String Theory, Gauge Theory and Duality View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2011-2014

FUNDING AMOUNT

632431.0 GBP

ABSTRACT

The elementary constituents of matter studied in current high-energy physics experiments appear as point-like objects. The interactions among these particles are so far successfully described by a theoretical framework known as quantum field theory, gauge theories being an important example for the formulation of the particle physics Standard Model (SM). At large scales, the behaviour of our Universe is well explained by Einstein's General Relativity, a classical field theory describing gravity in geometrical terms. However, as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is entering its discovery phase and the Planck Space Observatory is harvesting high precision data, our current theories will soon face some new stringent tests. It is widely expected that both the SM and General Relativity turn out to describe reality only in an approximate fashion. String theory may be seen as a generalisation of the field theory framework on which the SM is based: in string theory the fundamental constituents are one- or multi-dimensional objects (i.e. strings and branes) that can vibrate. String theory implies some surprising new features with respect to the SM, such as the existence of extra space-dimensions and a new type of symmetry between matter and forces (supersymmetry). Moreover, while at large distances the theory agrees with General Relativity, it predicts interesting novelties also in the description of the gravitational force. Research at Queen Mary aims to expand our knowledge of string and quantum field theories both at the conceptual and the computational level. A surprising feature of string theory is its ability to generate new ideas and techniques that can be employed in different contexts. A recent example of this, which is relevant for the current proposal, is the string inspired relation between a certain type of interaction among gluons (MHV amplitudes) and the geometrical problem of finding the area whose boundary is a particular polygon. Research at QM contributed to the understanding of this relation and is actively studying new and powerful ways to calculate amplitudes without using the traditional approach of Feynman diagrams. Particular attention is devoted to a very special case of the gauge theory, known as N=4 super Yang-Mills. These new techniques are being generalised to handle other interesting quantities beyond the physical amplitudes and are being applied to different quantum field theories. A surprising property of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory is that it has a completely equivalent, dual description in terms of strings and branes propagating on negatively curved geometries. Since Maldacena's discovery of this duality (AdS/CFT), the 'holographic' relation between string and quantum field theories has been thoroughly studied. Research at Queen Mary aims to derive the precise dictionary between the gauge and the string theory formulations of this theory and to understand the mathematical basis of this duality. The dynamics of string and branes is being analysed at QM both from the AdS/CFT perspective and in the more general string/M-theory context. This is leading to new conceptual results about the physical properties of black holes, the duality relations between apparently different theories and the geometrical properties of space-time itself. Advances in the research areas mentioned above are likely to be very relevant in different areas of science. Cosmology is one of the subjects that can benefit from our current research and various applications of string theory to this field are being studied at QM. Particle physics and the analysis of LHC data will benefit from new techniques developed to calculate gluon amplitudes. Theoretical ideas related to the AdS/CFT duality are also being used at QM to analyse interesting condensed matter systems. Finally there is a beneficial flow of ideas between mathematics and string theory in various areas ranging from geometry to group theory. More... »

URL

https://gtr.ukri.org/project/A1C07828-D30D-4EF2-A44F-DC56DE0FBD65

Related SciGraph Publications

  • 2020-05-06. Perturbative 4D conformal field theories and representation theory of diagram algebras in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2020-01-22. BPS states, conserved charges and centres of symmetric group algebras in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2019-01-22. Quantum information processing and composite quantum fields in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2018-11-07. BPS operators in N=4 SO(N) super Yang-Mills theory: plethysms, dominoes and words in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2017-11-15. Tensor models, Kronecker coefficients and permutation centralizer algebras in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2017-08-18. Counting and construction of holomorphic primary fields in free CFT4 from rings of functions on Calabi-Yau orbifolds in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2017-03-13. Global symmetries and N=2 SUSY in LETTERS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
