Engineering Research of Electrochemical,Flotation Membrane and Sorption Processes As Well As Electrode Materials with Functional Nanocarbon Compositions. View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2014-2016

FUNDING AMOUNT

N/A

ABSTRACT

The project is aimed for developing theoretical and experimental basis for applying nanocarbon materials in electrochemical systems, such as: - inelectrochemical energy storage systems with carbonnanocomposites and materials; - inelectroflotation membrane processes for selective extracting rare-earth elements with the stable carbon nanomaterial suspension as aselectiveflotationsorbent; - in electrodes based on carbon nanomaterials and conducting polymer carbon compositions in solutions for the medicine. We plan to study properties and we intend using carbon nanotubes, nanoflakes, nanofibres, oxidized and sintered carbon nanomaterials, high-stablesuspensions of carbon nanomaterials. Preliminary research and analysis of literary data showed that unique properties of carbon nanomaterials and their compositions can be used both for enhancing efficiency and forintensifyingprocesses in electrochemical systems. Applying CNMs is positive for stability and selectivity of carrying out technological processes. Besides, usingthemwecan lower the power consumption needed for obtaining saleable materials. The development of electrochemicalenergy storage systems for electrical energy is one of CNM uses. It is atopical problem for producing autonomous energy storage devices for vehicles on electrical traction, for developing new power supplies forthe special technicalequipment, electronics, navigation systems, flight control, medicine and many other technologies. It is planned to research the interphasic phenomena and electrochemical characteristics in systems nanocarbon materials - surface-active substance - electrolytic conductor as well as tofind outphysical and chemical properties of electrode materials, (based on the CNMs, ceramic membranes and polymer carbon compositions) modified nanomaterials that willinfluence the concepts of making new corrosion resistant electrode materials in aggressive chemical and biological mediums. An actual problem for the Russian Federation is the development of manufacturing rare-earth elements. It proves to be true that the government of the Russian Federation approves the program of manufacturing rare-earth metals «The rare and rare-earth metals technologies». The important stage of the technological process for producing rare-earth elements is the selective extraction and concentrating them with application flotation technologies. However there is a necessity of intensifying existing processes and developing new technologies. It is supposed, that it can be achieved by using special additives, so-called "activators". Surface-active substances (SAS) of the various nature (anionic, cationic, nonionic nature), their stabilized inconvertible suspensions, emulsions, variances and complex compositions for extractingnon-ferrous metals (copper, nickel, zinc, iron, manganese) as well as rare-earthmetals (gadolinium, cerium, holmium, caesium, strontium) from concentrates and electrolyte solutions can be seen as such"activators". The special research should be devoted to these directions. It is planned, that the results will allow us to optimize the processes for processing fluid and solid technogenic wastes, formed as a result of activity of the defense-industrial sector hi-tech enterprises (galvanism, microelectronics, shipbuilding) as well as objects of nuclear industry (fuel element coating, water-turnaround cycles of the atomic power station), will allow us to lower losses of especially valuable builders and to reduce negative influence on theenvironment. The medical practice should become another practical use for nanocarbon materials. There are data that new, highly effective sorbents possessing unique properties are being developed based on CNMs. Thus it is especially important to have data about physical and chemical and disperse-and-colloidal properties of these materials. The other direction is related to developing the fundamental concepts cross-disciplinary of such sciences as biology and an electrochemistry (bioelectrochemistry). It has been known for a long time, that many vital processes are in essence electrochemical ones. So the application of new materials for fixing electrochemical parameters in biological mediums, the research of the adsorption processes are the important way of emergency diagnostics and detoxification of an organism or thebiological environment. So, the sanitation of blood plasma by means of hemosorption or plasma sorption is very important now.The study of properties andpossibility of application ofCNMs for these purposes is of greatscientific and practical significance. Practically all data concerning the results of CNM trials in various systems have the elements of novelty and scientific and technical significance. The scientific significance of the project lies in the fact that it is supposed to obtain new data about the individual CNM properties in the processes proceeding in the interphase boundary in aqueous solutions and biological mediums. Thus it is planned to obtain new data about the possibility of CNM application in electrochemical energy storage systems, in electroflotation membrane processes for the selective extraction of rare-earth elements, in electrodes and conducting polymer carbon compositions in solutions used for medical purposes. Scientific novelty of the work consists in developing essentially new systems basing on uses carbon nanomaterials and nanocomposites. Scientific novelty of the task involved is caused by necessity of developing theoretical representations for describing the electrochemical processes proceeding on new electrode materials and making controlled technologies for sanitizing biological mediums by means of sorbents on the basis of the modified carbon materials and nanocomposites. As a result of realization of the project, new scopes to the new functional materials presented in the project will be found, namely for: - The experimental samples of electrochemical accumulators of energy; - Use of adding structured carbon nanomaterials for intensification and effectiveness increase of electrochemical flotation membraneconcentrationprocesses and extractions of microimpurities of the trace rare elements, nonferrous metals from solutes and fluidic technogenic wastage; - making of new anode and membranous materials on the basis of the nanomodified carbon functional materials and oxides of metals for holding process in strongly acid and strongly alkaline mediums. - The accessibility of the solution of the task is possible because of the development of similar directions in laboratories of the USA, South Korea, Japan and of some other countries. The accessibility of plannedresults proves to be true as a result of the research we have done earlier in the field of the development of energy accumulators, electrosorption, study of phase-to-phasephenomena in theelectrode-solution demarcation of phases, in biological fluids, the principled possibility of application of carbon materials for the solution of the tasks involved being proved. Obtained data are published for discussing by scientific community. More... »

