Attosecond, Imaging And Ultra-Fast X-Ray Science View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2004-2019

FUNDING AMOUNT

4009077 USD

ABSTRACT

The potential for broad scientific impact of ultra-fast, short-wavelength radiation was recognized by the 1999 Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee report entitled “novel coherent light sources”. These so-called 4th generation light sources encompass schemes that utilized both table-top and accelerator-based approaches. This renewal proposes to explore several 4th generation schemes for enabling time-resolved science using ultra-fast short wavelength light pulses. In one thrust, light pulses of extraordinary brevity (atomic unit of time ≡ 25 x 10-18 s = 25 attoseconds) have been developed and applied to probe the real-time motion of electron dynamics in atom and molecules. In a second thrust, x-rays of unprecedented peak power available at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is opening unique opportunities for studying novel states of matter. In a third effort, electron wave packets driven by an intense, ultrafast mid-infrared pulse self-interrogates the molecular structure with femtosecond (10-15 s) resolution and atomic scale (Angstrom ≡ 10-10 meters) spatial resolution.The frontier of attosecond science aims at visualizing and controlling in real time the motion of electrons and nuclear constituents composing matter. In the new millennium the generation of attosecond eXtreme UltraViolet (XUV) pulses became a laboratory reality. An objective of this renewal is to apply these light pulses in a series of time-resolved experiments in order to understand correlated electron dynamics, and by doing so provide a new perspective on elementary atomic and molecular processes. These studies are enabled by the unique technology developed at The Ohio State University (OSU) for attosecond science that utilizes long wavelength mid-infrared lasers and the OSU attosecond beamline/end-stations. Several key attosecond measurements were benchmarked in the previous grant cycle and provide a firm foundation for continued progress in the renewal. The aim is to continue progress in exploring fundamental aspects of high harmonic and attosecond measurements and to apply these spectroscopies to access basic atomic and molecular dynamics.The second scope of this proposal is the continued implementation of an AMO science program using the ultra-fast, intense x-rays available at LCLS XFEL. The objective is the study of fundamental atomic processes involving multiple inner-shell ionization, x-ray nonlinear optics and the development of unique methods for time-resolved x-ray physics. These investigations will also enable novel metrology for the characterization of the LCLS beam and the foundation for understanding more complex matter-x-ray interactions, e.g. biomolecule imaging.A third thrust provides a new element to this proposal that is naturally linked to our attosecond program via the same underlying strong field physics, laboratory infrastructure and technical approach. The strong field “self-imaging” method uses elastic scattering of field-driven electron wave packets as an alternative route for spatial-temporal imaging in the gas phase. In 2012, the viability of this approach for achieving femtosecond timing and picometer (10-12 meter) spatial resolution was demonstrated by the OSU group. In this renewal, we aim at advancing this method as a robust tool for directly imaging molecules undergoing unimolecular reactions.In addition, this renewal will allow the development of experimental and intellectual competency using different 4th generation platforms whether on laboratory attosecond sources or the larger facilities available at the LCLS. The OSU program has already trained graduate students and post-doctoral research associates that are now contributing to the advancement of x-ray science as staff members at DOE laboratories. Ultimately, the scientific program at OSU aims at watching electronic and nuclear motion using ultrafast pulses of light, in essence producing a “molecular movie”. More... »

URL

https://pamspublic.science.energy.gov/WebPAMSExternal/Interface/Common/ViewPublicAbstract.aspx?rv=c2a5cd90-2d84-4a1a-98b2-d7f6de734b53&rtc=24&PRoleId=10

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "amount": {
      "currency": "USD", 
      "type": "MonetaryAmount", 
      "value": "4009077"
    }, 