  • 2016-12-28. Flavour singlets in gauge theory as permutations in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2016-10-05. Highest weight generating functions for hyperKähler T⋆(G/H) spaces in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2016-03-23. Interactions as intertwiners in 4D QFT in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2015-06-08. Theories of class S and new N = 1 SCFTs in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2015-05-26. Strings, branes and the self-dual solutions of Exceptional Field Theory in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2015-05-05. Branes are waves and monopoles in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2015-02-19. D-brane potentials in the warped resolved conifold and natural inflation in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2015-01-09. Matching the D6ℛ4 interaction at two-loops in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-12-15. Constraints on chiral operators in N=2 SCFTs in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-12-04. Higher derivative corrections and central charges from wrapped M5-branes in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-11-17. Thresholds of large N factorization in CFT4: exploring bulk spacetime in AdS5 in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-09-23. Revisiting soliton contributions to perturbative amplitudes in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-09-11. Global aspects of double geometry in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-08-18. The last of the simple remainders in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-07-24. ABJ(M) chiral primary three-point function at two-loops in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-06-05. Holographic dual of the Eguchi-Kawai mechanism in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-06-03. Scalar soliton quantization with generic moduli in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-06-03. Strings and branes are waves in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-04-14. Simplifying instanton corrections to = 4 SYM correlators in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-04-11. On super form factors of half-BPS operators in =4 super Yang-Mills in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-03-03. Superdescendants of the D1D5 CFT and their dual 3-charge geometries in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2014-02-25. ABJM amplitudes and the positive orthogonal Grassmannian in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-11-14. Microscopic unitary description of tidal excitations in high-energy string-brane collisions in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-11-04. Two-loop Sudakov form factor in ABJM in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-09-16. Multi-loop open string amplitudes and their field theory limit in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-07-17. New superconformal field theories in four dimensions in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-04-16. Quivers as calculators: counting, correlators and Riemann surfaces in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-04-16. The Navier–Stokes equation and solution generating symmetries from holography in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2013-01-09. The gauge structure of generalised diffeomorphisms in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-10-29. Duality invariant M-theory: gauged supergravities and Scherk-Schwarz reductions in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-10-22. All one-loop amplitudes in superconformal Chern-Simons theory in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-08-07. Generating all tree amplitudes in by Inverse Soft Limit in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-07-26. A note on amplitudes in superconformal Chern-Simons theory in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-07-18. The Higgs as a probe of supersymmetric extra sectors in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-06-14. A double coset ansatz for integrability in AdS/CFT in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-06-01. Four-dimensional SCFTs from M5-branes in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-05-28. On Feynman rules for Mellin amplitudes in AdS/CFT in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-05-21. Analytic two-loop form factors in SYM in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-04-16. Quantum states to brane geometries via fuzzy moduli spaces of giant gravitons in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-02-22. Duality invariant actions and generalised geometry in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-01-30. Electroweak symmetry breaking in the DSSM in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2012-01-04. The local symmetries of M-theory and their formulation in generalised geometry in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • 2011-11-11. New D1-D5-P geometries from string amplitudes in JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS
  • JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/01", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "amount": {
          "currency": "GBP", 
          "type": "MonetaryAmount", 
          "value": 632431.0
        }, 