URL

http://www.rscf.ru/en/enprjcard?rid=14-29-00194

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Applying CNMs is positive for stability and selectivity of carrying out technological processes. Besides, usingthemwecan lower the power consumption needed for obtaining saleable materials. \nThe development of electrochemicalenergy storage systems for electrical energy is one of CNM uses. It is atopical problem for producing autonomous energy storage devices for vehicles on electrical traction, for developing new power supplies forthe special technicalequipment, electronics, navigation systems, flight control, medicine and many other technologies.\n\tIt is planned to research the interphasic phenomena and electrochemical characteristics in systems nanocarbon materials - surface-active substance - electrolytic conductor as well as tofind outphysical and chemical properties of electrode materials, (based on the CNMs, ceramic membranes and polymer carbon compositions) modified nanomaterials that willinfluence the concepts of making new corrosion resistant electrode materials in aggressive chemical and biological mediums.\n\tAn actual problem for the Russian Federation is the development of manufacturing rare-earth elements. 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3 schema:description The project is aimed for developing theoretical and experimental basis for applying nanocarbon materials in electrochemical systems, such as: - inelectrochemical energy storage systems with carbonnanocomposites and materials; - inelectroflotation membrane processes for selective extracting rare-earth elements with the stable carbon nanomaterial suspension as aselectiveflotationsorbent; - in electrodes based on carbon nanomaterials and conducting polymer carbon compositions in solutions for the medicine. We plan to study properties and we intend using carbon nanotubes, nanoflakes, nanofibres, oxidized and sintered carbon nanomaterials, high-stablesuspensions of carbon nanomaterials. Preliminary research and analysis of literary data showed that unique properties of carbon nanomaterials and their compositions can be used both for enhancing efficiency and forintensifyingprocesses in electrochemical systems. 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It is planned to research the interphasic phenomena and electrochemical characteristics in systems nanocarbon materials - surface-active substance - electrolytic conductor as well as tofind outphysical and chemical properties of electrode materials, (based on the CNMs, ceramic membranes and polymer carbon compositions) modified nanomaterials that willinfluence the concepts of making new corrosion resistant electrode materials in aggressive chemical and biological mediums. An actual problem for the Russian Federation is the development of manufacturing rare-earth elements. It proves to be true that the government of the Russian Federation approves the program of manufacturing rare-earth metals «The rare and rare-earth metals technologies». The important stage of the technological process for producing rare-earth elements is the selective extraction and concentrating them with application flotation technologies. However there is a necessity of intensifying existing processes and developing new technologies. It is supposed, that it can be achieved by using special additives, so-called "activators". Surface-active substances (SAS) of the various nature (anionic, cationic, nonionic nature), their stabilized inconvertible suspensions, emulsions, variances and complex compositions for extractingnon-ferrous metals (copper, nickel, zinc, iron, manganese) as well as rare-earthmetals (gadolinium, cerium, holmium, caesium, strontium) from concentrates and electrolyte solutions can be seen as such"activators". The special research should be devoted to these directions. It is planned, that the results will allow us to optimize the processes for processing fluid and solid technogenic wastes, formed as a result of activity of the defense-industrial sector hi-tech enterprises (galvanism, microelectronics, shipbuilding) as well as objects of nuclear industry (fuel element coating, water-turnaround cycles of the atomic power station), will allow us to lower losses of especially valuable builders and to reduce negative influence on theenvironment. The medical practice should become another practical use for nanocarbon materials. There are data that new, highly effective sorbents possessing unique properties are being developed based on CNMs. Thus it is especially important to have data