Development of alloys replacing rare metals for catalysis View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2007-2010

FUNDING AMOUNT

39910000 JPY

ABSTRACT

PdZn shows comparable catalytic selectivity to Cu in steam-reforming of methanol (SRM)reaction reflecting their similar electronic structures near the Fermi level (E_F). First-principles slab calculations for M-Zn (M=Pd, Ni, Pt)reveal that alloying with Zn leads to drastic change in the d-band width of M elements and it is essential for a similar electronic structure to Cu. The reduction of the d-band width is a consequence of the missing M-M pair and the lattice distortion. Measurements for SRM, CO and H_2 adsorptions have been performed for alloy powders of M_<50> Zn_<50> intermetallic compounds and M/ZnO samples and has been verified that chemical properties are expected from calculated electronic density of states (DOS). Unsupported mesoporous intermetallic NiZn and PdZn catalysts are successfully prepared by means of immersion alloying process. The surface areas of resultant alloy catalysts reached over ~ 20 m^2/g. The catalytic properties for steam reforming of methanol (SRM)were completely different from the original unsupported porous Ni and Pd, where the decomposition of methanol and the SRM occurred preferentially on NiCu and PdZn. In terms of selectivity of the reaction, NiCu is very similar to Pd and their similarity in valence DOSs was verified, indicating availability of the idea developed in the present research. More... »

URL

https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-19206072

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