        "description": "The elementary constituents of matter studied in current high-energy physics experiments appear as point-like objects. The interactions among these particles are so far successfully described by a theoretical framework known as quantum field theory, gauge theories being an important example for the formulation of the particle physics Standard Model (SM). At large scales, the behaviour of our Universe is well explained by Einstein's General Relativity, a classical field theory describing gravity in geometrical terms. However, as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is entering its discovery phase and the Planck Space Observatory is harvesting high precision data, our current theories will soon face some new stringent tests. It is widely expected that both the SM and General Relativity turn out to describe reality only in an approximate fashion. String theory may be seen as a generalisation of the field theory framework on which the SM is based: in string theory the fundamental constituents are one- or multi-dimensional objects (i.e. strings and branes) that can vibrate. String theory implies some surprising new features with respect to the SM, such as the existence of extra space-dimensions and a new type of symmetry between matter and forces (supersymmetry). Moreover, while at large distances the theory agrees with General Relativity, it predicts interesting novelties also in the description of the gravitational force. Research at Queen Mary aims to expand our knowledge of string and quantum field theories both at the conceptual and the computational level. A surprising feature of string theory is its ability to generate new ideas and techniques that can be employed in different contexts. A recent example of this, which is relevant for the current proposal, is the string inspired relation between a certain type of interaction among gluons (MHV amplitudes) and the geometrical problem of finding the area whose boundary is a particular polygon. Research at QM contributed to the understanding of this relation and is actively studying new and powerful ways to calculate amplitudes without using the traditional approach of Feynman diagrams. Particular attention is devoted to a very special case of the gauge theory, known as N=4 super Yang-Mills. These new techniques are being generalised to handle other interesting quantities beyond the physical amplitudes and are being applied to different quantum field theories. A surprising property of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory is that it has a completely equivalent, dual description in terms of strings and branes propagating on negatively curved geometries. Since Maldacena's discovery of this duality (AdS/CFT), the 'holographic' relation between string and quantum field theories has been thoroughly studied. Research at Queen Mary aims to derive the precise dictionary between the gauge and the string theory formulations of this theory and to understand the mathematical basis of this duality. The dynamics of string and branes is being analysed at QM both from the AdS/CFT perspective and in the more general string/M-theory context. This is leading to new conceptual results about the physical properties of black holes, the duality relations between apparently different theories and the geometrical properties of space-time itself. Advances in the research areas mentioned above are likely to be very relevant in different areas of science. Cosmology is one of the subjects that can benefit from our current research and various applications of string theory to this field are being studied at QM. Particle physics and the analysis of LHC data will benefit from new techniques developed to calculate gluon amplitudes. Theoretical ideas related to the AdS/CFT duality are also being used at QM to analyse interesting condensed matter systems. Finally there is a beneficial flow of ideas between mathematics and string theory in various areas ranging from geometry to group theory.", 
        "endDate": "2014-09-29", 
        "funder": {
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14467.30", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "id": "sg:grant.2771951", 
        "identifier": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "grant.2771951"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "gtr_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "A1C07828-D30D-4EF2-A44F-DC56DE0FBD65"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "quantum field theory", 
          "Large Hadron Collider", 
          "string theory", 
          "field theory", 
          "general relativity", 
          "standard model", 
          "gauge theory", 
          "particle physics standard model", 
          "high energy physics experiments", 
          "different quantum field theories", 
          "Planck space observatory", 
          "new stringent tests", 
          "Einstein\u2019s general relativity", 
          "classical field theory", 
          "AdS/CFT duality", 
          "dynamics of strings", 
          "super Yang-Mills theory", 
          "point-like objects", 
          "surprising new features", 
          "field theory framework", 
          "Yang-Mills theory", 
          "AdS/CFT perspective", 
          "particle physics", 
          "Space Observatory", 
          "physics experiments", 
          "Hadron Collider", 
          "high-precision data", 
          "matter systems", 
          "black holes", 
          "super Yang-Mills", 
          "LHC data", 