    "description": "The potential for broad scientific impact of ultra-fast, short-wavelength radiation was recognized by the 1999 Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee report entitled \u201cnovel coherent light sources\u201d. These so-called 4th generation light sources encompass schemes that utilized both table-top and accelerator-based approaches. This renewal proposes to explore several 4th generation schemes for enabling time-resolved science using ultra-fast short wavelength light pulses. In one thrust, light pulses of extraordinary brevity (atomic unit of time\u00a0 \u2261 25\u00a0x 10-18 s = 25 attoseconds) have been developed and applied to probe the real-time motion of electron dynamics in atom and molecules. In a second thrust, x-rays of unprecedented peak power available at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is opening unique opportunities for studying novel states of matter. In a third effort, electron wave packets driven by an intense, ultrafast mid-infrared pulse self-interrogates the molecular structure with femtosecond (10-15 s) resolution and atomic scale (Angstrom\u00a0\u2261 10-10 meters) spatial resolution.The frontier of attosecond science aims at visualizing and controlling in real time the motion of electrons and nuclear constituents composing matter. In the new millennium the generation of attosecond eXtreme UltraViolet (XUV) pulses became a laboratory reality. An objective of this renewal is to apply these light pulses in a series of time-resolved experiments in order to understand correlated electron dynamics, and by doing so provide a new perspective on elementary atomic and molecular processes. These studies are enabled by the unique technology developed at The Ohio State University (OSU) for attosecond science that utilizes long wavelength mid-infrared lasers and the OSU attosecond beamline/end-stations. Several key attosecond measurements were benchmarked in the previous grant cycle and provide a firm foundation for continued progress in the renewal. The aim is to continue progress in exploring fundamental aspects of high harmonic and attosecond measurements and to apply these spectroscopies to access basic atomic and molecular dynamics.The second scope of this proposal is the continued implementation of an AMO science program using the ultra-fast, intense x-rays available at LCLS XFEL. The objective is the study of fundamental atomic processes involving multiple inner-shell ionization, x-ray nonlinear optics and the development of unique methods for time-resolved x-ray physics. These investigations will also enable novel metrology for the characterization of the LCLS beam and the foundation for understanding more complex matter-x-ray interactions, e.g. biomolecule imaging.A third thrust provides a new element to this proposal that is naturally linked to our attosecond program via the same underlying strong field physics, laboratory infrastructure and technical approach. The strong field \u201cself-imaging\u201d method uses elastic scattering of field-driven electron wave packets as an alternative route for spatial-temporal imaging in the gas phase. In 2012, the viability of this approach for achieving femtosecond timing and picometer (10-12 meter) spatial resolution was demonstrated by the OSU group. In this renewal, we aim at advancing this method as a robust tool for directly imaging molecules undergoing unimolecular reactions.In addition, this renewal will allow the development of experimental and intellectual competency using different 4th generation platforms whether on laboratory attosecond sources or the larger facilities available at the LCLS. The OSU program has already trained graduate students and post-doctoral research associates that are now contributing to the advancement of x-ray science as staff members at DOE laboratories. Ultimately, the scientific program at OSU aims at watching electronic and nuclear motion using ultrafast pulses of light, in essence producing a \u201cmolecular movie\u201d.", 
    "endDate": "2019-02-28T00:00:00Z", 
    "funder": {
      "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.453216.7", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "id": "sg:grant.4321624", 
    "identifier": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "4321624"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doe_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "DE-FG02-04ER15614"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "large facilities", 
      "approach", 
      "electron", 
      "OBJECTIVE", 
      "molecular structure", 
      "alternative route", 
      "novel coherent light sources", 
