Genetic Structure and the Origins of the ancient people in Xinjiang Xiaohe cemetery View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2008-2009

FUNDING AMOUNT

80000 CNY

ABSTRACT

Origin and migration of early population of Xinjiang and central Asia is the hot research topic in the human genetics field. Ancient DNA study, which can get genetic information directly from ancient human remains, can rebuild the migration history and understand complex admixture mode in this region. Xiaohe cemetery is located in the desert about 60 kilometers south of the lower reaches of the Peacock River in northwest China. Many enigmatic features of the necropolis, such as the pervasive use of sexual symbolism represented by tremendous numbers of huge phallus-posts and vulvae-posts, make the civilization revealed at Xiaohe quite different from any other archaeological site of the world of the same period. Radiocarbon measurement dates occupation to around 4,000-1,500bp, The burial site comprises about 200 human remains. Since the extremely dry, these remains preserved well and suit for ancient DNA study. This study will analyze mtDNA and Y-DNA of human remains in Xiaohe cemetery to study the genetic structure and origin issue of this population from both matriline and patriline angle, then explore the origin, evolution and migration history, and from one side test the hypothesis of origin of central Asian. More... »

URL

http://npd.nsfc.gov.cn/projectDetail.action?pid=30871349

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