Consequences of species range contraction on the genetic diversity of cold-adapted organisms View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2013-2017

FUNDING AMOUNT

1528728 CHF

ABSTRACT

Present-day climate warming affects the distribution of many species, making them move towards higher latitudes and altitudes as temperature rises. This project addresses the question of how much genetic variation is retained in species during range contractions. As genetic variation is the raw material for natural selection, the question of its maintenance during range contractions and contribution to the long-term evolutionary potential of species is of great importance in biology. Despite its significance, however, this question has not been studied in a multidisciplinary approach, and independent research fields have only produced a very partial vision of the processes at work. Here we build bridges among disciplines and investigate the fate of genetic diversity during range contractions using empirical datasets of an unprecedented size. Changes in species ranges are not restricted to current climate change. In fact, they have occurred many times in the past, shaping a large part of today’s biodiversity. Because modelling suggests that different speeds of contraction have dissimilar effects on genetic diversity, we will investigate processes occurring at two time scales, decadal (short term) and millennial (long term). By focusing on species that are nowadays experiencing spatial reductions of their range compared to the past, we will have direct access to processes at work during range contractions. As cold-adapted species have been particularly affected by range contractions since the last ice age they are particularly suited to such analyses.Effects of decadal range contractions will be investigated in four species of insects (one butterfly, one dragonfly, and two bumblebees) in Great Britain and Finland, two regions where the north-south orientation of land masses induces one-dimensional contraction processes. In those species, museum collections have preserved specimens captured in the last decades within and outside the current species ranges. Therefore, natural history collections offer largely underexploited direct access to the genetic diversity of the past. Effects of millennial range contractions will be examined in the silver fir, for which macrofossils (mostly needles) are available in many locations within and outside the current distribution of the species at different time points since the last glacial maximum. They will also be investigated in the Swedish cornel, for which soil samples with plant DNA residuals were obtained. Ancient DNA will be gathered from fossils, with particular care taken during extractions that will be performed in association with a specialised French laboratory.After unravelling DNA variation in modern and past specimens using next-generation-sequencing technologies, we will combine ancient and historical DNA data with spatially-explicit population and environmental niche modelling, to test hypotheses of genetic diversity loss or maintenance during range contraction. This project will therefore link state-of-the-art models with empirical examination of genetic variation, providing for the first time a direct insight into the processes responsible for the genetic patterns retrieved at contraction boundaries. Last but not least, this proposal sets the foundations for the eventual establishment of an ancient DNA laboratory in Switzerland. More... »