      "development", 
      "Linac Coherent Light Source", 
      "elastic scattering", 
      "series", 
      "spectroscopy", 
      "time", 
      "attosecond extreme ultraviolet", 
      "laboratory attosecond sources", 
      "atomic scale", 
      "new elements", 
      "Several key attosecond measurements", 
      "LCLS beam", 
      "XFEL", 
      "molecular dynamics", 
      "unique method", 
      "new millennium", 
      "Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee report", 
      "LCLS XFEL", 
      "electron wave packet", 
      "ray science", 
      "previous grant cycle", 
      "attosecond program", 
      "short-wavelength radiation", 
      "essence", 
      "unprecedented peak power", 
      "molecules", 
      "METHODS", 
      "science", 
      "biomolecule imaging", 
      "scientific program", 
      "meters", 
      "attosecond science", 
      "picometers", 
      "atoms", 
      "same underlying strong field physics", 
      "molecular processes", 
      "ray physics", 
      "AMO science program", 
      "laboratory realities", 
      "accelerator", 
      "ultrafast mid-infrared pulse self", 
      "Stanford Linear Accelerator Center", 
      "technical approach", 
      "thrust", 
      "femtosecond", 
      "new perspective", 
      "advancement", 
      "imaging", 
      "staff members", 
      "electron dynamics", 
      "nuclear constituents", 
      "nuclear motion", 
      "OSU group", 
      "angstroms", 
      "ultrafast pulses", 
      "different 4th generation platforms", 
      "foundation", 
      "gas phase", 
      "table-top", 
      "fundamental aspects", 
      "attosecond", 
      "addition", 
      "study", 
      "experiments", 
      "unique opportunity", 
      "renewal", 
      "femtosecond timing", 
      "implementation", 
      "third thrust", 
      "OSU attosecond beamline/end-stations", 
      "Ohio State University", 
      "third effort", 
      "light pulses", 
      "second thrust", 
      "DOE laboratories", 
      "resolution", 
      "multiple inner-shell ionization", 
      "real time", 
      "attosecond measurement", 
      "generation", 
      "graduate students", 
      "robust tool", 
      "spatial-temporal imaging", 
      "short wavelength light pulses", 
      "atomic units", 
      "Fast X", 
      "self-imaging", 
      "aim", 
      "novel metrology", 
      "unique technology", 
      "broader scientific impact", 
      "frontier", 
      "characterization", 
      "OSU program", 
      "elementary atomic", 
      "longer wavelengths", 
      "correlated electron dynamics", 
      "proposal", 
      "spatial resolution", 
      "unimolecular reactions", 
      "ray Free-Electron Laser", 
      "field", 
      "molecular movie\u201d", 
      "viability", 
      "order", 
      "light", 
      "second scope", 
      "novel state", 
      "post-doctoral research associate", 
      "investigation", 
      "scheme", 
      "strong fields", 
      "pulse", 
      "4th Generation Light Source", 
      "matter", 
      "continued progress", 
      "ray", 
      "laboratory infrastructure", 
      "ray interactions", 
      "complex matter", 
      "fundamental atomic processes", 
      "extraordinary brevity", 
      "progress", 
      "ray nonlinear optics", 
      "firm foundation", 
      "mid-infrared lasers", 
      "several 4th generation schemes", 
      "real-time motion", 
      "motion", 
      "intellectual competency"
    ], 
    "name": "ATTOSECOND, IMAGING AND ULTRA-FAST X-RAY SCIENCE", 
    "recipient": [
      {
        "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4", 
        "type": "Organization"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4", 
          "name": "The Ohio State University", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dimauro", 
        "givenName": "Louis", 
        "id": "sg:person.0720442343.58", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "member": "sg:person.0720442343.58", 
        "roleName": "PI", 
        "type": "Role"
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.4321624"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "grants", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-03-07T11:27", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com.uberresearch.data.processor/core_data/20181219_192338/projects/base/doe_projects.xml.gz", 
    "startDate": "2004-09-01T00:00:00Z", 
    "type": "MonetaryGrant", 