          "mathematical basis", 
          "group theory", 
          "dual description", 
          "terms of strings", 
          "stringent test", 
          "geometrical terms", 
          "interesting quantities", 
          "elementary constituents", 
          "Yang-Mills", 
          "geometrical problems", 
          "duality relation", 
          "precise dictionary", 
          "theory formulation", 
          "fundamental constituents", 
          "relativity", 
          "physical amplitudes", 
          "Feynman diagrams", 
          "large distances", 
          "special case", 
          "precision data", 
          "gravitational force", 
          "multi-dimensional objects", 
          "CFT perspective", 
          "geometrical properties", 
          "surprising properties", 
          "approximate fashion", 
          "duality", 
          "brane", 
          "important example", 
          "surprising feature", 
          "theory", 
          "physical properties", 
          "theoretical ideas", 
          "new technique", 
          "string", 
          "interesting novelties", 
          "theory framework", 
          "Collider", 
          "gluon amplitudes", 
          "geometry", 
          "conceptual results", 
          "computational level", 
          "amplitude", 
          "gluons", 
          "Observatory", 
          "cosmology", 
          "universe", 
          "particular polygon", 
          "physics", 
          "formulation", 
          "QM", 
          "new type", 
          "holes", 
          "new features", 
          "mathematics", 
          "properties", 
          "different theories", 
          "symmetry", 
          "certain types", 
          "current theories", 
          "matter", 
          "description", 
          "gravity", 
          "powerful way", 
          "traditional approaches", 
          "large scale", 
          "particles", 
          "generalisation", 
          "objects", 
          "interaction", 
          "terms", 
          "dynamics", 
          "field", 
          "research area", 
          "polygons", 
          "idea", 
          "recent examples", 
          "framework", 
          "existence", 
          "diagram", 
          "problem", 
          "technique", 
          "theoretical framework", 
          "force", 
          "particular attention", 
          "new ideas", 
          "distance", 
          "flow", 
          "model", 
          "boundaries", 
          "phase", 
          "different areas", 
          "experiments", 
          "gauge", 
          "relation", 
          "quantity", 
          "applications", 
          "novelty", 
          "approach", 
          "system", 
          "current proposals", 
          "discovery", 
          "features", 
          "respect", 
          "data", 
          "types", 
          "cases", 
          "behavior", 
          "example", 
          "scale", 
          "science", 
          "results", 
          "constituents", 
          "way", 
          "proposal", 
          "analysis", 
          "dictionary", 
          "basis", 
          "different contexts", 
          "analyse", 
          "context", 
          "current research", 
          "area", 
          "Queen Mary", 
          "fashion", 
          "advances", 
          "research", 
          "understanding", 
          "attention", 
          "knowledge", 
          "conceptual", 
          "perspective", 
          "discovery phase", 
          "test", 
          "ability", 
          "levels", 
          "reality", 
          "subjects", 
          "Mary", 
          "beneficial flow"
        ], 
        "name": "String Theory, Gauge Theory and Duality", 
        "recipient": [
          {
            "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4868.2", 
            "type": "Organization"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Brandhuber", 
            "givenName": "Andreas", 
            "id": "sg:person.012370441715.41", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.012370441715.41", 
            "roleName": "PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Berman", 
            "givenName": "David", 
            "id": "sg:person.010263702025.48", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.010263702025.48", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ramgoolam", 
            "givenName": "Sanjaye", 
            "id": "sg:person.016412723537.91", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.016412723537.91", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Russo", 
            "givenName": "Rodolfo", 
            "id": "sg:person.011752211245.27", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.011752211245.27", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Spence", 
            "givenName": "William", 
            "id": "sg:person.01156200530.12", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.01156200530.12", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Thomas", 
            "givenName": "Steven", 
            "id": "sg:person.010421740113.69", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.010421740113.69", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Travaglini", 
            "givenName": "Gabriele", 