URL

http://p3.snf.ch/project-144870

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2206", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2206", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2205", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "amount": {
      "currency": "CHF", 
      "type": "MonetaryAmount", 
      "value": "1528728"
    }, 
    "description": "Present-day climate warming affects the distribution of many species, making them move towards higher latitudes and altitudes as temperature rises. This project addresses the question of how much genetic variation is retained in species during range contractions. As genetic variation is the raw material for natural selection, the question of its maintenance during range contractions and contribution to the long-term evolutionary potential of species is of great importance in biology. Despite its significance, however, this question has not been studied in a multidisciplinary approach, and independent research fields have only produced a very partial vision of the processes at work. Here we build bridges among disciplines and investigate the fate of genetic diversity during range contractions using empirical datasets of an unprecedented size. Changes in species ranges are not restricted to current climate change. In fact, they have occurred many times in the past, shaping a large part of today\u2019s biodiversity. Because modelling suggests that different speeds of contraction have dissimilar effects on genetic diversity, we will investigate processes occurring at two time scales, decadal (short term) and millennial (long term). By focusing on species that are nowadays experiencing spatial reductions of their range compared to the past, we will have direct access to processes at work during range contractions. As cold-adapted species have been particularly affected by range contractions since the last ice age they are particularly suited to such analyses.Effects of decadal range contractions will be investigated in four species of insects (one butterfly, one dragonfly, and two bumblebees) in Great Britain and Finland, two regions where the north-south orientation of land masses induces one-dimensional contraction processes. In those species, museum collections have preserved specimens captured in the last decades within and outside the current species ranges. Therefore, natural history collections offer largely underexploited direct access to the genetic diversity of the past. Effects of millennial range contractions will be examined in the silver fir, for which macrofossils (mostly needles) are available in many locations within and outside the current distribution of the species at different time points since the last glacial maximum. They will also be investigated in the Swedish cornel, for which soil samples with plant DNA residuals were obtained. Ancient DNA will be gathered from fossils, with particular care taken during extractions that will be performed in association with a specialised French laboratory.After unravelling DNA variation in modern and past specimens using next-generation-sequencing technologies, we will combine ancient and historical DNA data with spatially-explicit population and environmental niche modelling, to test hypotheses of genetic diversity loss or maintenance during range contraction. This project will therefore link state-of-the-art models with empirical examination of genetic variation, providing for the first time a direct insight into the processes responsible for the genetic patterns retrieved at contraction boundaries. Last but not least, this proposal sets the foundations for the eventual establishment of an ancient DNA laboratory in Switzerland.", 
    "endDate": "2017-02-28T00:00:00Z", 
    "funder": {
      "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425888.b", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "id": "sg:grant.5231003", 
    "identifier": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "5231003"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "snf_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "144870"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "insects", 
      "many times", 
      "genetic variation", 
      "empirical datasets", 
      "distribution", 
      "millennial range contractions", 
      "museum collections", 
      "north-south orientation", 
      "historical DNA data", 
      "Present-day climate warming", 
      "unprecedented size", 
      "great importance", 
      "Swedish cornel", 
      "maintenance", 
      "sequencing technologies", 
      "dissimilar effects", 
      "independent research field", 
      "empirical examination", 
      "today's biodiversity", 
      "Last Glacial Maximum", 
      "project", 
      "particular care", 
      "changes", 
      "current distribution", 
      "one-dimensional contraction processes", 
      "cold-adapted species", 
      "dragonflies", 
      "different time points", 
      "genetic diversity loss", 
      "current climate change", 
      "Great Britain", 
      "natural selection", 
      "past specimens", 
      "direct access", 
      "soil samples", 
      "spatial reduction", 
      "altitude", 
      "hypothesis", 
      "such analyses", 
      "effect", 
      "butterflies", 
      "Switzerland", 
      "land masses", 
      "range", 
      "time scale", 
      "foundation", 
      "fact", 
      "bridge", 
      "question", 
      "genetic diversity", 
      "cold-adapted organisms", 
      "decadal", 
      "explicit population", 
      "significance", 
      "large part", 
      "disciplines", 
      "consequence", 
      "genetic patterns", 
      "direct insight", 
      "high latitudes", 
      "past", 
      "state", 
      "French laboratories", 
      "last decade", 
      "region", 
      "much genetic variation", 
      "long term", 
      "long-term evolutionary potential", 
      "art models", 
      "proposal", 
      "DNA variation", 
      "decadal range contractions", 
      "multidisciplinary approach", 
      "last ice age", 
      "partial vision", 
      "association", 
      "Finland", 
      "raw materials", 
      "eventual establishment", 
      "many species", 
      "ancient DNA", 
      "macrofossils", 
      "ancient DNA laboratory", 
      "plant DNA residuals", 
      "environmental niche modelling", 
      "biology", 
      "contraction", 
      "underexploited direct access", 
      "bumblebees", 
      "short term", 
      "silver fir", 
      "fate", 
      "species ranges", 
      "process", 
      "current species", 
      "range contraction", 
      "needle", 
      "fossils", 
      "contraction boundaries", 
      "specimens", 
      "many locations", 
      "first time", 
      "extraction", 
      "contribution", 
      "work", 
      "different speeds", 
      "temperature", 
      "species", 
      "natural history collections"
    ], 
    "name": "Consequences of species range contraction on the genetic diversity of cold-adapted organisms", 
    "recipient": [
      {
        "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9851.5", 
        "type": "Organization"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3", 
          "name": "Mus\u00e9um d'Histoire Naturelle", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Alvarez", 
        "givenName": "Nadir", 
        "id": "sg:person.01161175673.61", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "member": "sg:person.01161175673.61", 
        "roleName": "PI", 
        "type": "Role"
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.5231003"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "grants", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-03-07T12:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com.uberresearch.data.processor/core_data/20181219_192338/projects/base/snf_projects_1.xml.gz", 
    "startDate": "2013-03-01T00:00:00Z", 
    "type": "MonetaryGrant", 
    "url": "http://p3.snf.ch/project-144870"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.5231003'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.5231003'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.5231003'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.5231003'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