    "url": "https://pamspublic.science.energy.gov/WebPAMSExternal/Interface/Common/ViewPublicAbstract.aspx?rv=c2a5cd90-2d84-4a1a-98b2-d7f6de734b53&rtc=24&PRoleId=10"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.4321624'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.4321624'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.4321624'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.4321624'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

181 TRIPLES      19 PREDICATES      159 URIs      151 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:grant.4321624 schema:about anzsrc-for:2202
2 schema:amount Nfd477da0142b4088a20f8eae3d5df9a4
3 schema:description The potential for broad scientific impact of ultra-fast, short-wavelength radiation was recognized by the 1999 Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee report entitled “novel coherent light sources”. These so-called 4th generation light sources encompass schemes that utilized both table-top and accelerator-based approaches. This renewal proposes to explore several 4th generation schemes for enabling time-resolved science using ultra-fast short wavelength light pulses. In one thrust, light pulses of extraordinary brevity (atomic unit of time  ≡ 25 x 10-18 s = 25 attoseconds) have been developed and applied to probe the real-time motion of electron dynamics in atom and molecules. In a second thrust, x-rays of unprecedented peak power available at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is opening unique opportunities for studying novel states of matter. In a third effort, electron wave packets driven by an intense, ultrafast mid-infrared pulse self-interrogates the molecular structure with femtosecond (10-15 s) resolution and atomic scale (Angstrom ≡ 10-10 meters) spatial resolution.The frontier of attosecond science aims at visualizing and controlling in real time the motion of electrons and nuclear constituents composing matter. In the new millennium the generation of attosecond eXtreme UltraViolet (XUV) pulses became a laboratory reality. An objective of this renewal is to apply these light pulses in a series of time-resolved experiments in order to understand correlated electron dynamics, and by doing so provide a new perspective on elementary atomic and molecular processes. These studies are enabled by the unique technology developed at The Ohio State University (OSU) for attosecond science that utilizes long wavelength mid-infrared lasers and the OSU attosecond beamline/end-stations. Several key attosecond measurements were benchmarked in the previous grant cycle and provide a firm foundation for continued progress in the renewal. The aim is to continue progress in exploring fundamental aspects of high harmonic and attosecond measurements and to apply these spectroscopies to access basic atomic and molecular dynamics.The second scope of this proposal is the continued implementation of an AMO science program using the ultra-fast, intense x-rays available at LCLS XFEL. The objective is the study of fundamental atomic processes involving multiple inner-shell ionization, x-ray nonlinear optics and the development of unique methods for time-resolved x-ray physics. These investigations will also enable novel metrology for the characterization of the LCLS beam and the foundation for understanding more complex matter-x-ray interactions, e.g. biomolecule imaging.A third thrust provides a new element to this proposal that is naturally linked to our attosecond program via the same underlying strong field physics, laboratory infrastructure and technical approach. The strong field “self-imaging” method uses elastic scattering of field-driven electron wave packets as an alternative route for spatial-temporal imaging in the gas phase. In 2012, the viability of this approach for achieving femtosecond timing and picometer (10-12 meter) spatial resolution was demonstrated by the OSU group. In this renewal, we aim at advancing this method as a robust tool for directly imaging molecules undergoing unimolecular reactions.In addition, this renewal will allow the development of experimental and intellectual competency using different 4th generation platforms whether on laboratory attosecond sources or the larger facilities available at the LCLS. The OSU program has already trained graduate students and post-doctoral research associates that are now contributing to the advancement of x-ray science as staff members at DOE laboratories. Ultimately, the scientific program at OSU aims at watching electronic and nuclear motion using ultrafast pulses of light, in essence producing a “molecular movie”.