            "id": "sg:person.0667063170.81", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.0667063170.81", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": "Queen Mary, University of London", 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wecht", 
            "givenName": "Brian Alexander", 
            "id": "sg:person.01104272502.47", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "member": "sg:person.01104272502.47", 
            "roleName": "Co-PI", 
            "type": "Role"
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.2771951"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "grants", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T16:19", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/grant/grant_19.jsonl", 
        "startDate": "2011-09-30", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant", 
        "url": "https://gtr.ukri.org/project/A1C07828-D30D-4EF2-A44F-DC56DE0FBD65"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.2771951'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.2771951'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.2771951'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/grant.2771951'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    281 TRIPLES      18 PREDICATES      207 URIs      191 LITERALS      12 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:grant.2771951 schema:about anzsrc-for:01
    2 anzsrc-for:02
    3 schema:amount N1996ba5962d2414e9de105057e0f4bcf
    4 schema:description The elementary constituents of matter studied in current high-energy physics experiments appear as point-like objects. The interactions among these particles are so far successfully described by a theoretical framework known as quantum field theory, gauge theories being an important example for the formulation of the particle physics Standard Model (SM). At large scales, the behaviour of our Universe is well explained by Einstein's General Relativity, a classical field theory describing gravity in geometrical terms. However, as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is entering its discovery phase and the Planck Space Observatory is harvesting high precision data, our current theories will soon face some new stringent tests. It is widely expected that both the SM and General Relativity turn out to describe reality only in an approximate fashion. String theory may be seen as a generalisation of the field theory framework on which the SM is based: in string theory the fundamental constituents are one- or multi-dimensional objects (i.e. strings and branes) that can vibrate. String theory implies some surprising new features with respect to the SM, such as the existence of extra space-dimensions and a new type of symmetry between matter and forces (supersymmetry). Moreover, while at large distances the theory agrees with General Relativity, it predicts interesting novelties also in the description of the gravitational force. Research at Queen Mary aims to expand our knowledge of string and quantum field theories both at the conceptual and the computational level. A surprising feature of string theory is its ability to generate new ideas and techniques that can be employed in different contexts. A recent example of this, which is relevant for the current proposal, is the string inspired relation between a certain type of interaction among gluons (MHV amplitudes) and the geometrical problem of finding the area whose boundary is a particular polygon. Research at QM contributed to the understanding of this relation and is actively studying new and powerful ways to calculate amplitudes without using the traditional approach of Feynman diagrams. Particular attention is devoted to a very special case of the gauge theory, known as N=4 super Yang-Mills. These new techniques are being generalised to handle other interesting quantities beyond the physical amplitudes and are being applied to different quantum field theories. A surprising property of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory is that it has a completely equivalent, dual description in terms of strings and branes propagating on negatively curved geometries. Since Maldacena's discovery of this duality (AdS/CFT), the 'holographic' relation between string and quantum field theories has been thoroughly studied. Research at Queen Mary aims to derive the precise dictionary between the gauge and the string theory formulations of this theory and to understand the mathematical basis of this duality. The dynamics of string and branes is being analysed at QM both from the AdS/CFT perspective and in the more general string/M-theory context. This is leading to new conceptual results about the physical properties of black holes, the duality relations between apparently different theories and the geometrical properties of space-time itself. Advances in the research areas mentioned above are likely to be very relevant in different areas of science. Cosmology is one of the subjects that can benefit from our current research and various applications of string theory to this field are being studied at QM. Particle physics and the analysis of LHC data will benefit from new techniques developed to calculate gluon amplitudes. Theoretical ideas related to the AdS/CFT duality are also being used at QM to analyse interesting condensed matter systems. Finally there is a beneficial flow of ideas between mathematics and string theory in various areas ranging from geometry to group theory.