157 TRIPLES      19 PREDICATES      132 URIs      123 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:grant.5231003 schema:about anzsrc-for:2205
2 anzsrc-for:2206
3 schema:amount N64679b2fdf324d419d08f5141ada59d4
4 schema:description Present-day climate warming affects the distribution of many species, making them move towards higher latitudes and altitudes as temperature rises. This project addresses the question of how much genetic variation is retained in species during range contractions. As genetic variation is the raw material for natural selection, the question of its maintenance during range contractions and contribution to the long-term evolutionary potential of species is of great importance in biology. Despite its significance, however, this question has not been studied in a multidisciplinary approach, and independent research fields have only produced a very partial vision of the processes at work. Here we build bridges among disciplines and investigate the fate of genetic diversity during range contractions using empirical datasets of an unprecedented size. Changes in species ranges are not restricted to current climate change. In fact, they have occurred many times in the past, shaping a large part of today’s biodiversity. Because modelling suggests that different speeds of contraction have dissimilar effects on genetic diversity, we will investigate processes occurring at two time scales, decadal (short term) and millennial (long term). By focusing on species that are nowadays experiencing spatial reductions of their range compared to the past, we will have direct access to processes at work during range contractions. As cold-adapted species have been particularly affected by range contractions since the last ice age they are particularly suited to such analyses.Effects of decadal range contractions will be investigated in four species of insects (one butterfly, one dragonfly, and two bumblebees) in Great Britain and Finland, two regions where the north-south orientation of land masses induces one-dimensional contraction processes. In those species, museum collections have preserved specimens captured in the last decades within and outside the current species ranges. Therefore, natural history collections offer largely underexploited direct access to the genetic diversity of the past. Effects of millennial range contractions will be examined in the silver fir, for which macrofossils (mostly needles) are available in many locations within and outside the current distribution of the species at different time points since the last glacial maximum. They will also be investigated in the Swedish cornel, for which soil samples with plant DNA residuals were obtained. Ancient DNA will be gathered from fossils, with particular care taken during extractions that will be performed in association with a specialised French laboratory.After unravelling DNA variation in modern and past specimens using next-generation-sequencing technologies, we will combine ancient and historical DNA data with spatially-explicit population and environmental niche modelling, to test hypotheses of genetic diversity loss or maintenance during range contraction. This project will therefore link state-of-the-art models with empirical examination of genetic variation, providing for the first time a direct insight into the processes responsible for the genetic patterns retrieved at contraction boundaries. Last but not least, this proposal sets the foundations for the eventual establishment of an ancient DNA laboratory in Switzerland.
5 schema:endDate 2017-02-28T00:00:00Z
6 schema:funder https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425888.b
7 schema:identifier N16a758b1390747788931ad4643f038c3
8 Nbe7ddac3d32643d78ff828b012a54724
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:keywords DNA variation
11 Finland
12 French laboratories
13 Great Britain
14 Last Glacial Maximum
15 Present-day climate warming
16 Swedish cornel
17 Switzerland
18 altitude
19 ancient DNA
20 ancient DNA laboratory
21 art models
22 association
23 biology
24 bridge
25 bumblebees
26 butterflies
27 changes
28 cold-adapted organisms
29 cold-adapted species
30 consequence
31 contraction
32 contraction boundaries
33 contribution
34 current climate change
35 current distribution
36 current species
37 decadal
38 decadal range contractions
39 different speeds
40 different time points
41 direct access
42 direct insight
43 disciplines
44 dissimilar effects
45 distribution
46 dragonflies
47 effect
48 empirical datasets
49 empirical examination
50 environmental niche modelling
51 eventual establishment
52 explicit population
53 extraction
54 fact
55 fate
56 first time
57 fossils
58 foundation
59 genetic diversity
60 genetic diversity loss
61 genetic patterns
62 genetic variation
63 great importance
64 high latitudes
65 historical DNA data
66 hypothesis
67 independent research field
68 insects
69 land masses
70 large part
71 last decade
72 last ice age
73 long term
74 long-term evolutionary potential
75 macrofossils
76 maintenance
77 many locations
78 many species
79 many times
80 millennial range contractions
81 much genetic variation
82 multidisciplinary approach
83 museum collections
84 natural history collections
85 natural selection
86 needle
87 north-south orientation
88 one-dimensional contraction processes
89 partial vision
90 particular care
91 past
92 past specimens
93 plant DNA residuals
94 process
95 project
96 proposal
97 question
98 range
99 range contraction
100 raw materials
101 region
102 sequencing technologies
103 short term
104 significance
105 silver fir
106 soil samples
107 spatial reduction
108 species
109 species ranges
110 specimens
111 state
112 such analyses
113 temperature
114 time scale
115 today's biodiversity
116 underexploited direct access
117 unprecedented size
118 work
119 schema:name Consequences of species range contraction on the genetic diversity of cold-adapted organisms
120 schema:recipient N0773de29931b4a34ab8e91f444b4b7c4
121 sg:person.01161175673.61
122 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9851.5
123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.5231003
124 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-03-07T12:58
125 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
126 schema:sdPublisher Nc50dd0637a0c4085945670d3ea4421d9
127 schema:startDate 2013-03-01T00:00:00Z
128 schema:url http://p3.snf.ch/project-144870
129 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
130 sgo:sdDataset grants
131 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
132 N0773de29931b4a34ab8e91f444b4b7c4 schema:member sg:person.01161175673.61
133 schema:roleName PI
134 rdf:type schema:Role
135 N16a758b1390747788931ad4643f038c3 schema:name dimensions_id
136 schema:value 5231003
137 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
138 N64679b2fdf324d419d08f5141ada59d4 schema:currency CHF
139 schema:value 1528728
140 rdf:type schema:MonetaryAmount
141 Nbe7ddac3d32643d78ff828b012a54724 schema:name snf_id
142 schema:value 144870
143 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
144 Nc50dd0637a0c4085945670d3ea4421d9 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
145 rdf:type schema:Organization
146 anzsrc-for:2205 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 anzsrc-for:2206 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 sg:person.01161175673.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3
151 schema:familyName Alvarez
152 schema:givenName Nadir
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3 schema:name Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle
155 rdf:type schema:Organization
156 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425888.b schema:Organization
157 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9851.5 schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...