about physical and chemical and disperse-and-colloidal properties of these materials. The other direction is related to developing the fundamental concepts cross-disciplinary of such sciences as biology and an electrochemistry (bioelectrochemistry). It has been known for a long time, that many vital processes are in essence electrochemical ones. So the application of new materials for fixing electrochemical parameters in biological mediums, the research of the adsorption processes are the important way of emergency diagnostics and detoxification of an organism or thebiological environment. So, the sanitation of blood plasma by means of hemosorption or plasma sorption is very important now.The study of properties andpossibility of application ofCNMs for these purposes is of greatscientific and practical significance. Practically all data concerning the results of CNM trials in various systems have the elements of novelty and scientific and technical significance. The scientific significance of the project lies in the fact that it is supposed to obtain new data about the individual CNM properties in the processes proceeding in the interphase boundary in aqueous solutions and biological mediums. 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As a result of realization of the project, new scopes to the new functional materials presented in the project will be found, namely for: - The experimental samples of electrochemical accumulators of energy; - Use of adding structured carbon nanomaterials for intensification and effectiveness increase of electrochemical flotation membraneconcentrationprocesses and extractions of microimpurities of the trace rare elements, nonferrous metals from solutes and fluidic technogenic wastage; - making of new anode and membranous materials on the basis of the nanomodified carbon functional materials and oxides of metals for holding process in strongly acid and strongly alkaline mediums. - The accessibility of the solution of the task is possible because of the development of similar directions in laboratories of the USA, South Korea, Japan and of some other countries. The accessibility of plannedresults proves to be true as a result of the research we have done earlier in the field of the development of energy accumulators, electrosorption, study of phase-to-phasephenomena in theelectrode-solution demarcation of phases, in biological fluids, the principled possibility of application of carbon materials for the solution of the tasks involved being proved. Obtained data are published for discussing by scientific community.
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142 nanocomposites
143 nanofibres
144 nanoflakes
145 nanomaterial suspensions
146 nanomaterials
147 nanomodified carbon
148 navigation system
149 necessity
150 negative influence
151 new anode
152 new corrosion
153 new data
154 new electrode materials
155 new functional materials
156 new materials
157 new power
158 new scope
159 new system
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161 nickel
162 nonferrous metals
163 nonionic nature
164 novelty
165 nuclear industry
166 object
167 organisms
168 other countries
169 other directions
170 oxide
171 phase
172 phasephenomena
173 plannedresults
174 plasma sorption
175 polymer carbon compositions
176 possibility
177 power consumption
178 practical significance
179 practical use
180 preliminary research
181 principled possibility
182 process
183 program
184 project
185 properties
186 properties andpossibility
187 purpose
188 rare elements
189 rare-earth elements
190 rare-earth metals
191 rare-earth metals technologies
192 realization
193 research
194 resistant electrode materials
195 results
196 saleable material
197 sanitation
198 scientific community
199 scientific novelty
200 selective extraction
201 selectivity
202 shipbuilding
203 similar direction
204 solid technogenic wastes
205 solute
206 solution
207 sorbent
208 special additives
209 special research
210 stability
211 stable carbon
212 strontium
213 study
214 such science
215 such"activators
216 surface-active substances
217 system
218 task
219 tech enterprises
220 technical significance
221 technological processes
222 technology
223 thebiological environment
224 theelectrode-solution demarcation
225 theenvironment
226 theoretical representation
227 tofind
228 traces
229 unique properties
230 use
231 uses carbon nanomaterials
232 valuable builders
233 variance
234 various nature
235 various systems
236 vehicle
237 water-turnaround cycles
238 work
239 zinc
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