    5 schema:endDate 2014-09-29
    6 schema:funder grid-institutes:grid.14467.30
    7 schema:identifier Nb3145f4c01bc419eb94b1d2e727a75fe
    8 Nb92ead14a6ce42cd9a8792a4113cc0da
    9 schema:keywords AdS/CFT duality
    10 AdS/CFT perspective
    11 CFT perspective
    12 Collider
    13 Einstein’s general relativity
    14 Feynman diagrams
    15 Hadron Collider
    16 LHC data
    17 Large Hadron Collider
    18 Mary
    19 Observatory
    20 Planck space observatory
    21 QM
    22 Queen Mary
    23 Space Observatory
    24 Yang-Mills
    25 Yang-Mills theory
    26 ability
    27 advances
    28 amplitude
    29 analyse
    30 analysis
    31 applications
    32 approach
    33 approximate fashion
    34 area
    35 attention
    36 basis
    37 behavior
    38 beneficial flow
    39 black holes
    40 boundaries
    41 brane
    42 cases
    43 certain types
    44 classical field theory
    45 computational level
    46 conceptual
    47 conceptual results
    48 constituents
    49 context
    50 cosmology
    51 current proposals
    52 current research
    53 current theories
    54 data
    55 description
    56 diagram
    57 dictionary
    58 different areas
    59 different contexts
    60 different quantum field theories
    61 different theories
    62 discovery
    63 discovery phase
    64 distance
    65 dual description
    66 duality
    67 duality relation
    68 dynamics
    69 dynamics of strings
    70 elementary constituents
    71 example
    72 existence
    73 experiments
    74 fashion
    75 features
    76 field
    77 field theory
    78 field theory framework
    79 flow
    80 force
    81 formulation
    82 framework
    83 fundamental constituents
    84 gauge
    85 gauge theory
    86 general relativity
    87 generalisation
    88 geometrical problems
    89 geometrical properties
    90 geometrical terms
    91 geometry
    92 gluon amplitudes
    93 gluons
    94 gravitational force
    95 gravity
    96 group theory
    97 high energy physics experiments
    98 high-precision data
    99 holes
    100 idea
    101 important example
    102 interaction
    103 interesting novelties
    104 interesting quantities
    105 knowledge
    106 large distances
    107 large scale
    108 levels
    109 mathematical basis
    110 mathematics
    111 matter
    112 matter systems
    113 model
    114 multi-dimensional objects
    115 new features
    116 new ideas
    117 new stringent tests
    118 new technique
    119 new type
    120 novelty
    121 objects
    122 particle physics
    123 particle physics standard model
    124 particles
    125 particular attention
    126 particular polygon
    127 perspective
    128 phase
    129 physical amplitudes
    130 physical properties
    131 physics
    132 physics experiments
    133 point-like objects
    134 polygons
    135 powerful way
    136 precise dictionary
    137 precision data
    138 problem
    139 properties
    140 proposal
    141 quantity
    142 quantum field theory
    143 reality
    144 recent examples
    145 relation
    146 relativity
    147 research
    148 research area
    149 respect
    150 results
    151 scale
    152 science
    153 special case
    154 standard model
    155 string
    156 string theory
    157 stringent test
    158 subjects
    159 super Yang-Mills
    160 super Yang-Mills theory
    161 surprising feature
    162 surprising new features
    163 surprising properties
    164 symmetry
    165 system
    166 technique
    167 terms
    168 terms of strings
    169 test
    170 theoretical framework
    171 theoretical ideas
    172 theory
    173 theory formulation
    174 theory framework
    175 traditional approaches
    176 types
    177 understanding
    178 universe
    179 way
    180 schema:name String Theory, Gauge Theory and Duality
    181 schema:recipient N11afdfb2160a4b39bba606b67cffebf5
    182 N33160cdedd0c489d90972a8d8d6d39b8
    183 N4c96e0d2affe4976b28ba98ea1f06747
    184 N8c1278f7fd2e4ac990db1d6db19305c5
    185 N9274d2f70309454184126c1b7ac099ac
    186 Nacbe6d0729af411eabf012e00aa33329
    187 Nca27e6b3ea484a9cbaaeadae5fd70cd2
    188 Nd0cdba8fa3c64228bcb4855503bcf169
    189 sg:person.010263702025.48
    190 sg:person.010421740113.69
    191 sg:person.01104272502.47
    192 sg:person.01156200530.12
    193 sg:person.011752211245.27
