron, and continuing along the west coast of Fr. Sakhalin to the latitude of Uglegorsk (Soloviev, Go, 1974). Volcanogenic tsunamis are also noted in the region. Since there is almost no chronicle evidence for the Far East, in assessing the tsunami hazard of the coast, data on the manifestation of major tsunamis in historical times and in the recent geological past are of particular importance. Insufficient number of historical observations does not allow to obtain reliable data on the frequency of catastrophic tsunamis, to reveal their intensity, peculiarities of impact on the natural environment and development of shores. The only way to obtain data on the strongest tsunami for long periods of time is the geological methods for detecting traces of Paleotsuns. The studies to be carried out are particularly relevant for the south of Primorsky Krai and the southwestern part of Fr. Sakhalin, because these territories are the most populated, the infrastructure is developed here, there is a transport network and industrial enterprises, and in recent years oil pipelines and gas pipelines with sea terminals have been built. When assessing the tsunami hazard of the coast and the ecological situation after possible strong tsunami, it should be borne in mind that on the western coast of the Japanese islands there are many settlements with a developed infrastructure and a dense transport network, many industrial enterprises are concentrated here, including Tomari (Tomsk) ), The design of which is similar to the Fukushima nuclear power plant. During the implementation of the project, identification of tsunami precipitation in the coastal lowlands of Primorye and Western Sakhalin will be carried out, paleoreconstruction of events, identification of their scale and frequency in bays that differ in the structure of the underwater coastal slope and coastline, specific features of sedimentation during the passage of tsunami waves of different intensity. Analytical work will include a complex of lithologic-facies and biostratigraphic methods, the chronology of events will be restored based on radiocarbon analysis and data of tephrastratigraphy. To assess the ecological effect of tsunami passage, a spore-pollen analysis of tsunamigenic sediments and enclosing sediments will be used. It is also planned to perform a botanical analysis of peat, which will provide information on the change of local communities in the flood zone. The project proposes to study the sediments of the current tsunami (1940, 1983, 1993), which is important for the development of methods for "combining" paleodata and information about the scales of the historical tsunami in the catalogs, since these data are of a different type. The study of tsunamigenic precipitation makes it possible to assess the scale and frequency of occurrence of these events on a scale of hundreds of thousands of years, which is necessary for a more objective assessment of the tsunami hazard of the territory. An important direction of the tsunami manifestation will be a comparative analysis of the level of tsunami hazard for different sections of the coast of the Japanese More... »

URL

http://www.rfbr.ru/rffi/ru/project_search/o_2005424

Related SciGraph Publications

  • 2018-04. Historical Tsunami Records on Russian Island, the Sea of Japan in PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS
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