4 schema:endDate 2019-02-28T00:00:00Z
5 schema:funder https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.453216.7
6 schema:identifier N1237fa42f30a47799d38c45a51e151ff
7 N7aeda0e2ec604ffb84307cd09332eaf8
8 schema:inLanguage en
9 schema:keywords 4th Generation Light Source
10 AMO science program
11 Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee report
12 DOE laboratories
13 Fast X
14 LCLS XFEL
15 LCLS beam
16 Linac Coherent Light Source
17 METHODS
18 OBJECTIVE
19 OSU attosecond beamline/end-stations
20 OSU group
21 OSU program
22 Ohio State University
23 Several key attosecond measurements
24 Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
25 XFEL
26 accelerator
27 addition
28 advancement
29 aim
30 alternative route
31 angstroms
32 approach
33 atomic scale
34 atomic units
35 atoms
36 attosecond
37 attosecond extreme ultraviolet
38 attosecond measurement
39 attosecond program
40 attosecond science
41 biomolecule imaging
42 broader scientific impact
43 characterization
44 complex matter
45 continued progress
46 correlated electron dynamics
47 development
48 different 4th generation platforms
49 elastic scattering
50 electron
51 electron dynamics
52 electron wave packet
53 elementary atomic
54 essence
55 experiments
56 extraordinary brevity
57 femtosecond
58 femtosecond timing
59 field
60 firm foundation
61 foundation
62 frontier
63 fundamental aspects
64 fundamental atomic processes
65 gas phase
66 generation
67 graduate students
68 imaging
69 implementation
70 intellectual competency
71 investigation
72 laboratory attosecond sources
73 laboratory infrastructure
74 laboratory realities
75 large facilities
76 light
77 light pulses
78 longer wavelengths
79 matter
80 meters
81 mid-infrared lasers
82 molecular dynamics
83 molecular movie”
84 molecular processes
85 molecular structure
86 molecules
87 motion
88 multiple inner-shell ionization
89 new elements
90 new millennium
91 new perspective
92 novel coherent light sources
93 novel metrology
94 novel state
95 nuclear constituents
96 nuclear motion
97 order
98 picometers
99 post-doctoral research associate
100 previous grant cycle
101 progress
102 proposal
103 pulse
104 ray
105 ray Free-Electron Laser
106 ray interactions
107 ray nonlinear optics
108 ray physics
109 ray science
110 real time
111 real-time motion
112 renewal
113 resolution
114 robust tool
115 same underlying strong field physics
116 scheme
117 science
118 scientific program
119 second scope
120 second thrust
121 self-imaging
122 series
123 several 4th generation schemes
124 short wavelength light pulses
125 short-wavelength radiation
126 spatial resolution
127 spatial-temporal imaging
128 spectroscopy
129 staff members
130 strong fields
131 study
132 table-top
133 technical approach
134 third effort
135 third thrust
136 thrust
137 time
138 ultrafast mid-infrared pulse self
139 ultrafast pulses
140 unimolecular reactions
141 unique method
142 unique opportunity
143 unique technology
144 unprecedented peak power
145 viability
146 schema:name ATTOSECOND, IMAGING AND ULTRA-FAST X-RAY SCIENCE
147 schema:recipient Ne29ed8455e7b4788b8736ff386f65122
148 sg:person.0720442343.58
149 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4
150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.4321624
151 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-03-07T11:27
152 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
153 schema:sdPublisher N2ff4e72abc7a45e69a9daac712685945
154 schema:startDate 2004-09-01T00:00:00Z
155 schema:url https://pamspublic.science.energy.gov/WebPAMSExternal/Interface/Common/ViewPublicAbstract.aspx?rv=c2a5cd90-2d84-4a1a-98b2-d7f6de734b53&rtc=24&PRoleId=10
156 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
157 sgo:sdDataset grants
158 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
159 N1237fa42f30a47799d38c45a51e151ff schema:name doe_id
160 schema:value DE-FG02-04ER15614
161 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
162 N2ff4e72abc7a45e69a9daac712685945 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
163 rdf:type schema:Organization
164 N7aeda0e2ec604ffb84307cd09332eaf8 schema:name dimensions_id
165 schema:value 4321624
166 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
167 Ne29ed8455e7b4788b8736ff386f65122 schema:member sg:person.0720442343.58
168 schema:roleName PI
169 rdf:type schema:Role
170 Nfd477da0142b4088a20f8eae3d5df9a4 schema:currency USD
171 schema:value 4009077
172 rdf:type schema:MonetaryAmount
173 anzsrc-for:2202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
175 sg:person.0720442343.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4
176 schema:familyName Dimauro
177 schema:givenName Louis
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4 schema:name The Ohio State University
180 rdf:type schema:Organization
181 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.453216.7 schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...