    194 sg:person.012370441715.41
    195 sg:person.016412723537.91
    196 sg:person.0667063170.81
    197 grid-institutes:grid.4868.2
    198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/grant/grant.2771951
    199 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T16:19
    200 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    201 schema:sdPublisher Na087abce25e645fb9afa2553ca804ccf
    202 schema:startDate 2011-09-30
    203 schema:url https://gtr.ukri.org/project/A1C07828-D30D-4EF2-A44F-DC56DE0FBD65
    204 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    205 sgo:sdDataset grants
    206 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    207 N11afdfb2160a4b39bba606b67cffebf5 schema:member sg:person.010421740113.69
    208 schema:roleName Co-PI
    209 rdf:type schema:Role
    210 N1996ba5962d2414e9de105057e0f4bcf schema:currency GBP
    211 schema:value 632431.0
    212 rdf:type schema:MonetaryAmount
    213 N33160cdedd0c489d90972a8d8d6d39b8 schema:member sg:person.016412723537.91
    214 schema:roleName Co-PI
    215 rdf:type schema:Role
    216 N4c96e0d2affe4976b28ba98ea1f06747 schema:member sg:person.01104272502.47
    217 schema:roleName Co-PI
    218 rdf:type schema:Role
    219 N8c1278f7fd2e4ac990db1d6db19305c5 schema:member sg:person.012370441715.41
    220 schema:roleName PI
    221 rdf:type schema:Role
    222 N9274d2f70309454184126c1b7ac099ac schema:member sg:person.01156200530.12
    223 schema:roleName Co-PI
    224 rdf:type schema:Role
    225 Na087abce25e645fb9afa2553ca804ccf schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    226 rdf:type schema:Organization
    227 Nacbe6d0729af411eabf012e00aa33329 schema:member sg:person.011752211245.27
    228 schema:roleName Co-PI
    229 rdf:type schema:Role
    230 Nb3145f4c01bc419eb94b1d2e727a75fe schema:name gtr_id
    231 schema:value A1C07828-D30D-4EF2-A44F-DC56DE0FBD65
    232 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    233 Nb92ead14a6ce42cd9a8792a4113cc0da schema:name dimensions_id
    234 schema:value grant.2771951
    235 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    236 Nca27e6b3ea484a9cbaaeadae5fd70cd2 schema:member sg:person.0667063170.81
    237 schema:roleName Co-PI
    238 rdf:type schema:Role
    239 Nd0cdba8fa3c64228bcb4855503bcf169 schema:member sg:person.010263702025.48
    240 schema:roleName Co-PI
    241 rdf:type schema:Role
    242 anzsrc-for:01 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    243 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    244 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    245 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    246 sg:person.010263702025.48 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    247 schema:familyName Berman
    248 schema:givenName David
    249 rdf:type schema:Person
    250 sg:person.010421740113.69 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    251 schema:familyName Thomas
    252 schema:givenName Steven
    253 rdf:type schema:Person
    254 sg:person.01104272502.47 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    255 schema:familyName Wecht
    256 schema:givenName Brian Alexander
    257 rdf:type schema:Person
    258 sg:person.01156200530.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    259 schema:familyName Spence
    260 schema:givenName William
    261 rdf:type schema:Person
    262 sg:person.011752211245.27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    263 schema:familyName Russo
    264 schema:givenName Rodolfo
    265 rdf:type schema:Person
    266 sg:person.012370441715.41 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    267 schema:familyName Brandhuber
    268 schema:givenName Andreas
    269 rdf:type schema:Person
    270 sg:person.016412723537.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    271 schema:familyName Ramgoolam
    272 schema:givenName Sanjaye
    273 rdf:type schema:Person
    274 sg:person.0667063170.81 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    275 schema:familyName Travaglini
    276 schema:givenName Gabriele
    277 rdf:type schema:Person
    278 grid-institutes:None schema:name Queen Mary, University of London
    279 rdf:type schema:Organization
    280 grid-institutes:grid.14467.30 schema:Organization
    281 grid-institutes:grid.4868.2 schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...